Michael S. Pardo

Georgetown University Law Center

Professor of Law

600 New Jersey Ave NW

Washington, DC 20001

United States

http://https://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/michael-s-pardo/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

48

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SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 14,556

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16

CROSSREF CITATIONS

53

Scholarly Papers (48)

1.

Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

University of Illinois Law Review, 2010
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 06 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2013
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 2,276 (6,475)
Citation 6

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Neuroscience, fMRI, Mind, Brain, Mereological Fallacy, Lie Detection, Deception, Voluntariness, Intent, Knowledge, Economic Decision-Making, Moral Decision-Making, Jurisprudence, Legal Decision-Making

2.

The Nature and Purpose of Evidence Theory

66 Vanderbilt Law Review 547 (2013)
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 16 May 2012 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2013
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,087 (21,040)
Citation 1

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legal proof, relevance, probative value, standards of proof, preponderance of the evidence, clear and convincing, beyond a reasonable doubt, likelihood ratio, probability, Bayes’ Theorem, explanations, abduction, inference to the best explanation

3.

Minds, Brains, and Norms

Neuroethics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Jul 2009
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 883 (28,456)

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rule following, interpretation, knowledge, ethics, morals, mens rea, insanity, lie detection, deception

4.

Neuroscience Evidence, Legal Culture, and Criminal Procedure

American Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 33, p. 301, 2006
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 25 Jun 2006
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 854 (29,847)

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neuroscience, fMRI, lie detection, deception, prior knowledge, fourth amendment, fifth amendment, self-incrimination

5.

Juridical Proof and the Best Explanation

Law and Philosophy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 29 Jul 2007 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2007
Michael S. Pardo and Ronald J. Allen
Georgetown University Law Center and Northwestern University Law School
Downloads 845 (30,295)
Citation 4

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evidence, proof, abduction, inference to the best explanation, probability, burdens of proof, probative value

6.

The Gettier Problem and Legal Proof

Legal Theory, Vol. 16, 2010
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 29 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2018
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 635 (44,682)

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epistemology, legal proof, knowledge, truth, justification, belief, acceptance, verdicts, judgments, Gettier, material error, probatory error

7.

Minds, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Minds, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience (Oxford University Press, 2013), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Sep 2013
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 626 (45,542)

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mind, brain, neuroscience, fMRI, EEG, conceptual, empirical, normativity, knowledge, intent, memory, jurisprudence, moral decision making, economic decision making, emotion, rationality, lie detection, actus reus, mens rea, insanity, Fourth Amendment, Fifth Amendment, self-incrimination, free will

8.

Neuroscience, Normativity, and Retributivism

THE FUTURE OF PUNISHMENT, Thomas Nadelhoffer, ed., Oxford University Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 06 Dec 2011
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 604 (47,715)

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neuroscience, criminal punishment, retributivism, consequentionalism, moral responsibility, free will, determinism, compatibilism, folk psychology

9.

Pleadings, Proof, and Judgment: A Unified Theory of Civil Litigation

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 51, 2010
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 06 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2010
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 580 (50,337)

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Pleadings, Motion to Dismiss, Plausibility, Summary Judgment, Judgment as a Matter of Law, Reasonable Jury, Burdens of Proof, Decision Rules, Material Accuracy, Procedural Accuracy, Abduction, Inference to the Best Explanation, Defeasibility, Antitrust, Civil Rights, Employment Discrimination

10.

Group Agency and Legal Proof; or, Why the Jury Is an 'It'

56 William & Mary Law Review 1793 (2015)
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 18 May 2014 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2015
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 569 (51,499)

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group agency, juries, verdicts, collective epistemology, voting rules, evidence, proof, probability, explanations, conjunction paradox, doctrinal paradox, discursive dilemma

11.

Testimony

Tulane Law Review, Vol. 82, 2007
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 16 May 2007 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2007
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 483 (63,296)

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epistemology, evidence law, natural testimony, formal testimony, hearsay, sixth amendment, confrontation, fifth amendment, self-incrimination

12.

Relative Plausibility and its Critics

U of Alabama Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3179601
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 17 May 2018 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2018
Ronald J. Allen and Michael S. Pardo
Northwestern University Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 469 (65,659)
Citation 2

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evidence, juridical proof, probability, plausibility, explanations, standards of proof, inference to the best explanation, conjunction problem

13.

Second-Order Proof Rules

Florida Law Review, Vol. 61, 2009
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 18 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2010
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 429 (73,154)

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preponderance of the evidence, clear and convincing evidence, beyond a reasonable doubt, rules, standards, error allocation, error distribution, probability, abduction, inference to the best explanation, sufficiency of the evidence, summary judgment, judgment as a matter of law, Jackson v. Virginia

14.

On Misshapen Stones and Criminal Law's Epistemology

Texas Law Review, Vol. 86, p. 347, 2007
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 05 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2007
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 429 (73,154)

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Evidence, Legal Proof, Criminal Procedure, Epistemology, Burdens of Proof, Standards of Proof, Beyond a Reasonable Doubt, Presumption of Innocence, Double Jeopardy, Fourth Amendment, Self-Incrimination, Exclusionary Rules

15.

The Field of Evidence and the Field of Knowledge

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 24, July 2005
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 14 Apr 2005
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 422 (74,602)
Citation 1

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Evidence, Proof, Knowledge

16.

The Myth of the Law-Fact Distinction

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 97, 2003
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 02 Mar 2017
Ronald J. Allen and Michael S. Pardo
Northwestern University Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 399 (79,675)

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questions of law, questions of fact, punitive damaages, constitutional facts, Seventh Amendment, First Amendment, contracts, torts, patents, appellate review, juries, judicial notice, criminal procedure

17.

Neuroscientific Challenges to Retributivism

THE FUTURE OF PUNISHMENT, Thomas Nadelhoffer, ed., Oxford University Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2013
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 397 (80,125)
Citation 1

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criminal punishment, retributivism, neuroscience, deontology, free will, folk psychology

18.

Bayes Wars Redivivus - An Exchange

International Commentary on Evidence, Vol. 8, No. 1, November 2010
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 19 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2012
University of California Hastings College of the Law, Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Seton Hall University School of Law, PSU - Penn State Law (University Park), Northwestern University Law School, University of Michigan Law School, Harvard Law School, Georgetown University Law Center and St. John's University School of Law
Downloads 391 (81,518)

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evidence, relevance, probative value, inference, Bayes' rule, likelihood ratio

19.

Evidence Theory and the NAS Report on Forensic Science

Utah Law Review, No. 2, 2010
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2010
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 380 (84,306)

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forensic science, National Academy of Sciences, evidence, proof, admissibility, sufficiency of the evidence, Jackson v. Virginia, beyond a reasonable doubt, abduction, inference to the best explanation

20.

Lying, Deception, and fMRI: A Critical Update

Neurolaw and Responsibility for Action (Bebhinn Donnelly-Lazarov ed., Cambridge University Press, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2018
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 340 (95,777)

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lie detection, deception, neuroscience, brain, fMRI, United States v. Semrau, empirical, conceptual

21.

Self-Incrimination and the Epistemology of Testimony

Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 30
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 19 May 2008
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 293 (112,702)

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Self-Incrimination, Fifth Amendment, Testimonial Evidence, Physical Evidence, Schmerber, Presumption of Innocence

22.

The Political Morality of Evidence Law

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 27 Nov 2007
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 282 (117,424)

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Evidence, Procedure, Legal Proof, Political Morality, Epistemology, Statistical Evidence, Burdens of Proof, Standards of Proof, Beyond a Reasonable Doubt, Admissibility, Exclusionary Rules, Error Reduction, Risk of Error, Risk Allocation

23.

Symposium on Minds, Brains, and Law: A Reply

Jurisprudence, 2015, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 Mar 2015
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 279 (118,752)

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neuroscience, fMRI, lie detection, expert evidence, legal proof, criminal law, actus reus, mens rea, knowledge

24.

The Law of Evidence and the Practice of Theory

University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, 2015
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 14 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2015
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 262 (126,829)

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evidence, proof, legal doctrine, probative value, methodology, Ronald Dworkin

25.

The Paradoxes of Legal Proof: A Critical Guide

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 99, 2019
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 11 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2019
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 256 (129,932)
Citation 1

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evidence, probability, explanation, statistical evidence, blue bus, gatecrashers, standards of proof, preponderance of evidence, beyond a reasonable doubt, conjunction paradox, verdicts

26.

Introduction to Philosophical Foundations of Law & Neuroscience

Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience, Dennis Patterson & Michael S. Pardo, eds., Oxford University Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 29 Jun 2016
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 253 (131,497)

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Mind, Brain, Neuroscience, Mental States, Action, Decision-Making, Neurolaw, Psychology, Philosophy

27.

Upsides of the American Trial's 'Anticonfluential' Nature: Notes on Richard K. Sherwin, David Foster Wallace, and James O. Incandenza

IMAGINING LEGALITY: WHERE LAW MEETS POPULAR CULTURE, Austin Sarat, ed., 2011
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 08 Aug 2011
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 250 (133,108)

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Richard Sherwin, visual jurisprudence, sexual predators, fMRI, narrative, epistemology, morality, juries, story model, coherence, David Foster Wallace, Infinite Jest

28.

Morse, Mind, and Mental Causation

Criminal Law and Philosophy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Jul 2014
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 248 (134,195)

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folk psychology, mental states, reasons, human action, explanation, causation

29.

Disentangling the Fourth Amendment and the Self-Incrimination Clause

Iowa Law Review, Vol. 90, 2005
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 14 Apr 2005
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 247 (134,719)

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30.

Rationality

Alabama Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 14 Aug 2012
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 234 (142,013)

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rational, reasonable, inference, sapience, means, ends, preferences, utility, probability, bounded, heuristic, bias, standards of proof, summary judgment, sufficiency of the evidence, competence, insanity, expectations, judging, self-interest, benevolence, complexity

31.

More on the Conceptual and the Empirical: Misunderstandings, Clarifications, and Replies

Neuroethics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 02 Jun 2010
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 225 (147,534)

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Neuroscience, Mind, Brain, Conceptual, Empirical, Rule-Following, Subpersonal Facts, Lie Detection, Deception

32.

Accuracy, Optimality, and the Preponderance Standard

Law, Probability & Risk, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2015
Edward K. Cheng and Michael S. Pardo
Vanderbilt Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 219 (151,457)

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burden of proof, burden of persuasion, evidence, accuracy, welfare, minimax, error

33.

Safety vs. Sensitivity: Possible Worlds and the Law of Evidence

Legal Theory, Vol. 24, 2018, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 11 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2018
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 193 (170,325)
Citation 1

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epistemology, evidence, legal proof, safety, sensitivity, possible worlds, probative value, admissibility, standards of proof, statistical evidence, verdicts

34.

The Problematic Value of Mathematical Models of Evidence

Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 36, January 2007
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 May 2006 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2015
Ronald J. Allen and Michael S. Pardo
Northwestern University Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 193 (170,325)
Citation 1

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Evidence, Statistical Evidence, Probative Value

35.

Review - 'Witness Testimony Evidence: Argumentation, Artificial Intelligence, and Law' by Douglas Walton

Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 27 Aug 2009
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 176 (184,965)
Citation 1

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witness, testimony, argumentation theory, formal dialectical models, artificial intelligence, abduction, plausibilistic reasoning

36.

Preface to the Paperback Edition of Minds, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Paperback Edition of Minds, Brains and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience, Oxford University Press, 2015
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 26 Sep 2015
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 164 (196,538)

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neurolaw, mind, brain, conceptual, empirical, knowledge

37.

More on the Gettier Problem and Legal Proof: Unsafe Nonknowledge Does Not Mean that Knowledge Must Be Safe

Legal Theory, Vol. 17, 2011
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 24 May 2011
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 157 (203,947)
Citation 2

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Evidence, Epistemology, Safety, Knowledge, Gettier Problem, Proof

38.

Risk, Uncertainty, and 'Super-Risk'

Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2015
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 28 Jun 2015
Jose Bermudez and Michael S. Pardo
Texas A&M University - Department of Philosophy and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 150 (211,919)

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risk, uncertainty, Frank Knight, epistemic risk, financial decision-making, adjudication, legal proof, explanation, projectability

39.

Empire

Alabama Law Review, Vol. 60, pp. 1201-1208, 2009
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Aug 2009
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 144 (219,015)

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empire, colonialism, Austin, Hart, Raz, Dworkin, Kent, international investment law, innovation, competition, antitrust, patents, copyright, human organs, human tissues

40.

Epistemology, Psychology, and Standards of Proof: An Essay on Risinger’s ‘Surprise’ Theory

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 48, 2018
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 Feb 2018
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 133 (233,375)

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Evidence, Standards of Proof, Beyond a Reasonable Doubt, Probability, Surprise, Emotion, Psychology, Epistemology, Epistemic Safety, Abduction, Inference to the Best Explanation, Sufficiency of the Evidence, Jackson v. Virginia

41.

The Promise of Neuroscience for Law: 'Overclaiming' in Jurisprudence, Morality, and Economics

Patterson, Dennis, and Michael S. Pardo (eds.). Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press, 2016, 231-248
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Jan 2017
Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson
Georgetown University Law Center and Rutgers University School of Law, Camden
Downloads 113 (263,456)

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Law, Neuroscience, Jurisprudence, morality, economics

42.

Confrontation Clause Implications of Constitutional Sentencing Options

Federal Sentencing Reporter, Vol. 18, 2006
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Jun 2006
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 99 (288,626)

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confrontation, hearsay, Crawford, sentencing, Booker

43.

Confrontation After Scalia and Kennedy

Alabama Law Review, Vol. 70, 2019
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 17 May 2019 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2019
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 92 (302,512)

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confrontation clause, sixth amendment, Crawford, hearsay, testimony, experts

44.

Clarifying Relative Plausibility: A Rejoinder

U of Alabama Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3338080 (2019)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 21 Feb 2019
Ronald J. Allen and Michael S. Pardo
Northwestern University Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 92 (302,512)

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evidence, proof, epistemology, probability, plausibility, inference to the best explanation

45.

Some Remarks on the Importance of Evidence Outside Trials

Review of Litigation, Vol. 36, 2018
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jan 2018
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 76 (339,683)

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evidence, rules of evidence, litigation, facts, standards of proof, summary judgment, pleadings, motions to dismiss, judicial notice

46.

Probability, Explanation, and Inference: A Reply

11 International Journal of Evidence & Proof 307 (2007)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 02 Mar 2017
Ronald J. Allen and Michael S. Pardo
Northwestern University Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 62 (378,843)

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probability, statistical evidence, inference, relevance, probative value, standards of proof, explanations, reference classes, beyond a reasonable doubt

47.

A Comment on Statistical Evidence and Standards of Proof

25 Supreme Court Economic Review 59 (2018)
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 03 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2019
Michael S. Pardo
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 52 (411,752)

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statistical evidence, statistical significance, likelihood ratio, burden of proof, preponderance of the evidence

48.

Explanations and the Preponderance Standard: Still Kicking Rocks with Dr. Johnson

48 Seton Hall Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 02 Aug 2018
Michael S. Pardo and Ronald J. Allen
Georgetown University Law Center and Northwestern University Law School
Downloads 52 (411,752)

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evidence, juridical proof, probability, plausibility, explanations, standards of proof, preponderance of the evidence, summary judgment, judgment as a matter of law