Wulf A. Kaal

University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law

Associate Professor

MSL 400, 1000 La Salle Avenue

Minneapolis, MN Minnesota 55403-2005

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

71

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Rank 683

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35,367

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 10,072

in Total Papers Citations

52

CROSSREF CITATIONS

63

Scholarly Papers (71)

1.

Initial Coin Offerings: The Top 25 Jurisdictions and Their Comparative Regulatory Responses

CodeX Stanford Journal of Blockchain Law & Policy (2018), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-07
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 18 May 2018
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 3,353 (3,508)
Citation 23

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Initial Coin Offerings, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Market Abuse, Investor Protection, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Crytpo Economics, Diversification, Optimization, Efficiency

Regulation Tomorrow: What Happens When Technology is Faster than the Law?

American University Business Law Review, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No. 2016-8, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-23, TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2016-024
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 27 May 2018
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 2,797 (4,701)
Citation 15

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Airbnb, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Drones, FinTech, Principles, Regulation, Regulatory Sandbox, Robotics, Rules, Uber, Technology Paralysis, Disruptive Technology, Regulatory Design

Regulation Tomorrow: What Happens When Technology Is Faster Than the Law?

American University Business Law Review, Vol. 6, No. 3, 561, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-20
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 19 Jul 2018
Mark Fenwick, Wulf A. Kaal and Erik P.M. Vermeulen
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg Law School
Downloads 140 (230,874)
Citation 1

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technology, business law, privacy law, innovation, regulation, law and business, law and technology

3.

Initial Coin Offerings: Emerging Practices, Risk Factors, and Red Flags

Forthcoming, Fintech Handbook, Florian Möslein & Sebastian Omlor eds., Verlag C.H. Beck (2018) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-18
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Nov 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Marco Dell'Erba
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Zurich
Downloads 2,396 (6,203)
Citation 13

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Initial Coin Offerings, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Crytpo Economics, Diversification, Optimization, Efficiency, Governance, Bad Actors, Risk Factors, Regulation

4.

Legal Education in the Blockchain Revolution

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-05
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 04 May 2017
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 1,631 (11,684)
Citation 7

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Legal Education, Legal Profession, LegalTech, FinTech, Disruptive Innovation, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Big Data, Blockchain Technology, Platform Company, Platform Economy, Decentralization, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Social Media, Technology, Trust.

Regulatory Competition in EU Corporate Law after Inspire Art: Unbundling Delaware's Product for Europe

U Illinois Law & Economics Research Paper No. LE04-001, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 617681
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Nov 2004
Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Law, University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 1,237 (17,634)
Citation 11

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Regulatory Competition in EU Corporate Law After Inspire Art: Unbundling Delaware's Product for Europe

European Company and Financial Law Review, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2005, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 1039441
Posted: 06 Dec 2007
Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Law, University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law

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6.

Crypto Transaction Dispute Resolution

Business Lawyer, 2018, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-12
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 27 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Craig Calcaterra
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Department of Mathematics, Metropolitan State University
Downloads 1,202 (18,770)
Citation 6

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Smart Contract, Jurisdiction, Governance, Ties Network, Aragon, OpenBazaar, Ethereum, Platform, Ecosystem, Dispute Resolution, Arbitration

7.

Crypto Economics - The Top 100 Token Models Compared

BANKING & FIN. SER. POL. REP. (2018) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-29
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 1,175 (19,403)
Citation 1

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Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens, Initial Coin Offerings, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Market Abuse, Investor Protection, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists

8.

Blockchain Innovation in Private Investment Funds - A Comparative Analysis of the United States and Europe

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-20
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 19 Jul 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Marco Dell'Erba
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Zurich
Downloads 1,119 (20,855)
Citation 1

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Startup, Big Data, Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Efficiency

9.

Legal Education in a Digital Age: Why 'Coding for Lawyers' Matters

Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No, 2018-4, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-21
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2018
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 1,102 (21,340)
Citation 4

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Algorithms, Bitcoin, Blockchain, Coding, Cryptocurrency, Digital, Digital Transformation, Distributed Ledger Technology, DLT, Ethereum, Legal Education, Legal Tech, Smart Contracts, Software, Transaction Engineers, Tokens, Trust

10.

The History of Hedge Fund Regulation in the United States

Handbook on Hedge Funds, Oxford University Press (2016), Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 326, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-05
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Dale A. Oesterle
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 1,061 (22,555)

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History of Regulation, Hedge Fund, Regulatory Framework, Registration, Exemptions, Dodd-Frank Act, Securities Regulation

11.

Hedge Fund Manager Registration Under the Dodd-Frank Act

San Diego Law Review, Vol. 50, 2013, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-30
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 22 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 1,053 (22,826)

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Hedge Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Registration, Disclosure, Form ADV, Form PF

12.

How to Regulate Disruptive Innovation - From Facts to Data

Jurimetrics, Volume 57, Issue No. 2, 2017 Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-13
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 12 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Erik P. M. Vermeulen
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 993 (24,896)
Citation 6

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Disruptive Innovation, Venture Capital, Venture Investments, Dynamic Regulation, Feedback Effects, Optimized Information for Regulation, Anticipatory Regulation, Big Data

13.

The ‘Unmediated’ and ‘Tech-Driven’ Corporate Governance of Today's Winning Companies

New York University Journal of Law & Business (2020), TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2017-009, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-10, Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No. 2017-1
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2019
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 972 (25,630)
Citation 2

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Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Blockchain, Board of Directors, Communication, Corporate Culture, Corporate Governance, Decentralization, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Dialogue, Platform Company, Social Media, Stewardship Codes, Technology, Trust

14.

Why 'Blockchain' Will Disrupt Corporate Organizations

Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No. 2018-3, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-17 , European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) - Law Working Paper No. 419/2018, Journal of the British Blockchain Association
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2019
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 846 (31,374)
Citation 2

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Blockchain, Corporate Governance, Cryptocurrency, Crypto, Decentralization, Digital Transformation, Distributed Ledger Technology, Organizations, Platform Companies, Smart contracts, Technology, Tokens

15.

The Effect of Deferred and Non-Prosecution Agreements on Corporate Governance: Evidence from 1993-2013

The Business Lawyer , Vol. 70, 2014
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 27 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2014
Wulf A. Kaal and Timothy Lacine
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of St. Thomas
Downloads 799 (33,882)
Citation 4

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Non Prosecution Agreement, Deferred Prosecution Agreement, Panel Data, Corporate Governance

16.

Blockchain Applications and Fee Structure Developments in Private Investment Funds

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Apr 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 693 (41,046)

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Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Big Data, Meta Data, Data Scientist, Hedge Fund, Private Equity, Fees, Fee Structure

17.

Blockchain Innovation for Private Investment Funds

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-21
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Jul 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 689 (41,442)
Citation 2

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Startup, Big Data, Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Efficiency

18.

Blockchain Solutions for Agency Problems in Corporate Governance

Economic Information to Facilitate Decision Making, Edited Book, Editor- Kashi R. Balachandran, World Scientific Publishers (2019)., U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-05
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 May 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 684 (41,777)
Citation 6

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Agency, Principal-Agent, Blockchain, Technology, Agency Cost, Monitoring, Corporate Governance

19.

Hedge Fund Regulation Via Basel III

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 44, p. 389, 2011
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 10 Apr 2011
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 679 (42,200)
Citation 1

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Basel III, Hedge Funds, Institutional Economics, Moral Hazard, Systemic Risk, Credit Derivatives, Harmonization, Bank Regulation

20.

Dynamic Regulation for Innovation

Perspectives in Law, Business & Innovation (Mark Fenwick, Wulf A. Kaal, Toshiyuki Kono & Erik P.M. Vermeulen eds.), New York Springer (2016) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-22
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Aug 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 628 (46,848)
Citation 2

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Growth of Technology, Innovation, Regulation of Innovation, Pacing Problem, Dynamic Regulation, Feedback Effects, Optimized Information for Regulation, Anticipatory Regulation

21.

Blockchain-Based Corporate Governance

Stanford Journal of Blockchain Law & Policy, Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2021), MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE LUXEMBOURG FOR PROCEDURAL LAW (December 2019) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-10
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 30 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2020
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 508 (61,348)
Citation 1

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Corporate Governance, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Protocols, Optimization, Efficiency, Governance, Dynamic Regulation, Principal-Agent, Emerging Technology, Agency Cost, Monitoring, Feedback Effects

22.

The Aftermath of Morrison v. National Australia Bank and Elliott Associates v. Porsche

European Company and Financial Law Review, Vol. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2011
Wulf A. Kaal and Richard W. Painter
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 420 (77,373)

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Foreign-Cubed, Dodd-Frank Act, Securities Regulation, Securities Litigation, Morrison, Porsche, Section 929P(b), Section 929Y, Jurisdiction, Section 10(b)

23.

Blockchain Infrastructure for Measuring Domain Specific Reputation in Autonomous Decentralized and Anonymous Systems

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-11
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 07 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2019
Craig Calcaterra, Wulf A. Kaal and Vlad Andrei
Department of Mathematics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and HighTechBlock
Downloads 408 (80,078)
Citation 1

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Decentralized Infrastructure, Crypto, Blockchain, Reputation, Verification, Consensus Algorithm, Platform, Ecosystem, Sybil Attack Resistance, Majority Attack Resistance, 51% Attack Resistance, Positive Feedback Loops, System Autonomy, Autonomous Systems, Decentralized Systems, Anonymous Systems

24.

Hedge Funds and Systemic Risk

Handbook on Hedge Funds, Oxford University Press (2016)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Timothy A. Krause
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Penn State Behrend
Downloads 391 (84,071)

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Systemic Risk, Hedge Fund, Contagion, Regulation, Financial Stability, Leverage, Liquidity

25.

Hedge Fund Valuation: Retailization, Regulation, and Investor Suitability

Review of Banking and Financial Law, Vol. 28, No. 581, 2008-2009
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 390 (84,297)

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Valuation, Valuation Errors, Hedge Fund, Retailization, De Minimis Exception

26.

Did the Dodd-Frank Act Impact Hedge Fund Performance?

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-09
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 03 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 28 May 2014
Wulf A. Kaal, Barbara Luppi and Sandra Paterlini
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law, University of St. Thomas School of Law and University of Trento - Department of Economics and Management
Downloads 371 (89,401)
Citation 3

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Dodd-Frank Act, Hedge Funds, Performance, Regression Discontinuity Design, Difference-in-Difference Design

27.

The Post Dodd-Frank Act Evolution of the Private Fund Industry: Comparative Evidence from 2012 and 2015

The Business Lawyer, Vol. 71, Fall 2016
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 01 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 370 (89,680)
Citation 1

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Hege Fund, Private Equity Fund, Regulation, Registration, Disclosure, Private Fund Advisers, Dodd-Frank Act, Compliance, Cost, Assets Under Management

28.

Confluence of Mutual and Private Funds

Elgar Handbook on Mutual Funds, 2016, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-06
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 15 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 364 (91,370)

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Private Fund, Mutual Fund, Hedge Funds, Hybrid Funds, Liquid Alternative Assets, Retail Alternative Funds, Asset Classes, Proliferation, Confluence, Investment Styles, Securities Regulation

29.

Extraterritorial Application of US Securities Law – Will the US Become the Default Jurisdiction for European Securities Litigation?

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Aug 2010
Richard W. Painter and Wulf A. Kaal
University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 361 (92,246)

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Morrison v. National Australia Bank, Foreign cubed cases, subject matter jurisdiction, securities class actions, Europe, Rule 10b-5, Section 7216 of H.R. 5173, Dodd-Frank Act

30.

Forum Competition and Choice of Law Competition in Securities Law after Morrison v. National Australia Bank

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 97, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-12, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-16
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 27 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2012
Wulf A. Kaal and Richard W. Painter
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 327 (103,110)
Citation 1

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securities, securities law, securities regulation, securities and jurisdiction, securities and choice of law

31.
Downloads 323 (104,570)
Citation 1

Contingent Capital in Executive Compensation

Washington and Lee Law Review, Vol. 64, 2013, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-22
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 02 Sep 2012
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 229 (148,802)

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Executive Compensation, Contingent Capital, Corporate Governance, Trigger Designs

Contingent Capital in Executive Compensation

Washington & Lee Law Review, Vol. 64
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 01 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2012
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 94 (308,931)
Citation 1

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Executive Compensation, Contingent Capital, Corporate Governance, Trigger Designs

32.

Evolution of Law: Dynamic Regulation in a New Institutional Economics Framework

Festschrift in Honor of Christian Kirchner, 2013, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 May 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 291 (117,067)

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new institutional economic, evolution of law, dynamic regulation, rulemaking

33.

Dynamic Regulation of the Financial Services Industry

Wake Forest Law Review, 2014, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-24
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 Jun 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 271 (126,104)

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dynamic regulation, new institutional economics, financial regulation, regulation of financial industries, financial crises

34.

The Impact of Dodd-Frank Act Compliance Cost on the Hedge Fund Industry

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-11
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 03 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 28 May 2014
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 270 (126,653)
Citation 1

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Hedge Funds, Regulation, Dodd-Frank Act, Compliance Cost

35.

Secure Proof of Stake Protocol

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-10
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 27 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2019
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Mathematics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 267 (128,142)

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Reputation Verification, Proof of Stake Protocol, Decentralization, Efficiency, Liveness, Swift Finality, Anonymity, Security, Byzantine Faults, 51% Attacks, Stake Grinding, Tragedy of the Commons, DoS Attacks, Censorship, Liveness Faults, Sybil Attacks

36.

Blockchain Technology and Race in Corporate America

Journal of High Technology Law (2020), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-16
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 17 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 252 (135,992)
Citation 2

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Big Data, Efficiency, Race, Community Development, Minorities, Discrimination, Optimization, Equality

37.

Private Fund Disclosures Under the Dodd-Frank Act

9 Brook. J. Corp., Fin. & Com. L. 428 (2015)
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 09 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 233 (146,770)
Citation 1

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Private Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Disclosure, Form PF, Survey Study

38.

Stable Cryptocurrencies - First Order Principles

Stanford Journal of Blockchain Law & Policy (2019)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2019
Department of Mathematics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Metropolitan State University
Downloads 224 (153,120)

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table Cryptocurrencies, Liquidity, Corruption, Cost, Speculation, Inflation, Price Stability, Transparency, Feedback Effects, Market Stability, Stability Mechanisms, Monetary Policy, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens, Blockchain,

39.

Contingent Capital with Sequential Triggers

49 San Diego Law Review, p. 49, p. 221, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-20, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-01
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 12 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2012
Wulf A. Kaal and Christoph Henkel
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Mississippi College - School of Law
Downloads 223 (153,120)

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Dodd-Frank, contingent capital, financial crisis, securities, bankruptcy, bank restructuring

40.

Did the Dodd-Frank Act Impact Private Fund Performance? – Evidence from 2010-2015

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2016
Wulf A. Kaal, Barbara Luppi and Sandra Paterlini
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law, University of St. Thomas School of Law and University of Trento - Department of Economics and Management
Downloads 215 (158,383)

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Dodd-Frank Act, Private Funds, Performance, Regression Discontinuity Design

41.

Initial Reflections on the Possible Application of Contingent Capital in Corporate Governance

Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, Vol. 26, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-01
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Feb 2012
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 212 (160,444)

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corporate law, corporate governance, financial institutions, contingent capital, contingent capital securities

42.

Digital Asset Market Evolution

Journal of Corporation Law (2020), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 20-02
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2020
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 209 (162,628)

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Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Initial Coin Offering, Blockchain, Startup, Decentralized Commerce, Reputation Verification, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Equity, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure

43.

Private Investment Fund Regulation - Theory and Empirical Evidence from 1998 to 2016

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-13
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 11 Jul 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 179 (187,447)

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Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Long Term Capital Management, Regulation, Dodd-Frank Act, PFIARA, Compliance, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Startup, Bi

44.

Hedge Funds’ Systemic Risk Disclosures in Bankruptcy

American Bankruptcy Institute Law Review, 2014, Forthcoming , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-33
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 01 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 179 (187,447)

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hedge funds, bankruptcy, securities law, Dodd-Frank, systemic risk disclosure

45.

Contingent Capital in European Union Bank Restructuring

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Vol. 32, p. 191, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-16, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 2013-02
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 16 May 2012 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2013
Christoph Henkel and Wulf A. Kaal
Mississippi College - School of Law and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 168 (198,099)

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contingent capital, financial institutions, banking, bank restructuring, corporate finance, corporate governance

46.

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations – Internal Governance and External Legal Design

Annals of Corporate Governance (2021), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 20-14
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 17 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2020
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 166 (200,048)

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Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Governance, Legal Design, Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Blockchain, Start-up, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure, Reputation Staking

47.

Investment Adviser Regulation

RESEARCH HANDBOOK ON CORPORATE LAW AND GOVERNANCE, Jerry W. Markham & Rigers Gjyshi eds., Edward Elgar, 2014, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-32
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 08 Oct 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 163 (203,156)

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investment, securities, securities law, regulation of securities, Securities & Exchange Commission, SEC, Dodd-Frank, investment advising, investment advisers, financial regulation

48.

Private Fund Investor Due Diligence – Evidence from 1995 to 2015

Review of Banking and Financial Law, 2016, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-15
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 151 (216,697)

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Private Investment Fund, Investor, Investor Due Diligence, SEC Form ADV Part II, Disclosures, Case Law, Legal Standards, Expert Testimony, Time Series

49.

Unconstrained Mutual Funds and Retail Investor Protection

Review of Banking and Financial Law, 2017, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-18
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 20 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Bentley Anderson
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Anderson PLC
Downloads 151 (216,697)

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Unconstrained Mutual Funds, Private Fund, Mutual Fund, Hedge Funds, Hybrid Funds, Liquid Alternative Assets, Retail Alternative Funds, Asset Classes, Proliferation, Confluence, Investment Styles, Securities Regulation, Retail Investors, Investor Protection, Risk Attributes, Investment Strategy

50.

Initial Reflections on an Evolving Standard: Constraints on Risk Taking by Directors and Officers in Germany and the United States

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 40, 2010
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 24 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 23 Nov 2010
Richard W. Painter and Wulf A. Kaal
University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 150 (217,923)

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Financial Crisis, Risk Taking, Excessive Risk, Germany, United States, Comparative Law, Economic Analysis, Cost Benefit, Social Externalities

51.

Stock Price Response to Non- and Deferred Prosecution Agreements

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-16
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Timothy Lacine
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of St. Thomas
Downloads 149 (219,049)

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Non-Prosecution Agreement, Deferred Prosecution Agreement, Economic Impact, Governance Improvements, Stock Market, Panel Data, Event Study

52.

Innovation and Legislation: The Changing Relationship - Evidence from 1984 to 2015

Jurimetrics, 2018
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 04 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 20 May 2018
Wulf A. Kaal and Nick Farris
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Independent
Downloads 147 (221,479)
Citation 1

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Innovation, Measures of Innovation, Legislation, Measures of Legislation, CFR, U.S. Code, Patents, Data, Matching

53.

The Systemic Risk of Private Funds after the Dodd-Frank Act

Mich. Bus. & Entrepreneurial L. Rev. (2015), , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-24
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 23 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 147 (221,479)

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Financial Stability Oversight Council, Dodd-Frank Act, securities law, private funds, systemic risk

54.

Blockchain-Based Securities Offerings

UC Davis Business Law Journal (2020), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-22
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2019
Wulf A. Kaal and Samuel Evans
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP
Downloads 143 (226,477)

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Private Investment Funds, Crypto Investments, Crypto Economy, Crypto Currencies, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Efficiency, Overstock, Securities Offerings, Federal Securities Regulation

55.

Financial Technology and Hedge Funds

Oxford Handbook of Hedge Funds (2019)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 140 (230,274)

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Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Technology, Emerging Technology, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Big Data, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Eff

56.

Stable Cryptocurrencies

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, 2019, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-06
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 13 Jun 2019
Department of Mathematics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Metropolitan State University
Downloads 119 (261,001)

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Stable Cryptocurrencies, Liquidity, Corruption, Cost, Speculation, Inflation, Price Stability, Transparency, Feedback Effects, Market Stability, Stability Mechanisms, Monetary Policy, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens

57.

Decentralization - Past, Present, and Future

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-23
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 114 (269,117)

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Decentralization, Disruptive Innovation, Emerging Technology, Stable Cryptocurrencies, Illiquidity, Cost, Speculation, Inflation, Price Stability, Transparency, Feedback Effects, Market Stability, Stability Mechanisms, Monetary Policy, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens

58.

The Role of Corporate Integrity Agreements in the Expansion of Fiduciary Duties

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-25
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 29 Aug 2013
Wulf A. Kaal and Elizabeth Malay
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Winthrop & Weinstine
Downloads 107 (281,337)

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fiduciaries, fiduciary duties, corporate integrity agreements, corporate compliance, corporate organization

59.

Shareholder Agreements - National Report of the United States of America

INTERNATIONAL COMPENDIUM ON SHAREHOLDER AGREEMENTS, Kristian Csach, Bohumil Havel & Sebastian Mock eds. (2017)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 Aug 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 104 (286,968)

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Shareholder Agreement, Corporate Law, Shareholder Rights, Pre-Insolvency, Transfer of Shares, Breach, Enforcement

60.

Decentralized Mechanical Turk Through Verified Reputation

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2018
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 102 (290,809)

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Mechanical Turk, Micro Tasks, Decentralization, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Crytpo Economics, Semada, Platform, Democratization

61.

The Private Fund Industry Five Years after the Dodd-Frank Act – A Survey Study

Review of Banking and Financial Law, 2016
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 17 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 96 (302,522)

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Private Funds, Hedge Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Title IV, Regulation, Compliance Cost, Survey Data

62.

Dynamic Regulation via Governmental Contracts

Liber Amicorum Peter Nobel, 2014, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-38
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2015
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 92 (310,915)

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Dynamic Regulation, Governmental Contracts, Preemptive Remedial Measures, Feedback Effects, Anticipatory Rulemaking

63.

Decentralization - A Primer on the New Economy

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 24 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 89 (317,384)
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Decentralization, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Reputation Verification, Economics, Socialism, Capitalism

64.

Dynamic Regulation via Contingent Capital

Review of Banking and Financial Law, Vol. 36, 2017
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 25 Apr 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 82 (333,789)

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Dynamic Regulation, Contingent Capital, CoCos, Feedback Effects, Optimized Information for Regulation, Anticipatory Regulation

65.

Decentralized Underwriting

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Jun 2019
Department of Mathematics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Metropolitan State University
Downloads 72 (359,762)

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Insurance, Underwriting, Finance, Token Models, Cryptocurrencies, Feedback Effects, Emerging Technology, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Mathematics, Model

66.

Reputation Protocol for the Internet of Trust - Conceptual Whitepaper

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-23
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 08 Nov 2018
Department of Mathematics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Independent
Downloads 61 (392,242)

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Semada Research Institute, distributed ledger technology, decentralized web, trust, reputation, protocols, sockpuppet resistance, decentralization

67.

A Comparative Perspective on the Limitations of the Duty of Oversight – A Comment on Lisa Fairfax

University of St. Thomas Law Journal (Forthcoming 2013), U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-04
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 12 Feb 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 59 (398,715)

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corporate law, corporate governance, board of directors, duty to monitor, comparative corporate law

68.

Indirect Regulation of Hedge Funds

Oxford Handbook of Hedge Funds (2019)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 54 (415,805)

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Hedge Fund, Regulation, Indirect Regulation, Private Investment Funds, Private Equity, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Indirect Regulation, Regulatory Models

69.

Decentralized Commerce – A Primer on Why Decentralized Reputation Verification Systems Are Needed

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 21 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 17 (597,765)

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Decentralized Commerce, Reputation Verification, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology

70.

Blockchain Technology for Good

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, 2021
Number of pages: 28
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 17

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Sustainability, Environment, Social Good, Social Justice, Society, Social Causes, Assets, Blockchain, Startup, Decentralized Commerce, Reputation Verification, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Equity, Distributed Ledger Technology, Blockchain Technology,

71.

What Drives Dodd-Frank Act Compliance Cost for Private Funds?

The Journal of Alternative Investments (2016), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-13, https://doi.org/10.3905/jai.2016.19.1.008
Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 22 May 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 0 (739,209)

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Private Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Compliance Cost, Barriers to Entry, Returns to Scale