Wulf A. Kaal

University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law

Associate Professor

MSL 400, 1000 La Salle Avenue

Minneapolis, MN Minnesota 55403-2005

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

98

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49,670

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 9,572

in Total Papers Citations

60

CROSSREF CITATIONS

71

Scholarly Papers (98)

1.

Initial Coin Offerings: The Top 25 Jurisdictions and Their Comparative Regulatory Responses

CodeX Stanford Journal of Blockchain Law & Policy (2018), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-07
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 18 May 2018
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 3,614 (4,291)
Citation 30

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Initial Coin Offerings, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Market Abuse, Investor Protection, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Crytpo Economics, Diversification, Optimization, Efficiency

Regulation Tomorrow: What Happens When Technology is Faster than the Law?

American University Business Law Review, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2017, Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No. 2016-8, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-23, TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2016-024
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 27 May 2018
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 3,376 (4,747)
Citation 22

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Airbnb, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Drones, FinTech, Principles, Regulation, Regulatory Sandbox, Robotics, Rules, Uber, Technology Paralysis, Disruptive Technology, Regulatory Design

Regulation Tomorrow: What Happens When Technology Is Faster Than the Law?

American University Business Law Review, Vol. 6, No. 3, 561, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-20
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 19 Jul 2018
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 201 (210,869)
Citation 1

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technology, business law, privacy law, innovation, regulation, law and business, law and technology

3.

Initial Coin Offerings: Emerging Practices, Risk Factors, and Red Flags

Forthcoming, Fintech Handbook, Florian Möslein & Sebastian Omlor eds., Verlag C.H. Beck (2018) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-18
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Nov 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Marco Dell'Erba
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Zurich
Downloads 3,148 (5,466)
Citation 15

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Initial Coin Offerings, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Crytpo Economics, Diversification, Optimization, Efficiency, Governance, Bad Actors, Risk Factors, Regulation

4.

Crypto Economics - The Top 100 Token Models Compared

BANKING & FIN. SER. POL. REP. (2018) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-29
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 2,289 (9,076)
Citation 1

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Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens, Initial Coin Offerings, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Market Abuse, Investor Protection, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists

5.

Legal Education in the Blockchain Revolution

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-05
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 04 May 2017
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 2,016 (11,223)
Citation 12

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Legal Education, Legal Profession, LegalTech, FinTech, Disruptive Innovation, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Big Data, Blockchain Technology, Platform Company, Platform Economy, Decentralization, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Social Media, Technology, Trust.

6.

Crypto Transaction Dispute Resolution

Business Lawyer, 2018, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-12
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 27 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Craig Calcaterra
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University
Downloads 1,522 (17,396)
Citation 7

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Smart Contract, Jurisdiction, Governance, Ties Network, Aragon, OpenBazaar, Ethereum, Platform, Ecosystem, Dispute Resolution, Arbitration

7.

Legal Education in a Digital Age: Why 'Coding for Lawyers' Matters

Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No, 2018-4, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-21
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2018
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 1,436 (18,962)
Citation 6

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Algorithms, Bitcoin, Blockchain, Coding, Cryptocurrency, Digital, Digital Transformation, Distributed Ledger Technology, DLT, Ethereum, Legal Education, Legal Tech, Smart Contracts, Software, Transaction Engineers, Tokens, Trust

Regulatory Competition in EU Corporate Law after Inspire Art: Unbundling Delaware's Product for Europe

U Illinois Law & Economics Research Paper No. LE04-001, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 617681
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Nov 2004
Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Law, University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 1,270 (22,414)
Citation 11

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Regulatory Competition in EU Corporate Law After Inspire Art: Unbundling Delaware's Product for Europe

European Company and Financial Law Review, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2005, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 1039441
Posted: 06 Dec 2007
Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Law, University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law

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9.

Blockchain Innovation in Private Investment Funds - A Comparative Analysis of the United States and Europe

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-20
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 19 Jul 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Marco Dell'Erba
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Zurich
Downloads 1,258 (23,142)
Citation 1

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Startup, Big Data, Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Efficiency

10.

How to Regulate Disruptive Innovation - From Facts to Data

Jurimetrics, Volume 57, Issue No. 2, 2017 Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-13
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 12 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Erik P. M. Vermeulen
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 1,244 (23,624)
Citation 7

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Disruptive Innovation, Venture Capital, Venture Investments, Dynamic Regulation, Feedback Effects, Optimized Information for Regulation, Anticipatory Regulation, Big Data

11.

The History of Hedge Fund Regulation in the United States

Handbook on Hedge Funds, Oxford University Press (2016), Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 326, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-05
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Dale A. Oesterle
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 1,217 (24,327)

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History of Regulation, Hedge Fund, Regulatory Framework, Registration, Exemptions, Dodd-Frank Act, Securities Regulation

12.

The ‘Unmediated’ and ‘Tech-Driven’ Corporate Governance of Today's Winning Companies

New York University Journal of Law & Business (2020), TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2017-009, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-10, Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No. 2017-1
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2019
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 1,193 (25,029)
Citation 3

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Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, Blockchain, Board of Directors, Communication, Corporate Culture, Corporate Governance, Decentralization, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Dialogue, Platform Company, Social Media, Stewardship Codes, Technology, Trust

13.

Why 'Blockchain' Will Disrupt Corporate Organizations

Lex Research Topics in Corporate Law & Economics Working Paper No. 2018-3, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-17 , European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) - Law Working Paper No. 419/2018, Journal of the British Blockchain Association
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2019
Kyushu University - Graduate School of Law, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Tilburg University - Department of Business Law
Downloads 1,174 (25,605)
Citation 3

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Blockchain, Corporate Governance, Cryptocurrency, Crypto, Decentralization, Digital Transformation, Distributed Ledger Technology, Organizations, Platform Companies, Smart contracts, Technology, Tokens

14.

Blockchain Solutions for Agency Problems in Corporate Governance

Economic Information to Facilitate Decision Making, Edited Book, Editor- Kashi R. Balachandran, World Scientific Publishers (2019)., U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-05
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 May 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 1,163 (25,956)
Citation 8

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Agency, Principal-Agent, Blockchain, Technology, Agency Cost, Monitoring, Corporate Governance

15.

Blockchain-Based Corporate Governance

Stanford Journal of Blockchain Law & Policy, Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2021), MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE LUXEMBOURG FOR PROCEDURAL LAW (December 2019) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-10
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 30 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2020
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 1,105 (28,058)
Citation 2

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Corporate Governance, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Protocols, Optimization, Efficiency, Governance, Dynamic Regulation, Principal-Agent, Emerging Technology, Agency Cost, Monitoring, Feedback Effects

16.

Hedge Fund Manager Registration Under the Dodd-Frank Act

San Diego Law Review, Vol. 50, 2013, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-30
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 22 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 1,077 (28,977)

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Hedge Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Registration, Disclosure, Form ADV, Form PF

17.

The Effect of Deferred and Non-Prosecution Agreements on Corporate Governance: Evidence from 1993-2013

The Business Lawyer , Vol. 70, 2014
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 27 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2014
Wulf A. Kaal and Timothy Lacine
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of St. Thomas
Downloads 1,012 (31,717)
Citation 4

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Non Prosecution Agreement, Deferred Prosecution Agreement, Panel Data, Corporate Governance

18.

A Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO) of DAOs

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 09 Mar 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 946 (35,004)
Citation 1

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DAO of DAOs, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Decentralized Governance, Legal Design, Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Blockchain, Start-up, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure, R

19.

Dynamic Regulation for Innovation

Perspectives in Law, Business & Innovation (Mark Fenwick, Wulf A. Kaal, Toshiyuki Kono & Erik P.M. Vermeulen eds.), New York Springer (2016) , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-22
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Aug 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 882 (38,505)
Citation 2

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Growth of Technology, Innovation, Regulation of Innovation, Pacing Problem, Dynamic Regulation, Feedback Effects, Optimized Information for Regulation, Anticipatory Regulation

20.

Blockchain Innovation for Private Investment Funds

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-21
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Jul 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 773 (45,941)
Citation 2

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Startup, Big Data, Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Efficiency

21.

Blockchain Applications and Fee Structure Developments in Private Investment Funds

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Apr 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 738 (48,915)

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Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Big Data, Meta Data, Data Scientist, Hedge Fund, Private Equity, Fees, Fee Structure

22.

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations – Internal Governance and External Legal Design

Annals of Corporate Governance (2021), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 20-14
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 17 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2020
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 698 (52,702)

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Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Governance, Legal Design, Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Blockchain, Start-up, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure, Reputation Staking

23.

Hedge Fund Regulation Via Basel III

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 44, p. 389, 2011
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 10 Apr 2011
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 694 (53,122)
Citation 1

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Basel III, Hedge Funds, Institutional Economics, Moral Hazard, Systemic Risk, Credit Derivatives, Harmonization, Bank Regulation

24.

Digital Asset Market Evolution

Journal of Corporation Law (2020), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 20-02
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2020
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 677 (54,839)

Abstract:

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Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Initial Coin Offering, Blockchain, Startup, Decentralized Commerce, Reputation Verification, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Equity, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure

25.

Blockchain Infrastructure for Measuring Domain Specific Reputation in Autonomous Decentralized and Anonymous Systems

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-11
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 07 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2019
Craig Calcaterra, Wulf A. Kaal and Vlad Andrei
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and HighTechBlock
Downloads 617 (61,752)
Citation 2

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Decentralized Infrastructure, Crypto, Blockchain, Reputation, Verification, Consensus Algorithm, Platform, Ecosystem, Sybil Attack Resistance, Majority Attack Resistance, 51% Attack Resistance, Positive Feedback Loops, System Autonomy, Autonomous Systems, Decentralized Systems, Anonymous Systems

26.

Digital Asset Valuation

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-10
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 19 Feb 2022
Wulf A. Kaal, Samuel Evans and Hayley Howe
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law, PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP and Emerging Technology Association
Downloads 596 (64,779)

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Digital Assets, Valuation, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Emerging Technology

27.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 474 (85,853)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Decentralization, DeFi

28.

Hedge Funds and Systemic Risk

Handbook on Hedge Funds, Oxford University Press (2016)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Timothy A. Krause
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Penn State Behrend
Downloads 450 (91,099)
Citation 2

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Systemic Risk, Hedge Fund, Contagion, Regulation, Financial Stability, Leverage, Liquidity

29.

The Aftermath of Morrison v. National Australia Bank and Elliott Associates v. Porsche

European Company and Financial Law Review, Vol. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2011
Wulf A. Kaal and Richard W. Painter
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 439 (93,723)

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Foreign-Cubed, Dodd-Frank Act, Securities Regulation, Securities Litigation, Morrison, Porsche, Section 929P(b), Section 929Y, Jurisdiction, Section 10(b)

30.

Hedge Fund Valuation: Retailization, Regulation, and Investor Suitability

Review of Banking and Financial Law, Vol. 28, No. 581, 2008-2009
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 420 (98,648)

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Valuation, Valuation Errors, Hedge Fund, Retailization, De Minimis Exception

31.

Did the Dodd-Frank Act Impact Hedge Fund Performance?

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-09
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 03 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 28 May 2014
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law, Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE) - Faculty of Business and EconomicsUniversity of St. Thomas School of Law and University of Trento - Department of Economics and Management
Downloads 419 (98,922)
Citation 3

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Dodd-Frank Act, Hedge Funds, Performance, Regression Discontinuity Design, Difference-in-Difference Design

32.

Extraterritorial Application of US Securities Law – Will the US Become the Default Jurisdiction for European Securities Litigation?

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Aug 2010
Richard W. Painter and Wulf A. Kaal
University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 403 (103,471)

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Morrison v. National Australia Bank, Foreign cubed cases, subject matter jurisdiction, securities class actions, Europe, Rule 10b-5, Section 7216 of H.R. 5173, Dodd-Frank Act

33.

The Post Dodd-Frank Act Evolution of the Private Fund Industry: Comparative Evidence from 2012 and 2015

The Business Lawyer, Vol. 71, Fall 2016
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 01 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 402 (103,784)
Citation 1

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Hege Fund, Private Equity Fund, Regulation, Registration, Disclosure, Private Fund Advisers, Dodd-Frank Act, Compliance, Cost, Assets Under Management

34.

Blockchain Technology and Race in Corporate America

Journal of High Technology Law (2020), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-16
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 17 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 396 (105,595)
Citation 3

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Big Data, Efficiency, Race, Community Development, Minorities, Discrimination, Optimization, Equality

35.

Stable Cryptocurrencies - First Order Principles

Stanford Journal of Blockchain Law & Policy (2019)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2019
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Metropolitan State University
Downloads 390 (107,457)
Citation 1

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table Cryptocurrencies, Liquidity, Corruption, Cost, Speculation, Inflation, Price Stability, Transparency, Feedback Effects, Market Stability, Stability Mechanisms, Monetary Policy, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens, Blockchain,

36.

Confluence of Mutual and Private Funds

Elgar Handbook on Mutual Funds, 2016, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-06
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 15 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 388 (108,113)

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Private Fund, Mutual Fund, Hedge Funds, Hybrid Funds, Liquid Alternative Assets, Retail Alternative Funds, Asset Classes, Proliferation, Confluence, Investment Styles, Securities Regulation

37.

Secure Proof of Stake Protocol

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-10
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 27 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2019
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 358 (118,351)
Citation 1

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Reputation Verification, Proof of Stake Protocol, Decentralization, Efficiency, Liveness, Swift Finality, Anonymity, Security, Byzantine Faults, 51% Attacks, Stake Grinding, Tragedy of the Commons, DoS Attacks, Censorship, Liveness Faults, Sybil Attacks

38.
Downloads 344 (123,628)
Citation 1

Contingent Capital in Executive Compensation

Washington and Lee Law Review, Vol. 64, 2013, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-22
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 02 Sep 2012
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 243 (175,943)

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Executive Compensation, Contingent Capital, Corporate Governance, Trigger Designs

Contingent Capital in Executive Compensation

Washington & Lee Law Review, Vol. 64
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 01 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2012
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 101 (363,493)
Citation 1

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Executive Compensation, Contingent Capital, Corporate Governance, Trigger Designs

39.

Custody of Digital Assets

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-05
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 Oct 2021 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2022
Wulf A. Kaal and Hayley Howe
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Emerging Technology Association
Downloads 341 (124,867)

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Custody, Digital Asset, Emerging Technology, Legal Certainty, Supply, Demand, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology

40.

Evolution of Law: Dynamic Regulation in a New Institutional Economics Framework

Festschrift in Honor of Christian Kirchner, 2013, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 May 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 336 (126,849)
Citation 2

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new institutional economic, evolution of law, dynamic regulation, rulemaking

41.

Forum Competition and Choice of Law Competition in Securities Law after Morrison v. National Australia Bank

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 97, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-12, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-16
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 27 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2012
Wulf A. Kaal and Richard W. Painter
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 332 (128,504)
Citation 3

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securities, securities law, securities regulation, securities and jurisdiction, securities and choice of law

42.

Dynamic Regulation of the Financial Services Industry

Wake Forest Law Review, 2014, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-24
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 Jun 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 305 (140,433)

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dynamic regulation, new institutional economics, financial regulation, regulation of financial industries, financial crises

43.

The Impact of Dodd-Frank Act Compliance Cost on the Hedge Fund Industry

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-11
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 03 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 28 May 2014
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 292 (146,981)
Citation 1

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Hedge Funds, Regulation, Dodd-Frank Act, Compliance Cost

44.

DAO Fallacies

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-27
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 31 Mar 2022
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 282 (153,332)

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Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Digital Assets, Valuation, Blockchain, Myth, Uses, Distributed Ledger Technology, Emerging Technology

45.

Private Fund Disclosures Under the Dodd-Frank Act

9 Brook. J. Corp., Fin. & Com. L. 428 (2015)
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 09 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 255 (168,504)
Citation 1

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Private Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Disclosure, Form PF, Survey Study

46.

Financial Technology and Hedge Funds

Oxford Handbook of Hedge Funds (2019)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 250 (171,730)

Abstract:

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Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Technology, Emerging Technology, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Big Data, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Eff

47.

Decentralization - Past, Present, and Future

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-23
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 249 (172,362)

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Decentralization, Disruptive Innovation, Emerging Technology, Stable Cryptocurrencies, Illiquidity, Cost, Speculation, Inflation, Price Stability, Transparency, Feedback Effects, Market Stability, Stability Mechanisms, Monetary Policy, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens

48.

Contingent Capital with Sequential Triggers

49 San Diego Law Review, p. 49, p. 221, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-20, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 2012-01
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 12 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2012
Wulf A. Kaal and Christoph Henkel
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Mississippi College - School of Law
Downloads 233 (184,485)

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Dodd-Frank, contingent capital, financial crisis, securities, bankruptcy, bank restructuring

49.

Did the Dodd-Frank Act Impact Private Fund Performance? – Evidence from 2010-2015

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2016
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law, Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE) - Faculty of Business and EconomicsUniversity of St. Thomas School of Law and University of Trento - Department of Economics and Management
Downloads 222 (192,396)

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Dodd-Frank Act, Private Funds, Performance, Regression Discontinuity Design

50.

Initial Reflections on the Possible Application of Contingent Capital in Corporate Governance

Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, Vol. 26, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-01
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Feb 2012
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 221 (193,220)

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corporate law, corporate governance, financial institutions, contingent capital, contingent capital securities

51.

REPUTATION AS CAPITAL – How Decentralized Autonomous Organizations Address Shortcomings in the Venture Capital Market

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 14 Nov 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 219 (194,966)

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Venture Capital, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Reputation, Decentralized Governance, Capital, Venture Funding, Finance, Token Models, Cryptocurrencies, Feedback Effects, Emerging Technology, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology

52.

Blockchain Technology for Good

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 27 Nov 2020
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 212 (200,845)

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Sustainability, Environment, Social Good, Social Justice, Society, Social Causes, Assets, Blockchain, Startup, Decentralized Commerce, Reputation Verification, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Equity, Distributed Ledger Technology, Blockchain Technology,

53.

Reputation as Capital – How DAOs Upgrade Finance

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-06
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 25 Oct 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 211 (201,763)

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Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Venture Capital, Reputation, Non-Fungible Tokens, Fungible Tokens, Capital, Venture Funding, Finance, Token Models, Cryptocurrencies, Feedback Effects, Emerging Technology, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology

54.

Innovation and Legislation: The Changing Relationship - Evidence from 1984 to 2015

Jurimetrics, 2018
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 04 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 20 May 2018
Wulf A. Kaal and Nick Farris
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Independent
Downloads 198 (213,857)
Citation 1

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Innovation, Measures of Innovation, Legislation, Measures of Legislation, CFR, U.S. Code, Patents, Data, Matching

55.

Private Investment Fund Regulation - Theory and Empirical Evidence from 1998 to 2016

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-13
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 11 Jul 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 197 (214,858)

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Private Investment Funds, Hedge Funds, Private Equity, Long Term Capital Management, Regulation, Dodd-Frank Act, PFIARA, Compliance, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Startup, Bi

56.

Hedge Funds’ Systemic Risk Disclosures in Bankruptcy

American Bankruptcy Institute Law Review, 2014, Forthcoming , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-33
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 01 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 191 (220,808)

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hedge funds, bankruptcy, securities law, Dodd-Frank, systemic risk disclosure

57.

Blockchain-Based Securities Offerings

UC Davis Business Law Journal (2020), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-22
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2019
Wulf A. Kaal and Samuel Evans
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP
Downloads 181 (231,400)

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Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Data Scientists, Meta Models, Innovation, Private Investment Funds, Crypto Investments, Crypto Economy, Crypto Currencies, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Efficiency, Overstock, Securities Offerings, Federal Securities Regulation

58.

Investment Adviser Regulation

RESEARCH HANDBOOK ON CORPORATE LAW AND GOVERNANCE, Jerry W. Markham & Rigers Gjyshi eds., Edward Elgar, 2014, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-32
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 08 Oct 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 175 (238,108)

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investment, securities, securities law, regulation of securities, Securities & Exchange Commission, SEC, Dodd-Frank, investment advising, investment advisers, financial regulation

59.

Stock Price Response to Non- and Deferred Prosecution Agreements

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-16
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2016
Wulf A. Kaal and Timothy Lacine
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and University of St. Thomas
Downloads 174 (239,268)

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Non-Prosecution Agreement, Deferred Prosecution Agreement, Economic Impact, Governance Improvements, Stock Market, Panel Data, Event Study

60.

Contingent Capital in European Union Bank Restructuring

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Vol. 32, p. 191, 2012, U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-16, Mississippi College School of Law Research Paper No. 2013-02
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 16 May 2012 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2013
Christoph Henkel and Wulf A. Kaal
Mississippi College - School of Law and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 174 (239,268)

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contingent capital, financial institutions, banking, bank restructuring, corporate finance, corporate governance

61.

Securities Versus Utility Tokens

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-15
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 08 Feb 2022
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 171 (242,832)

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Securities Token, Utility Token, Blockchain, Startup, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Equity, Distributed Ledger Technology, Blockchain Technology

62.

Unconstrained Mutual Funds and Retail Investor Protection

Review of Banking and Financial Law, 2017, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-18
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 20 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2017
Wulf A. Kaal and Bentley Anderson
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Anderson PLC
Downloads 171 (242,832)

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Unconstrained Mutual Funds, Private Fund, Mutual Fund, Hedge Funds, Hybrid Funds, Liquid Alternative Assets, Retail Alternative Funds, Asset Classes, Proliferation, Confluence, Investment Styles, Securities Regulation, Retail Investors, Investor Protection, Risk Attributes, Investment Strategy

63.

Initial Reflections on an Evolving Standard: Constraints on Risk Taking by Directors and Officers in Germany and the United States

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 40, 2010
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 24 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 23 Nov 2010
Richard W. Painter and Wulf A. Kaal
University of Minnesota Law School and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 171 (242,832)

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Financial Crisis, Risk Taking, Excessive Risk, Germany, United States, Comparative Law, Economic Analysis, Cost Benefit, Social Externalities

64.

Private Fund Investor Due Diligence – Evidence from 1995 to 2015

Review of Banking and Financial Law, 2016, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-15
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 168 (246,389)

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Private Investment Fund, Investor, Investor Due Diligence, SEC Form ADV Part II, Disclosures, Case Law, Legal Standards, Expert Testimony, Time Series

65.

Stable Cryptocurrencies

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, 2019, Forthcoming, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-06
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 13 Jun 2019
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Metropolitan State University
Downloads 156 (262,190)
Citation 1

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Stable Cryptocurrencies, Liquidity, Corruption, Cost, Speculation, Inflation, Price Stability, Transparency, Feedback Effects, Market Stability, Stability Mechanisms, Monetary Policy, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens

66.

Decentralization - A Primer on the New Economy

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 24 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 154 (264,911)
Citation 1

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Decentralization, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Reputation Verification, Economics, Socialism, Capitalism

67.

Decentralized Underwriting

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Jun 2019
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Metropolitan State University
Downloads 154 (264,911)
Citation 1

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Insurance, Underwriting, Finance, Token Models, Cryptocurrencies, Feedback Effects, Emerging Technology, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Mathematics, Model

68.

Shareholder Agreements - National Report of the United States of America

INTERNATIONAL COMPENDIUM ON SHAREHOLDER AGREEMENTS, Kristian Csach, Bohumil Havel & Sebastian Mock eds. (2017)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 Aug 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 154 (264,911)

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Shareholder Agreement, Corporate Law, Shareholder Rights, Pre-Insolvency, Transfer of Shares, Breach, Enforcement

69.

The Systemic Risk of Private Funds after the Dodd-Frank Act

Mich. Bus. & Entrepreneurial L. Rev. (2015), , U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-24
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 23 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 153 (266,241)

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Financial Stability Oversight Council, Dodd-Frank Act, securities law, private funds, systemic risk

70.

Decentralized Mechanical Turk Through Verified Reputation

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2018
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 149 (272,023)

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Mechanical Turk, Micro Tasks, Decentralization, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Regulation, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Data Science, Data Scientists, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Crytpo Economics, Semada, Platform, Democratization

71.

How Decentralized Autonomous Organizations Optimize Charitable Giving

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-16
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Dec 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 139 (287,343)

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Common Good, Charity, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Finance, Token Models, Cryptocurrencies, Feedback Effects, Emerging Technology, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology

72.

Fair Token Launch

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-19
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 25 Jan 2022
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 138 (290,586)

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Fair Token Launch, Initial Coin Offerings, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Innovation, Entrepreneur, Start-up, Big Data, Crytpo Economics, Diversification, Optimization, Efficiency, Governance, Bad Actors, Risk Factors, Regulation

73.

The Role of Corporate Integrity Agreements in the Expansion of Fiduciary Duties

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-25
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 29 Aug 2013
Wulf A. Kaal and Elizabeth Malay
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Winthrop & Weinstine
Downloads 119 (322,610)

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fiduciaries, fiduciary duties, corporate integrity agreements, corporate compliance, corporate organization

74.

The Private Fund Industry Five Years after the Dodd-Frank Act – A Survey Study

Review of Banking and Financial Law, 2016
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 17 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 114 (332,512)

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Private Funds, Hedge Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Title IV, Regulation, Compliance Cost, Survey Data

75.

How DAOs Optimize Open-Source Code Reviews and Create Open-Source Standards

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 22-21
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 29 Dec 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 111 (338,805)

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Code Audit, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Insurance, Underwriting, Finance, Token Models, Cryptocurrencies, Feedback Effects, Emerging Technology, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology

76.

Dynamic Regulation via Governmental Contracts

Liber Amicorum Peter Nobel, 2014, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-38
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2015
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 109 (342,934)

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Dynamic Regulation, Governmental Contracts, Preemptive Remedial Measures, Feedback Effects, Anticipatory Rulemaking

77.

Reputation Protocol for the Internet of Trust - Conceptual Whitepaper

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 18-23
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 08 Nov 2018
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University, University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law and Independent
Downloads 95 (375,124)
Citation 1

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Semada Research Institute, distributed ledger technology, decentralized web, trust, reputation, protocols, sockpuppet resistance, decentralization

78.

Decentralization – Why We Need Technology Infrastructure Upgrades

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-13
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 22 Mar 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 94 (380,220)

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Decentralization, History, Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Blockchain, Start-up, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure

79.

A Technical Perspective on Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 93 (380,220)

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Decentralization

80.

Decentralization and Feedback Effects

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-08
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 22 Mar 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 89 (390,644)

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Decentralization, History, Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Blockchain, Start-up, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure

81.

Dynamic Regulation via Contingent Capital

Review of Banking and Financial Law, Vol. 36, 2017
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 25 Apr 2017
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 89 (390,644)

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Dynamic Regulation, Contingent Capital, CoCos, Feedback Effects, Optimized Information for Regulation, Anticipatory Regulation

82.

Indirect Regulation of Hedge Funds

Oxford Handbook of Hedge Funds (2019)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 86 (398,911)

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Hedge Fund, Regulation, Indirect Regulation, Private Investment Funds, Private Equity, Diversification, Compliance, Optimization, Indirect Regulation, Regulatory Models

83.

Decentralized Governance

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 71 (444,632)

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Decentralization

84.

A Comparative Perspective on the Limitations of the Duty of Oversight – A Comment on Lisa Fairfax

University of St. Thomas Law Journal (Forthcoming 2013), U of St. Thomas Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-04
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 12 Feb 2013
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 71 (444,632)

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corporate law, corporate governance, board of directors, duty to monitor, comparative corporate law

85.

Future of Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 67 (458,382)

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Decentralization

86.

How Decentralized Systems Can Upgrade AI

International Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, 2021, U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-12
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 61 (480,357)

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Decentralization, AI, Algorithm, Future, New World, Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Blockchain, Start-up, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure

87.

Eight Institutions for the Evolution of Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021).
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 57 (495,891)

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Decentralization

88.

The Importance of Reputation for the Evolution of Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 51 (521,134)

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Decentralization

89.

Historical Sketches of Centralization vs. Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE", DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 48 (534,566)

Abstract:

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90.

Decentralized Commerce – A Primer on Why Decentralized Reputation Verification Systems Are Needed

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 21 Jun 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 48 (534,566)

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Decentralized Commerce, Reputation Verification, Emerging Technology, Crypto Economics, Token Models, Incentive Design, Velocity, Supply, Demand, Tokens, Blockchain, Distributed Ledger Technology

91.

The Importance of Transcendental Unifying Values for Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 41 (568,580)

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Values, Philosophy, Decentralization

92.

Contemporary Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021).
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 41 (568,580)

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Decentralization

93.

Hybrid Secure Proof of Stake

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 28 Sep 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 40 (573,729)

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Proof of Work (PoW), Secure Proof of Stake (SPoS), Hybrid Secure Proof of Stake (HSPoS), Blockchain, Canary Network, Decentralized Autonomous Organization, Decentralized Governance, Consensus Algorithm, Reputation Staking

94.

Decentralization Neutralizers

U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21-09
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 22 Mar 2021
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 38 (584,135)

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Decentralization, Neutralizers, Digital Assets, Decentralized Finance, Blockchain, Start-up, Decentralized Commerce, Emerging Technology, Token Models, Incentive Design, Tokens, Distributed Ledger Technology, Decentralized Infrastructure

95.

Introduction to Decentralization

"DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE", DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021).
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 35 (600,896)

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Decentralization

96.

The Importance of History In Decentralization

DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE, DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021).
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 28 (644,163)

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History, Decentralization

97.

Preface to "Decentralization"

"DECENTRALIZATION - TECHNOLOGY'S IMPACT ON ORGANIZATIONAL AND SOCIETAL STRUCTURE", DEGRUYTER PUBLISHERS (2021).
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Craig Calcaterra and Wulf A. Kaal
Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Metropolitan State University and University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 27 (650,980)

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Decentralization

98.

What Drives Dodd-Frank Act Compliance Cost for Private Funds?

The Journal of Alternative Investments (2016), U of St. Thomas (Minnesota) Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-13, https://doi.org/10.3905/jai.2016.19.1.008
Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 22 May 2019
Wulf A. Kaal
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota - School of Law
Downloads 0 (910,623)

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Private Funds, Dodd-Frank Act, Compliance Cost, Barriers to Entry, Returns to Scale