Danielle Keats Citron

University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Lois K. Macht Research Professor of Law

500 West Baltimore Street

Baltimore, MD 21201-1786

United States

Yale University - Yale Information Society Project

Affiliate Fellow

127 Wall Street

New Haven, CT 06511

United States

Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society

Affiliate Fellow

Palo Alto, CA

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

37

DOWNLOADS
Rank 747

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 747

in Total Papers Downloads

28,833

CITATIONS
Rank 18,551

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 18,551

in Total Papers Citations

17

Scholarly Papers (37)

1.

Deep Fakes: A Looming Challenge for Privacy, Democracy, and National Security

107 California Law Review (2019, Forthcoming), U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 692, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-21
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 21 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 23 Aug 2018
Robert Chesney and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Texas School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 5,313 (1,244)

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Deep Fake, Deep Fakes, deepfake, deepfakes, Section 230, CDA, Communications Decency Act, fake news, democracy, privacy, sexploitation, gendered violence, social media, cognitive bias, filter bubble, truth decay, information operations, psyops, First Amendment, speech, expression, democracy

2.

Criminalizing Revenge Porn

Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 49, 2014, p. 345+, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-1
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 19 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2016
Danielle Keats Citron and Mary Anne Franks
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Miami School of Law
Downloads 3,720 (2,308)

Abstract:

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invasion of privacy

3.

The Scored Society: Due Process for Automated Predictions

Washington Law Review, Vol. 89, 2014, p. 1-, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-8
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 23 Apr 2014
Danielle Keats Citron and Frank A. Pasquale
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 2,396 (4,922)

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Big Data, predictions, artificial intelligence

4.

Cyber Civil Rights

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 89, pp. 61-125, 2009, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-41
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 22 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 2,232 (5,525)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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cyber crime, Web 2.0, civil rights

5.

Risk and Anxiety: A Theory of Data Breach Harms

96 Texas Law Review 737 (2018), GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2017-2, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-2, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-3
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 15 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2018
Daniel J. Solove and Danielle Keats Citron
George Washington University Law School and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 1,919 (7,165)

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Data Breach, Data Security, Cybersecurity, Harms, Clapper, Spokeo, Standing, Privacy

6.

Technological Due Process

U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2007-26, Washington University Law Review, Vol. 85, pp. 1249-1313, 2007
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 06 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 1,774 (8,187)
Citation 3

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Administrative Law, Information Technology, Cyber law

7.

Intermediaries and Hate Speech: Fostering Digital Citizenship for Our Information Age

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 91, p. 1435, 2011, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-16
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 21 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2014
Danielle Keats Citron and Helen L. Norton
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Colorado Law School
Downloads 1,285 (13,770)

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cyber hate, hate speech, digital citizenship

8.

Law's Expressive Value in Combating Cyber Gender Harassment

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 108, p. 373 - 2009, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-11
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 03 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 970 (21,078)

Abstract:

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sexual harassment, online harassment, cyber gender harassment, gender discrimination

9.

The Privacy Policymaking of State Attorneys General

92 Notre Dame Law Review 747 (2016), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-08
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 17 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2017
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 921 (22,873)

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privacy, bankruptcy, transparency, data breach, consumer protection, financial privacy, data security, UDAP

10.

The Internet Will Not Break: Denying Bad Samaritans Section 230 Immunity

Fordham Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-22
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Jul 2017
Danielle Keats Citron and Benjamin Wittes
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and Brookings Institution
Downloads 915 (22,945)

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Section 230, Communications Decency Act, Cyberharassment, Social Media, Internet Regulation, Platform Liability, Section 230 Immunity, First Amendment, Revenge Porn

11.

The Right to Quantitative Privacy

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 98, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper, 2013-23
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 06 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2013
David C. Gray and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 664 (35,900)

Abstract:

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12.

Network Accountability for the Domestic Intelligence Apparatus

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 62, p. 1441, 2011, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-48
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 22 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2014
Danielle Keats Citron and Frank A. Pasquale
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 639 (37,752)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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intelligence, fusion centers, civil liberties, information privacy

13.

Reservoirs of Danger: The Evolution of Public and Private Law at the Dawn of the Information Age

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 80, No. 2, pp. 241-297, 2007, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2006-29
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 06 Sep 2006 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 511 (50,472)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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torts, technology, privacy

14.

Hate Crimes in Cyberspace - Introduction

Hate Crimes in Cyberspace, Harvard University Press (2014), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-11
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 12 Jun 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 461 (57,404)

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civil rights, legal reform, free speech, harassers, social attitudes, networked technologies, cyber harassment

15.

A Technology-Centered Approach to Quantitative Privacy

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 15 Aug 2012
David C. Gray and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 453 (58,661)

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Fourth Amendment, Privacy Law, United States v. Jones

16.

Extremist Speech, Compelled Conformity, and Censorship Creep

93 Notre Dame Law Review 1035 (2018), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-12
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 425 (63,577)

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counterterrorism, social media, EU, hate speech, radicalization, fake news, European Internet Forum, censorship creep, terms of service, transparency, hash, free expression

17.

Four Principles for Digital Expression (You Won't Believe #3!)

U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-15, 95 Washington University Law Review 1353 (2018)
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 09 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 27 Jul 2018
Danielle Keats Citron and Neil M. Richards
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 420 (64,312)

Abstract:

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18.

Sexual Privacy

Yale Law Journal, Forthcoming, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-25
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 23 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 408 (67,022)

Abstract:

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sexual privacy, revenge porn, deep fake, section 230

19.

Minimum Contacts in a Borderless World: Voice Over Internet Protocol and the Coming Implosion of Personal Jurisdiction Theory

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 39, No. 4, April 2006, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2005-51
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 04 Oct 2005
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 312 (90,782)

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Law and technology, jurisdiction, Voice over Internet Protocol

20.

Mainstreaming Privacy Torts

California Law Review, Vol. 98, p. 1805, 2010, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-16
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 295 (96,535)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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invasion of privacy

21.

Fulfilling Government 2.0's Promise with Robust Privacy Protections

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 78, p. A-101, 2010, University of Maryland Legal Studies Research, 2009-41
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 284 (100,613)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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information privacy, social media, government, social networks

22.

Addressing the Harm of Total Surveillance: A Reply to Professor Neil Richards

Harvard Law Review Forum, Vol. 126, p. 262, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-32
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Jun 2013
Danielle Keats Citron and David C. Gray
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 262 (109,430)

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23.

Fighting Cyber-Crime After United States v. Jones

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 103, No. 3, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-49
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 30 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
David C. Gray, Danielle Keats Citron and Liz Rinehart
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 246 (116,906)

Abstract:

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Fourth Amendment, privacy, United States v. Jones

24.

A Shattered Looking Glass: The Pitfalls and Potential of the Mosaic Theory of Fourth Amendment Privacy

North Carolina Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2013, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper 2013-33
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 02 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
David C. Gray and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 241 (119,331)

Abstract:

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25.

Visionary Pragmatism and the Value of Privacy in the Twenty-First Century

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 108, p. 1170, 2010, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-2
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2010
Danielle Keats Citron and Leslie Meltzer Henry
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 233 (123,408)

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information privacy, cyberspace law

26.

Brief of Scholars of the History and Original Meaning of the Fourth Amendment as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner in Carpenter v. United States

Southwestern Law School Research Paper No. 2017-10
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 31 Aug 2017
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Boston University - School of Law, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, Emory University School of Law, Independent, Southwestern Law School, Washington and Lee University - School of Law, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers Law School
Downloads 191 (149,226)

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Fourth Amendment, Originalism, Cell Site Location Information

27.

Government Speech 2.0

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 87, p. 899, 2010, U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-10, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-12
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 28 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2018
Helen L. Norton and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Colorado Law School and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 180 (157,444)
Citation 1

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First Amendment, government speech, constitutional law, cyberlaw, Twitter, social media, transparency

28.

Spying Inc.

Washington and Lee Law Review, Vol. 72, No. 3, 2015, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-2
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 24 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 179 (158,220)

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information privacy, spying, stalking, surveillance, technology, smartphone, domestic abuse, hate crimes, reform, snapchat, geolocation data, privacy protection

29.

Promoting Innovation While Preventing Discrimination: Policy Goals for the Scored Society

Washington Law Review, Vol. 89, pp. 1413-24, 2014, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-1
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 21 Jan 2015
Frank A. Pasquale and Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 174 (162,305)

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discrimination, privacy, Zarsky, networked identities, data collection practices, big data, surveillance, digital records, consumer credit, algorithms, cyberlaw

30.

Open Code Governance

University of Chicago Legal Forum, 2008, p. 355-387., U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-1
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2014
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 155 (179,259)

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open source

31.

A Poor Mother's Right to Privacy: A Review

98 Boston University Law Review (2018, Forthcoming), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 151 (183,190)

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Khiara Bridges, indigent mothers, privacy, personal data, due process, reciprocity, state surveillance, government assistance, right to information privacy

32.

Addressing Cyber Harassment: An Overview of Hate Crimes in Cyberspace

Case Western Reserve Journal of Law, Technology & the Internet, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2015, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-9
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 15 Mar 2017
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 149 (185,228)

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Cyber Harassment, Cyberspace, Hate Crime, Cyber Stalking, Cyber Civil Rights, GamerGate, Revenge Porn, Nonconsensual Pornography, Terms-Of-Service, First Amendment

33.

Section 230's Challenge to Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Knight First Amendment Institute, Emerging Threats Series (2018), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-18
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 95 (262,517)

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civil rights, civil liberties, cda, section 230, communications decency act, Sylvain, social networks, ISP, cyber harassment, racism, sexism

34.

Cyber Civil Rights: Looking Forward

Denver University Law Review Online, Vol. 87, 2010, University of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-17
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 02 Apr 2010
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 89 (269,864)
Citation 1

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35.

Online Engagement on Equal Terms

U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-34
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 10 Oct 2015
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 77 (294,600)

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cyber harassment, revenge porn, hate speech, hate crimes, non-consensual pornography, cyber civil rights, civil liberties, twitter, EFF

36.

What to Do About the Emerging Threat of Censorship Creep on the Internet

Cato Institute Policy Analysis No. 828, Nov. 28, 2017, U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-07
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Mar 2018
Danielle Keats Citron
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law
Downloads 63 (328,765)

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free speech, internet platforms, social media, European Union, first amendment, censorship creep, hate speech, hashing, extremist speech, terms of service agreements, public-private partnerships, government overreach, transparency report

37.

The Problem Isn't Just Backpage: Revising Section 230 Immunity

2 Georgetown Law Technology Review 453 (2018), U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-22
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 02 Aug 2018
Danielle Keats Citron and Benjamin Wittes
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and Brookings Institution
Downloads 31 (437,025)

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section 230, communications decency, Backpage, sex trafficking, online terrorism, First Amendment, immunity, cybercrime, free expression, online abuse,