Benjamin Klein

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics

Professor Emeritus

1999 Avenue of the Stars

Suite 1150

Los Angeles, CA 90067-4628

United States

http://www.econ.ucla.edu/people/Faculty/Klein.html

Compass Lexecon

Senior Consultant

1999 Avenue of the Stars

Suite 1150

Los Angeles, CA 90067-4628

United States

http://www.compasslexecon.com/professionals/bio?id=152

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

34

DOWNLOADS
Rank 4,593

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 4,593

in Total Papers Downloads

11,420

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 3,487

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,487

in Total Papers Citations

64

CROSSREF CITATIONS

330

Scholarly Papers (34)

1.
Downloads 1,807 ( 11,624)
Citation 9

The Economic Lessons of Fisher Body - General Motors

Number of pages: 73 Posted: 14 Oct 2006
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 1,306 (18,888)
Citation 1

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holdups, vertical integration, exclusive dealing

The Economic Lessons of Fisher Body-General Motors

International Journal of the Economics of Business, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 1-36, February 2007
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 501 (70,735)

Abstract:

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holdups, vertical integration, exclusive dealing, contracts

2.
Downloads 1,084 ( 25,383)
Citation 27

The Economics of Slotting Contracts

Journal of Law and Economics, August 2007, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 06-37, American Law & Economics Association Annual Meetings, 2005
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 09 Aug 2005
Benjamin Klein and Joshua D. Wright
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 925 (31,386)
Citation 4

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Slotting allowances, shelf space, vertical restraints, product placement

The Economics of Slotting Contracts

Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 50, August 2007
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Joshua D. Wright and Benjamin Klein
George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 159 (233,895)

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3.

Competition in Two-Sided Markets: The Antitrust Economics of Payment Card Interchange Fees

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 73, No. 3, 2006
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Compass Lexecon, University of Chicago, Navigant Consulting, Inc. - LECG and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 871 (34,607)
Citation 2

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4.

Antitrust Analysis of Hub-and-Spoke Conspiracies

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Feb 2017
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 716 (45,219)

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Hub-and-spoke conspiracy, antitrust, Apple e-books

5.

The Microsoft Case: What Can a Dominant Firm Do to Defend its Market Position?

The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 15, No. 2, Spring 2001
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 657 (50,672)
Citation 3

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6.

Monopolization by 'Raising Rivals' Costs': The Standard Oil Case

Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 39, No. 1, 1996
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 10 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2014
Elizabeth Granitz and Benjamin Klein
Long Island University - Southhampton College and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 569 (60,881)
Citation 5

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7.

Exclusive Dealing Intensifies Competition for Distribution

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 75, No. 2, 2008
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Kevin M. Murphy and Benjamin Klein
University of Chicago and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 546 (64,133)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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exclusive dealing

8.

The Apple E-Books Case: When is a Vertical Contract a Hub in a Hub-and-Spoke Conspiracy?

Journal of Competition Law & Economics (2017, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 17 Aug 2017
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 513 (69,371)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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hub-and-spoke conspiracy, Apple e-books

9.

Price-Cost Tests in Antitrust Analysis of Single Product Loyalty Contracts

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 80, No. 3, pp. 631-679 (2016)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 06 May 2016
Benjamin Klein and Andres V. Lerner
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics and Compass Lexecon
Downloads 392 (95,485)

Abstract:

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Antitrust, predatory pricing, exclusive dealing, loyalty discount contracts

10.

Price Discrimination and Market Power

ISSUES IN COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY, Vol. 2, pp. 977-996, W. Collins, ed., American Bar Association, 2008
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 371 (101,733)

Abstract:

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price discrimination, market power

11.

The Economics of Franchise Contracts

Journal of Corporate Finance, Vol. 2, No. 1, 1995
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 10 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2014
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 357 (106,186)
Citation 3

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12.

Competitive Resale Price Maintenance in the Absence of Free-Riding

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 76, No. 2, 2009
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 310 (123,903)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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resale price maintenance, free-riding

13.

The Role of Incomplete Contracts in Self-Enforcing Relationships

THE ECONOMICS OF CONTRACTS: THEORIES AND APPLICATIONS, Eric Brousseau and Jean-Michel Glachant, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2002, Revue d’Economie Industrielle, No. 92, pp. 67-80, 2000
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 296 (130,196)
Citation 2

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14.

Vertical Integration as a Self-Enforcing Contractual Arrangement

American Economic Review, Vol. 87, No. 2, pp. 415-420, 1997
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 10 Jul 2011
Kevin M. Murphy and Benjamin Klein
University of Chicago and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 259 (149,292)
Citation 3

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15.

The Expanded Economics of Free-Riding: How Exclusive Dealing Prevents Free-Riding and Creates Undivided Loyalty

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 74, No. 2, 2007
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Andres V. Lerner and Benjamin Klein
Compass Lexecon and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 254 (152,180)

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16.

Joint Submission of Antitrust Economists, Legal Scholars, and Practitioners to the House Judiciary Committee on the State of Antitrust Law and Implications for Protecting Competition in Digital Markets

University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-027
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 28 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2021
University of Southern California Gould School of Law, Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Economics & Public Policy, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty, University of Michigan Law School, University of Virginia - Department of Economics, New York University School of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Clemson University, University of Nebraska at Lincoln - College of Law, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Missouri - School of Law, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty, International Center for Law & Economics (ICLE), University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, Baker Botts LLP, Independent, Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, Institute for Business Innovation, Princeton University - Princeton School of Public and International Affairs, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty and George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty
Downloads 247 (156,509)
Citation 2

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antitrust, antitrust law, antitrust agencies, antitrust enforcement, consumer welfare, market power

17.

Why 'Hold-Ups' Occur: The Self-Enforcing Range of Contractual Relationships

Economic Inquiry, Vol. 34, pp. 444-463 (July 1996)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 27 Sep 2014
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 230 (167,600)
Citation 8

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Fisher-General Motors and the Nature of the Firm

Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 105-141, April 2000
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 228 (168,671)
Citation 2

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Fisher - General Motors and the Nature of the Firm

Posted: 14 Jul 2000
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics

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19.

Market Power in Aftermarkets

Managerial & Decision Economics, Vol. 17, pp. 143-164, 1996
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 10 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2014
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 221 (174,161)

Abstract:

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20.

Market Power in Antitrust: Economic Analysis after Kodak

Supreme Court Economic Review, Vol. 3, 1993
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 27 Sep 2014
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 218 (176,464)
Citation 3

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21.

The Economics of Copyright ‘Fair Use’ in a Networked World

American Economic Review, Vol. 92, No. 2, May 2002
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Andres V. Lerner, Kevin M. Murphy and Benjamin Klein
Compass Lexecon, University of Chicago and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 164 (227,225)
Citation 4

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22.

An Economic Analysis of Microsoft’s Conduct

Antitrust Magazine, Vol. 14, No. 1, p. 38, Fall 1999
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 157 (235,913)

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23.

The Law and Economics of Bundled Pricing: LePage’s, PeaceHealth and the Evolving Antitrust Standard

Antitrust Bulletin, Vol. 53, No. 3, Fall 2008
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein and Andres V. Lerner
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics and Compass Lexecon
Downloads 136 (264,778)

Abstract:

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24.

Inferring Agreement in Hub-and-Spoke Conspiracies

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 83, No. 1 (2020)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 02 Oct 2020
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 118 (297,655)

Abstract:

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hub-and-spoke, conspiracy, agreement

25.

The Firm in Economics and Antitrust Law

ISSUES IN COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY, Vol. 1, pp. 249-272, W. Collins, ed., American Bar Association Section, 2008
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Andres V. Lerner and Benjamin Klein
Compass Lexecon and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 113 (303,292)

Abstract:

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26.

Market Power in Franchise Cases in the Wake of Kodak: Applying Post-Contract Hold Up Analysis to Vertical Relationships

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 67, No. 2, p. 283, 1999
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 100 (329,567)

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27.

How Block Booking Facilitated Self-Enforcing Film Contracts

Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 43, No. 2, p. 427, October 2000
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Roy W. Kenney and Benjamin Klein
affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 89 (354,827)
Citation 3

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28.

Competitive Price Discrimination as an Antitrust Justification for Intellectual Property Refusals to Deal

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 70, p. 599, 2003
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 15 Nov 2003 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2015
Benjamin Klein and John Shepard Wiley Jr.
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics and Independent
Downloads 87 (359,839)
Citation 4

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29.

Did Microsoft Engage in Anticompetitive Exclusionary Behavior?

Antitrust Bulletin, Vol. 46, No. 1, Spring 2001
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 70 (407,944)

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30.

Introduction – The Economics Revolution in Antitrust Law

ECONOMICS OF ANTITRUST LAW, Vol. I, pp. IX-XLIV, Benjamin Klein, Andres V. Lerner, eds., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Andres V. Lerner and Benjamin Klein
Compass Lexecon and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 69 (411,080)
Citation 1

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31.

Brand Names

Brand Names, the Concise Encyclopedia of Economics, David R. Henderson (Ed.), the Library of Economics and Liberty, Liberty Fund, Pp 42 44 (2007).
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 28 Sep 2014
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 61 (437,977)

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32.

Distribution Restrictions Operate by Creating Dealer Profits: Explaining the Use of Maximum Resale Price Maintenance in State Oil v. Khan

Supreme Court Economic Review, Vol. 7, pp. 1-58, 1999
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 54 (463,713)

Abstract:

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33.

Bundled Discounts as Competition for Distribution

GCP – The Online Magazine For Global Competition Policy, June 2008
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 35 (549,220)

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34.

The Enforceability of the GM–Fisher Body Contract: Comment on Goldberg

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 1085-1096, 2008
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 02 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 21 (635,559)

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Other Papers (6)

Total Downloads: 474
1.

The Hold-Up Problem

THE NEW PALGRAVE DICTIONARY OF ECONOMICS AND THE LAW, Peter Newman, ed., Macmillan Reference Limited, 1998
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 10 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2015
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 332

Abstract:

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2.

Exclusive Dealing as Competition for Distribution ‘on the Merits’

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 12, No. 1, Fall 2003
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 09 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2015
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 95

Abstract:

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3.

Competitive Price Discrimination as an Antitrust Justification for Intellectual Property Refusals to Deal

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2003
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
John Shepard Wiley Jr. and Benjamin Klein
Independent and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 15

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4.

Market Power in Economics and in Antitrust: Reply to Baker

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2003
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2015
Benjamin Klein and John Shepard Wiley Jr.
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics and Independent
Downloads 15

Abstract:

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5.

Tying

THE NEW PALGRAVE DICTIONARY OF ECONOMICS AND THE LAW, Peter Newman, ed., Macmillan Reference Limited, 1998
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 10 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2015
Benjamin Klein
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics
Downloads 13

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6.

Using Tax-Exempt Bonds to Finance Professional Sports Stadiums

Tax Notes, Vol. 78, No. 13, pp. 1663-1686, March 1998
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Jul 2011
Benjamin Klein, Brian Lebowitz and Kevin Green
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics, affiliation not provided to SSRN and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 4

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