Paul H. Robinson

University of Pennsylvania Law School

Colin S. Diver Professor of Law

3501 Sansom Street

Philadelphia, PA 19104

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

140

DOWNLOADS
Rank 338

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 338

in Total Papers Downloads

45,453

CITATIONS

226

Scholarly Papers (140)

1.

The American Model Penal Code: A Brief Overview

New Criminal Law Review, Vol. 10, pg. 319, 2007
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 04 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2009
Paul H. Robinson and Markus D. Dubber
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Toronto - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,955 (6,835)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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model penal code, criminal

2.

Why Do We Punish? Deterrence and Just Deserts as Motives for Punishment

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 83, pp. 284-299, 2002
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 30 Mar 2005
Kevin M. Carlsmith, John M. Darley and Paul H. Robinson
Colgate University - Psychology Department, Princeton University and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 1,801 (7,938)
Citation 21

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Punishment, desert, deterrence

3.

Criminal Law Defenses: A Systematic Analysis

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 82, pp. 199-291, 1982
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 1,462 (11,089)
Citation 7

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Criminal law, defense

4.

Should the Criminal Law Abandon the Actus Reus-Mens Rea Distinction?

CRIMINAL LAW: ACTION, VALUE AND STRUCTURE, S. Shute, J. Gardner, J. Horder, eds., pp. 187-211, Oxford University Press, 1993
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 1,190 (15,345)

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criminal, actus reus, mens rea criminal liability

5.

The Origins of Shared Intuitions of Justice

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 60, p. 1633, 2007, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 06-47, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 08-07
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 20 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2008
Paul H. Robinson, Robert Kurzban and Owen D. Jones
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Psychology and Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences
Downloads 1,051 (18,511)
Citation 12

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criminal law, law & society, psychology, empirical evidence, moral blameworthiness, biological underpinnings, evolutionary processes, development of moral judgment, views of justice, intuition

6.

Crime, Punishment, and Prevention

The Public Interest, Vol. 142, pp. 61-71, Winter 2001
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 1,027 (19,127)

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preventive detention, dangerousness, incapacitation, punishment

7.

Mens Rea

Encyclopedia of Crime & Justice, pp. 995-1006, 2002
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 1,026 (19,170)
Citation 1

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mens rea, guilty mind, criminal

8.

Does Criminal Law Deter? A Behavioral Science Investigation

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, pp. 173-205, 2004
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University
Downloads 986 (20,375)
Citation 12

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Deterrence, punishment, social science

9.

The Role of Deterrence in the Formulation of Criminal Law Rules: At its Worst When Doing its Best

Georgetown Law Journal 949-1002, 2003
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University
Downloads 969 (20,945)
Citation 3

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criminal law, deterrence, punishment theory, punishment

10.

Codifying Shari'a: International Norms, Legality & the Freedom to Invent New Forms

Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2007, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 06-26
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 31 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2016
University of Pennsylvania Law School, Rutgers Law School, Independent, Independent, Independent, Independent, Independent, Independent, Independent, Independent, Independent and Independent
Downloads 902 (23,239)
Citation 1

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Islamic Model Penal Code, Shari'a, United Nations Development Program, Republic of the Maldives, codified penal law, sentencing guidelines, international norms, Muslim, drafting, criminal law and procedure

11.

Intuitions of Justice: Implications for Criminal Law and Justice Policy

U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 07-12, Southern California Law Review, Vol. 81, No. 1, 2007
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 27 Mar 2007
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University
Downloads 888 (23,788)
Citation 10

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criminal law and procedure, criminal liability, criminal punishment, social engineering, coercive indoctrination, government transparency, justice reform

12.

Criminal Liability for Omissions: A Brief Summary and Critique of the Law in the United States

New York Law School Law Review, Vol. 29, No. 101, 1984
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 869 (24,549)
Citation 2

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criminal liability, omission liability

13.

The Utility of Desert

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 91, pp. 453-499, 1997
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 23 May 2003
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University
Downloads 852 (25,250)
Citation 26

Abstract:

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desert, punishment

14.

Crafting a Scholarly Persona: A Panel Discussion

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 03 Jul 2007
Yale University - Yale Law School, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Columbia Law School and University of Virginia, School of Law
Downloads 821 (26,660)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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scholarship, research agenda

15.

The Virtues of Restorative Processes, the Vices of Restorative Justice

Utah Law Review, pp. 375-388, 2003
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 04 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2012
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 684 (34,229)
Citation 2

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restorative justice, vicim offender mediation, criminal law, punishment

16.

A Functional Analysis of Criminal Law

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 88, pp. 857-913, 1994
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 679 (34,604)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Criminal law, criminal code, criminal liability

17.

Criminal Justice in the Information Age: A Punishment Theory Paradox

Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 1, Pg. 683, 2004, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 65
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 10 Mar 2005 Last Revised: 08 Sep 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 649 (36,702)

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criminal justice criminal law, punishment theory, desert, deterrence

18.

Element Analysis in Defining Criminal Liability: The Model Penal Code and Beyond

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 35, pp. 681-762, 1983
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson and Jane A. Grall
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Independent
Downloads 635 (37,792)

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Penal law, punishment, sanctions, criminal code, Model Penal Code

19.

How Psychology is Changing the Punishment Theory Debate

U of Penn Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 07-01
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 10 Jan 2007
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 634 (37,883)
Citation 1

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psychology, criminal liability, punishment, deterrence, distributive principle, incapacitation of dangerous persons, desert, crime control

20.

Final Report of the Maldivian Penal Law & Sentencing Codification Project: Text of Draft Code (Volume 1) and Official Commentary (Volume 2)

Paul H. Robinson and the University of Pennsylvania Criminal Law Research Group, FINAL REPORT OF THE MALDIVIAN PENAL LAW & SENTENCING CODIFICATION PROJECT: TEXT OF DRAFT CODE (VOLUME 1) AND OFFICIAL COMMENTARY (VOLUME 2), January 2006, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 09-38
Number of pages: 434 Posted: 15 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 599 (40,838)

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Islamic criminal law, Shari'a, United Nations Development Program, Republic of the Maldives, sentencing guidelines, international norms, Muslim, criminal code drafting, criminal law and procedure, criminal offenses

21.

Competing Theories of Blackmail: An Empirical Research Critique of Criminal Law Theory

Texas Law Review, Vol. 89, p. 291, 2010, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 09-27, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 171
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 23 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2011
Paul H. Robinson, Michael T. Cahill and Daniel M. Bartels
University of Pennsylvania Law School, Rutgers Law School and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 590 (41,657)
Citation 2

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blackmail, extortion, coercion, criminal law theory, social science research, wrongful intention, breach of duty, domination, usurping authority, efficient information allocation, state criminal codes, scenario research

22.

Competing Conceptions of Modern Desert: Vengeful, Deontological, and Empirical

U of Penn Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 06-32, Cambridge Law Journal, Vol. 67, p. 145, March 2008
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Aug 2006
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 578 (42,822)
Citation 2

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criminal law and procedure, jurisprudence, public law and legal theory, desert, vengeful, deontological, empirical, distributive principle, punishment, retribution, sentencing, immoral, morality

23.

Concordance & Conflict in Intuitions of Justice

University of Pennsylvania Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 06-38, Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 91, No. 6, 2007
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 22 Sep 2006
Paul H. Robinson and Robert Kurzban
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Psychology
Downloads 554 (45,195)
Citation 2

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desert, blame, empirical studies, moral philosophy, intuitions, psychology, criminal justice policy, criminal law

24.

Punishing Dangerousness: Cloaking Preventive Detention as Criminal Justice

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 114, pp. 1429-1455, 2001
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 23 May 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 539 (46,765)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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punishment, preventive detention

25.

Perceptions of Fairness and Justice: The Shared Aims & Occasional Conflicts of Legitimacy and Moral Credibility

Wake Forest Law Review, Vol. 47, Pg. 211, 2012, University of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 11-13
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 10 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 01 Aug 2012
Josh Bowers and Paul H. Robinson
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 520 (48,999)

Abstract:

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criminal law & procedure, empirical research, exclusionary rule, policing, stop & frisk, search & seizure, profiling, plea bargaining, criminalization, justification, excuse, nonexculpatory, culpability, offense grading, deference, compliance, deterrence, preventive detention, duties, legitimate

26.

Are We Responsible for Who We Are? The Challenge for Criminal Law Theory in the Defenses of Coercive Indoctrination and ‘Rotten Social Background’

Alabama Civil Rights & Civil Liberties Law Review, Vol. 2, p. 53, 2011, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 11-10
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 14 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2012
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 454 (58,080)

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Brainwashing, Excusing Condition, Disability, Cognitive & Control Dysfunction, Normative Crime Control, Criminal Law Defense

27.

A Brief History of Distinctions in Criminal Culpability

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 31, pp. 815-853, 1980
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 10 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 450 (58,713)
Citation 2

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criminal code, history, Model Penal Code, Anglo-Saxon code

28.

The Disutility of Injustice

New York University Law Review, Vol. 85, p. 1940, 2010, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 09-24
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 10 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2011
Paul H. Robinson, Geoffrey P. Goodwin and Michael Reisig
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Psychology and Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Criminology & Criminal Justice
Downloads 444 (59,674)
Citation 2

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Purpose of criminal law, criminal liability and punishment, retributivists, crime-control, Model Penal Code, desert, intuitions of justice, deterrence, social science research and law, “three strikes,” felony murder, drug offenses, strict liability, media coverage of crime

29.

Incapacitation and Just Deserts as Motives for Punishment

Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 24, pp. 659-683, 2000
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson, Kevin M. Carlsmith and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School, Colgate University - Psychology Department and Princeton University
Downloads 434 (61,357)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Desert, punishment, incapacitation

30.

Extralegal Punishment Factors: A Study of Forgiveness, Hardship, Good-Deeds, Apology, Remorse, and Other Such Discretionary Factors in Assessing Criminal Punishment

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 65, Pg. 737, 2012, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 11-12, Columbia Business School Research Paper No. 12/39
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 31 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2012
Paul H. Robinson, Sean Jackowitz and Daniel M. Bartels
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 431 (61,908)

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Criminal sanctions, procedure, XPF, sentencing discretion, offender history, victims, moral credibility, social cultural, acknowledgment guilt, guilty plea, public outrage, good bad character, civil compensation, rehabilitation, special talent, demographic differences, disparity application

31.

Realism, Punishment & Reform

Chicago Law Review, Vol. 77, p. 1611, 2010, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-18, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 10-19
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 16 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2011
Paul H. Robinson, Robert Kurzban and Owen D. Jones
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Psychology and Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences
Downloads 416 (64,576)

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Criminal law, core of wrongdoing, intuitions of justice, social reform, significance of resulting harm, agreement and disagreement about judgments of justice, judging relative blameworthiness, violence, theft, reform realism

32.

Competing Theories of Justification: Deeds Versus Reasons

Collection of British Essays, Andrew Simester, A.T.H. Smith, eds., Oxford Univ. Press, 1996
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Jan 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 409 (65,927)

Abstract:

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justification, punishment

33.

Empirical Desert

CRIMINAL LAW CONVERSATIONS, Robinson, Garvey & Ferzan, eds., pp. 29-39, 61-66, 2009, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 08-29
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 406 (66,528)
Citation 1

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Criminal law, doing justice, crime fighting, moral credibility, intuitions of justice, just desert, distributive justice, retributivism, retribution, deontological desert

34.

Objectivist vs. Subjectivist Views of Criminality: A Study in the Role of Social Science in Criminal Law Theory

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies Vol. 18, pp. 409-447, 1998
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 Feb 2003
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University
Downloads 406 (66,528)
Citation 5

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35.

The Criminal-Civil Distinction and the Utility of Desert

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 76, pp. 201-214, 1996
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2007
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 405 (66,753)
Citation 4

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civil liability, criminal liability, desert, punishment theory

36.

Fair Notice and Fair Adjudication: Two Kinds of Legality

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 154, pp. 335-398, December 2005
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 07 Feb 2006 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 371 (73,955)
Citation 3

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criminal law, legality, vagueness, discretion, fair notice, strict construction, ex post facto

37.

The Five Worst (and Five Best) American Criminal Codes

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 95, pp. 1-89, 2000
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 06 Feb 2003
Paul H. Robinson, Michael T. Cahill and Usman Mohammad
University of Pennsylvania Law School, Rutgers Law School and Independent
Downloads 369 (74,406)
Citation 6

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criminal code

38.
Downloads 367 ( 74,881)
Citation 3

Imputed Criminal Liability

A CRIMINAL LAW ANTHOLOGY, A. Loewy, ed., 1992
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 326 (85,229)
Citation 3

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Criminal liability, impute

Imputed Criminal Liability

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 93, p. 609, 1984
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 24 Sep 2014
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 41 (402,998)
Citation 3

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Jurisprudence, criminal defenses, imputation, mens rea, elements of a crime

39.

Advantaging Aggressors: Justice & Deterrence in International Law

Harvard National Security Journal, Vol. 3, Pg. 143, 2011, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-03, Rutgers School of Law-Newark Research Papers No. 64
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 17 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2013
Paul H. Robinson and Adil Ahmad Haque
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Rutgers Law School
Downloads 365 (75,396)

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international law, criminal law, use of force, military action, unlawful aggression, intuitions of justice, moral credibility, International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, self defense, U.N. Charter

40.

The Ongoing Revolution in Punishment Theory: Doing Justice as Controlling Crime

Arizona State Law Journal, Vol. 42, pp. 1089, 2010, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 09-32
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 23 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 356 (77,624)
Citation 1

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punishment theory, distributive principle for criminal liability and punishment, deterrence, incapacitation of the dangerous, rehabilitation, empirical desert, deontological desert, Model Penal Code

41.

A Theory of Justification: Societal Harm as a Prerequisite for Criminal Liability

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 23, pp. 266-292, 1975; reprinted in JUSTIFICATION AND EXCUSE IN THE CRIMINAL LAW: A COLLECTION OF ESSAYS, M. Corrado, ed., p. 283, 1994
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 353 (78,354)
Citation 8

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criminal liability, harm, deterrence, retribution

42.

'Life Without Parole' Under Modern Theories of Punishment

Life Without Parole: America's New Death Penalty? (Charles J. Ogletree, Jr. & Austin Sarat eds., New York University Press 2012)., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-34
Posted: 23 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2012
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 343 (81,002)

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criminal law, sentencing, life without parole, punishment theory, deterrence, incapacitation, empirical desert, deontological desert, three strikes statutes, coercive and normative crime control

43.

The Structure and Limits of Criminal Law

in The Structure and Limits of Criminal Law (Paul Robinson ed., Ashgate 2014)., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-23
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 20 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 20 Aug 2014
Paul H. Robinson and Joshua Barton
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Sullivan & Cromwell - New York Headquarters
Downloads 340 (81,826)

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criminal liability, blameworthiness, culpability, mens rea, regulatory offenses, strict liability, preventive detention, criminal conduct, actus reus, criminalization, overcriminalization, harm principle, morality enforcement, excuse defenses

44.

Why Does the Criminal Law Care What the Lay Person Thinks is Just? Coercive Versus Normative Crime Control

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 86, pp. 1838-1869, 2000
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Apr 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 319 (87,917)
Citation 3

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crime control, community, justice

45.

Objective Versus Subjective Justification: A Case Study in Function and Form in Constructing a System of Criminal Law Theory

CRIMINAL LAW CONVERSATIONS, Robinson, Garvey & Ferzan, eds., pp. 343-53, 361-63, 2009, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 08-23
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 07 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 313 (89,799)
Citation 1

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justification defenses, objective rule of conduct, ex ante, subjective formulation of justification, subjectivity, objectivity

46.

A System of Excuses: How Criminal Law’s Excuse Defenses Do, and Don’t, Work Together to Exculpate Blameless (and Only Blameless) Offenders

Texas Tech Law Review, Vol. 42, p. 259, 2009, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 09-31
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 22 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2010
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 312 (90,114)

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Criminal law excuses, duress, insanity, mental illness, mistake, intoxication, immaturity, impaired consciousness, involuntary act, hypnosis

47.

Natural Law & Lawlessness: Modern Lessons from Pirates, Lepers, Eskimos, and Survivors

University of Illinois Law Review, Vol. 2013, p. 433, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 12-04
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 24 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2013
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 310 (90,768)

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Criminal law, absent-law, state of nature, philosophy of law, vigilantism, evolution, Darwinian theory, altruistic punishment, natural experiment, social cooperation, social cohesion, subverting justice, utility of desert, restorative justice, non-incarcerative sanctions, transitional justice

48.

The Effect of Mental Illness Under US Criminal Law

Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly, Vol. 65, P. 229, 2014, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-25
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 22 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 302 (93,438)

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Insanity, mental illness negating offense element, provocation, extreme mental or emotional disturbance, diminished capacity, partial insanity, American criminal law codification, psychology, competence, responsibility, culpability, mitigation

49.

Rules of Conduct and Principles of Adjudication

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 57, pp. 729-771, 1990
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 302 (93,438)

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Conduct, criminal, adjudication

50.

The Bomb Thief and the Theory of Justification Defenses

Criminal Law Forum: An International Journal, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 387-409, 1998, Tel Aviv University Law Review, Vol. 22, No. 1, February 1999
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 23 May 2003 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 302 (93,438)

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justification, criminal law

51.

Hybrid Principles for the Distribution of Criminal Sanctions

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 82, pp. 19-24, 1987
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 293 (96,606)
Citation 5

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Distribution, criminal sanctions, punishment

52.

Causing the Conditions of One's Own Defense: A Study in the Limits of Theory in Criminal Law Doctrine

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 71, pp. 1-63, February 1985
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 07 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 10 Dec 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 284 (99,929)
Citation 6

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Justice, criminal law, criminal liability, defense

53.

Of Neocolonialism, Common Law and Uncodifiable Shari'a: A Reply to Professor An-Na'Im

Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 2, 2007, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 07-20
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 30 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2009
Paul H. Robinson and Adnan A. Zulfiqar
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Rutgers Law School
Downloads 276 (102,960)

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Islamic Model Penal Code, Shari'a, United Nations Development Program, Republic of the Maldives, codified penal law, sentencing guidelines, international norms, Muslim, drafting, criminal law and procedure

54.

The Role of Moral Philosophers in the Competition between Deontological and Empirical Desert

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 48, Pg. 1631, 2007, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 06-39
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 02 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 08 Sep 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 268 (106,202)
Citation 1

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Criminal Law, Jurisprudence, Moral Philosophers, Philosophy, Desert, Distributive Principle, Deontological, Empirical, Intuitions of Justice

55.

A Right to Bear Firearms but Not to Use Them? Defensive Force Rules and the Increasing Effectiveness of Non-Lethal Weapons

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 89, pp. 251, 2009, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 08-31
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 06 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 05 May 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 259 (110,047)

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self-defense, non-lethal weapons, criminal law

56.

Restorative Processes & Doing Justice

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, Vol. 3, No. 3, p. 421, 2006, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 07-07
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 15 Feb 2007
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 258 (110,494)
Citation 1

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shared intuitions of justice, crime control

57.

The Ex Ante Function of the Criminal Law

Law and Society Review, Vol. 35, pp. 165-189, 2001
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 07 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 07 Sep 2008
John M. Darley, Kevin M. Carlsmith and Paul H. Robinson
Princeton University, Colgate University - Psychology Department and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 258 (110,494)
Citation 3

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Criminal code, ex ante, criminal law

58.

Sentencing Decisions: Matching the Decisionmaker to the Decision Nature

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 105, pp. 1124-1161, May 2005
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 31 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 256 (111,363)
Citation 4

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Sentencing

59.

The Proper Role of Community in Determining Criminal Liability and Punishment

in Popular Punishment: On the Normative Significance of Public Opinion (Jesper Ryberg and Julian A. Roberts eds., Oxford University Press 2014).
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2017
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 255 (111,833)
Citation 1

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Empirical desert, moral credibility, stigmatize, vigilantism, social norms, utility of desert, disutility of injustice, community views, retributivism, three-strikes, drug penalties, felony-murder rule, insanity defense, strict liability offenses, American and Chinese debates

60.

Empirical Desert, Individual Prevention, and Limiting Retributivism: A Reply

New Criminal Law Review, Vol. 17, Pg. 312, Spring 2014., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-19
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 21 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2014
Paul H. Robinson, Joshua Barton and Matthew J. Lister
University of Pennsylvania Law School, Sullivan & Cromwell - New York Headquarters and Deakin University School of Law
Downloads 248 (115,100)

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criminal law, law & society, psychology, views of justice, sentencing and corrections, punishment, blame, lay intuitions of justice, empirical desert, moral credibility, individual prevention, future dangerousness, preventative detention, community involvement in criminal punishment

61.

Book Review: G. Fletcher, a Crime of Self-Defense: Bernhard Goetz and the Law on Trial

American Bar Association, Vol. 74, September 1, 1988
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 20 Apr 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 243 (117,568)

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Justification, criminal law, Bernhard Goetz

62.

Should the Victims' Rights Movement Have Influence Over Criminal Law Formulation and Adjudiciation?

McGeorge Law Review, Vol. 33, pp. 749-388, 2003
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 241 (118,523)

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criminal law, victims rights movement, punishment

63.

The American Criminal Code: General Defenses

The Journal of Legal Analysis, Vol. 7, P. 37, 2015, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-28
Number of pages: 114 Posted: 13 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2015
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, White & Case LLP, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct and Independent
Downloads 238 (120,035)

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justification, excuse, non-exculpatory defense, Model Penal Code, National Commission, majority view, lesser evils, execution of public duty, self-defense, defense of persons, defense of property, defense of habitation, deadly force, law enforcement authority, persons with special responsibility

64.

The Modern Irrationalities of American Criminal Codes: An Empirical Study of Offense Grading

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 100, Pg. 709, 2010, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-04
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 19 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2011
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct and University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct
Downloads 234 (122,073)
Citation 1

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offense grading, mandatory minimum sentences, moral credibility, criminal code reform, Pennsylvania criminal law, proportional punishment, criminal law politics, legislation, drafting, grading offenses, inconsistent statutory language, limiting judicial discretion

65.

Report on Offense Grading in Pennsylvania

Paul H. Robinson and the University of Pennsylvania Criminal Law Research Group, REPORT ON OFFENSE GRADING IN PENNSYLVANIA, December 2009, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-01
Number of pages: 178 Posted: 23 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 10 Jan 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 233 (123,140)

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offense grading, mandatory minimum sentences, moral credibility, criminal code reform, Pennsylvania criminal law, proportional punishment, criminal law politics, legislation, drafting, grading offenses, inconsistent statutory language, limiting judicial discretion

66.

Can a Model Penal Code Second Save the States from Themselves?

Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 1, pp. 169-177, 2003
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 17 Dec 2004
Paul H. Robinson and Michael T. Cahill
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Rutgers Law School
Downloads 230 (124,187)

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crime, Model Penal Code

67.

Reforming the Federal Criminal Code and the Model Penal Code: A Top Ten List

Buffalo Criminal Law Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 225-271, 1997
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 10 Feb 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 218 (130,921)

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criminal code, model penal code

68.

Abnormal Mental State Mitigations of Murder – The U.S. Perspective

LOSS OF CONTROL AND DIMINISHED RESPONSIBILITY: DOMESTIC, COMPARATIVE AND INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVES, p.. 291, Alan Reed and Michael Bohlander, eds., Ashgate, 2011, University of Pennsylvania Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 10-30
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 14 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 10 Dec 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 215 (132,662)

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Murder Mitigations, Extreme Emotional Disturbance, Mental Illness Negating an Element, Provocation, Diminished Capacity, Partial Responsibility, Model Penal Code, Common Law Criminal Law, Desert, Partial Insanity

69.

Testing Competing Theories of Justification

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 76, pp. 1095-1143, 1998
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 05 Feb 2003
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University
Downloads 215 (132,662)

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justification

70.

Community Standards of Criminal Liability and the Insanity Defense

Law and Human Behavior, Vol. 19, pp. 425-466, 1995
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Mar 2005 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2010
Princeton University, Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania Law School and Independent
Downloads 214 (133,239)

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Insanity, community standards

71.

Criminal Law Scholarship: Three Illusions

Theoretical Inquiries in Law, Vol. 2, p. 287
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 14 Jan 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 212 (134,411)

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72.

Hate Crimes: Crimes of Motive, Character, or Group Terror?

Annual Survey of American Law, pp. 605-616, 1993
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 207 (137,484)

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Hate crimes, criminal liability

73.

Final Report of the Illinois Criminal Code Rewrite and Reform Commission

P. H. Robinson, ILLINOIS CRIMINAL CODE REWRITE AND REFORM COMMISSION, 2003 , U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 09-40
Number of pages: 626 Posted: 15 Dec 2009
Paul H. Robinson and Michael T. Cahill
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Rutgers Law School
Downloads 205 (138,713)

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criminal law, proposed Illinois Criminal Code, drafting, criminal law codification, recodification, Model Penal Code, defining offenses, codifying defenses, grading offenses, consolidating offenses, modern criminal codes

74.

Codifying Criminal Law: Do Modern Codes Have it Right?

Canterbury Law Review, Vol. 5, pp. 312-320, 1993
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 204 (139,346)

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criminal, modern code, criminal code, codification, criminal reform

75.

[A Brief Comparative Summary of the Criminal Law of The] United States

THE HANDBOOK OF COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL LAW, Kevin Jon Heller & Markus D. Dubber, eds., Stanford University Press, 2011, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 11-02
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Jan 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 202 (140,661)

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Criminal Law & Procedure, Structure of American Criminal Law, Criminal Code Reform, Model Penal Code, Central Features of Modern American Criminal Codes, Principle of Legality, American Criminal Justice Process, Criminal Liability Requirements, Offense Requirements, Doctrines Of Imputation, Inchoate

76.

The Role of Harm and Evil in Criminal Law: A Study in Legislative Deception?

Journal of Contemporary Legal Issues, Vol. 5, pp. 299-322, 1994
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 201 (141,337)

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Criminal law, liability, punishment, traditionalists, modernists, criminality

77.

Mercy, Crime Control & Moral Credibility

MERCIFUL JUDGMENTS AND CONTEMPORARY SOCIEY: LEGAL PROBLEMS, LEGAL POSSIBILITIES, Austin Sarat, ed., 2011, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-32
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 200 (141,998)

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mercy, crime control, moral credibility, criminal law, disparity in sentencing, forgiveness, compassion, intuitions of justice, empirical desert, doing justice

78.

The Accelerating Degradation of American Criminal Codes

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 56, No. 4, pp. 633-655, March 2005
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 24 Aug 2005
Paul H. Robinson and Michael T. Cahill
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Rutgers Law School
Downloads 198 (143,344)
Citation 4

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Criminal codes

79.

Moral Credibility and Crime

Atlantic Monthly, pp. 72-78, March 1995; Journal of Criminology, 1998; Journal of Sociology, pp. 52-57, 1996; Criminal Justice, pp. 34-39, 1996; Current 10, p. 373, 1995
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 196 (144,659)

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crime rate, moral credibility

80.

Making Criminal Codes Functional: A Code of Conduct and a Code of Adjudication

Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, Vol. 86, pp. 304-365, 1996
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson, Natasha R. Goldstein and Peter D. Greene
University of Pennsylvania Law School, First Judicial District of Colorado and Pitney Hardin Kipp & Szuch
Downloads 189 (149,644)

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criminal code

81.

The A.L.I.'s Proposed Distributive Principle of 'Limiting Retributivism': Does it Mean in Practice Anything Other than Pure Desert?

Buffalo Criminal Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 30 Apr 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 189 (149,644)
Citation 1

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criminal law, punishment theory, retribution, retributivism, desert

82.

Criminalization Tensions: Empirical Desert, Changing Norms & Rape Reform

THE STRUCTURES OF THE CRIMINAL LAW, Duff, Farmer, Marshall, Renzo, & Tadros, eds., 2011, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 10-14
Posted: 06 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2012
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 188 (150,391)

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Criminalization, community views and judgments, law reform, modification of social norms, sexual offenses, intuitions of justice, moral credibility, criminal law, justifying deviations from desert, social reform

83.

A Sentencing System for the 21st Century?

Texas Law Review, Vol. 66, pp. 1-61, 1987
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 187 (151,116)
Citation 3

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Sentencing Reform Act, sentencing, United States Sentencing Commission

84.

In Defense of the Model Penal Code: A Reply to Professor Fletcher

Buffalo Criminal Law Review, Vol. 2, pp. 25-43, 1998
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 10 Feb 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 187 (151,116)

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model penal code

85.

Prohibited Risks and Culpable Disregard or Inattentiveness: Challenge and Confusion in the Formulation of Risk-Creation Offenses

Theoretical Inquiries in Law, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2003
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Jan 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 186 (151,888)

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culpability

86.

Desert, Crime Control, Disparity, and Units of Punishment

PENAL THEORY AND PRACTICE: TRADITION AND INNOVATION IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE, A. Duff,, eds, pp. 93-107, Manchester University Press, 1994
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 181 (155,713)

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desert, punishment, punishment theory, crime control

87.

The Difficulties of Deterrence as a Distributive Principle

CRIMINAL LAW CONVERSATIONS, Robinson, Garvey & Ferzan, eds., pp. 105-16, 124-27, 2009, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 08-27
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 18 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 180 (156,469)

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behavioral sciences, ex ante, cost-benefit analysis of crime, offender perceptions, lack of deterrent effect, just deserts

88.

The Moral Vigilante and Her Cousins in the Shadows

University of Illinois Law Review, 2015, P. 401, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-29
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 29 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 11 May 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 176 (159,598)

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Criminal law, moral credibility, crime control, justification defenses, failures of justice, unchecked punishment discretion, exclusionary rule, double jeopardy, entrapment, shadow vigilante, neighborhood watch, police perjury, overcharging, disproportionate penalties, mandatory minimum sentencing

89.

Parole Holds: Their Effects on the Rights of the Parolee and the Operation of the Parole System

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 19, pp. 759-803, 1972
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 10 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 176 (159,598)

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parole, parolee, rights, parole holds

90.

The Model Penal Code's Conceptual Error on the Nature of Proximate Cause, and How to Fix it

Criminal Law Bulletin, V. 51, P. 131, 2015, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-3
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 24 Nov 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 172 (162,877)

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Criminal law, Model Penal Code, statute, proximate cause, remoteness of causation, culpability, legal cause, too remote or accidental, factual cause

91.

The Criminal-Civil Distinction and Dangerous Blameless Offenders

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 83, pp. 693-717, 1993
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 04 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 169 (165,411)

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criminal, civil, punishment, distinction

92.

White Paper of Democratic Criminal Justice

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 111, No. 6, 2017, Wayne State University Law School Research Paper No. 2017-39, Northwestern Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-18
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 02 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2017
Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, Willamette University College of Law, Wayne State University Law School, University of Illinois College of Law, University of Virginia School of Law, Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Social Sciences (RSSS), Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, University of Stirling, Bowling Green State University, Northwestern University - Pritzker School of Law, Harvard Law School, Notre Dame Law School, Northwestern University - School of Law, University at Buffalo Law School, University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall, School of Law, Brooklyn Law School, Yale University - Law School and Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
Downloads 162 (172,531)

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Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Sentencing, Policing, Prosecutors, Criminal Justice Reform, Democracy, Democratic Criminal Justice

93.

Are Criminal Codes Irrelevant?

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 68, pp. 159-202, 1994
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 157 (176,256)
Citation 1

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criminal code, Model Penal Code

94.

Justice, Liability, and Blame: Community Views and the Criminal Law

Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 16-11
Number of pages: 313 Posted: 03 Mar 2016
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University
Downloads 155 (178,131)
Citation 17

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Criminal law, codes, psychology, lay intuitions, community values, empirical legal studies, justification, excuse, culpability, criminalization, complicity, causation, attempt

95.

Final Report of the Kentucky Penal Code Revision Project

Final Report of the Kentucky Penal Code Revision Project, 2003
Number of pages: 411 Posted: 23 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2017
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 153 (180,083)

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criminal law, proposed Kentucky Criminal Code, drafting, criminal law codification, recodification, Model Penal Code, defining offenses, codifying defenses, grading offenses, consolidating offenses, modern criminal codes

96.

Justification Defenses in Situations of Unavoidable Uncertainty: A Reply to Professor Ferzan

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 24, P. 775, 2005, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 07-10
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 13 Mar 2007 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 151 (182,080)

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Criminal Law and Procedure, justification defenses, unavoidable uncertainty, deeds theory, reasons theory, objective theory of justification, subjective theory of justification

97.

Legality and Discretion in the Distribution of Criminal Sanctions

Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 25, pp. 393-460, 1988
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 151 (182,080)
Citation 3

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Criminal liability, sentencing, sanctions, punishment, criminal code

98.

One Perspective on Sentencing Reform in the United States

Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 8, pp. 1-41, 1997
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 10 Feb 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 149 (184,075)

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sentencing

99.

Not Guilty Isn't Always Innocent

Chicago Tribune, Op-Ed, p. 18, February 8, 1994
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 30 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 143 (190,401)

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criminal, punishment

100.

Structuring Criminal Codes to Perform Their Function

Buffalo Criminal Law Review , Vol. 4, No. pp. 1-11, 2000, Symposium: The Model Penal Code Revisited
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 23 May 2003
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 143 (190,401)

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criminal code

101.

Dissenting Views of Commissioner Paul H. Robinson to the Promulgation of Sentencing Guidelines by the United States Sentencing Commission

Criminal Law Reporter & Federal Register, Vol. 52, pp. 18121-18132, 1987
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 140 (193,679)
Citation 1

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sentencing, guidelines, sentencing commission, sentencing reform act

102.

Riot Responsibility

New York State Bar Journal, Vol. 66, No. 6, January 1994
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 138 (195,917)

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Riot, mob, responsibility, criminal liability

103.

The Federal Sentencing Guidelines: Ten Years Later, an Introduction and Comments

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 91, pp. 1231-1246, 1997
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 134 (200,570)
Citation 2

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Sentencing guidelines

104.

The Rise and Fall and Resurrection of American Criminal Codes

University of Louisville Law Review, Vol. 53, Pg. 173, 2015, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-38
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 132 (203,001)

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Criminal law, criminal code reform, proportional punishment, criminal law politics, legislation, limiting judicial discretion, penal law, punishment, sanctions, Model Penal Code, Kentucky criminal law, crime du jour, criminal code degradation, offense grading irrationalities

105.

Democratizing Criminal Law: Feasibility, Utility, and the Challenge of Social Change

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 111, P. 1565, 2017, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 16-41
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 10 Dec 2017
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 131 (204,270)

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criminal law, democracy, community views of justice, empirical desert, crime politics, social reform, effective crime-control, core of wrongdoing, relative blameworthiness, intuitions of justice, criminal code-community conflict, distributive principles, deviations from desert, shaping norms

106.

Four Predictions for the Criminal Law of 2043

Rutgers Law Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 897-911, 1988
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2016
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 128 (208,098)

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criminal code, model penal code, reform

107.

Letter, Symposium on the Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Methods of Investigation of the General Security Service Regarding Hostile Terrorist Activity

Israel Law Review, Vol. 23, p. 189, 1989
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 128 (208,098)

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terrorist, physical force, terrorists, investigation, security, Report of the Landau Inquiry Commission

108.

Justice: 1850s San Francisco and the California Gold Rush

Chapter 4, in PIRATES, PRISONERS, AND LEPERS: LESSONS FROM LIFE OUTSIDE THE LAW (Potomac Books 2015)., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-14
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 27 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2015
Paul H. Robinson and Sarah Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Independent
Downloads 127 (209,345)

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Criminal law, sentencing, law enforcement & corrections, just punishment, gold mining camps, bread thieves, Nazi concentration camps, wagon trains, vigilantes, social cooperation, social cohesion, shared understandings of justice, evolutionary benefit, perceptions of unfairness, moral reasoning

109.

Strict Liability's Criminogenic Effect

Criminal Law and Philosophy, Forthcoming, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-5
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2017
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 123 (214,496)

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Criminal Law and Procedure, Law Enforcement, Public Policy, Punishment, Deterrence, Public Opinion, Blameworthiness, Politics, Legitimacy, Empirical Research, Moral Credibility, Absolute Liability, Moral Credibility, Empirical Desert, Regulatory Violations, Overcriminalization

110.

Punishment: Drop City and the Utopian Communes

Chapter 3, in PIRATES, PRISONERS, AND LEPERS: LESSONS FROM LIFE OUTSIDE THE LAW (Potomac Books 2015)., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-13
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2015
Paul H. Robinson and Sarah Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Independent
Downloads 123 (214,496)

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Criminal law, punishment, sentencing, law enforcement & corrections, cooperation, social cohesion, anarchy, antipunishment, utopia, Drop City, Black Bear Ranch, Tolstoy Farm, system for punishing violations of core rules, evolutionary benefit

111.

Testing Lay Intuitions of Justice: How and Why?

Hofstra Law Review, Vol. 28, pp. 611-634, 2000
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 May 2003 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2008
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 123 (214,496)
Citation 3

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justice, punishment, community

112.

Four Distinctions that Glanville Williams Did Not Make: The Practical Benefits of Examining the Interrelation Among Criminal Law Doctrines

THE SANCTITY OF LIFE AND THE CRIMINAL LAW: THE LEGACY OF GLANVILLE WILLIAMS, Dennis Baker ed., Cambridge University Press, 2013, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 12-03
Posted: 19 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2013
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 117 (222,648)

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criminal law, defenses, justification, excuse, nonexculpatory, doctrines of imputation, complicity, voluntary intoxication, ex ante articulation of rules of conduct, principles of ex post adjudication, legality

113.

Justice Can Never Come Too Late

Washington Post, Op-Ed, A23, May 3, 2000
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 03 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 112 (229,843)

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statute of limitations

114.

Murder Mitigation in the Fifty-Two American Jurisdictions: A Case Study in Doctrinal Interrelation Analysis

Texas Tech Law Review, Vol. 47, P. 19, 2014, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-16
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 03 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 111 (231,357)

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criminal law, mitigations, defenses, homicide, common law provocation, extreme mental or emotional disturbance, EMED, diminished capacity, mental illness negating an offense element, MINOE, insanity, cognitive and control prongs, Model Penal Code, reforms

115.

Dissent from the United States Sentencing Commission's Proposed Guidelines

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 77, pp. 1112-1125, 1987, Federal Register, Vol. 52, pp. 3986-3988, 1987
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 111 (231,357)

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sentencing, guidelines, sentencing reform act, Commission's Preliminary Draft

116.

Proposal and Analysis of a Unitary System for Review of Criminal Judgments

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 54, pp. 485-514, 1974
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 30 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 108 (235,859)
Citation 1

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Direct attack, collateral attack

117.

A Failure of Moral Conviction

The Public Interest, 1994
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 04 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 108 (235,859)

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crime rate, black crime rate, white crime rate, inner city crime, Black Crime Gap

118.

Report on Offense Grading in New Jersey

U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 11-03
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 11 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2011
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct and University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct
Downloads 100 (248,774)

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offense grading, mandatory minimum sentences, moral credibility, criminal code reform, Pennsylvania criminal law, proportional punishment, criminal law politics, legislation, drafting, grading offenses, inconsistent statutory language, limiting judicial discretion

119.

The Legal Limits of 'Yes Means Yes'

Chronicle of Higher Education, Jan. 15, 2016, p. A21., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 16-5
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 20 Feb 2016
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 99 (250,520)

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Criminal procedure, higher education, rape, assault, affirmative consent, student discipline, punishment, blame, burden of proof, yes means yes, changing norms

120.

Black Lives Movement Can Improve Justice System

Philadelphia Inquirer, December 15, 2015, p. A14, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 15-40
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 20 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2016
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 92 (262,799)

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Black Lives Matter, police misconduct, violent crime, murder, homicide, criminal justice reform, African-Americans

121.

A Proposal for Limiting the Duty of the Trial Judge to Instruct the Jury Sua Sponte

San Diego Law Review, Vol. 11, pp. 325-352, 1974
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 11 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 90 (266,440)

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Jury instructions

122.

Some Doubts About Argument by Hypothetical

California Law Review, Vol. 88, pp. 813-825, 2000
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 84 (278,086)

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Moral desert, desert, punishment

123.

The Severity of Intermediate Penal Sanctions: A Psychophysical Scaling Approach for Obtaining Community Perceptions

Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Vol. 11, pp. 71-95, 1995
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Mar 2005 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2009
Robert E. Harlow, John M. Darley and Paul H. Robinson
Princeton University - Department of Psychology, Princeton University and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 79 (288,533)

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Punishment

124.

Tasers Help Police Avoid Fatal Mistakes

Baltimore Sun, Jan. 21, 2016, P.17, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 16-4
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 18 Feb 2016
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 78 (290,647)

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Law enforcement, crime, public safety, defensive force, nonlethal weapons, community-police relations, Taser technology, deadly force

125.

Comments on [Israeli] Proposal for Structuring Judicial Discretion in Sentencing

Hukim: Israeli Journal on Legislation, Vol. 3, p. 5, March 2011, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 11-19
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 21 May 2011
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 71 (306,769)

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Penal law, Israel, punishment, sanctions, sentencing, criminal code, desert, judges, judicial discretion, mitigation, aggravation, sentencing guidelines, criminal justice

126.

A Brief Summary and Critique of Criminal Liability Rules for Intoxicated Conduct

Journal of Criminal Law (British), Forthcoming, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-15
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 May 2018
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 68 (314,019)

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Criminal law, culpability, blameworthiness, defenses, excuses, drugs, mens rea, drunkenness, specific & basic/general intent, intuitions of justice, duress, compulsion, involuntary intoxication, voluntary intoxication, addiction, alcoholism, negating offense element

127.

Brotherly Intervention

The New York Times, Op-Ed, A25, November 29, 1997
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 03 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 62 (329,505)

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punishment

128.

State's Weird Law Skewed AU Pair Case

Newsday, Guest Columnist, November 17, 1997
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 03 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 61 (332,234)

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criminal code

129.

Report of the Delaware Criminal Law Recodification Project

Report of the Delaware Criminal Law Recodification Project to the Delaware General Assembly’s Criminal Justice Improvement Committee (2017), U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-19
Number of pages: 566 Posted: 10 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2017
University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct, University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 59 (337,634)

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Criminal law recodification, offense grading, mandatory minimum sentences, criminal code reform, proposed Delaware criminal code, proportional punishment, criminal law politics, legislation, drafting, grading and consolidating offenses, inconsistent statutory language, limiting judicial discretion

130.

Shoot to Stun

New York Times Op Ed, July 2, 2008
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 28 Jul 2008
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 58 (340,391)

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self-defense, non-lethal weapons, criminal law

131.

Draft Report of the Somali Criminal Law Recodification Initiative

U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-13
Number of pages: 390 Posted: 15 Mar 2017
Paul H. Robinson and Criminal Law Research Group
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 57 (343,325)

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Federal Republic of Somalia, Shari'a, Islamic Criminal Law, Muslim, International Development Law Organization, Sentencing Guidelines, Criminal Law and Procedure, Grading Offenses

132.

A General Mitigation for Disturbance-Driven Crimes? Psychic State, Personal Choice, and Normative Inquiries

U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-29
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2018
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 54 (352,361)

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Criminal law, codification of mitigation, provocation, heat of passion, extreme emotional disturbance, murder, manslaughter, internal pressure, personal choice inquiry, community norms, moral credibility, proportionality of punishment, uniformity, hate, remorse, fear, love, empathy, rage, shame

133.

The Danger of Defending the Denny Acquittals

The Wall Street Journal, Op-Ed, p. A23, October 27, 1993
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 03 Mar 2005
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 48 (371,152)

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criminal, riot, riot defense, culpability, punishment

134.

CRIMES THAT CHANGED OUR WORLD: TRAGEDY, OUTRAGE, AND REFORM: Chapter One: 1911 Triangle Factory Fire: Building Safety Codes

In CRIMES THAT CHANGED OUR WORLD: TRAGEDY, OUTRAGE, AND REFORM (Rowman & Littlefield, 2018)., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-27
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2018
Paul H. Robinson and Sarah Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Independent
Downloads 39 (402,414)

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Criminal law, law & society, public law & legal theory, trigger crimes, social outrage, politics, legislation, Triangle Shirtwaist, garment workers, immigrant women, fire safety, labor law, workplace safety, reform process, media coverage, political connections, social movements

135.

MAPPING AMERICAN CRIMINAL LAW: VARIATIONS ACROSS THE 50 STATES: Chapter One: Distributive Principles of Criminal Law

In MAPPING AMERICAN CRIMINAL LAW: VARIATIONS ACROSS THE 50 STATES (Praeger, 2018)., U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-28
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 28 Aug 2018
Paul H. Robinson and Tyler Williams
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Pennsylvania Law School - Student/Alumni/Adjunct
Downloads 33 (426,282)

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Criminal law, statutes, case law, penal codes, legislation, American rule, 50-state survey, mapping diversity, regional differences, moral blameworthiness, just deserts, distributive principle, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, restorative justice, deontological, empirical, proportionality

136.

Lost in a Legal Thicket

Los Angeles Times Op-Ed, Friday, July 3, 2015, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 15-21
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 32 (430,459)

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Criminal codes, recodification, layering of crimes, duplicate punishments, exaggerated offense grades, injustice, prosecutors

137.

Shadow Vigilantes: How Distrust in the Justice System Breeds a New Kind of Lawlessness: Section III. The Subversions and Perversions of Shadow Vigilantism

In Paul H. Robinson and Sarah M. Robinson, SHADOW VIGILANTES: HOW DISTRUST IN THE JUSTICE SYSTEM BREEDS A NEW KIND OF LAWLESSNESS (Prometheus Books 2018), U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-20
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 11 Jul 2018
Paul H. Robinson and Sarah Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Independent
Downloads 26 (458,563)

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Criminal law, enforcement, vigilantism, public opinion, justice, juries, police, judges, prosecutors, sentencing, guidelines, mandatory minimums, three strikes laws, witnesses, testilying, search and seizure, exclusionary rule, juvenile offenders, overcharging, private policing, jury nullification

138.

Obama's Get-Out-Of-Jail-Free Decree

Wall Street Journal Op-Ed, Wednesday, July 15, 2015 , U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 15-22
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 18 Jul 2015
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 25 (463,674)

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Executive clemency, clemency criteria, nonviolent offenses, lengthy sentences, commutation, commutations, separation of powers, sentencing legislation, sentencing policy

139.

Does Criminal Law Deter? A Behavioural Science Investigation

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 24, pp. 173-205, 2004
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
Paul H. Robinson and John M. Darley
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Princeton University

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140.

Law Without Justice: Why Criminal Law Doesn't Give People What They Deserve

Paul H. Robinson and Michael T. Cahill, LAW WITHOUT JUSTICE: WHY CRIMINAL LAW DOESN'T GIVE PEOPLE WHAT THEY DESERVE, Oxford University Press, 2005
Posted: 20 Apr 2005
Paul H. Robinson and Michael T. Cahill
University of Pennsylvania Law School and Rutgers Law School

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Criminal law, justice

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 87    Citations: 0
1.

Israel and the Trouble with International Law

Wall Street Journal, p. A25, Sept. 22, 2009
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 24 Sep 2009
Paul H. Robinson
University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 87

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Israel, International Law, use-of-force rules, unlawful aggression, justice, deterrence, security