Lee J. Strang

University of Toledo College of Law

John W. Stoepler Professor of Law & Values

2801 W. Bancroft Street

Toledo, OH 43606

United States

Institute of American Constitutional Thought & Leadership

2810 W. Bancroft St.

Toledo, OH 43606

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

DOWNLOADS
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in Total Papers Downloads

6,709

SSRN CITATIONS

5

CROSSREF CITATIONS

6

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.

An Originalist Theory of Precedent

New Mexico Law Review, Vol. 36, p. 419, 2006
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 10 Aug 2005
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 537 (97,889)

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Precedent, stare decisis, originalism, original meaning, constitutional interpretation, virtue, common good, Aristotle, Aquinas, Scalia

2.

Originalism, the Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution: A Unique Role in Constitutional Interpretation?

Lee J. Strang, Originalism, The Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution: A Unique Role in Constitutional Interpretation?, 111 Penn. St. L. Rev. 413 (2006)
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 24 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 03 May 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 474 (113,790)

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Declaration of Independence, Constitution, Originalism, Framers, Ratifiers, Constitutional Interpretation

3.

Damages as the Appropriate Remedy for 'Abuse' of an Easement: Moving Toward Consistency, Efficiency, and Fairness in Property Law

George Mason Law Review, Forthcoming, MSU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 05-05
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 31 Aug 2007
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 352 (159,918)

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easement, servitude, remedy, property, equity, efficiency, justice

4.

Originalism and the Aristotelian Tradition: Virtue’s Home in Originalism

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 80, No. 5, p. 1997, 2012, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-03
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 10 May 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 321 (176,575)
Citation 1

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originalism, virtue, virtue ethics, judicial discretion, precedent

5.

Originalism's Subject Matter: Why the Declaration of Independence is not Part of the Constitution

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 89, 2016
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 02 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2017
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 299 (190,297)

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Declaration of Independence, originalism, constitutional interpretation, Constitution

6.

The Role of the Common Good in Legal and Constitutional Interpretation

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1, p. 48, Summer 2005
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 22 Sep 2005
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 291 (195,718)

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constitutional interpretation, interpretation, determinacy, determinate, indeterminate, indeterminacy, originalist, original meaning, common good, Catholic Intellectual Tradition, Aquinas

7.

Originalism as Popular Constitutionalism?: Theoretical Possibilities and Practical Differences

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 87, No. 1, 2011, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-16
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 14 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2011
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 290 (196,419)

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originalism, popular constitutionalism, constitutional construction, departmentalism, judicial supremacy, judicial restraint, precedent

8.

The Most Faithful Originalist?: Justice Thomas, Justice Scalia, and the Future of Originalism

University of Detroit Mercy Law Review, Vol. 88, 2011, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-05
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 Mar 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 275 (207,334)

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originalism, Justice Thomas, Justice Scalia, natural law, precedent, Declaration of Independence

9.

How Big Data Can Increase Originalism’s Methodological Rigor: Using Corpus Linguistics to Reveal Original Language Conventions

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 50, 2017
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 26 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2017
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 235 (242,226)
Citation 1

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originalism, corpus linguistics, inaccuracy critique, original meaning, original intent

10.

The Meaning of 'Religion' in the First Amendment

Duquesne University Law Review, Vol. 40, 2002
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 01 Mar 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 227 (250,438)

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religion, First Amendment, Free Exercise Clause, Establishment Clause, original meaning

11.

An Originalist Theory of Precedent: The Privileged Place of Originalist Precedent

Brigham Young University Law Review, Vol. 2010, No. 5, 2010, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-02
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 10 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 03 May 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 220 (257,917)

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originalism, original meaning, precedent, stare decisis, judicial power, interpretation, construction

12.

State Court Judges are Not Bound by Nonoriginalist Supreme Court Interpretations

FIU Law Review, Vol 11, p.327, 2016. , University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-04
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 17 May 2016
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 218 (260,066)

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originalism, supremacy, federalism, state court, precedent, stare decisis, federal courts

13.

The Original Meaning of 'Religion' in the First Amendment: A Test Case of Originalism's Utilization of Corpus Linguistics

Brigham Young University Law Review, Vol. 2017
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 13 Mar 2018
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 214 (264,683)
Citation 1

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originalism, original meaning, corpus linguistics, religion

14.

The Role of the Christian Legal Scholar: The Call for a Modern Saint Benedict

Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, Vol. 20, p. 59, 2006
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 14 Nov 2005 Last Revised: 03 May 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 203 (277,782)

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MacIntyre, After Virtue, Christian, law school, Saint Benedict

15.

The Road Not Taken: Catholic Legal Education at the Middle of the Twentieth Century

American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 51, 2011, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2012-008
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 01 Feb 2012
Lee J. Strang and John M. Breen
University of Toledo College of Law and Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Downloads 191 (293,567)

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legal education, Catholic, legal realism, thomism, scholasticism, Catholic intellectual tradition

16.

The Forgotten Jurisprudential Debate: Catholic Legal Thought's Response to Legal Realism

98 Marquette Law Review 1203 (2015), University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-09, Loyola University Chicago School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-3/24
Number of pages: 110 Posted: 26 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2015
John M. Breen and Lee J. Strang
Loyola University Chicago School of Law and University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 190 (294,945)
Citation 1

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Legal Realism, Catholic legal thought, Thomism, Neo-Thomism, Neo-Scholasticism

17.

Originalism's Promise, and Its Limits

63 Cleveland State Law Review 81 (2014), University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-19
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2015
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 180 (309,428)

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constitutional interpretation, originalism, nonoriginalism, normatively attractive, judicial capacity, Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas

18.

Originalism and the 'Challenge of Change': Abduced-Principle Originalism and Other Mechanisms by Which Originalism Sufficiently Accommodates Changed Social Conditions

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 60, p. 927, 2009, University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-02
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 22 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 13 May 2009
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 180 (309,428)

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originalism, constitutional interpretation, change, original meaning, common good

19.

The Historical (In)Accuracy of the Brandeis Dichotomy: An Assessment of the Two-Tiered Standard of Stare Decisis for Supreme Court Precedents

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 86, p. 969, 2008, University of Toledo College of Law Working Paper, MSU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 05-09
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 02 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2009
Lee J. Strang and Bryce G. Poole
University of Toledo College of Law and U.S. Air Force
Downloads 174 (318,852)

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brandeis, precedent, stare decisis, supreme court, history, constitution, statute, new deal, legal realism

20.

When a 'Rule' Doesn't Rule: The Failure of the Oregon Employment Division v. Smith 'Hybrid Rights Exception'

Penn State Law Review, Vol. 108, 2003
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 08 Mar 2012
Lee J. Strang and Steven Aden
University of Toledo College of Law and Alliance Defense Fund
Downloads 169 (326,895)

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free exercise, Employment Division v. Smith, hybrid rights exception

21.

The Declaration of Independence: No Special Role In Constitutional Interpretation

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2018
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 01 Apr 2019
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 159 (344,459)

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originalism, Declaration of Independence

22.

The Clash of Rival and Incompatible Philosophical Traditions within Constitutional Interpretation: Originalism Grounded in the Central Western Philosophical Tradition

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 28, p. 909, 2004
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 29 Feb 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 157 (348,222)

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originalism, original meaning, constitutional interpretation, Aristotle, Aquinas, virtue

23.

Originalism's Promise: An Intentionally Thin, Natural Law Account of Our Fundamentally Just, Complex, Constitutional System

11 Faulkner L. Rev. ___ (2023), University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 31 Jan 2023
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 146 (369,601)

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originalism, natural law, common good, precedent, constitutional construction, virtue ethics

24.

The (Re)Turn to History in Religion Clause Law and Scholarship

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 81, No. 5, p. 1697, 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 31 Jan 2007
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 135 (393,001)

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establishment, free exercise, originalism, history, supreme court

25.

The Challenge of, and Challenges to, Originalism

The Challenge of Originalism: Theories of Constitutional Interpretation, (Grant Huscroft & Bradley W. Miller, eds.). Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. 2011. PP. IX, 305
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 13 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 22 Aug 2013
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 121 (427,181)

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originalism, precedent, construction

26.

An Evaluation of Historical Evidence for Constitutional Construction From the First Congress’ Debate Over the Constitutionality of the First Bank of the United States

14 University of St. Thomas Law Journal, 193, 2018
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 May 2018
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 116 (440,933)

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Originalism, Constitutional Construction, Rules of Interpretation, First Bank of United States

27.

Incorporation Doctrine's Federalism Costs: A Cautionary Note for the European Union

20 Eur. J.L. Reform 129 (2018)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Sep 2018
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 97 (500,558)

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Federalism, Incorporation, Bill of Rights, European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights

28.

Academic Freedom and the Catholic University: An Historical Review, a Conceptual Analysis, and a Prescriptive Proposal

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2019
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 06 Jun 2019
John M. Breen and Lee J. Strang
Loyola University Chicago School of Law and University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 82 (555,918)

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academic freedom, Catholic university, AAUP, research, scholarship

29.

The Thinness of Catholic Legal Education, a Review of Robert J. Kaczorowski, Fordham University Law School: A History

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, Vol. 15, 2019
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 19 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 22 May 2019
John M. Breen and Lee J. Strang
Loyola University Chicago School of Law and University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 77 (576,712)

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Fordham, Legal History, Catholic, Catholic Legal Education

30.

Interested Party Testimony on Substitute H.B. 125, the "Heartbeat Bill"

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Aug 2013
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 72 (598,797)

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Heartbeat Bill; abortion; Roe; Casey; informed consent

31.

Can Originalism Constrain the Imperial Presidency?

21 Fed. Soc. Rev. 232 (2020), University of Toledo Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 06 Jan 2021
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 70 (608,053)

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originalism, president, presidency

32.

The Golden Age that Never Was: Catholic Law Schools from 1930-1960 and the Question of Identity

7 J. Catholic Social Thought 489 (2010)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 17 May 2016
John M. Breen and Lee J. Strang
Loyola University Chicago School of Law and University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 70 (608,053)

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Catholic legal education, legal education, Thomism, legal realism

33.

The Clash of Rival and Incompatible Philosophical Traditions within Constitutional Interpretation: Originalism and the Aristotelian Tradition

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2004
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 31 May 2012
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 63 (642,295)

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originalism, nonoriginalism, democracy, Alexander Bickel, Aristotle

34.

Originalism is a Successful Theory (In Part) Because of its Complexity: A Response to Professor D.A. Jeremy Telman, The Structure of Interpretative Revolutions

35 Const. Comment. __ (2020)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Jul 2020
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 61 (652,764)

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originalism, Originalism's Promise, natural law, constitutional construction, precedent, determinacy

35.

The Common Good as a Reason to Follow the Original Meaning of the United States Constitution

46 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 1243 (2023)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Feb 2024
Lee J. Strang
University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 40 (783,614)

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originalism, common good constitutionalism, common good, natural law

36.

The History of Religious Hiring at American Catholic Law Schools

Touro Law Review, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2023
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 25 Apr 2024
John M. Breen and Lee J. Strang
Loyola University Chicago School of Law and University of Toledo College of Law
Downloads 3 (1,126,681)

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legal, education, Catholic