Carmen G. Gonzalez

Seattle University School of Law

Professor of Law

901 12th Avenue, Sullivan Hall

P.O. Box 222000

Seattle, WA n/a 98122-1090

United States

View CV
SCHOLARLY PAPERS

40

DOWNLOADS
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SSRN RANKINGS

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in Total Papers Downloads

22,590

CITATIONS
Rank 25,532

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 25,532

in Total Papers Citations

10

Scholarly Papers (40)

1.

Institutionalizing Inequality: The WTO Agreement on Agriculture, Food Security, and Developing Countries

Columbia Journal of Environmental Law, Vol. 27, p. 433, 2002
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 23 May 2007
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 1,932 (3,825)

Abstract:

international trade, WTO, food security, development law, human rights law, agricultural law, agricultural policy

2.

Trade Liberalization, Food Security and the Environment: The Neoliberal Threat to Sustainable Rural Development

Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 14, p. 419, Fall 2004, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 18 May 2007 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2011
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 1,637 (4,930)
Citation 2

Abstract:

WTO, trade policy, food security, environmental law, colonialism, post-colonial studies, IMF, World Bank, international law, trade law, agricultural law, human rights law, political economy

3.

Presumed Incompetent: The Intersections of Race and Class for Women in Academia

PRESUMED INCOMPETENT: THE INTERSECTIONS OF RACE AND CLASS FOR WOMEN IN ACADEMIA, Gabriella Gutierrez y Muhs, Yolanda Flores Niemann, Carmen G. Gonzalez, and Angela P. Harris, eds., Utah State University Press, June 2012, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 12-14
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 12 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2012
Carmen G. Gonzalez and Angela P. Harris
Seattle University School of Law and University of California, Davis - King Hall School of Law
Downloads 1,139 (12,099)

Abstract:

higher education, faculty, critical race theory, feminist theory, gender, race, class, sexuality, intersectionality, stereotyping, tokenism, inequality, women of color, unconscious bias, identity, neoliberalism, corporatization, affirmative action, discrimination, tenure

4.

The Global Food Crisis: Law, Policy, and the Elusive Quest for Justice

13 Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal 462 (2010)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2016
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 981 (17,324)

Abstract:

human rights law, food security, right to food, biodiversity, WTO, trade policy, environmental law, colonialism, post-colonial studies, IMF, World Bank, international law, climate change, biofuels, agricultural law, international trade and investment law, political economy

5.

Seasons of Resistance: Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security in Cuba

Tulane Environmental Law Journal, Vol. 16, p. 685, 2003
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 23 May 2007
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 851 (18,321)

Abstract:

sustainability, comparative law, Cuba, food security, agricultural policy, trade policy, environmental law, agricultural law, political economy, colonialism, post-colonial studies

6.

Climate Change, Food Security, and Agrobiodiversity: Toward a Just, Resilient, and Sustainable Food System

Fordham Environmental Law Review, Vol. 22, p. 493, 2011, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 11-19
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 09 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 840 (17,372)

Abstract:

Climate Change, Food Security, Biodiversity, WTO, International Trade Law, Environmental Law, Colonialism, IMF, World Bank, International Law, Agricultural Law, Political Economy

7.

An Environmental Justice Critique of Comparative Advantage: Indigenous Peoples, Trade Policy, and the Mexican Neoliberal Economic Reforms

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Vol. 32, p. 723, 2011, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 11-07
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 29 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2013
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 796 (24,000)
Citation 1

Abstract:

immigration, globalization, World Trade Organization, North American Free Trade Agreement, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, agriculture, environment, biodiversity, environmental justice, trade policy, law and development, neoliberalism

8.

China in Latin America: Law, Economics and Sustainable Development

Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis, Vol. 40, p. 10171, 2010, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 10-01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 10 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2013
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 756 (26,478)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Environment, Sustainable Development, Natural Resources, Natural Resource Curse, Law And Development, WTO, International Trade Law, Climate Change, Washington Consensus, Beijing Consensus, International Environmental Law, Imperialism, Colonialism, Post-Colonialism

9.

Squatters, Pirates, and Entrepreneurs: Is Informality the Solution to the Urban Housing Crisis?

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review, Vol. 40, p. 239, 2009
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 29 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 749 (26,478)

Abstract:

informality, housing, land use, World Bank, property law, neoliberalism, privatization, deregulation, informal sector, squatters, economic and social rights, human rights, law and development

10.

Markets, Monocultures, and Malnutrition: Agricultural Trade Policy Through an Environmental Justice Lens

Michigan State University College of Law Journal of International Law, Vol. 14, p. 345, 2006
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 May 2007 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 722 (27,826)

Abstract:

WTO, environmental justice, trade policy, IMF, World Bank, structural adjustment, international law, trade law, environmental law, development law, food security, agricultural law, human rights law

11.

Beyond Eco-Imperialism: An Environmental Justice Critique of Free Trade

Denver University Law Review, Vol. 78, p. 981, 2001
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 May 2007 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 704 (28,829)
Citation 3

Abstract:

WTO, environmental justice, environmental law, international trade, development law

12.

Environmental Justice and International Environmental Law

ROUTLEDGE HANDBOOK OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, Shawkat Alam, Jahid Hossain Bhuiyan, Tareq M.R. Chowdhury, Erika Techera, eds., Routledge, 2013, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 12-11
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 26 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 623 (21,004)

Abstract:

environmental justice, sustainable development, equity, ethics, colonialism, post-colonialism, special and differential treatment, common but differentiated responsibility, ecological debt, climate change, human rights, environmental human rights, Aarhus Convention, transnational corporations

13.

The Global Food System, Environmental Protection, and Human Rights

Natural Resources & Environment, Vol. 26, p.7 (Winter 2012), Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 12-12
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2016
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 616 (28,729)

Abstract:

human rights law, food security, food sovereignty, right to food, biodiversity, WTO, trade policy, international environmental law, IMF, World Bank, international law, climate change, biofuels, agricultural law, international trade law, political economy

14.

Environmental Impact Assessment in Post-Colonial Societies: Reflections on the Proposed Expansion of the Panama Canal

Tennessee Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 303, 2008
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 28 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 521 (42,845)

Abstract:

enclave, development, natural resources, environmental impact assessment, environment, law and development, post-colonial societies, public participation, corruption, rule of law, colonialism, social impact analysis.

15.

Deconstructing the Mythology of Free Trade: Critical Reflections on Comparative Advantage

Berkeley La Raza Law Journal, Vol. 17, p. 65, 2006
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2011
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 486 (46,377)

Abstract:

WTO, trade policy, food security, environmental law, colonialism, post-colonial studies, comparative advantage, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, international law, trade law, agricultural law, biodiversity, human rights law, political economy

16.

China in Latin America: Law, Economics, and Sustainable Development (China en América Latina: Derecho, Economía y Desarrollo Sostenible)

Revista de Derecho Privado, Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombia, Vol. 44, 2010
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2011
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 479 (47,574)

Abstract:

Environment, Sustainable Development, Natural Resources, Natural Resource Curse, Law And Development, WTO, International Trade Law, Climate Change, Washington Consensus, Beijing Consensus, International Environmental Law, Imperialism, Colonialism, Post-Colonialism

17.

Women of Color in Legal Education: Challenging the Presumption of Incompetence

61 The Federal Lawyer 48 (July 2014) , Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 14-14
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 25 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2016
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 416 (45,535)

Abstract:

legal education, faculty, critical race theory, feminist theory, gender, race, class, intersectionality, stereotyping, tokenism, inequality, women of color, unconscious bias, identity, neoliberalism, corporatization, affirmative action, discrimination, tenure, accreditation, American Bar Association

18.

Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (OGM) Y Justicia: Implicaciones De La Biotecnología Para La Justicia Ambiental Internacional (Genetically Modified Organisms and Justice: The International Environmental Justice Implications of Biotechnology)

Revista Jurídica Grado Cero, No. 1, pp. 13-84, Marzo 2012,
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 08 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2013
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 396 (61,281)
Citation 1

Abstract:

WTO, environmental justice, trade policy, international law, trade law, environmental law, development law, food security, genetically modified organisms, agricultural law, human rights law, SPS Agreement, biosafety, OMC, justicia ambiental, derecho internacional, derecho comercial, derecho ambienta

19.

China's Engagement with Latin America: Partnership or Plunder?

NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE GREEN ECONOMY: REDEFINING THE CHALLENGES FOR PEOPLE, STATES AND CORPORATIONS, Elena Blanco & Jona Razzaque, eds., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Nov. 2012, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 12-19
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 28 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2012
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 393 (54,335)

Abstract:

environment, sustainable development, natural resources, natural resource curse, law and development, WTO, International Trade Law, climate change, Washington consensus, Beijing Consensus, International Environmental Law, imperialism, colonialism, post-colonialism, bilateral investment treaties

20.

(El Liberalismo Neoclásico, el Libre Mercado y Sus Críticos) Neoliberalism, the Free Market, and Their Critics

DEMOCRACIA, DERECHO Y ECONOMIA, (Democracy, Law, and Economics), Carmen G. Gonzalez, Colin Crawford, Daniel Bonilla, coordinators, Bogota, Colombia, 2010
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 03 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 29 Feb 2012
Carmen G. Gonzalez, Colin Crawford and Daniel Bonilla
Seattle University School of Law, Tulane University - Law School and Universidad de los Andes School of Law
Downloads 383 (58,710)

Abstract:

neoliberalism, liberalism, trade policy, law and development, environment, market fundamentalism, law and economics, democracy

21.

Is NAFTA a Good Model for China? Lessons from Mexico and the United States

Jiangxi Social Sciences, Vol. 5, p. 244, 2009
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Oct 2009
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 325 (76,555)

Abstract:

globalization, North American Free Trade Agreement, agriculture, environment, biodiversity, trade policy, law and development, neoliberalism, China, Mexico

22.

Theoretical Perspectives Introduction: The Global Politics of Food

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 77, 2011
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 31 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 02 May 2012
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 266 (83,388)

Abstract:

WTO, World Bank, INF, human rights law, food security, right to food, biodiversity, trade policy, environmental law, colonialism, post-colonial studies, international law, climate change, biofuels, agricultural law, international trade and investment law, political economy

23.

International Economic Law and the Right to Food

RETHINKING FOOD SYSTEMS: STRUCTURAL CHALLENGES, NEW STRATEGIES, AND THE LAW (Nadia Lambek, Adrienna Wong, Leah Brilmayer & Priscilla Claeys, eds,) Springer, 2014., Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 13-23
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2015
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 232 (81,867)

Abstract:

human rights law, food security, right to food, biodiversity, WTO, trade policy, environmental law, colonialism, post-colonial studies, IMF, World Bank, international law, climate change, biofuels, agricultural law, international trade law, international investment law, bilateral investment treaties

24.

Is NAFTA a Good Model for China? Lessons from Mexico and the United States (Chinese)

Jiangxi Social Sciences, Vol. 5, p. 244, 2009
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 10 Oct 2009
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 211 (120,876)

Abstract:

globalization, North American Free Trade Agreement, agriculture, environment, biodiversity, trade policy, law and development, neoliberalism

25.

Environmental Justice, Human Rights, and the Global South

13 Santa Clara Journal of International Law 151 (2015), Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 15-10
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 06 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2016
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 128 (64,332)

Abstract:

human rights, right to a healthy environment, environmental justice, Third World Approaches to International Law, TWAIL, North-South divide, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, colonialism, development, transnational corporations, Maastricht principles, extraterritoriality

26.

China and Sustainable Development in Latin America

4 Jiangxi Social Sciences 247 (2012)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 04 Aug 2012
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 88 (202,014)
Citation 1

Abstract:

environment, sustainable development, natural resources, natural resource curse, law and development, WTO, International Trade Law, climate change, Washington consensus, Beijing Consensus, International Environmental Law, imperialism, colonialism, post-colonialism, bilateral investment treaties

27.

World Poverty and Food Insecurity

3 Penn. State Journal of Law and International Affairs 56 (2015), Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 15-03
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2015
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 87 (139,404)

Abstract:

food security, poverty, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund, international trade law, biofuels, land grab, World Bank, bilateral investment treaties, agriculture, WTO Agreement on Agriculture

28.

Introduction: Presumed Incompetent: Continuing the Conversation (Part II)

12 Seattle Journal for Social Justice 285 (2013)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 20 Jun 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez and Angela P. Harris
Seattle University School of Law and University of California, Davis - King Hall School of Law
Downloads 69 (235,614)

Abstract:

higher education, faculty, critical race theory, feminist theory, gender, race, class, sexuality, intersectionality, stereotyping, tokenism, inequality, women of color, unconscious bias, identity, neoliberalism, corporatization, affirmative action, discrimination, tenure, disability

29.

Presumed Incompetent: Continuing the Conversation (Part I)

Berkeley Journal of Gender, Law & Justice, Vol. 29, p. 183, 2014
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 20 Jun 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez and Angela P. Harris
Seattle University School of Law and University of California, Davis - King Hall School of Law
Downloads 65 (215,575)

Abstract:

higher education, faculty, critical race theory, feminist theory, gender, race, class, sexuality, intersectionality, stereotyping, tokenism, inequality, women of color, unconscious bias, identity, neoliberalism, corporatization, affirmative action, discrimination, tenure, disability

30.

Book Review: Human Rights and Environmental Protection

Journal of Human Rights and the Environment, Vol. 3 No. 2, September 2012, pp. 288–291,
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 19 Nov 2012
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 64 (266,857)

Abstract:

human rights law, environmental protection, environmental human rights

31.

International Environmental Law and the Global South - Introduction

International Environmental Law and the Global South (Shawkat Alam, Sumudu Atapattu, Carmen G. Gonzalez and Jona Razzaque, eds). Cambridge University Press, 2015, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 15-18, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1363
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 26 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2015
Carmen G. Gonzalez and Sumudu Atapattu
Seattle University School of Law and University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 58 (104,162)

Abstract:

international environmental law, environmental justice, sustainable development, TWAIL, food justice, energy justice, climate change, indigenous peoples, human rights, land grabs, hazardous waste, right to food, right to water, natural disaster, sovereign wealth funds, international investment law

32.

Energy Poverty and the Environment

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AND POVERTY: THE EMERGING CONTOURS Lakshman Guruswamy, ed. (Routledge, 2016), Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 15-16
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 10 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2015
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 45 (152,002)

Abstract:

Energy poverty, climate change, deforestation, indoor air pollution, black carbon, climate debt, climate justice, energy justice, energy poor, colonialism, debt crisis, human rights, common but differentiated responsibility, corporate accountability, human rights obligations of corporations, develop

33.

Environmental Racism, American Exceptionalism, and Cold War Human Rights

Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 26, No. 2, at p. 281, 2017, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 17-16
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 26 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2017
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 0 (255,025)

Abstract:

environmental justice, environmental racism, race discrimination, Equal Protection, Supremacy Clause, civil rights, human rights, international law, American exceptionalism, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, right to privacy and family life, right to a healthy environment, Cold War

34.

International Environmental Law, Environmental Justice, and the Global South

Transnational Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 26, No. 2, p. 229, 2017, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 17-17, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1419
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 26 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2017
Carmen G. Gonzalez and Sumudu Atapattu
Seattle University School of Law and University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 0 (324,360)

Abstract:

international environmental law, environmental justice, human rights, feminist legal theory, Third World Approaches to International Law, decolonization, North-South divide

35.

Global Justice in the Anthropocene

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND GOVERNANCE FOR THE ANTHROPOCENE (Louis Kotze, ed) Hart Publishing, 2017., Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 17-06
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 09 Mar 2017
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 0 (308,044)

Abstract:

international environmental law, environmental justice, sustainable development, Anthropocene, food justice, energy justice, climate change, rights of Nature, intra-generational justice, inter-generational justice, North-South divide, trade and the environment, human rights

36.

Food Justice: An Environmental Justice Critique of the Global Food System

INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND THE GLOBAL SOUTH (Shawkat Alam, Sumudu Atapattu, Carmen G. Gonzalez, and Jona Razzaque, eds). Cambridge University Press, 2015, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 17-02
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 06 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2017
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 0 (249,447)

Abstract:

food justice, environmental justice, food sovereignty, permanent sovereignty over natural resources, human rights, food security, right to food, biofuels , genetically modified organisms, bilateral investment treaties, land grabbing

37.

The Environmental Justice Implications of Biofuels

20 UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs 229 (2016)., Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 16-19
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 24 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2016
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 0 (221,546)

Abstract:

Biofuels, environmental justice, human rights, food security, right to food, climate justice, climate change, food justice, land grabbing, international investment law, bilateral investment treaties, financial speculation, transnational corporations

38.

Human Rights, Environmental Justice, and the North-South Divide

RESEARCH HANDBOOK ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT (Anna Grear and Louis J. Kotze, eds.) Edward Elgar, 2015, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 16-18
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 06 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2016
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 0 (235,614)

Abstract:

human rights, right to a healthy environment, environmental justice, Third World Approaches to International Law, TWAIL, North-South divide, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, colonialism, development, transnational corporations, Maastricht principles, extraterritoriality

39.

Bridging the North-South Divide: International Environmental Law in the Anthropocene

Pace Environmental Law (PELR) Review, Vol. 32, p. 407, 2015, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 16-02
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 12 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2016
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 0 (137,982)

Abstract:

international environmental law, environmental justice, sustainable development, Anthropocene, food justice, energy justice, climate change, rights of Nature, intra-generational justice, inter-generational justice, North-South divide, trade and the environment, human rights

40.

Genetically Modified Organisms and Justice: The International Environmental Justice Implications of Biotechnology

Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (GIELR), Vol. 19, p. 583, 2007
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 18 May 2007 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2012
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 0
Citation 1

Abstract:

WTO, environmental justice, trade policy, international law, trade law, environmental law, development law, food security, genetically modified organisms, agricultural law, human rights law, SPS Agreement, biosafety

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 23    Citations: 0
1.

Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries

5 World Trade Review 308 (2006)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 22 Nov 2014
Carmen G. Gonzalez
Seattle University School of Law
Downloads 10

Abstract:

international trade, developing countries, agriculture, industrial policy, environmental protection, World Bank, protectionism, trade liberalization