Ruth Mason

University of Virginia School of Law

Hunton & Williams Professor of Law

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

47

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16,420

CITATIONS
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6

Scholarly Papers (47)

1.

What is Tax Discrimination?

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 121, Pg. 1014, 2012, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 12-17
Number of pages: 104 Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 12 Apr 2012
Ruth Mason and Michael S. Knoll
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 1,115 (17,770)

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tax discrimination, capital export neutrality, capital import neutrality, capital ownership neutrality, European Court of Justice, Schumacker, Gerritse, de Groot, competitive neutrality

2.

U.S. Tax Treaty Policy and the European Court of Justice

Tax Law Review, Vol. 59, 2005
Number of pages: 85 Posted: 12 Sep 2005 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2013
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,061 (19,138)
Citation 2

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International tax, tax harmonization, multitlateral tax treaty, European Union, tax treaties, limitation on benefits, European Court of Justice, tax policy, Open Skies, Member State sovereignty, treaty shopping, qualification conflicts

3.

Citizenship Taxation

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 89, Forthcoming, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2015-07
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 17 May 2015 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2016
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 969 (21,945)

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citizenship, immigration, taxation, benefits theory, ability to pay, FATCA, FBAR

4.

Double Taxation: A European 'Switch in Time'?

Columbia Journal of European Law, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2007
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2013
Georg Kofler and Ruth Mason
Johannes Kepler University and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 892 (24,748)

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ECJ, European Court of Justice, tax discrimination, double taxation, EC Treaty, double burdens, mutual recognition, Kerckhaert, Moorman, Container Corporation, Supreme Court, Commerce Clause, apportionment, Bibb, internal market, common market, freedom of movement, double tax treaties, DTC, imputati

5.

A Theory of Tax Discrimination

NYU Jean Monnet Working Paper No. 09/06
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 09 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2008
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 748 (31,686)

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tax discrimination, European Union, United States, European Court of Justice, Supreme Court, international tax

6.

Made in America for European Tax: The Internal Consistency Test

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 49, No. 4, 2008
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 31 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2013
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 603 (42,233)
Citation 1

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Supreme Court, European Union, European Court of Justice, ECJ, state taxation, Member State taxation, compensatory taxes, double taxation, per-country approach, overall approach, internal consistency, disparities, tax discrimination, Schumacker, Schempp, Marks & Spencer, Manninen, integration

7.
Downloads 602 ( 42,709)

Digital Battlefront in the Tax Wars

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2018-16
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 01 Jan 2019
Ruth Mason and Leopoldo Parada
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Turin - Department of Management
Downloads 584 (43,709)

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digital services tax, DST, digital tax, EU law, digital PE, permanent establishment, tech tax, web tax, google tax

Digital Battlefront in the Tax Wars

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2018-16, 92 Tax Notes International 1183 (2018).
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Nov 2018
Ruth Mason and Leopoldo Parada
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Turin - Department of Management
Downloads 18 (549,297)

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digital services tax, DST, digital tax, EU law, digital PE, permanent establishment, tech tax, web tax, google tax

8.

Exporting FATCA

142 Tax Notes, Forthcoming, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-05
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2014
Joshua D. Blank and Ruth Mason
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 600 (42,525)

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FATCA, sanctions, tax compliance, tax delinquent, tax enforcement, tax evasion, offshore

9.

Tax Discrimination and Capital Neutrality

World Tax Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2013
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 600 (42,525)

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tax discrimination, nondiscrimination, tax treaty, EC treaty, taxation, OECD, capital export neutrality, capital import neutrality, protectionist taxes, exit taxes

10.

Flunking the ECJ's Tax Discrimination Test

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 46, 2007
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 31 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2015
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 574 (45,191)
Citation 1

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European Union, tax, international tax, tax discrimination, ECJ, Biehl, economic integration, protectionism, tax exportation, tax preferences, exit restrictions

11.

When Tax Treaty Derivative Benefits Provisions Don't Apply

Tax Notes International, Vol. 43, p. 563, August 14, 2006 (extended reprint of article appearing in Tax Notes, Vol. 112, p. 367, 2006)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 15 Jul 2006 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2008
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 561 (46,437)
Citation 1

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tax treaties, derivative benefits, limitation on benefits, withholding taxes, double taxation, equivalent beneficiary

12.

Constitutional Restraints on Corporate Tax Integration

Tax Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 05 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 20 Oct 2015
University of Georgia School of Law, Johannes Kepler University and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 542 (48,464)

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Corporate tax integration, United States, European Union, cross-border dividends, DRD, imputation, capital export neutrality, locational neutralituy, double tax, double corporate tax

13.

Tax Rulings as State Aid FAQ

Tax Notes, Vol. 154, 2017, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2017-16
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2017
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 541 (48,571)

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State Aid, EU, Tax, Transfer Pricing

14.

IFA 2008 Brussels Congress: USA Branch Report: Non-Discrimination at the Crossroads of International Taxation

Cahiers de Droit Fiscal International, Vol. 93b, 2008
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 17 Oct 2007
Herman Bouma and Ruth Mason
Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney PC and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 458 (59,979)

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tax discrimination, nationality discrimination, residence, tax treaties, Commerce Clause, trade treaties

15.

The Tillinghast Lectures: A Decade of International Tax Law Proposals

THE TILLINGHAST LECTURE 1996-2005, NYU School of Law, 2007
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2008
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 451 (61,124)

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international tax, taxation, Tillinghast, OECD, EU, ECJ, WTO, NAFTA, GATT, IAS, NYU, intangibles

16.

Federalism and the Taxing Power

California Law Review, Vol. 99, p. 975, 2011
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 22 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2013
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 448 (61,613)
Citation 1

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federalism, tax expenditure, tax penalty, conditional grants, state taxes, local taxes, EITC, TANF

17.

Sovereign Wealth Funds and the Efficient Management of the Wealth of Nations

Tax Notes, September 29, 2008
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 22 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2008
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 429 (64,930)

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sovereign wealth funds, taxation

18.

Special Report on State Aid — Part 3: Apple

Tax Notes, Vol. 154, 2017, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2017-18
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2017
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 394 (71,832)

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state aid, Apple, CCCTB, transfer pricing, profit allocation, branch, corporate tax avoidance, BEPS, stateless income

19.

Common Markets, Common Tax Problems

Florida Tax Review, Vol. 8, 2007
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 16 Dec 2007 Last Revised: 02 May 2008
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 373 (76,552)

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common market, tax, comparative fiscal federalism, United States, European Union, U.S., EU, Commerce Clause, Foreign Commerce Clause, treaty power, external tax competence, tax discrimination, Schumacker, Lunding, Moorman, Cuno, West Lynn Creamery, tax competition, tax sovereignty, tax harmonization

20.

Tax Expenditures and Global Labor Mobility

New York University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 11 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2013
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 367 (78,033)

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labor mobility, labor taxation, international taxation, Schumacker, tax expenditures, cross-border work, OECD Model Tax Treaty, labor export neutrality, labor import neutrality, ECJ, Supreme Court, immigration, labor migration, refundable tax credits

21.

Tax Rulings as State Aid — Part 4: Whose Arm's-Length Standard?

Tax Notes, Vol. 155, No. 7, May 2017, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2017-19
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2017
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 323 (90,348)

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State Aid, Tax, Tax Rulings, Transfer Pricing, Apple

22.

Brief of Amici Curiae Tax Law Professors and Economists in Support of Petitioner in South Dakota v. Wayfair

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Nov 2017
University of Chicago - Law School, University of Michigan Law School, Stanford Law School, University of San Diego School of Law, New York University School of Law, Georgetown University Law Center, Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School, Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law, Stanford Law School, Elon University School of Law, Ernst & Young, University of Richmond - School of Law, University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, University of Illinois College of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Yale University - Law School, Yale Law School, University of Virginia School of Law, Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law, University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, University of Connecticut - School of Law, Boston College - Law School, University of Chicago Law School, University of Richmond School of Law, Arizona State University (ASU) - Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, New York University School of Law, Rutgers University, University of Colorado Law School, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law, University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law, University of Nebraska College of Law, University of California Hastings College of the Law, Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 312 (93,896)

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amicus brief, Supreme Court, stare decisis, dormant Commerce Clause, Quill v. North Dakota, South Dakota v. Wayfair

23.

Spinning Morris Trust: Interpreting 355(E) According to its Purpose

Tax Notes, Vol. 94, No. 12, March 25, 2002
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Mar 2002
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 296 (99,369)

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spin-offs, tax-free reorganizations, Morris Trust, I.R.C. Sec 355(e)

24.

2006 ECJ Direct Tax Cases

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 15 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2009
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 245 (121,229)

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ECJ, European Court of Justice, tax discrimination, cross-border dividends, European Union

25.

The Economic Foundation of the Dormant Commerce Clause

103 Virginia Law Review 309 (2017), Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 8, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-9
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 25 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 23 May 2017
Michael S. Knoll and Ruth Mason
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 240 (123,743)

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dormant commerce clause, Wynne, tax discrimination, competitive neutrality, protectionism

26.

State Aid Special Report — Part 2: Legitimate Expectations

Tax Notes, Vol. 154, 2017, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2017-17
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 13 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2017
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 234 (126,944)

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State Aid, EU, Tax, Transfer Pricing, legitimate expectations, Treasury white paper

27.

When Are Tax Subsidies Illegal?

American University Law Review, Vol. 69, No. 1, 2019
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2019
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 207 (143,528)

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state aid, apple, fundamental freedoms, tax, corporate tax avoidance

28.

Implications of Wayfair

46 Intertax 810 (2018)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 02 Dec 2018
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 189 (155,500)

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Wayfair, Sales Tax, Digital Services Tax, Amazon Tax

29.

Delegating Up: State Conformity with the Federal Tax Base

Duke Law Journal, Vol. 62, Number 7, April 2013
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 15 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 20 May 2013
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 183 (160,062)

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tax base conformity, federalism, state taxes, tax competition, fiscal federalism

30.

An American View of State Aid

Tax Notes, Vol. 157, 2017
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2018
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 173 (168,290)

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state aid, selectivity, Apple state aid, tax competition

31.

Wynne: It's Not About Double Taxation

State Tax Notes, Vol. 75, P. 413, 2015, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 14-44, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 3, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 1
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2015
Michael S. Knoll and Ruth Mason
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 173 (168,290)

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Constitutional law, Supreme Court of the United States, Maryland, state and local income tax, internal consistency test, interstate and intra-state commerce, due process clause, uniform source, uniform residence, tax-induced competitive disadvantage, double taxation

32.

2005 ECJ Direct Tax Cases

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2011
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 170 (170,936)

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Schempp, Blanckaert, Marks & Spencer, ECJ, European Court of Justice, direct taxation

33.

Ninth Circuit Brief of Amici Curiae J. Richard Harvey, Leandra Lederman, Ruth Mason, Susan Morse, Stephen Shay and Bret Wells in Altera Corp. v. Commissioner, in Support of Respondent-Appellant Commissioner

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 08 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2016
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, Villanova University School of Law and Graduate Tax Program, Indiana University Maurer School of Law, University of Virginia School of Law, Harvard Law School and University of Houston Law Center
Downloads 169 (171,869)

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Cost-Sharing, Clear Reflection of Income, Comparability, Arm's Length Standard, Arbitrary, Capricious

34.

United States National Report on Exchange of Information

Proceedings of Annual Congress of the European Association of Tax Law Professors, 2014, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 14-22
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 17 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2014
Joshua D. Blank and Ruth Mason
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 148 (192,223)

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FATCA, sanctions, tax compliance, tax delinquent, tax enforcement, tax evasion, offshore

35.

Ninth Circuit Supplemental Brief of Amici Curiae Reuven Avi-Yonah, Lily Batchelder, Joshua Blank, Noel Cunningham, Victor Fleischer, Ari Glogower, David Kamin, Mitchell Kane, Michael Knoll, Rebecca Kysar, Leandra Lederman, Zachary Liscow, Ruth Mason, Susan Morse, Daniel Shaviro, Stephen Shay, John Steines, David Super, Clinton Wallace, Bret Wells in Support of Respondent-Appellant Commissioner

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 Oct 2018
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, Harvard Law School, University of Michigan Law School, New York University School of Law, University of California, Irvine School of Law, New York University Law School, UC-Irvine School of Law, Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law, New York University School of Law, New York University (NYU), University of Pennsylvania Law School, Fordham University School of Law, Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Yale University - Law School, University of Virginia School of Law, New York University School of Law, New York University School of Law, Georgetown University Law Center, University of South Carolina School of Law and University of Houston Law Center
Downloads 130 (214,685)

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Altera, transfer pricing, Section 482, arbitrary and capricious, stock-based compensation

36.

State Aid: Arm's-Length on Appeal

Tax Notes, Vol. 158, No. p. 771, 2018
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 Mar 2018
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 130 (213,393)

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EU, state aid, Apple, base-erosion

37.

Is the Philadelphia Wage Tax Unconstitutional? And If It Is, What Can and Should the City Do?

University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, Vol. 164, P. 163, 2016, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-10
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 09 May 2016
Michael S. Knoll and Ruth Mason
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 117 (230,935)

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Constitutional Law, Supreme Court of the United States, SCOTUS, Local Taxation, Tax Discrimination, Dormant Commerce Clause, Internal Consistency, Philadelphia Wage Tax, Economic Development

38.

Waiting for Perseus: A Sur-Reply to Professors Graetz and Warren

Tax Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 13-32, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2014-02
Number of pages: 164 Posted: 15 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 13 Sep 2014
Ruth Mason and Michael S. Knoll
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 113 (236,888)

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Taxation, discrimination, capital export neutrality, CEN, capital import neutrality, CIN, capital ownership neutrality, CON, European Court of Justice, ECJ, competitive neutrality, European Union

39.

Amicus Brief in Maryland Comptroller v. Wynne

U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 14-38, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-67
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 30 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2015
Michael S. Knoll and Ruth Mason
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 86 (284,079)

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Dormant commerce clause, tax discrimination, Wynne, Complete Auto, Moorman, jefferson Lines, double taxation

40.

Comptroller v. Wynne: Internal Consistency, a National Marketplace, and Limits on State Sovereignty to Tax

University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, Vol. 163, p. 267, 2015, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 15-10
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 25 Mar 2015
Michael S. Knoll and Ruth Mason
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 84 (288,264)

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Dormant commerce clause, tax discrimination, double taxation, Moorman, Supreme Court of the United States, internal consistency, source and residence priority rule, interstate and intrastate commerce, federalism, competitive advantage

41.

How the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court Should Apply Wynne

State Tax Notes, Vol. 78, P. 921, 2015, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-4
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 16 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2016
Michael S. Knoll and Ruth Mason
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 82 (292,514)

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tax discrimination, dormant commerce clause, Wynne, Supreme Court, apportionment formulas, double taxation, state taxes

42.

Size Matters: Discriminatory Intent and Discriminatory Impact in EU Law

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 11 Jan 2019
Ruth Mason and Leopoldo Parada
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Turin - Department of Management
Downloads 70 (320,353)

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EU law, digital services tax, disproportionate impact, company size, discriminatory intent

43.

Brief of Tax Law Professors As Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner in Loudoun County, Virginia v. Dulles Duty Free, LLC

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Feb 2018
University of Chicago - Law School, University of Michigan Law School, New York University School of Law, Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School, Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law, Stanford Law School, University of Richmond - School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School, Yale University - Law School, University of Virginia School of Law, Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, University of Connecticut - School of Law, Boston College - Law School, University of Chicago Law School, Arizona State University (ASU) - Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law, Rutgers University and Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law
Downloads 60 (346,911)

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44.

A Brief Sur-Reply to Professors Graetz and Warren

Yale Law Journal Online, 123:1 2013, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 20 May 2013 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Ruth Mason and Michael S. Knoll
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Pennsylvania Law School
Downloads 52 (371,212)

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ECJ, tax discrimination, competitive neutrality, CON, capital ownership neutrality, CEN, capital export neutrality

45.

Dual Residents: A Sur-Reply to Zelinsky

State Tax Notes, P. 269, January 15, 2018, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 18-4, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 14 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2018
Michael S. Knoll and Ruth Mason
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 42 (405,220)

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Constitutional law, state income taxation, dormant commerce clause, Comptroller of the Treasury v. Wynne, internal consistency test, subsidies, residence rules, double taxation, discriminatory taxation

46.

A Political-Process Defense of Deference to EU Directives

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2018-17
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 14 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2018
Ruth Mason
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 32 (445,109)

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state aid, Deutsche Bahn deference, EU directives

47.

Amicus Brief in Wayfair v. South Dakota

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 25 Apr 2018
American Enterprise Institute (AEI), University of Pennsylvania Law School, University of Virginia School of Law and American Enterprise Institute
Downloads 32 (445,109)

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Dormant Commerce Clause, Wynne, Pike, Wayfair, Quill, Bellas Hess