Robert H. Lande

University of Baltimore - School of Law

Professor

1420 N. Charles Street

Baltimore, MD 21218

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

94

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in Total Papers Downloads

30,630

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 7,887

in Total Papers Citations

95

CROSSREF CITATIONS

108

Scholarly Papers (94)

1.
Downloads 1,719 (17,972)
Citation 11

Cartel Overcharges and Optimal Cartel Fines

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 20 Oct 2008
Robert H. Lande, John M. Connor and John M. Connor
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI)
Downloads 906 (45,154)
Citation 5

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Cartel Overcharges and Optimal Cartel Fines

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2007
Robert H. Lande, John M. Connor and John M. Connor
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI)
Downloads 813 (52,347)
Citation 9

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antitrust, cartel, deterrence, overcharges, price fixing, fines

2.

Benefits from Private Antitrust Enforcement: An Analysis of Forty Cases

University of San Francisco Law Review, Vol. 42, p. 879, 2008, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-07
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 11 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2010
Robert H. Lande and Joshua P. Davis
University of Baltimore - School of Law and UC Law, San Francisco
Downloads 1,653 (19,044)
Citation 1

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antitrust law, private enforcement, empirical research

3.

The Fundamental Goal of Antitrust: Protecting Consumers, Not Increasing Efficiency

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 84, 2008, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 09-02
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 28 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2009
John B. Kirkwood and Robert H. Lande
Seattle University School of Law and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 1,564 (20,735)
Citation 7

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4.

Cartels as Rational Business Strategy: Crime Pays

34 Cardozo Law Review 427 (2012)
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 28 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 12 Jul 2013
John M. Connor, John M. Connor and Robert H. Lande
Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI) and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 1,561 (20,790)
Citation 4

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cartel, collusion, antitrust, penalties, criminal antitrust, optimal deterrence, cartel sanctions, antitrust enforcement, antitrust sanctions

5.

Consumer Sovereignty: A Unified Theory of Antitrust and Consumer Protection Law

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 65, p. 713, 1997
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 19 May 2008 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2015
Robert H. Lande and Neil W. Averitt
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Federal Trade Commission
Downloads 1,495 (22,214)
Citation 1

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consumer protection, consumer, antitrust, antitrust goals, consumer choice, efficiency

6.

Monopoly Power and Market Power in Antitrust Law

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 76, No. p. 241, 1987
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 05 Jun 2008
Independent, University of Baltimore - School of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,076 (35,932)
Citation 3

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antitrust,market power,monopoly power,competition law,

7.

Using the 'Consumer Choice' Approach to Antitrust Law

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 74, p. 175, 2007
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 21 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2008
Robert H. Lande and Neil W. Averitt
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Federal Trade Commission
Downloads 996 (40,114)
Citation 3

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antitrust, consumer choice, competition, price

8.

How High Do Cartels Raise Prices? Implications for Reform of the Antitrust Sentencing Guidelines

Tulane Law Review, Vol. 80, 2005, American Antitrust Institute Working Paper No. 01-04
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 30 Aug 2005 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2008
Robert H. Lande, John M. Connor and John M. Connor
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI)
Downloads 894 (46,606)
Citation 5

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cartel, antitrust, sanctions, cartel fine, criminal fine, deterrence

9.

The Three Types of Collusion: Fixing Prices, Rivals, and Rules

Wisconsin Law Review, Vol. 2000, No. 941, 2000
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 19 May 2008 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2015
Robert H. Lande and Howard P. Marvel
University of Baltimore - School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 891 (46,863)
Citation 1

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Antitrust,Collusion, cartel, price fixing, anticompetitive, competition, joint venture

10.

The Microsoft-Yahoo Merger: Yes, Privacy is an Antitrust Concern

FTC: Watch, No. 714, 2008, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-06
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 18 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2012
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 862 (48,985)
Citation 1

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antitrust, mergers, privacy, consumer protection

11.

Comparative Deterrence from Private Enforcement and Criminal Enforcement of the U.S. Antitrust Laws

Brigham Young University Law Review, 2011, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2010-17, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-09
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 07 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2010
Robert H. Lande and Joshua P. Davis
University of Baltimore - School of Law and UC Law, San Francisco
Downloads 817 (52,779)
Citation 23

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antitrust, private antitrust enforcement, private antitrust cases, deterrence, criminal antitrust enforcement, compensation, optimal deterrence, cartels

12.

The Size of Cartel Overcharges: Implications for U.S. and E.U. Fining Policies

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 31 May 2007 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2008
John M. Connor, John M. Connor and Robert H. Lande
Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI) and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 774 (56,732)
Citation 3

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cartel, antitrust, optimal deterrence, United States, European Union, cartel fine, criminal fine

13.

Benefits from Private Antitrust Enforcement: Forty Individual Case Studies

Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2011-22
Number of pages: 244 Posted: 14 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2011
Robert H. Lande and Joshua P. Davis
University of Baltimore - School of Law and UC Law, San Francisco
Downloads 769 (57,198)
Citation 2

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antitrust law, private enforcement, empirical research

14.

Comparative Negligence with Joint & Several Liability: The Best of Both Worlds

42 U. Balt. L. Rev. Online 1 (2012)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 29 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2013
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 547 (88,312)

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Torts, Negligence, Comparative Negligence, Contributory Negligence, Accidents, Optimal Deterrence, Tort Reform, Maryland Tort Law

15.

Defying Conventional Wisdom: The Case for Private Antitrust Enforcement

48 Georgia Law Review 1 (2013), Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-08
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 14 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 23 Nov 2013
Joshua P. Davis and Robert H. Lande
UC Law, San Francisco and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 490 (101,181)

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antitrust, private antitrust enforcement, empirical research, class action, antitrust damages

16.

The Chicago School's Foundation is Flawed: Antitrust Protects Consumers, Not Efficiency

HOW THE CHICAGO SCHOOL OVERSHOT THE MARK: THE EFFECT OF CONSERVATIVE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ON U.S. ANTITRUST, Robert Pitofsky, ed., Oxford University Press, 2008, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2009-17
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 13 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2009
John B. Kirkwood and Robert H. Lande
Seattle University School of Law and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 455 (110,511)
Citation 1

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antitrust, monopoly, Chicago School, efficiency, consumers, wealth transfers, competition, consumer welfare

17.

Wealth Transfers as the Original and Primary Concern of Antitrust: The Efficiency Interpretation Challenged

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 34, No. 1, September 1982, pp. 65-151
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 29 May 2012
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 412 (124,092)
Citation 33

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wealth transfers, antitrust, legislative history, legislative intent, efficiency interpretation, monopoly, Chicago School, consumers, competition, consumer welfare, price

18.

Are Antitrust 'Treble' Damages Really Single Damages?

Ohio State Law Journal, Vol. 54, p. 115, 1993
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 21 May 2008 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2015
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 404 (126,926)
Citation 1

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Antitriust, Damages, treble damages, deterrence, overdeterrence, private enforcement, antitrust damages

19.

Summaries of Twenty Cases of Successful Private Antitrust Enforcement

Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2013-01
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 19 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 30 Jan 2013
Joshua P. Davis and Robert H. Lande
UC Law, San Francisco and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 395 (130,269)

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private antitrust enforcement, deterrence

20.

Toward an Empirical and Theoretical Assessment of Private Antitrust Enforcement

Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2012-17, Seattle University Law Review, Vol. 36, 2013
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 20 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 07 May 2013
Joshua P. Davis and Robert H. Lande
UC Law, San Francisco and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 389 (132,493)
Citation 1

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regulation, antitrust, class action, private antitrust enforcement, private litigation, private antitrust litigation, private antitrust cases, deterrence, criminal antitrust enforcement, compensation, optimal deterrence, cartels

21.

Preventing the Curse of Bigness Through Conglomerate Merger Legislation

52 Arizona State Law Journal 75 (2020), University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 04 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2021
Robert H. Lande and Sandeep Vaheesan
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Open Markets Institute
Downloads 380 (136,056)
Citation 1

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merger, corporate mergers, merger policy, antitrust, large mergers, and conglomerate mergers

22.

New Options for State Indirect Purchaser Legislation: Protecting the Real Victims of Antitrust Violations

University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research, Alabama Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 3, 2010
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 14 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2010
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 362 (143,583)
Citation 4

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antitrust, Illinois Brick, damages, price fixing, cartel, consumers, indirect purchasers, direct purchasers, state antitrust

23.

The Price of Abuse: Intel and the European Commission Decision

GCP: The Online Magazine for Global Competition Policy, No. 2, June 2009
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 16 Jul 2009
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 358 (145,269)
Citation 1

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antitrust, Intel, European Commission, competition policy, EU, anticompetitive, Treaty of Rome, fines, American Antitrust Institute

24.

A Traditional and Textualist Analysis of the Goals of Antitrust: Efficiency, Preventing Theft from Consumers, and Consumer Choice

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 81, p. 2349, 2013, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-10
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 22 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 02 Oct 2013
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 354 (147,095)
Citation 2

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Antitrust, goals of Antitrust, legislative history, textualist, Scalia, wealth transfers, theft, no-fault monopoly, legislative intent, efficiency interpretation, monopoly, Chicago School, consumers, competition, consumer welfare, price, purposivist

25.

Market Power Without a Large Market Share: The Role of Imperfect Information and Other 'Consumer Protection' Market Failures

American Antitrust Institute Working Paper No. 07-06
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 27 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 335 (156,061)

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antitrust, market power, monopoly power, market failure, imperfect information, entry, market definition

26.

Not Treble Damages: Cartel Recoveries Are Mostly Less Than Single Damages

Iowa Law Review, Vol 100, pp. 1997-2023, July 2015, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-26
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2015
John M. Connor, John M. Connor and Robert H. Lande
Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI) and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 332 (157,575)
Citation 1

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Antitrust, private antitrust, antitrust settlements, cartels, antitrust damages, multiple damages, treble damages, private antitrust cases

27.

Consumer Choice as the Ultimate Goal of Antitrust

University of Pittsburgh Law Review, Vol. 62, No. 3, pp. 503-525, Spring 2001, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 01 Oct 2009
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 329 (159,144)
Citation 1

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antitrust competition law, consumers, consumer choice, non-price competition

28.

The Extraordinary Deterrence of Private Antitrust Enforcement: A Reply to Werden, Hammond, and Barnett

Antitrust Law Bulletin, Vol. 58, No. 1, p. 173, Spring 2013, Univ. of San Francisco Law Research Paper No. 2012-24
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 10 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2013
Robert H. Lande and Joshua P. Davis
University of Baltimore - School of Law and UC Law, San Francisco
Downloads 321 (163,388)

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regulation, class actions, private litigation, private antitrust litigation, private antitrust enforcement, private antitrust cases, deterrence, criminal antitrust enforcement, compensation, cartels, optimal deterrence, cartel deterrence, antitrust litigation, antitrust damages

29.

Five Myths About Antitrust Damages

University of San Francisco Law Review, Vol. 40, p. 651, 2006
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 05 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 319 (164,453)

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antitrust, damages, antitrust damages, deterrence, overdeterrence, compensation

30.

Consumer Choice as the Best Way to Recenter the Mission of Competition Law

COMMON GROUND FOR INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION LAW, Edward Elgar, ed., Academic Society for Competition Law, 2010
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 24 Jun 2010
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 317 (165,539)

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Antitrust, Competition Law, Consumer Protection Law, consumers, consumer welfare, Chicago school, post-Chicago school

31.

A Law & Economics Perspective on a 'Traditional' Torts Case: Insights for Classroom and Courtroom

Missouri Law Review, Vol. 57, p. 399, 1992
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 26 Nov 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 314 (167,243)

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Cunard Steamship Co., Torts education, Law & Economics education, Torts class, Law & Economics class, legal education, legal reasoning, approaches to legal reasoning

32.

The Proposed Damages Directive: The Real Lessons from the United States

CPI Antitrust Chronicle, Vol. 2, March 2014, pp. 2-12, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-19
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 01 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2014
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 311 (168,956)

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antitrust, private antitrust enforcement, competition law, European Competition law, private antitrust

33.

The Prevalence and Injuriousness of Cartels Worldwide

Elgar Research Handbook on Cartels (Peter Whelan editor; Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd, United Kingdom) (2023 Forthcoming), University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 09 Jan 2023
John M. Connor, John M. Connor and Robert H. Lande
Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI) and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 297 (177,250)

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cartel, collusion, price fixing, cartel deterrence, cartel pricing, cartel penalties, collusion penalties, price fixing levels, cartel injuries, cartel damages

34.

Consumer Choice as the Best Way to Describe the Goals of Competition Law

University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 16 Aug 2012
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 293 (179,862)
Citation 1

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antitrust, competition law, consumers, consumer choice, non-price competition, European Union law, competition, price, economic efficiency, goals of antitrust, post-Chicago

35.

'Consumer Choice' is Where We are All Going - So Let’s Go Together

Concurrences: Revue des Droits de la Concurrence, No. 2, pp. 1-3, 2011
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert H. Lande, Neil W. Averitt and Paul Nihoul
University of Baltimore - School of Law, Federal Trade Commission and Catholic University of Louvain (UCL)
Downloads 245 (215,216)
Citation 3

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antitrust, competition law, convergence, international antitrust, comparative law, choice, consumer choice, comparative antitrust, comparative competition law

36.

The Merger Incipiency Doctrine and the Importance of 'Redundant' Competitors

2018 Wisconsin Law Review 783 (2018), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1440
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 16 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2019
Peter Carstensen and Robert H. Lande
University of Wisconsin Law School and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 243 (216,954)

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mergers, merger enforcement, Clayton Act, Antitrust, incipiency, Philadelphia National Bank

37.

FTC v. Intel: Applying the 'Consumer Choice' Framework to 'Pure' Section 5 Allegations

The CPI Antitrust Journal, Vol. 2, pp. 1-7, February 2010
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 04 Mar 2010
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 241 (218,733)
Citation 2

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Intel, Section 5, FTC Act, incipiency, Sherman Act, Federal Trade Commission, consumer choice, choice

38.

Consumer Choice: The Practical Reason for Both Antitrust and Consumer Protection Law

Loyola Consumer Law Review, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1998
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 30 Mar 2009
Robert H. Lande and Neil W. Averitt
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Federal Trade Commission
Downloads 230 (228,950)

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antitrust, consumer protection, Federal Trade Commission, market failure, competition

39.

Intel's Alleged Schemes Affected U.S. Consumers

FTC: Watch, Vol. 704, p. 7, September 24, 2007, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-10
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 16 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2014
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 229 (229,897)

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antittrust, competition law, EU, European Union, Intel, monopolization, discounts, rebates

40.

As Antitrust Case Ends, Microsoft is Victorious in Defeat

The Baltimore Sun, May 16, 2011
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert H. Lande and Norman W. Hawker
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Western Michigan University - Haworth College of Business
Downloads 228 (230,855)
Citation 1

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antitrust, Microsoft, monopolization, remedy, Google, AT&T, PC operating systems, business practices, U.S. Justice Department, illegal actions, remedies, technology companies

41.

Restoring the Legitimacy of Private Antitrust Enforcement

A Report to the 45th President (American Antitrust Institute, 2017 Forthcoming). , University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2018-02
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 May 2017 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2018
Joshua P. Davis and Robert H. Lande
UC Law, San Francisco and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 227 (231,795)

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Antitrust, private Antitrust enforcement, private Antitrust cases, Antitrust damages, Antitrust remedies, Antitrust private rights of action, compensating victims of Antitrust violations, deterring Antitrust violations

42.

Introduction: Benefits of Private Enforcement: Empirical Background

PRIVATE ENFORCEMENT OF ANTITRUST LAW IN THE UNITED STATES: A HANDBOOK, Albert A. Foer and Randy M. Stutz, eds., Edward Elgar, 2012, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 29 May 2012
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 227 (231,795)
Citation 1

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antitrust, private antitrust enforcement, private antitrust cases, deterrence, criminal antitrust enforcement, compensation, optimal deterrence, cartels

43.

Quick - Somebody Call Amnesty International! Intel Says EU Antitrust Fine Violated Human Rights

Federal Trade Commission:Watch, Vol. 746, No. 9, July 2009
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 12 Aug 2009
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 219 (239,721)
Citation 2

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Antitrust, competition law, fines, Intel, EU, monopolization, human rights

44.

Of Myths and Evidence: An Analysis of 40 U.S. Cases for Countries Considering a Private Right of Action for Competition Law Violations

Global Competition Litigation Review, Vol. 2, No. 126, 2009, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2010-05
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 18 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2010
Robert H. Lande and Joshua P. Davis
University of Baltimore - School of Law and UC Law, San Francisco
Downloads 217 (241,784)

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antitrust, competition, competition law, competition law enforcement, private antitrust enforcement, private rights of action, private competition litigation

45.

Why Antitrust Damage Levels Should Be Raised

Loyola Consumer Law Review, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2004
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 10 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 205 (254,838)

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antitrust, damages, deterrence, compensation, treble damages, private enforcement, antitrust damages

46.

Book Review of "Antitrust: Taking on Monopoly from the Gilded Age to the Digital Age" by Senator Amy Klobuchar

The Antitrust Source, June 2021, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 06 Jul 2021
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 203 (257,125)

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antitrust, antitrust history, antitrust reform, antitrust legislation, monopoly, monopoly power, anti-monopoly, Klobuchar

47.

The Intel and Microsoft Settlements

FTC: WATCH, No. 770, p. 7, September 27, 2010, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-8
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 06 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2011
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 198 (262,963)

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Intel, Microsoft, Antitrust, Monopolization, Chips, Federal Trade Commission, Computer Industry, Litigation, Intel, FTC

48.

Chicago Takes it on the Chin: Imperfect Information Could Play a Crucial Role in the Post Kodak World

Antitrust Law Journal ,Vol. 62, No. 1, p. 193, 1993, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 29 May 2008 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 187 (276,786)
Citation 1

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antitrust, imperfect information, vertical restraints, predatory pricing, frinchiser, franchisee, price discrimination

49.

Revitalizing Section 5 of the FTC Act Using 'Consumer Choice' Analysis

Antitrust Source, Vol. 8, No. 3, February 2009, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-18
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 20 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2011
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 183 (282,081)

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Antitrust, Federal Trade Commission, trade regulation, collusion, tying, exclusive dealing, consumer choice

50.

Does Crime Pay? Cartel Penalties and Profits

Antitrust, Vol. 33, No. 2, Spring 2019, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper # 2019-03
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 03 May 2019 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2019
John M. Connor, John M. Connor and Robert H. Lande
Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI) and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 173 (296,408)
Citation 1

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cartels, collusion, price fixing, optimal deterrence, antitrust, antitrust penalties, antitrust sanctions, antitrust remedies

51.

Class Warfare: Why Antitrust Class Actions are Essential for Compensation and Deterrence

Antitrust Magazine, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2016, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-12
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 12 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2016
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 172 (297,834)

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Antitrust, class actions, antitrust class actrions, class action cases, damages, antitrust damages, compensation, deterrence, collusion, cartels

52.

Should the Internet Exempt the Media Sector from the Antitrust Laws?

Florida Law Review, Vol. 65, pg. 1521, 2013, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-01
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 28 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2014
Thomas Jeffrey Horton and Robert H. Lande
University of South Dakota, School of Law and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 172 (297,834)
Citation 2

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Antitrust, Internet, media, newspapers, journalism, non-price competition, market definition

53.

Efficiency Considerations in Merger Enforcement

California Law Review, Vol. 71, No. 6, pp. 1580-1696, December 1983
Number of pages: 118 Posted: 09 Oct 2010
Robert H. Lande and Alan A. Fisher
University of Baltimore - School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 167 (305,368)
Citation 3

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Antitrust, Mergers, Goals of Antitrust, Efficiency, Williamson, Price Effects, Wealth Transfers, Clayton Act, Efficiency Defense

54.

World War 4.0: The Intel Antitrust Wars

Baltimore Sun, p. 11A, July 31, 2008
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 19 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 165 (308,511)

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antitrust, Intel, competition, computer chips, computer industry

55.

Price Effects of Horizontal Mergers

California Law Review, Vol. 77, p. 777, 1989
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 21 May 2008
Alan A. Fisher, Frederick I Johnson and Robert H. Lande
affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 159 (318,411)
Citation 1

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Antitrust,Price Effects, Mergers,Horizontal Mergers

56.

The Proposed Damages Legislation: Don't Believe the Critics

Journal of European Competition Law & Practice, 2014
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 05 Feb 2014
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 158 (320,097)
Citation 2

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private competition law, private antitrust law, European Commission's proposed Directive on private enforcement, competition law, European competition law

57.

The Sherman Act is a No-Fault Monopolization Statute: A Textualist Demonstration

American University Law Review, Vol. 70, 2020 Forthcoming, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 21 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2021
Robert H. Lande and Richard O. Zerbe
University of Baltimore - School of Law and University of Washington - Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs
Downloads 154 (327,058)

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monopoly, monopolize, monopolization, no-fault, no-fault monopolization, attempted monopolization, textualism, textualist, Sherman Act, Section 2, anticompetitive, dominant firm, high tech, high tech monopoly, high tech platform, digital platform, antitrust, Facebook, Scalia, Google

58.

The U.S. Needs Conglomerate Merger Legislation

Originally published: Take Care Blog, January 1, 2019, republished on CLS Blue Sky Blog
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 04 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2019
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 144 (345,349)

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mergers, antitrust, conglomerate mergers, antitrust reform, large mergers, antitrust and politics, antitrust and political power, antitrust and size

59.

How the FTC Could Beat Google

CPI Antitrust Chronicle, October 2012 (1), pp. 2-3
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 18 Oct 2012
Robert H. Lande and Jonathan L. Rubin
University of Baltimore - School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 140 (353,134)
Citation 4

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Google, Federal Trade Commission, Section 5, unfair methods of competition, antitrust, FTC, search engines, consumer choice framework, consumer protection law

60.

Reverse Engineering of Computer Software and U.S. Antitrust Policy

Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 2, 1996
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 11 Mar 2009
Robert H. Lande and Sturgis Sobin
University of Baltimore - School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 138 (357,083)

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monopolization, refusals to deal, tying, intellectual property, fair use doctrine, copyright misuse doctrine

61.

Should Predatory Pricing Rules Immunize Exclusionary Discounts?

Utah Law Review, Vol. 2006, p. 879, 2006
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Apr 2008 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 136 (361,233)
Citation 1

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consumer protection, price discrimination, predatory pricing, antitrust, discount, discounting, predation, monopolization, rebate

62.

Ban All Big Mergers. Period.

The Atlantic (2021), University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 30 Jun 2021
Robert H. Lande and Sandeep Vaheesan
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Open Markets Institute
Downloads 128 (378,219)

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mergers, corporate mergers, merger policy, antitrust, large mergers, conglomerate mergers

63.

High Tech Monopolies: Cutting The Gordian Knot With No-Fault

University of Pennsylvania Law Review Online, Volume 168:1, Page 253, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 28 Apr 2021
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 127 (380,415)

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monopoly, monopolize, monopolization, no-fault, no-fault monopolization, attempted monopolization, textualism, textualist, Sherman Act, Section 2, anticompetitive, dominant firm, high tech, high tech monopoly, high tech platform, digital platform, antitrust, revitalize antitrust, Scalia, Google

64.

From Surrogates to Stories: The Evolution of Federal Merger Policy

Antitrust Magazine, Vol. 11, No. 5, 1997
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 18 Dec 2008
Robert H. Lande, James Langenfeld and James Langenfeld
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Loyola University Chicago School of LawNavigant Consulting, Inc.
Downloads 123 (389,835)
Citation 1

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mergers, merger policy, antitrust, rule of reason, safe harbors

65.

Resurrecting Incipiency: From Von's Grocery to Consumer Choice

Antitrust Law Journal ,Vol. 68, p. 875, 2001
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 21 May 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 121 (394,635)
Citation 1

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Merger, Merger Incipency Doctrine, Antitrust

66.

DOJ Has the Power to Crush Price-Fixers: Column

USA Today Weekend, May 29-31, 2015, Page 11A. , University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 12 Jun 2015
American Antitrust Institute (AAI), U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, University of Baltimore - School of Law and Independent
Downloads 119 (399,375)
Citation 1

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price fixing, cartels, antitrust, collusion, antitrust penalties, antitrust sanctions, antitrust damages, antitrust fines, corporate fines, price fixing penalties

67.

Creating Competition Policy for Transition Economies

Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Vol. 23, No. 2, 1997
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 12 Aug 2009
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 115 (409,542)

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antitrust, competition, transition economies, economic development, competition law

68.

Collusion Over Rules

Antitrust Magazine, Vol. 16, No. 3, 2002
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 07 Sep 2008
Robert H. Lande and Howard Paul Marvel
University of Baltimore - School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 112 (417,454)

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antitrust, collusion, cartels, competition

69.

Beware Buyer Power

Legal Times, Vol. 27, No. 28, July 12, 2004
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 110 (422,970)

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antitrust, buyer power, monopsony, monopoly, consumer harm

70.

Should Section 5 Guidelines Focus on Economic Efficiency or Consumer Choice?

Competition Policy International, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 1-11, May 2014, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-08
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 18 May 2014 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2015
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 107 (431,487)

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FTC Act, antitrust guidelines, FTC guidelines, Section 5, Section 5 guidelines, Federal Trade Commission, FTC, consumer choice, economic efficiency

71.

Legalizing Merger to Monopoly and Higher Prices: The Canadian Competition Tribunal Gets It Wrong

Antitrust Magazine, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2000
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 26 Mar 2009
Robert H. Lande, Alan A. Fisher and Stephen F. Ross
University of Baltimore - School of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN and The Pennsylvania State University (University Park) – Penn State Law
Downloads 105 (437,381)

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mergers, consumer welfare, total welfare, Canadian antitrust, price standard, cost savings, efficiency, efficiency standard

72.

Robert Bork's Controversial Legacy

FTC Watch, Issue 820, December 2012
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 08 Jan 2013
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 95 (468,126)

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Antitrust, Bork, goals of antitrust, consumer welfare, efficiency, economic efficiency

73.

Is Europe Unfairly Attacking Another U.S. High Technology Company?

FTC:WATCH, No. 726, p. 9, September 15, 2008
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 19 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2008
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 95 (468,126)

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antitrust, monopolization, Intel, protectionism, high tech, computers, European antitrust

74.

Comments to the U.S. Sentencing Commission Concerning Antitrust Fines

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 May 2015
Robert H. Lande and Albert Foer
University of Baltimore - School of Law and American Antitrust Institute (AAI)
Downloads 91 (481,221)

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US Sentencing Commission, antitrust fines, cartel fines, cartel overcharges, price fixing overcharges, price fixing fines, US Sentencing Commission antitrust, antitrust presumptions, overcharge presumptions, antitrust guidelines

75.

All of the Economic Aid the U.S., EU, and Japan Give to the Developing World is Stolen Back by Our Illegal Price-Fixing Cartels

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 12 Aug 2010
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 90 (484,508)

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foreign aid, foreign assistance, economic development, cartel, cartel overcharge, overcharge, theft, price fixing, economic aid, development assistance, international antitrust, antitrust penalties, economic assistance

76.

Who Should Conservatives Blame for Alex Jones’ Ban from Social Media? Themselves

Slate Online
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 29 Aug 2018
Robert H. Lande and Chris Sagers
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University
Downloads 86 (498,390)

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mergers, AT&T-Time Warner, antitrust and social media, monopoly, monopoly power, Facebook and Antitrust, Alex Jones and Antitrust

77.

Recent Journalism Awards Won by 'Old,' 'New,' and 'Hybrid' Media

University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-12
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 08 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2014
University of Baltimore - School of Law, University of South Dakota, School of Law and Independent
Downloads 84 (505,594)

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Antitrust, Market Definition, Media Awards, Journalism Awards, high-quality journalism, newspaper awards, internet, new media, hybrid media, old media, Pulitzer Prizes, Internet media

78.

Can COVID-19 Get Congress to Finally Strengthen U.S. Antitrust Law?

Washington Monthly, May 21, 2020, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 01 Jun 2020
Robert H. Lande and Sandeep Vaheesan
University of Baltimore - School of Law and Open Markets Institute
Downloads 82 (512,951)

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mergers, corporate mergers, merger policy, merger efficiencies, antitrust, antitrust policy, merger remedies, enforcement transparency, merger legislation

79.

When Should States Challenge Mergers: A Proposed Federal/State Balance

New York Law School Law Review, Vol. 35, No. 4, 1990
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 30 Mar 2009
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 80 (520,470)
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merger, antitrust harmonization, state antitrust, state merger enforcement, European Union merger enforcement, federal/state cooperation

80.

Comment on ‘The Empirical Basis for Antitrust: Cartels, Mergers, and Remedies’

International Journal of the Economics of Business, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2017
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2017
John M. Connor, John M. Connor and Robert H. Lande
Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI) and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 79 (524,318)

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Cartels, Antitrust, Cartel Overcharges, Collusion, Cartel, Overcharges, Price Effects, Competition Law, Price Fixing

81.

'Submission of Robert H. Lande to House Judiciary Antitrust Subcommittee Investigation of Digital Platforms.'

University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 20 May 2020
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 77 (532,254)
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antitrust, competition law, mergers, monopolization, monopoly, textualism, collusion, price fixing, antitrust reform, abusive conduct, remedies, fines, indirect purchasers, whistleblower legislation, optimal sanctions, prejudgment interest, antitrust proposals

82.

Price-Fixing: Hefty Penalties on Big-Biz Cartels Will Provide Level Playing Field to Small Businesses

Economic Times, (Comments & Analysis), August 2012, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 05 Jun 2013
John M. Connor, John M. Connor and Robert H. Lande
Purdue UniversityAmerican Antitrust Institute (AAI) and University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 74 (544,491)

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Antitrust, price fixing, India, cartels, India Antitrust law, fines, antitrust fines

83.

Textualism as an Ally of Antitrust Enforcement: Examples from Merger and Monopolization Law

Utah Law Review, Vol. 2023, No. 4, 2023, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 22 Jun 2023
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 72 (552,775)

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textualism, textualism and antitrust, merger law, monopolization law, Section 7, Clayton Act, Section 2, Sherman Act, efficiency defense, no-fault monopolization

84.

Anticonsumer Effects of Union Mergers: An Antitrust Solution

Duke Law Journal, Vol. 46, p. 197, 1996, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 May 2008 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2016
Robert H. Lande and Richard O. Zerbe
University of Baltimore - School of Law and University of Washington - Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs
Downloads 71 (557,027)

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Antitrust, Unions, Mergers, Consumers, Consumer Protection

85.

The No-Fault Approach to Monopolization: Terrific, Terrible, or Textualism?

Antitrust Magazine Online, August 2021, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 14 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2021
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 67 (574,548)

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monopoly, monopolize, no-fault monopoly, Section 2, textualism, textualist analysis, attempt to monopolize, Section 5, anticompetitive conduct

86.

Megacorporations are Jacking up Prices 'Because They Can,' Pushing Red-hot Inflation to Historic Levels

Business Insider (2022), University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Apr 2022
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 64 (588,219)

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antitrust, inflation and antitrust, monopolies, cartels, collusion, supply chain bottlenecks, tacit collusion

87.

Re: Commission's Request for Comments on the Use of Disgorgement in Antitrust Matters

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 13 Aug 2009
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 62 (597,658)

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Antitrust, FTC, Federal Trade Commission, disgorgement, antitrust remedy, American Antirust Institute, optimal deterrence

88.

No Wonder They Dislike Us: US Admonishes Europe for Protecting Itself from Microsoft's Predation

American Antitrust Institute, March 26, 2004
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 11 Mar 2009
Robert H. Lande and Albert Foer
University of Baltimore - School of Law and American Antitrust Institute (AAI)
Downloads 54 (638,807)

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antitrust, competition, high tech, predation, Microsoft, software

89.

What Do Exit Polls and Flu Vaccine Shortages Have in Common?

FTC: Watch, No. 647, February 2005
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 12 Mar 2009
Robert H. Lande, Albert Foer and Frederic M. Scherer
University of Baltimore - School of Law, American Antitrust Institute (AAI) and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 47 (678,790)

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exit polls, flu vaccine, monopoly, competition, too big to fail

90.

Afterword: Could a Merger Lead to Both a Monopoly and a Lower Price?

California Law Review, Vol. 71, No. 6, pp. 1697-1706, December 1983
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 03 Nov 2010
Robert H. Lande and Alan A. Fisher
University of Baltimore - School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 43 (703,719)

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Antitrust, mergers, merger efficiencies, efficiency, Williamson, Price Effects, Wealth Transfers, Clayton Act, Efficiency Defense

91.

Merger Guidelines Suggestions sent to the FTC and the Antitrust Division

University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 12 Apr 2022
Robert H. Lande and Peter Carstensen
University of Baltimore - School of Law and University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 38 (737,848)

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mergers, Merger Guidelines, incipiency, incipiency doctrine, Philadelphia National Bank, Philadelphia National Bank presumption, merger enforcement

92.

Comments of American Economic Liberties Project on 2023 Draft Merger Guidelines

American Economic Liberties Project, https://www.economicliberties.us/wp-content/uploads/2023/09/2023-09-18-AELP-Merger-Comment.pdf, University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 11 Oct 2023 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2023
Robert H. Lande and Erik Peinert
University of Baltimore - School of Law and American Economic Liberties Project
Downloads 36 (751,994)

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merger guidelines, draft merger guidelines, incipiency, Philadelphia National Bank, merger presumptions, merger efficiencies, vertical mergers, common stock ownership, serial acquisitions, Economic Liberties Project

93.

Be Not Afraid: Textualism Is Not the Enemy of Antitrust Enforcement

TheSling.org (https://www.thesling.org/be-not-afraid-textualism-is-not-the-enemy-of-antitrust-enforcement/), University of Baltimore School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 09 Jan 2023
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 26 (830,920)

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Antitrust textualism, , textualism, Clayton Act, Clayton Act textualism, mergers, merger enforcement, may lessen competition

94.

Who Cares Whether a Monopoly is Efficient? The Sherman Act is Supposed to Ban Them All

The Sling, November 2023
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 30 Nov 2023
Robert H. Lande
University of Baltimore - School of Law
Downloads 5 (1,024,004)

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monopoly, monopolize, no-fault monopoly, Section 2, textualism, textualist analysis, attempt to monopolize, anticompetitive conduct