Roberta S. Karmel

Brooklyn Law School

Professor and Co-Director

250 Joralemon Street

Brooklyn, NY 11201

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

28

DOWNLOADS
Rank 2,917

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,917

in Total Papers Downloads

9,879

CITATIONS
Rank 10,698

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 10,698

in Total Papers Citations

39

Scholarly Papers (28)

1.

Turning Seats Into Shares: Implications of Demutualization for the Regulation of Stock Exchanges

Number of pages: 67 Posted: 18 Jan 2001
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 1,179 (11,767)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Realizing the Dream of William O. Douglas - The Securities and Exchange Commission Takes Charge of Corporate Governance

Brooklyn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 7
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 02 Apr 2004
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 377 (60,045)
Citation 11

Abstract:

corporations, governance, regulation, securities, SEC, investors

Realizing the Dream of William O. Douglas - The Securities and Exchange Commission Takes Charge of Corporate Governance

Delaware Journal of Corporate Law, Vol. 30, No. 1, p. 79-144, 2005
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 18 Jul 2005
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 368 (61,783)
Citation 11

Abstract:

Sarbanes-Oxley, federal securities law, state corporation law, governance, SEC, activism, Delaware, Journal, Corporate, Law

3.

Reform of Public Company Disclosure in Europe

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 26, No. 3, Fall 2005, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 35
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 08 Sep 2005
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 554 (35,870)
Citation 3

Abstract:

securities, European Union, disclosure, financial reporting

4.

Is the Independent Director Model Broken?

Seattle University Law Review, 2013 Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 348
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Jul 2013
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 517 (30,510)

Abstract:

corporate governance, independent directors, investment company governance, Sarbanes Oxley Reforms, Dodd Frank Reforms, board primacy, shareholder primacy, stakeholder theory, bank boards, government shareholders, European corporate governance, Chinese corporate governance

5.

The Controversy Over Systemic Risk Regulation

Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 179
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jan 2010
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 499 (40,157)
Citation 1

Abstract:

systemic risk, Federal Reserve Board, Council of Regulators, GAO, Financial Regulatory Reform, European Financial Supervisors

6.

Is the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority a Government Agency?

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 86
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 03 Oct 2007
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 496 (37,834)
Citation 1

Abstract:

NASD, NYSE, FINRA, self-regulating institution, administrative law

7.

The Once and Future New York Stock Exchange: The Regulation of Global Exchanges

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law, 2007, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 70
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 22 Jan 2007
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 492 (41,659)
Citation 4

Abstract:

exchanges, stock exchange, self-regulatory organizations, securities

8.

The Future of the Securities and Exchange Commission as a Market Regulator

Cincinnati Law Review, 2010, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 152
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 20 May 2009
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 491 (41,253)
Citation 1

Abstract:

financial regulatory reform, securities market regulation, Securities and Exchange Commission, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, SEC, CFTC, Treasury Blueprint, derivatives, credit default swaps, short selling, short sale regulation, margin, systemic risk, capital adequacy, hedge funds, money

9.

Should a Duty to the Corporation be Imposed on Institutional Shareholders?

Brooklyn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 11
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 May 2004
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 424 (48,525)
Citation 2

Abstract:

corporations, governance, directors, shareholders, institutional investors

10.

The Hardening of Soft Law in Securities Regulation

Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Vol. 34, 2009, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 141
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 01 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 08 May 2009
Claire Kelly and Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School and Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 409 (47,877)
Citation 2

Abstract:

securities law, corporate, soft law, financial regulation, international

11.

Voting Power Without Responsibility or Risk - How Should Proxy Reform Address the Decoupling of Economic and Voting Rights?

Villanova Law Review, Vol. 55, 2010, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 146
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 30 Apr 2009
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 385 (55,143)
Citation 2

Abstract:

empty voting, majority voting, proxy access, proxy rules, shareholder voting, vote buying, voting trusts, weighted voting

12.

The EU Challenge to the SEC

Fordham International Law Journal, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 101
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 Mar 2008
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 377 (59,107)
Citation 1

Abstract:

European Union, SEC, Securities and Exchange Commission, financial regulation, GAAP, IFRS

13.

The Securities and Exchange Commission Goes Abroad to Regulate Corporate Governance

Stetson Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Apr 2004
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 348 (63,995)
Citation 2

Abstract:

corporations, governance, regulation, securities, foreign issuers

14.

Reconciling Federal and State Interests in Securities Regulation in the United States and Europe

Brooklyn Journal of International Law Symposium Issue, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 11 Dec 2002
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 340 (65,453)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Securities, Administrative Law, Constitutional Law

15.

IOSCO's Response to the Financial Crisis

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 268
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 18 Mar 2012
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 329 (59,850)

Abstract:

IOSCO, systemic risk, short selling, credit rating agencies, high frequency trading, flash crash, dark pools

16.

Should Securities Industry Self-Regulatory Organizations be Considered Government Agencies?

Stanford Journal of Law, Business, and Finance, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 86
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 08 May 2008
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 316 (65,691)
Citation 3

Abstract:

NASD, NYSE, FINRA, self-regulating institution, administrative law

17.

Regulation by Exemption: The Changing Definition of an Accredited Investor

Rutgers Law Journal, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 102
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Apr 2008
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 281 (78,734)
Citation 1

Abstract:

exemptions, initial public offerings, IPO, mutual funds, SEC

18.

An Orderly Liquidation Authority is Not the Solution to Too-Big-To-Fail

Brooklyn Journal of Corporate, Financial & Commercial Law, Vol. 6, 2011, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 259
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 10 Feb 2012
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 211 (103,406)

Abstract:

Too-Big-To-Fail, Banks, Bank mergers, holding companies, Federal Reserve Board, Bank of America, Citigroup, JP Morgan Chase, Glass Steagall Act

19.

When Should Investor Reliance Be Presumed in Securities Class Actions?

Business Lawyer, November 2007, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 80
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 23 Jul 2007
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 210 (112,592)

Abstract:

securities, class action, investor, reliance, causation

20.

Is the Public Utility Holding Company Act a Model for Breaking Up the Banks that are Too-Big-to-Fail?

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 202
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 22 Sep 2010
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 174 (123,634)

Abstract:

Too Big to Fail, Dodd-Frank, Public Utility Holding Company Act, Systemic Risk, Bank Regulation, Securities Regulation, Moral Hazard, Antitrust

21.

Will Law Firms Go Public?

Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 321
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 08 Mar 2013
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 120 (167,694)

Abstract:

Professional Responsibility, Legal Ethics, Law Firms, Lawyer Regulation in the U.K., Australia and Canada, ABA Ethics 2000, Broker-Dealer Partnerships

22.

The Law on Insider Trading Lacks Needed Definition

Southern Methodist University Law Review, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 413
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 20 May 2015
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 78 (149,589)

Abstract:

insider trading, criminal prosecutions

23.

Disclosure Reform — The SEC is Riding Off in Two Directions at Once

Brooklyn Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 419
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 27 Aug 2015
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 45 (161,161)

Abstract:

SEC Disclosure policy; Sustainability Accounting Standards Board; environmental and climate change disclosure; conflict minerals; mine safety violations; resource extraction payments; disclosure of political contributions; cybersecurity disclosure; emerging growth company disclosure

24.

Independent Agencies in the United State - Law, Structure, and Politics

Catholic University Law Review, Forthcoming, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper No. 464
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 25 Aug 2016
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 0 (312,876)

Abstract:

Administrative Law, Independent Agencies, Securities Regulation, Securities and Exchange Commission

25.

Creating Law at the Securities and Exchange Commission: The Lawyer as Prosecutor

Law & Contemporary Problems, Vol. 61, P. 33, 1998
Posted: 13 Sep 1999
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School

Abstract:

26.

The Case for A European Securities Commission

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Fall 1999
Posted: 13 Sep 1999
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School

Abstract:

27.

The Challenge to Financial Regulators Posed by Social Security Privatization

Brooklyn Law Review, Vol. 64, P. 1043, 1998
Posted: 01 Sep 1999
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School

Abstract:

28.

Outsider Trading on Confidential Information - A Breach in Search of a Duty

Brooklyn Law School Center for The Study of International Business Law Working Paper, January 1997
Posted: 21 Feb 1997
Roberta S. Karmel
Brooklyn Law School

Abstract: