Ira P. Robbins

American University - Washington College of Law

Barnard T. Welsh Scholar and Professor of Law and Justice

4300 Nebraska Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20016

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

47

DOWNLOADS

9,909

CITATIONS

13

Scholarly Papers (47)

1.

Digitus Impudicus: The Middle Finger and the Law

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 41, 2008, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 08-05
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 26 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2008
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 1,781 (8,512)

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middle finger, fuck, fuck finger, flipping the bird, digitus impudicus, constitutional law, first amendment, pornography, obscenity, disorderly conduct, overcriminalization, obscene gestures, the bird, one-finger salute, police training, offensive conduct, free expression, phallic symbol

2.

Last Words: A Survey and Analysis of Federal Judges' Views on Allocution in Sentencing

Alabama Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 3, 2014, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2014-9
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 13 Mar 2014
Mark W. Bennett and Ira P. Robbins
U.S. District Court (Northern District of Iowa) and American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 1,437 (12,015)

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allocution, sentencing, federal courts, criminal procedure, crime, remorse, litigation, empirical study, defendants, Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, attorney preparation, sentencing guidelines, white collar crime, child pornography, drug trafficking, immigration

3.

Hiding Behind the Cloak of Invisibility: The Supreme Court and Per Curiam Opinions

Tulane Law Review, Vol. 86, 2012, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2012-24
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 29 May 2012
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 574 (45,306)

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per curiam opinions, Supreme Court, judicial accountability, judicial lawmaking, development of the law, fidelity to the law, courts of last resort, appellate courts

4.

The Importance of the Secret Ballot in Law Faculty Personnel Decisions: Promoting Candor and Collegiality in the Academy

Number of pages: 72 Posted: 17 Jun 2006
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 498 (54,231)
Citation 1

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voting rights, employment, academic freedom, political correctness, secret ballot, Australian ballot, law school administration, legal education, faculty governance

5.

'And/Or' and the Proper Use of Legal Language

Maryland Law Review, Forthcoming, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2017-10
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2018
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 475 (57,651)

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and/or, legal language, jury instructions, jury verdict, pleadings, contracts, statutes, patents, search warrants, certainty, flexibility, ambiguity, efficiency, grammar

6.

Semiotics, Analogical Legal Reasoning, and the Cf. Citation: Getting Our Signals Uncrossed

Duke Law Journal, Vol. 48, p. 1043, 1999
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 31 Jan 2007
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 421 (66,750)

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Semiotics, Signal, Legal Reasoning, Bluebook, Common Law, Introductory Signals, Legal Citation

7.

Lessons from Hurricane Katrina: Prison Emergency Preparedness as a Constitutional Imperative

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2008, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2008-68
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 17 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2008
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 413 (68,298)

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Hurricane Katrina, prison emergency, natural disaster, man-made disaster, Sixth Amendment, effective assistance of counsel, Eighth Amendment, cruel and unusual punishment, deliberate indifference, emergency preparedness, emergency plan, Orleans Parish Prison, international human rights

8.

Guilty Without Charge: Assessing the Due Process Rights of Unindicted Co-Conspirators

Federal Courts Law Review No. 1, 2004
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 Jan 2007
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 356 (81,306)

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Grand Jury, Co-Conspirator, Unindicted Co-Conspirator, 5th Amendment, Due Process, Miscarriage of Justice, Fundamental Fairness

9.

Magistrate Judges, Article Iii, and the Power to Preside Over Federal Prisoner Section 2255 Proceedings

Federal Courts Law Review No. 2, 2002
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 31 Jan 2007
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 355 (81,590)

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Magistrate Judges, Article III, Federal Prisoners, Section 2255, 18 USC 2255, United States v. Johnson

10.

Justice by the Numbers: The Supreme Court and the Rule of Four - or is it Five?

Suffolk University Law Review, Vol. 36, No. 1, 2002
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Jan 2007
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 354 (81,847)
Citation 1

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Supreme Court, Supreme Court Internal Rules, Internal Rules, Procedural Rules, Robert Lee Tarver, In Re Tarver, Habeas Corpus, Death Penalty, Certioriari, Stay of Execution

11.

Exploring the Concept of Post-Tenure Review in Law Schools

Stanford Law and Policy Review, Vol. 9, No. 2, p. 387, 1998
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 31 Jan 2007
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 345 (84,363)

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Legal Education, Law Professor, Scholarship, Teaching, Faculty, Tenure, Professional Development

12.

Ghostwriting: Filling in the Gaps of Pro Se Prisoners' Access to the Courts

Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 271-321, 2010, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2010-17
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 04 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 23 Aug 2010
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 336 (86,920)

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Ghostwriting, Prisoners, Pleading, Pro Se Litigation, Access to the Courts, Legal Ethics, Unbundled Legal Services, Unauthorized Practice of Law, Attorney of Record, Limited-Scope Representation

13.

Concurring in Result Without Written Opinion: A Condemnable Practice

Judicature, Vol. 84, No. 3, p. 118, 2000
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 31 Jan 2007
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 324 (90,556)

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Judges, Opinion, Concurring, Due Process, Fundamental Fairness

14.

Best Practices on ‘Best Practices’: Legal Education and Beyond

Clinical Law Review, Vol. 16, p. 269, 2009, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 09-38, NYLS Clinical Research Institute Paper No. 09/10 #9
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2009
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 291 (101,721)
Citation 1

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best practices, benchmarking, minimum standards, baselines, legal education, legal education reform, industry, competitive advantage, administrative regulation, corporate governance, Carnegie Report, MacCrate Report, goals of legal education, case method, clinical legal education, law reform

15.

What Is the Meaning of 'Like'?: The First Amendment Implications of Social-Media Expression

2013 Federal Courts Law Review 127, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2013-14
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 Jun 2013
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 227 (131,504)

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Facebook, social networking, First Amendment, Like, Liking, freedeom of speech, pure speech, symbolic speech, strict scrutiny, political speech, employee speech, Internet communication, matters of public concern

16.

Writings on the Wall: The Need for an Authorship-Centric Approach to the Authentication of Social-Networking Evidence

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2011, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2011-31
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 27 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2012
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 164 (177,236)

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Authentication, Evidence, Social-Networking, Authorship-Centric, Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, Hacking

17.

‘Best Practices’: What's the Point?

Clinical Law Review, Vol. 16, p. 321, 2009, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 09-39, NYLS Clinical Research Institute Paper No. 09/10 #10
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2009
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 161 (180,024)

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best practices, benchmarking, minimum standards, baselines, legal education, legal education reform, industry, competitive advantage, administrative regulation, corporate governance, Carnegie Report, MacCrate Report, goals of legal education, case method, clinical legal education, law reform

18.

Privatization of Corrections: Defining the Issues

40 Vanderbilt Law Review 813, (1987)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 152 (189,004)
Citation 1

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prison privatization

19.

Regulating Gun Rentals

64 UCLA Law Review 414 (2017), American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2017-01
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 30 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2017
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 143 (198,697)

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Second Amendment, Gun Rental, Gun Ownership, Gun Possession, NICS Background Check, Constitutional Analysis, Rational Basis, Intermediate Scrutiny, Strict Scrutiny, Right to Keep and Bear Arms

20.

Vilifying the Vigilante: A Narrowed Scope of Citizen's Arrest

Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2016, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2016-24
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 19 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 01 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 142 (199,794)

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citizen's arrest, false imprisonment, breach of peace, misdemeanor, felony, special conservators of the police, private police, shopkeeper's privilege, Guardian Angels, neighborhood watch groups, defense of property, defense of others, self-defense, vigilantism

21.

'Bad Juror' Lists and the Prosecutor's Duty to Disclose

Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2012-43
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 09 Nov 2012
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 131 (213,158)

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jury, jury selection, jury dossiers, bad juror lists, FOIA, open-records acts, freedom of information, work-product doctrine, discovery, fundamental-fairness doctrine, prosecutors, disclosure, exemptions to disclosure, Batson analysis, criminal law, death penalty

22.

The Price Is Wrong: Reimbursement of Expenses for Acquitted Criminal Defendants

Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 2014, No. 5, 2015, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2015-2
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 25 Apr 2015
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 99 (261,043)

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reimbursement of expenses, acquittal, dismissal, nolle prosse, mistrial, malicious prosecution, court costs and fees, presumption of innocence, model statute

23.

Kidnapping Incorporated: The Unregulated Youth-Transportation Industry and the Potential for Abuse

American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2014, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2014-32
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2014
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 98 (262,780)

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best interests of the child, juvenile law, kidnapping, private prisons, child abuse, behavior modification, false imprisonment, youth transport, due process, power of attorney, parens patriae, in loco parentis, parental-immunity doctrine, Child Abuse Prevention & Treatment Act

24.

Guns N’ Ganja: How Federalism Criminalizes the Lawful Use of Marijuana

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 5, 2018, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2018-09
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Jul 2018
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 85 (287,629)

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18 U.S.C. 922(G)(3), Schedule I Drug, Controlled Substances Act, Federalism, Second Amendment, Marijuana, Gun Ownership, Constitutional Law

25.

The Ostrich Instruction: Deliberate Ignorance as a Criminal Mens Rea

81 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 191 (1990).
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 27 May 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 74 (312,194)
Citation 2

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criminal law, willful blindness, Model Penal Code

26.

A Deadly Pair: Conflicts of Interest Between Death Investigators and Prosecutors

79 Ohio State Law Journal 901 (2018), American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2019-06
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 14 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2019
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 66 (332,312)

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prosecutor, coroner, medical examiner, death investigation, conflict of interest, ethics

27.

Privatization of Corrections: A Violation of U.S. Domestic Law, International Human Rights, and Good Sense

Privatisation and Human Rights in the Age of Globalisation, pp. 57-89, 2005 , Human Rights Brief, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 12-16, 2006
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 09 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 59 (351,559)
Citation 1

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Prisons, Privatization

28.

Double Inchoate Crimes

26 Harvard Journal on Legislation 1 (1989).
Number of pages: 116 Posted: 03 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 57 (357,590)
Citation 1

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criminal law, inchoate crimes

29.

Book Review: Doing Justice: The Choice of Punishments

77 Columbia Law Review 153 (1977).
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 41 (411,027)

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crime, justice, deterrence, retribution, punishment

30.

The Impact of the Delegation Doctrine on Prison Privatization

35 UCLA Law Review 911 (1988).
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 10 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 01 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 36 (430,704)
Citation 3

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prisons, privatization, delegation doctrine

31.

The Revitalization of the Common-Law Writ of Audita Querela as a Post-Conviction Remedy in Criminal Cases: The Immigration Context and Beyond

6 Georgetown Immigration Law Review 643 (1992).
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 26 May 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 27 (471,261)

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post-conviction relief, immigration law

32.

Punitive Conditions of Prison Confinement: An Analysis of Pugh V. Locke and Federal Court Supervision of State Penal Administration Under the Eighth Amendment

29 Stanford Law Review 893 (1977).
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 10 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 26 (476,449)

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prisons, Eighth Amendment

33.

Pro Se Litigation: Litigating Without Counsel: Faretta or for Worse

42 Brooklyn Law Review 629 (1976).
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 08 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins and Susan N. Herman
American University - Washington College of Law and Brooklyn Law School
Downloads 23 (492,726)

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criminal law, constiturional law, pro se defendants

34.

Solipsism and Criminal Liability

25 American Journal of Jurisprudence 75 (1980).
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 22 (498,342)

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criminal law, solipsism

35.

Attempting the Impossible: The Emerging Consensus

23 Harvard Journal on Legislation 377 (1986).
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 03 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 18 (521,013)
Citation 1

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criminal law, attempted crimes, intent

36.

Beyond Freedom and Dignity: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and the American Gulag

78 Michigan Law Review 763 (1980).
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 02 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 17 (526,685)

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37.

Review of J. Gorecki, A Theory of Criminal Justice (Book Review)

94 Harvard Law Review 918 (1981)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 13 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 15 (538,093)

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criminal law, legal theory, book review

38.

Jurisprudence 'Under-Mind'?: The Case of the Atheistic Solipsist

28 Buffalo Law Review 143, (1979)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 14 (543,865)

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criminal law, legal theory, Lon Fuller

39.

Legal Aspects of Prison Riots

16 Harvard Civil Rights- Civil Liberties Law Review 735 (1982).
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 03 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 14 (543,865)
Citation 1

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prisons, riots

40.

A Constitutional Analysis of the Prohibition Against Collateral Attack in the Mexican-American Prisoner Exchange Treaty

26 UCLA Law Review 1 (1978).
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 10 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 12 (555,677)

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constitutional law, prisoner exchange treaty

41.

Brothers of Gulag: The Gulag Archipelago 1918-1956: An Experiment in Literary Investigation (Book Review)

62 Virginia Law Review 462 (1976)
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 11 (561,538)

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prisons, book review

42.

Interjurisdictional Certification and Choice of Law

41 Vanderbilt Law Review 411, (1988)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 06 Jun 2016
John (Bernie) Corr and Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law and American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 8 (579,390)

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conflict of laws, certification, choice of law

43.

Teaching Perspectives on Prisoners' Rights (Book Review)

50 New York University Law Review 724 (1975).
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 02 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 7 (585,381)

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prisoners' rights, corrections law, book review

44.

The Cry of Wolfish in the Federal Courts: The Future of Federal Judicial Intervention in Prison Administration

71 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 211 (1980).
Posted: 08 Jun 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law

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constitutional law, prisons

45.

Anthrax Hoaxes

American University Law Review, Vol. 54, pp. 1-74, October 2004
Posted: 10 May 2005 Last Revised: 01 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law

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Anthrax, hoax, hoaxes, mens rea, actus reus, terrorism, false reports, false reporting, weapons of mass destruction

46.

Managed Health Care in Prisons as Cruel and Unusual Punishment

Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, Vol. 90, No. 1, 1999
Posted: 21 Jan 2000 Last Revised: 01 Jul 2016
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law

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47.

George Bush's America Meets Dante's Inferno: The Americans with Disabilities Act in Prison

Yale Law and Policy Review, Vol. 13, No. 2 (1997).
Posted: 10 Feb 1997
Ira P. Robbins
American University - Washington College of Law

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