John Gardner

University of Oxford

Professor of Law and Philosophy

All Souls College

High Street

Oxford, OX1 4AL

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

34

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23,269

CITATIONS
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18

Scholarly Papers (34)

1.

What is Tort Law for? Part 1: The Place of Corrective Justice

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1/2010
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 19 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2010
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 2,834 (3,690)
Citation 1

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Tort, breach of contract, wrongdoing, justice, efficiency, reparation, correction, reasons, obligations

2.

Can There Be a Written Constitution?

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17/2009
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 10 May 2009 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2010
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 2,616 (4,235)

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constitution, comparative, rule of recognition, H.L.A. Hart, amendment, delegation, interpretation

3.

Hart on Legality, Justice, and Morality

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 44/2010
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 16 May 2010
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 1,544 (10,261)

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4.

How Law Claims, What Law Claims

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 44/2008
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 12 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2009
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 1,442 (11,438)
Citation 5

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law, morality, legal positivism, Alexy, Raz, Dworkin, Holmes

5.

The Virtue of Justice and the Character of Law

Current Legal Problems, Vol. 53, No. 1, 2000
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 30 Apr 2009
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 1,203 (15,243)
Citation 2

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jurisprudence

6.

What is Tort Law for? Part 2. The Place of Distributive Justice

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 62/2013
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 25 May 2013
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 1,052 (18,652)

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justice, torts, corrective, distributive, initial entitlements, risk, rights, powers, parties, Ernest Weinrib, Guido Calabresi, A Douglas Melamed, Stephen Perry, Tony Honoré

7.

Law as a Leap of Faith

FAITH IN LAW, P. Oliver, S. Douglas-Scott & V. Tadros, eds., Hart Publishing, 2000
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 30 Apr 2009
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 1,045 (18,824)
Citation 4

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jurisprudence

8.

Justification under Authority

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 5/2009
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 20 Feb 2009
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 1,039 (18,983)
Citation 1

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criminal law, defences, nature of law, legal positivism, consent, self-defence, arrest, rule of law

9.

The Idea of Justice

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 26/2012
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Jun 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 981 (20,740)

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Amartya Sen, John Rawls, justice, value-pluralism, idealism, perfectionism

10.

The Mysterious Case of the Reasonable Person

University of Toronto Law Journal, Vol. 51, p. 273, 2001
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 30 Apr 2009
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 948 (21,840)

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jurisprudence, reasonable person

11.

Obligations and Outcomes in the Law of Torts

RELATING TO RESPONSIBILITY: ESSAYS FOR TONY HONORE, P. Cane & J. Gardner, eds., Hart Publishing, 2001
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 30 Apr 2009
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 933 (22,342)
Citation 1

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jurisprudence, responsibility, luck

12.

Law and Morality

The final version of this paper appeared under the title 'Ethics and Law' in John Skorupski (ed), The Routledge Companion to Ethics (London: Routledge 2010)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 26 Oct 2013
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 916 (22,939)
Citation 2

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law, morality, authority, obligatin, co-ordination, judges, officials, reasoning

13.

Finnis on Justice

John Keown and Robert George (eds), Reason, Morality, and the Law: The Jurisprudence of John Finnis (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2012), Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 29/2012
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 12 Jun 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 804 (27,676)

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John Finnis, Aquinas, Aristotle, justice, distributive, corrective, commutative, rights, duties, allocations, virtues

14.

Torts and Other Wrongs

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 46/2011
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 09 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 16 May 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 686 (34,370)
Citation 1

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Torts, John Goldberg, Benjamin Zipursky, civil recourse, corrective justice, damages, remedies

15.

The Logic of Excuses and the Rationality of Emotions

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 35/2008
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 02 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 08 Sep 2008
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 478 (54,911)
Citation 1

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Emotions, excuses, criminal law, rationality

16.

Some Rule-of-Law Anxieties About Strict Liability in Private Law

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 63/2013
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 May 2013 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2013
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 467 (56,585)

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rule of law, legality, strict liability, duties, wrongs, torts

17.

Backwards and Forwards with Tort Law

LAW AND SOCIAL JUSTICE, J. Keim-Campbell, M. O'Rourke & D. Shier, eds., MIT Press, 2005
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 30 Apr 2009
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 451 (59,046)

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jurisprudence, tort law

18.

Punishment and Compensation: A Comment

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14/2011
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 May 2011 Last Revised: 12 Jun 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 418 (64,740)

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punishment, compensation, reparation, George Fletcher

19.

The Opposite of Rape

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 6/2016
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 05 Feb 2016
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 394 (69,465)

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rape, sex, teamwork, intention, consent, agreement, activity, passivity, feminism

20.

Tort Law and Its Theory

Forthcoming in J Tasioulas (ed), The Cambridge Companion to Philosophy of Law (expected publication 2018), Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2/2018
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 31 Jan 2018
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 383 (71,836)

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torts, justification, legal economics, rules, value, efficiency

21.

Criminals in Uniform

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 27/2012
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 Jun 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 383 (71,836)

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Rule of law, policing, criminal law, morality of killing, justifications, excuses, morality

22.
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Corrective Justice, Corrected

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 31/2012
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 12 Jun 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 323 (86,813)

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torts, corrective justice, Jules Coleman, annulment, gains, losses, wrongs

Corrective Justice, Corrected

Diritto & questioni pubbliche, Vol. 12 (2012): 9-37
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Aug 2014
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 44 (394,203)

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Tort law, annulment conception of corrective justice, mixed conception of corrective justice, distributive justice, agent relativity

23.

Relations of Responsibility

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15/2011
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 May 2011
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 365 (75,985)

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Responsibility, authority, criminal law, citizenship, Antony Duff, Joseph Raz

24.

The Evil of Privatization

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 01 Jul 2014
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 326 (86,475)

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privatization, outsourcing, plutocracy, democracy, legitimacy, rule of law, public interest

25.

Reasons and Abilities: Some Preliminaries

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 30/2012
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 12 Jun 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 273 (104,915)

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Kant, ought, duty, reason, ability, can, trying, succeeding

26.

The Twilight of Legality

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 4/2018
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 Jan 2018
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 271 (105,739)

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Juridification, legality, rule of law, arbitration, contracts, justice

27.

Reasonable Reactions to the Wrongness of Rape

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 7/2016
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 05 Feb 2016
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 249 (115,571)

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rape, sex, emotion, reason, Kant, objectification

28.

Ashworth on Principles

Julian Roberts and Lucia Zedner (eds), Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2012), Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 28/2012
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 12 Jun 2012
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 188 (151,548)

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Andrew Ashworth, law, principle, rule, policy, general, instrumental, categorical

29.

Doubts About 'Democratic Legitimacy'

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3/2018
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 31 Jan 2018
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 108 (237,475)

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democracy, legitimacy, instrument, perspective, rules, elections

30.

Discrimination: The Good, the Bad, and the Wrongful

Forthcoming in Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 118 (2018), Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1/2018
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 31 Jan 2018
John Gardner
University of Oxford
Downloads 105 (242,149)

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Discrimination, disadvantage, reason, justification, duty

31.

The Negligence Standard: Political Not Metaphysical

The Modern Law Review, Vol. 80, Issue 1, pp. 1-21, 2017
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 Jan 2017
John Gardner
University of Oxford
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responsibility, reasons, authority, negligence, politics, breach of statutory duty

32.

Why Law Might Emerge: Hart's Problematic Fable

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 61/2013
Posted: 25 May 2013 Last Revised: 02 Oct 2017
John Gardner
University of Oxford

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law, rules, value, morality, legal positivism, H.L.A. Hart, Ronald Dworkin, Lon Fuller

33.

The Mark of Responsibility

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 157-171, 2003
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
John Gardner
University of Oxford

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34.

The Gist of Excuses

Buffalo Criminal Law Review, Vol. 2, No. 1 (1997).
Posted: 01 Oct 1997
John Gardner
University of Oxford

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