Makau W. Mutua

SUNY Buffalo Law School

SUNY Distinguished Professor

626 O'Brian Hall

Buffalo, NY 14260-1100

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

53

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42

CROSSREF CITATIONS

48

Scholarly Papers (53)

1.

Savages, Victims, and Saviors: The Metaphor of Human Rights

Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 201-245, 2001
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 19 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 12,881 (300)
Citation 7

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Savages, victims, saviors, metaphor, culture. Non-Western, ideology, barbarism, liberalism

2.

The Ideology of Human Rights

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 36, 1996
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 22 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 3,154 (3,756)
Citation 4

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Liberalism, democracy, human rights, conceptualizers, political participation, ideology, culture, autonomy, doctrine, NGOs, instrumentalism

3.

What is Twail?

American Society of International Law, Proceedings of the 94th Annual Meeting, pp. 31-39, 2000
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 11 Jan 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 2,841 (4,494)
Citation 7

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Third World Approaches to International Law, hegemony, imperialism, Christianity, colonialism

4.

Why Redraw the Map of Africa: A Moral and Legal Inquiry

Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol. 16, 1995
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 22 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 2,155 (7,112)
Citation 1

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Cartography, colonialism, moral legitimacy, legal nullity, post-colonialism, imperialism, international law, maps, sub-nationalism

5.

Sexual Orientation and Human Rights: Putting Homophobia on Trial

AFRICAN SEXUALITIES: A READER, Sylvia Tamale, ed., Pambazuka Press, 2011
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 24 Jul 2011
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 1,494 (12,946)

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gays, lesbians, homophobia, Africa, sexual orientation, anti-subordination, sexuality, human rights, liberalism, Christianity, Islam.

6.

The Transformation of Africa: A Critique of the Rights Discourse

HUMAN RIGHTS AND DIVERSITY: INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT, p. 899, Felipe Gomez Isa and Koen de Feyter, eds., University of Deusto , Bilbao, 2009
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 23 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 1,403 (14,336)

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Transformation, Africa, post-colonial state, human rights, universality, post-colonial thinkers, liberalism, democracy, ideology of human rights, legitimacy

7.

Protecting Human Rights in a Global Economy: Challenges for the World Trade Organization

HUMAN RIGHTS IN DEVELOPMENT YEARBOOK 1999/2000: THE MILLENNIUM EDITION, pp. 51-82, Hugo Stokke, Anne Tostensen, eds., 2001
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 09 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2010
Makau W. Mutua and Robert L. Howse
SUNY Buffalo Law School and New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,096 (20,826)
Citation 3

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World Trade Organization, WTO, Human Rights, Global Economy, Development, Privatization, Globalization, International Business, Trade, Investment

8.

The Complexity of Universalism in Human Rights

HUMAN RIGHTS WITH MODESTY: THE PROBLEM OF UNIVERSALISM, Andras Sajo, ed., pp. 51-64, 2004
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 10 Jan 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 1,050 (22,176)

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Universalism, Human rights, Liberal democracy, West, Norms, Third World

9.

Is the Age of Human Rights Over?

Routledge Companion to Literature and Human Rights, ed. Sophia A. McClennen and Alexandra Schultheis Moore (London and New York: Routledge, 2016), pp. 450-458
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 03 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2015
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 935 (26,239)
Citation 2

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morality, human rights age, cultural biases, normative deficits, intellectual fatigue, post-mortem, moral vacuum, UDHR, distopia, torture, Global South

10.

Human Rights International NGOs: A Critical Evaluation

NGOs AND HUMAN RIGHTS: PROMISE AND PERFORMANCE, Claude E. Welch, Jr., ed., 2001
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 26 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2013
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 777 (34,069)
Citation 2

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Human rights, NGOs, West, Movement, Conventional, Liberal, International Law

11.

The Banjul Charter and the African Cultural Fingerprint: An Evaluation of the Language of Duties

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 35, p. 339, 1995
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 770 (34,547)
Citation 2

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African cultural fingerprint, duties, rights, African Charter, entitlement, norms, individualism, colonialism

12.

Human Rights in Africa: The Limited Promise of Liberalism

African Studies Review, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 17-39, April 2008
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 09 Jul 2008
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 726 (37,373)
Citation 1

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Human rights project, Liberalism, Post-colonialism, economic despotism, political despotism, powerlessness, Africa

13.

Standard Setting in Human Rights: Critique and Prognosis

Buffalo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2007-013
Number of pages: 85 Posted: 05 Sep 2007
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 666 (42,008)

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights, United Nations, global South, standard setting, deficits, human rights, norms, international law, non-governmental organizations, NGOs

14.

The International Criminal Court in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

Norwegian Peacebuilding Centre NOREF Working Paper, September 2010
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 29 Sep 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 619 (46,279)

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International Criminal Court, Crimes Against Humanity, Genocide, Sovereignty, African States, Impunity, Stakeholders

15.

A Critique of Rights in Transitional Justice: The African Experience

RETHINKING TRANSITIONS: EQUALITY AND SOCIAL JUSTICE IN SOCIETIES EMERGING FROM CONFLICT, pp. 31-45, Gaby Ore Aguilar & Felipe Gomez Isa, eds., 2011
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 10 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2013
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 465 (66,437)

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Ubuntu, Africa, human rights, transitional justice, post-conflict societies, accountability, reconstruction, post-colonial, individualism, liberalism, capitalism, identity, community

16.

The African Human Rights Court: A Two-Legged Stool?

Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 21, pp. 342-363, 1999
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 18 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 447 (69,923)
Citation 2

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African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, African Court on Human and Peoples Rights, despotism, clawback clauses, Organization of African Unity, human rights violations

17.

Justice Under Siege: The Rule of Law and Judicial Subservience in Kenya

Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 23, pp. 96-118, 2001
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 440 (71,054)

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Judiciary, one-party state, KANU, Judicial independence, the rule of law, democracy

18.

Never Again: Questioning the Yugoslav and Rwanda Tribunals

Temple International & Comparative Law Journal, Vol. 11, pp. 167-187, 1997
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 411 (77,124)

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Yugoslavia, Rwanda, genocide, criminal, tribunal, United Nations

19.
Downloads 405 ( 78,404)
Citation 1

Africa and the Rule of Law

SUR 23 - v.13 n.23, 159 - 173, 2016
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 13 Sep 2016
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 229 (144,772)

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Rule of law, Africa, Sustainable development, Liberalism, Post colonialism

Africa and the Rule of Law

SUR 23, 2016
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 08 Jul 2016
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 176 (185,252)
Citation 1

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Liberal Project, Rule of Law, Sustainable Development, Devolution, Legitimacy, Impunity, Inequity, Income Inequality, Africa, social Alienation

20.

Africans and the ICC: Hypocrisy, Impunity and Perversion

AFRICANS AND THE ICC: PERCEPTIONS OF JUSTICE, Kamari M. Clarke, Abel S. Knottnerus, & Eefje de Volder, eds., pp. 47-60, 2016
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Jan 2017
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 395 (80,713)

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International Criminal Court, African Union, Fatou Bensouda, Luis Moreno Ocampo, crimes against humanity, Kenyatta, Kenya, Omar Al-Bashir, UN Security Council, Africans, civil society, impunity.

21.

Critical Race Theory and International Law: The View of an Insider-Outsider

Villanova Law Review, Vol. 45, p. 841, 2000
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 22 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 387 (82,653)
Citation 1

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Critical race theory, international law, insider-outsider, hegemony, Third World Approaches to International Law

22.

Hope and Despair for a New South Africa: The Limits of Rights Discourse

Harvard Human Rights Journal, Vol. 10, pp. 63-114, 1997
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 19 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 374 (86,089)
Citation 1

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Rights discourse, apartheid, transformation, racism, African National Congress, United Nations, sanctions, democracy

23.

What is the Future of Transitional Justice?

International Journal of Transitional Justice, 2015, 9, 1-9
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 30 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2015
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 339 (96,244)

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24.

The Construction of the African Human Rights System: Prospects and Pitfalls

REALIZING HUMAN RIGHTS: MOVING FROM INSPIRATION TO IMPACT, Samantha Power, Graham Allison, eds., pp. 143-166, St. Martin's Press, 2000
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 338 (96,544)

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Human rights, Africa, African Charter, Banjul Charter, OAU, Protocol, African Commission

25.

Limitations on Religious Rights: Problematizing Religious Freedom in the African Context

RELIGIOUS HUMAN RIGHTS IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: LEGAL PERSPECTIVES, Johan D. van der Vyver, John Witte, Jr., eds., pp. 417-440, 1996
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 22 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 332 (98,473)
Citation 1

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messianic faiths, Islam, Christianity, culture, identity, missionary, colonialism, religious rights, barbarism

26.

Transitional Justice in Sexual and Gender-Based Violence

Buffalo Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2008-18
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Jul 2008
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 323 (101,538)

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transitional justice, sexual and gender-based violence, misogyny, truth commissions, wars, conflicts, victims, survivors

27.

Terrorism and Human Rights: Power, Culture and Subordination

Buffalo Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 8, 2002
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 261 (127,537)
Citation 1

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human rights, terrorism, legitimacy, western, subordination

28.

The International Criminal Court: Promise and Politics

Proceedings of the 109th Annual Meeting of ASIL (American Society of International Law), Hyatt Regency Capitol Hill, Washington DC, April 8-11, 2015
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 21 Aug 2016
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 193 (170,584)

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Africa, Kenyatta, The International Criminal Court, Kenya, UN Security Council, Sovereignty

29.

Human Rights and Powerlessness: Pathologies of Choice and Substance

Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 56, p. 1027, 2008
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 23 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 192 (171,341)
Citation 3

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economic powerlessness, political despotism, economic tyranny, core political and civil rights, individualism, globalization, universal vision, liberalism

30.

The Iraq Paradox: Minority and Group Rights in a Viable Constitution

Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 54, pp. 927-955, 2006
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Aug 2007
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 190 (172,975)

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Shi, Sunni, Iraq, Constitution, Minority, Group, Rights, Collapse

31.

The Politics of Human Rights: Beyond the Abolitionist Paradigm in Africa

Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol. 17, p. 591, 1996
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 10 Jan 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 184 (178,083)

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Claude Welch, Human Rights, Abolitionist, Paradigm, Non Governmental Organizations, NGOS, International law, Western, Liberal

32.

Returning to My Roots: African ‘Religions’ and the State

PROSELYTIZATION AND COMMUNAL SELF-DETERMINATION IN AFRICA, Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, ed., Orbis Books, 1999
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 05 Jan 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 152 (209,881)

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Africa, Religions, Decolonization, Culture, Islam, Christianity, Messianic Faiths, Marginalization, Eradication, Identity

33.

Putting Humpty Dumpty Back Together Again: The Dilemmas of the African Post-Colonial State

Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Vol. 21, 1995
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 26 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 145 (218,174)

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Post-colonialism, humpty dumpty, state collapse, state reconstruction, imperial powers, civil society

34.

Conflicting Conceptions of Human Rights: Rethinking the African Post-Colonial State

American Society of International Law, Proceedings of the 89th Annual Meeting, pp. 487-490, April 1995
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 10 Jan 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 138 (226,949)

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35.

Political Parties in Transitions: The Kenyan Experience

POLITICAL SUCCESSION IN EAST AFRICA: IN SEARCH FOR A LIMITED LEADERSHIP, Chris Maina, Fritz Kopsieker, eds., 2006
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 09 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 136 (229,511)

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Political Parties, Transitions, Kenya, East Africa, State, Liberal Democratic, Corruption, Ethnic Politics

36.

Why Kenya Is a Nation in Embryo

50 Years Since Independence: Where is Kenya? ed. Susan Wakhungu-Githuku (Nairobi: Footprints Press, 2013), pp. 238-245
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 06 Feb 2014
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 131 (236,447)

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Kenya, post-colonial state, national consciousness, state in embryo, national interest, ethnicity, public corruption

37.

Proselytism and Cultural Integrity

FACILITATION FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF: A DESKBOOK, Tore Lindholm, W. Cole Durham Jr., Bahia G. Thazib-Lie, eds., Oslo Coalition, 2004
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 130 (237,808)

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Proselytism, Culture, Religion, Catholic, Human rights, Faiths, indigenous, Africa, Genocide

38.

Beyond Juba: Does Uganda Need a National Truth and Reconciliation Process?

Buffalo Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 13, pp. 401-414, 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 22 Aug 2007
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 126 (243,520)

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Uganda, Juba, Museveni, truth commission, Democratization, reconciliation

39.

African Human Rights Organizations: Questions of Context and Legitimacy

HUMAN RIGHTS, THE RULE OF LAW, AND DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA, Paul Tyambe Zeleza, Philip J. McConnaughay, eds., 2004
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 24 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2015
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 124 (246,430)
Citation 2

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Africa, Human rights, Organizations, Development, United Nations, Universality, NGO

40.

Just Back from the Human Rights Council

American Society of International Law, Proceedings of the 102nd Annual Meeting, pp. 329-33, 2008
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 10 Jan 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 122 (249,484)

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UN Commission on Human Rights, UN Human Rights Council, universality, imperialism, international law, capitalism

41.

Looking Past the Human Rights Committee: An Argument for De-Marginalizing Enforcement

Buffalo Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 4, pp. 211-260, 1998
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 23 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 113 (263,856)
Citation 1

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Human rights, law, norms, Human Rights Committee, Human Rights Court, Human Rights Commission, humanity

42.

(Book Review) That the World May Know: Bearing Witness to Atrocity by James Dawes

Biography (University of Hawaii Press), Vol. 31, No. 4, p. 748, Fall 2008
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 26 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 30 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 109 (270,707)

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Despair, idealism, paradox, emotional intelligence, Rwanda genocide, Christian missionary, humanitarian law, Eurocentrism, purgatory

43.

(Book Review) Africa: Mapping New Boundaries in International Law by Jeremy I. Levitt

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 104, No. 3, pp. 532-538, July 2010
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 28 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 14 Nov 2013
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 98 (290,970)

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International Law, Africa, Racism, States, Human Rights, Colonialism, Democracy, The Banjul Charter

44.

Typologies of Scholarship on Africa

107 ASIL Proceedings 189 (2014)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 19 Apr 2014
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 97 (292,870)

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African scholarship on international law, third world approaches to international law, TWAIL, African Diaspora, Africanists, post-colonial, human rights, African fingerprint

45.

The Interaction between Human Rights, Democracy and Governance and the Displacement of Populations

International Journal of Refugee Law, Special Issue, Summer 1995
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 87 (313,807)

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Human rights, Democracy, Governance, Displacement, States, OAU, Populations

46.

Tanzania’s Recent Economic Reform: An Analysis

TransAfrica Forum, Vol. 5, No. 2, Winter 1988
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 30 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 87 (313,807)

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Tanzania, Economic Reform, Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, Ujamma, Socialist, Market forces

47.

Closing the 'Impunity Gap' and the Role of State Support for ICC

Contemporary Issues Facing the International Criminal Court, pp 99-111, 2016, ISBN: 9789004304451
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 30 Aug 2017
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 82 (325,322)

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International Criminal Court, impunity, Africa, Western states, civil society.

48.

TWAIL (Milletlerarası Hukuka Üçüncü Dünya Yaklaşımları) Nedir? (What is TWAIL?)

Mutua M, What Is Twail?(çev. Muhammed Beheşti Aydoğan ve Muharrem Çelik) Twail (Milletlerarası Hukuka Üçüncü Dünya Yaklaşımları) Nedir?(ASIL, Proceedings of the 94th Annual Meeting, pp.31-38, 2000; CUP 2000).(2020) 40(1) PPIL. Forthcoming.
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 10 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2020
Makau W. Mutua, M Beheşti Aydoğan and muharrem çelik
SUNY Buffalo Law School, University of Warwick and Istanbul University Faculty of Law
Downloads 80 (330,138)

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TWAIL, Milletlerarası Hukuka Üçüncü Dünya Yaklaşımları, Mutua

49.

(Book Review) Exporting American Dreams: Thurgood Marshall’s African Journey by Mary L. Dudziak

Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 31, pp. 1146-1155, 2009
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 11 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2010
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 77 (337,654)

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Colonialism, struggle for independence, nationalism, law and development, civil rights, racism, radicalism, communism

50.

INGOs as Political Actors

American Society of International Law, Proceedings of the 93rd Annual Meeting, pp. 210-211, 1999
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 10 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2013
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 77 (337,654)

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Economic and social rights, Third World, apartheid, civil and political rights, South Africa, state, universality

51.

(Book Review) Stanley: The Impossible Life of Africa's Greatest Explorer by Tim Jeal

South African Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 14, No. 2, p. 172, Winter/Spring 2007
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 26 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 30 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 63 (376,353)

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European adventurers, colonialism, Sub-Saharan Africa, brutality, slave traders, self hatred, trauma, Congo

52.

The Richardson Escuela: Law as Politics

Temple International & Comparative Law Journal, Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 03 May 2017
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 44 (442,110)

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53.

New Challenges in Southern Africa: From Regional Conflict to Internal Reconstruction

The Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 179-188, Winter 1994
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 23 Dec 2009
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School
Downloads 44 (442,110)

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Southern Africa, Apartheid, Violence, Colonial, Democratic, Conflict

Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 0
1.

Mazrui and Barkan: A Tribute

33 Journal of Contemporary African Studies (2016)
Posted: 04 Apr 2016
Makau W. Mutua
SUNY Buffalo Law School

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2.

Honoring the Life, Scholarship and Public Service of Joel Barkan

ASA 2014 Annual Meeting Paper
Posted: 26 Mar 2014
University of Oxford, SUNY Buffalo Law School, University of Cape Town (UCT), Dartmouth College and Johns Hopkins University

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