Albert Sanchez-Graells

University of Bristol Law School

Law School Wills Memorial Building Queen's Road Br

Bristol, BS8 1RJ

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

128

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SSRN CITATIONS

62

CROSSREF CITATIONS

45

Ideas:
“  I am currently thinking about the impact of digital technologies on procurement governance, and the role of procurement in shaping the transition to public digital governance.  ”

Scholarly Papers (128)

1.

Public Procurement and the EU Competition Rules, 2nd Edition

(Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2015) [ISBN: 9781849466127]
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 08 Feb 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,563 (22,924)

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public procurement, competition, directive 2014/24, EU economic law, law and economics

2.

Competition Law and Public Procurement

Forthcoming in JA Moreno Molina & E Diaz Bravo (eds), Contratación Pública Global: visiones comparadas (Valencia, Tirant lo Blanch, 2020).
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 18 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,529 (23,675)

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Public procurement, competition, bid rigging, buying power, undertaking, FENIN doctrine.

3.

Public Procurement and Competition: Some Challenges Arising from Recent Developments in EU Public Procurement Law

Bovis, C. (ed.) Research Handbook on European Public Procurement, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 25 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,265 (31,336)
Citation 1

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public procurement, distortions of competition, bid rigging, oversight, reform

4.

The Difficult Balance between Transparency and Competition in Public Procurement: Some Recent Trends in the Case Law of the European Courts and a Look at the New Directives

University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 13-11
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 12 Nov 2013
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,221 (32,983)

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Public procurement, transparency, confidentiality, good administration, duty to provide reasons, collusion, bid rigging, competition, oversight, administrative discretion, litigation

5.

Rejection of Abnormally Low and Non-Compliant Tenders in EU Public Procurement: A Comparative View on Selected Jurisdictions

European Procurement Law Series, Vol 6, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 12 Apr 2013
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,191 (34,179)

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public procurement, award criteria, abnormally low tender, non-compliant tender, rejection, discretion, good administration, proportionality, non discrimination, competition, EU law, comparative law

6.

Prevention and Deterrence of Bid Rigging: A Look from the New EU Directive on Public Procurement

Published in G Racca & C Yukins (eds), Integrity and Efficiency in Sustainable Public Contracts (Brussles, Bruylant, 2014).
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 09 May 2012 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,172 (34,962)
Citation 3

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Public procurement, collusion, bid rigging, division into lots, suspension, debarment

Towards a European Tort Law? Damages Actions for Breach of the EC Antitrust Rules: Harmonising Tort Law Through the Back Door?

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Nov 2007
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 848 (54,292)
Citation 5

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Tort Law, Civil Procedure, Law Enforcement, EC Competition Law, Damages Actions, Harmonisation

Damages for Breach of the EC Antitrust Rules: Harmonising Tort Law Through the Back Door?

InDret, Vol. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 01 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2010
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 243 (236,982)

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Tort Law, Civil Procedure, Law Enforcement, EC Competition Law, Damages Actions, Harmonisation

8.

Public Procurement: A 2014 Updated Overview of EU and National Case Law

Forthcoming 2nd edn at e-Competitions (2014) (1st edn: e-Competitions: National Competition Laws Bulletin, No. 40647, December 8, 2011).
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2014
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,054 (40,712)

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public procurement, competition law, state aid, bid rigging, comparative review

9.

Public Procurement and State Aid: Reopening the Debate?

Public Procurement Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 10 Apr 2012
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,030 (42,107)
Citation 3

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public procurement, state aid, modernization

10.

Public Procurement and the EU Competition Rules

PUBLIC PROCUREMENT AND THE EU COMPETITION RULES, Hart Publishing, 2011
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 13 May 2010 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2011
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 1,000 (43,893)
Citation 1

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Public procurement, competition law, antitrust, economic effects, legal reform

11.

Impact of Public Procurement Aggregation on Competition: Risks, Rationale and Justification for the Rules in Directive 2014/24

University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 14-35
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 07 Dec 2014
Albert Sanchez-Graells and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui
University of Bristol Law School and University of Bergen, Faculty of Law
Downloads 966 (46,035)
Citation 1

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Public procurement, competition, centralisation, aggregation, central purchasing bodies, economies of scale, professionalization, services of general economic interest, state aid, modernisation, Directive 2014/24

12.

Exclusion, Qualitative Selection and Short-listing in the New Public Sector Procurement Directive 2014/24

in F Lichere, R Caranta and S Treumer (ed) Novelties in the 2014 Directive on Public Procurement, vol. 6 European Procurement Law Series, (Copenhagen, Djøf Publishing, 2014)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 10 Sep 2014
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 883 (52,225)
Citation 1

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public procurement, reform, exclusion, qualitative selection, short-listing, economic operators, candidates, tenderers, tenders, solutions, selection criteria, exclusion grounds, competition, transparency

13.

State Aid and EU Public Procurement: More Interactions, Fuzzier Boundaries

L Hancher & JJ Piernas López (eds), Research Handbook on European State Aid Law (2nd edn, Edward Elgar, 2020, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 17 Oct 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 791 (60,612)

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State Aid, Public Procurement, Pre-Commercial Procurement, R&D, In-House, Public-Public Cooperation, Negotiations, Abnormally Low Tenders, Services of General Economic Interest, Sgei, Altmark, Spezzino, Aanbestedingskalender

14.

Initial Comments on the UK’s Procurement Bill: A Lukewarm Assessment

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 Jun 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 745 (65,590)

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Public procurement, reform, deregulation, Procurement Bill, transforming public procurement, Brexit

15.

Soft Law and the Private Enforcement of the EU Competition Rules

International Conference on the Private Enforcement of Competition Law, University of Valladolid School of Law, Spain, October 14-15, 2010
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 16 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2010
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 731 (67,246)
Citation 1

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soft law, private enforcement, competition law, decentralization, judicial independence, administrative guidance, legal certainty

16.

Centralisation of Procurement and Supply Chain Management in the English NHS: Some Governance and Compliance Challenges

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Aug 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 690 (72,449)
Citation 3

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NHS, Procurement, Centralisation, Supply Chain, Efficiency, Savings, Service Delivery, Governance

17.

Distortions of Competition Generated by the Public (Power) Buyer: A Perceived Gap in EC Competition Law and Proposals to Bridge It

University of Oxford, Center for Competition Law and Policy, CCLP (L). 23
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 24 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2010
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 679 (73,900)

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competition, public procurement, monopsony, buyer power, undertaking, economic activity, State action doctrine, more economic approach

18.

The EU’s Accession to the ECHR and Due Process Rights in EU Competition Law Matters: Nothing New Under the Sun?

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 27 May 2013
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 661 (76,473)

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competition law, due process, Art 6(1) ECHR, independent and impartial tribunal established by law, EU accession to ECHR, CJEU, enforcement architecture, quasi-criminal offences

19.

Exclusion of Economic Operators from Public Procurement Procedures. A Comparative View on Selected Jurisdictions

M Burgi & M Trybus (eds), Qualification, Exclusion and Selection in EU Procurements, vol. 7 European Procurement Law Series (Copenhagen, DJØF, 2016) Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 29 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2016
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 586 (88,986)

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Public procurement, economic operators, exclusion, mandatory grounds, discretionary grounds, exclusion procedure, prohibitions to contract, suspension, debarment

20.

Economic Analysis of Law, or Economically-Informed Legal Research

Forthcoming in Dawn Watkins and Mandy Burton (eds), Research Methods in Law, 2nd edn (Routledge, 2017)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 24 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 01 Aug 2016
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 579 (90,325)

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economic analysis of law, law and economics, economically-informed legal research, legal methodology

21.

'If It Ain't Broke, Don't Fix It'? EU Requirements of Administrative Oversight and Judicial Protection for Public Contracts

To be published in S Torricelli & F Folliot Lalliot (eds), Administrative oversight and judicial protection for public contracts (Larcier, 2017) Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 18 Aug 2016
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 568 (92,521)
Citation 1

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Public Procurement, Enforcement, Remedies, Remedies Directive, 2014 Public Procurement Package, Judicial Review, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Effective Judicial Protection, Good Administration

22.

Response to the UK’s March 2023 White Paper "A pro-innovation approach to AI regulation"

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 Jun 2023
University of Bristol, University of Bristol - School of Law, University of Bristol, University of Bristol Law School and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 552 (95,902)
Citation 1

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artificial intelligence, regulation, innovation, principles, guidance, public sector, regulatory capture, regulatory tilt, innovation first, pro-innovation

23.

Public Procurement of Artificial Intelligence: Recent Developments and Remaining Challenges in EU Law

LTZ (Legal Tech Journal) 2/2024, pp. 122-131.
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 22 Feb 2024
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 526 (102,333)

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Artificial intelligence, public procurement, EU AI Act, model clauses, standards

24.

Procurement Corruption and Artificial Intelligence: Between the Potential of Enabling Data Architectures and the Constraints of Due Process Requirements

To be published in S. Williams & J. Tillipman (eds), Routledge Handbook of Public Procurement Corruption (Routledge, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 17 Dec 2021 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 518 (103,804)

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Public procurement, corruption, artificial intelligence, big data, governance

25.

Discovery, Confidentiality and Disclosure of Evidence Under the Private Enforcement of EU Antitrust Rules

Instituto de Empresa Business School Working Paper No. WPED06-05
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 19 Dec 2006
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 483 (112,923)
Citation 1

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legal procedure, confidentiality, evidence, private enforcement, competition law

26.

More Competition-Oriented Public Procurement to Foster Social Welfare

TOWARDS NEW HORIZONS IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT, KV Thai, ed., Boca Raton, FL, PrAcademics Press, 2010
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 27 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2010
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 478 (114,582)
Citation 2

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public procurement, public buyer, restraints and distortions of competition, competition principle, functional approach

27.

Collaborative Cross-Border Procurement in the EU: Future or Utopia?

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 13 May 2016
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 474 (115,440)

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Collaborative procurement, joint procurement, cross-border procurement, centralised procurement, central purchasing bodies, EU law, international public law, Directive 2014/24, Article 37, Article 38, Article 39, conflicts of laws, trans-EU public law

28.

Public Procurement by Central Purchasing Bodies, Competition and SMEs: Towards a More Dynamic Model?

To be published in M Comba & C Risvig Hamer (eds), Central Purchasing Bodies, vol 11 European Procurement Law Series (Edward Elgar Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 26 May 2020
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 448 (123,472)

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Public procurement, centralisation, central purchasing body, CPB, competition, SME, monopsony, dynamic effects, resilience, healthcare procurement, COVID-19, oversight

29.

Regulatory Substitution between Labour and Public Procurement Law: The EU's Shifting Approach to Enforcing Labour Standards in Public Contracts

Reprinted from European Public Law, 24, 2, (2018), 229-254, with permission of Kluwer Law International
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 447 (123,832)
Citation 5

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Labour Standards, Public Procurement, Public Contracts, Regulatory Substitution, EU Law

30.

Competition Law Against Public Restraints in the Public Procurement Field: Importing Competition Considerations into the EU Public Procurement Directives

Public Procurement: Global Revolution IV - Conference, University of Nottingham, April 19-20, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Feb 2010
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 440 (126,123)

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public procurement, public buyer, restraints and distortions of competition, competition principle, functional approach

31.

Truly Competitive Public Procurement as a Europe 2020 Lever: What Role for the Principle of Competition in Moderating Horizontal Policies?

UACES 45th Annual Conference, Bilbao, Spain, September 2015
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 02 Aug 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 436 (127,459)
Citation 3

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Public procurement, competition, growth, Europe 2020, general principles, interpretation

32.

Revisiting the Concept of Undertaking from a Public Procurement Law Perspective – A Discussion on EasyPay and Finance Engineering

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Nov 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui
University of Bristol Law School and University of Bergen, Faculty of Law
Downloads 435 (128,140)
Citation 4

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public procurement, competition, undertaking, central purchasing bodies, economic activity, EasyPay, FENIN, Selex, Compass-Datenbank

33.

You Can’t Be Serious: Critical Reflections on the Liability Threshold for Damages Claims for Breach of EU Public Procurement Law After the EFTA Court’s Fosen-Linjen Opinion

(2018) 1(1) Nordic Journal of European Law 1-23.
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 03 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 11 Dec 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 419 (133,478)

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Public Procurement, Liability, Damages, State Liability, Sufficiently Serious Breach, Simple Breach, Causation, Effectiveness, Private Enforcement, Public Enforcement

34.

Enforcement of State Aid Rules for Services of General Economic Interest before Public Procurement Review Bodies and Courts

(2014) Competition Law Review 10(1), "Competition and State Aid Litigation – The Effect of Procedures on Substance," CLaSF/University of Luxembourg Conference, 19-20 September 2013
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 13 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2014
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 405 (138,802)

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State aid, public procurement, competition, enforcement, reform, services of general economic interest, review procedures, remedies, courts, tribunals, Altmark, Almunia package

35.

Public Procurement and ‘Core’ Human Rights: A Sketch of the EU Legal Framework

O Martin-Ortega & C M O’Brien (eds), Public Procurement and Human Rights: Risks, Dilemmas and Opportunities for the State as a Buyer (Edward Elgar, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 385 (147,001)
Citation 1

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public procurement, human rights, EU law, Directive 2014/24/EU, effectiveness, procurement function

36.

The UK’s Green Paper on Post-Brexit Public Procurement Reform: Transformation or Overcomplication?

To be published in (2021) European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Mar 2021
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 383 (147,808)

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Public procurement, reform, deregulation, green paper, transforming public procurement, Brexit

37.
Downloads 383 (147,808)

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public procurement, public buyer, restraints and distortions of competition, competition principle, functional approach

38.

Competition Infringements and Procurement Blacklisting

Forthcoming, Competition Law Journal.
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 14 Dec 2016
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 377 (150,442)
Citation 2

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competition law, infringement, public procurement, debarment, exclusion, blacklisting, policy reform

39.

A Duty to ‘Save’ Seemingly Non-Compliant Tenders for Public Contracts? - Comments on Art 72 of the 2017 Portuguese Code of Public Contracts

(2018) 2 Revista de Direito Administrativo 59-68
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 26 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 373 (152,266)

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public procurement, tenders, clarifications, corrections, documentation supplementation, clerical errors, non-compliant tenders, discretion, competition, equal treatment

40.

Transparency and Competition in Public Procurement: A Comparative View on Their Difficult Balance

K-M Halonen, R Caranta & A Sanchez-Graells (eds), Transparency in EU Procurements: Disclosure within Public Procurement and during Contract Execution, Vol. 9 European Procurement Law Series (Edward Elgar, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 26 Jun 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 372 (152,714)
Citation 1

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transparency, competition, disclosure, pricing, debriefing, commercial interests, trade secrets

41.

Are the Procurement Rules a Barrier for Cross-Border Trade within the European Market? A View on Proposals to Lower that Barrier and Spur Growth

Public Procurement Days -- Modernization, Innovation and Growth, Copenhagen February 9-12, 2012
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 16 Jan 2012
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 360 (158,409)

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Public procurement, internal market, economic growth, red tape, simplification

42.

'Human Rights' Protection for Corporate Antitrust Defendants: Are We Not Going Overboard?

University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 14-04
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 Feb 2014
Albert Sanchez-Graells and Francisco Marcos
University of Bristol Law School and IE Law School
Downloads 356 (160,305)

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due process, procedural fairness, good administration, corporate human rights, human rights, competition law, antitrust law, enforcement, effectiveness

43.

Competition and State Aid Implications of the Spezzino Judgment (C-113/13): The Scope for Inconsistency in Assessing Support for Public Services Voluntary Organisations

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 01 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 354 (161,307)
Citation 1

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public procurement, competition, social services, voluntary sector, non-profit organisations, budgetary efficiency, economic analysis

44.

Digital Technologies, Public Procurement and Sustainability: Some Exploratory Thoughts

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 15 Nov 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 353 (161,809)
Citation 2

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public procurement, digital technologies, sustainability, AI, IoT, blockchain, big data

45.

Competitive Neutrality in Public Procurement and Competition Policy: An Ongoing Challenge Analised in View of the Proposed New Directive

5th International Public Procurement Conference, August 2012
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 25 Jan 2012
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 352 (162,291)

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competitive neutrality, public procurement, modernisation, simplification, red tape, competition principle, value for money

46.

Public Procurement: A 2015 Updated Overview of EU and National Case Law

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 02 Jun 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 350 (163,313)
Citation 2

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public procurement, competition law, bid rigging, comparative review

47.

‘Screening for Cartels’ in Public Procurement: Cheating at Solitaire to Sell Fool’s Gold?

Journal of European Competition Law & Practice (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 06 Jun 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 347 (164,825)

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Competition, public procurement, bid rigging, artificial intelligence, algorithms, big data, data ownership, data governance, commercial sensitivity, commercial secrets, screening

48.

The Continuing Relevance of the General Principles of EU Public Procurement Law after the Adoption of the 2014 Concessions Directive

University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 15-12
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 23 Mar 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 345 (165,840)

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Public procurement, general principles, concessions, scope of application, modernisation, consistency, contracts not covered, Comune di Ancona, CJEU.

49.

Bringing the ‘Market Economy Agent’ Principle to Full Power

European Competition Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 15 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 24 Jul 2012
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 344 (166,384)
Citation 1

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State aid, ‘private investor’ test, ‘market economy agent’ principle, public powers, substantive appraisal, public market intervention, undistorted competition

50.

What Need and Logic for a New Directive on Concessions, Particularly Regarding the Issue of Their Economic Balance?

European Public Private Partnerships Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Jul 2012
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 338 (169,513)

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concessions, public procurement, proposed directive, European Commission

51.

Competition and Procurement Regulation: A Goal, a Principle, a Requirement, or All of the Above?

in Steen Treumer’s Mindeskrift edited by Carina Risvig Hamer, Erik Bertelsen, Marta Andhov, and Roberto Caranta (Ex Tuto Publishing, 2022 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 18 Apr 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 335 (171,154)
Citation 1

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Public procurement, competition, regulatory goals, general principles, competition requirements, legal interpretation

52.

Procurement in the Time of COVID-19

Forthcoming, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Apr 2020
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 334 (171,721)
Citation 5

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public procurement, extreme emergency, COVID-19, joint procurement agreement, economic stimulus

53.

The Implementation of Directive 2014/24/EU in the UK

To be published in S Treumer & M Comba (eds), Implementation of Directive 2014/24, vol. 8 European Procurement Law Series (Edward Elgar, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2017
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 330 (173,961)

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Public procurement, transposition, Directive 2014/24/EU, Public Contracts Regulations 2015, gold-plating, copy-out

54.

Examining Brexit Through the GPA's Lens: What Next for UK Public Procurement Reform?

Public Contract Law Journal, 2017, 47(1), 1-33
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 28 Nov 2017
Pedro Telles and Albert Sanchez-Graells
Copenhagen Business School - CBS Law and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 319 (180,329)

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Brexit, Public Procurement, Government Procurement Agreement, GPA, US, UK, EU, Regulatory Reform, International Trade, Free Trade Agreements, Liberalisation, Convergence, Technical Cooperation

55.

Data-Driven and Digital Procurement Governance: Revisiting Two Well-Known Elephant Tales

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 12 Sep 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 306 (188,364)
Citation 3

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Big data, machine learning, algorithmic screens, data architecture, governance, public procurement, public procurement 4.0, data insufficiency, indicators, GovTech, RegTech

56.

Some Reflections on the 'Artificial Narrowing of Competition' as a Check on Executive Discretion in Public Procurement

To be published in S Bogojević, X Groussot & J Hettne (eds), Discretion in EU Public Procurement Law, IECL Series (Hart, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 29 May 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 305 (188,997)
Citation 2

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Public procurement, executive discretion, competition-based constraints, balancing test, procedural traceability, litigation

57.

COVID-19 PPE Extremely Urgent Procurement in England. A Cautionary Tale for an Overheating Public Governance

To be published in D Cowan and Ann Mumford (eds), Pandemic Legalities (Bristol University Press, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 15 Oct 2020
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 302 (191,092)
Citation 3

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Public procurement, extreme urgency, unregulated procurement, PPE, COVID-19, NHS, centralisation, governance, abuse, direct awards, reform

58.

When are Universities Bound by EU Public Procurement Rules as Buyers and Providers? - English Universities as a Case Study

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 24 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2016
Andrea K. Gideon and Albert Sanchez-Graells
The Liverpool Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 298 (193,806)
Citation 1

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Public procurement, State aid, higher education, universities, teaching, research, funding, governance, England, HEFCE, BIS

59.

An EU Competition Law Primer for Public Procurement Students

An EU Competition Law Primer for Public Procurement Students, 2015
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 296 (195,185)

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public procurement, competition law, bid rigging, anticompetitive agreements, abuse of a dominant position, State aid.

60.

Transparency in Procurement by the EU Institutions

in K-M Halonen, R Caranta & A Sanchez-Graells (eds), Disclosure Rules within Public Procurement Procedures and During Contract Period, vol 9 EPL Series (Edward Elgar), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 24 Jan 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 288 (200,767)

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public procurement, transparency, access to documents, commercial interests, business secrets, confidentiality, regulation 1049/2001, 2014 Public Procurement Package

61.

An Ever-Changing Scope? The Expansive Boundaries of EU Public Procurement Rules, Extraterritoriality and the Court of Justice

Presented at Research Workshop "Extraterritoriality of EU Law & Human Rights after Lisbon: Scope and Boundaries", held at the Sussex European Institute – 13 & 14 July 2017
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 17 Jul 2017
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 273 (212,131)

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Public Procurement, Trade, Extraterritoriality, Jurisdiction, Court of Justice, Challenges, Remedies

62.

A Deformed Principle of Competition? – The Subjective Drafting of Article 18(1) of Directive 2014/24

Forthcoming in GS Olykke & A Sanchez-Graells (eds), Reformation or Deformation of the EU Public Procurement Rules in 2014 (Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016).
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 18 Aug 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 266 (217,631)
Citation 2

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Public procurement, Directive 2014/24, general principles, principle of competition, intention, subjective element, interpretation, objectification, legal certainty, good administration, CJEU

63.

Digging Itself Out of the Hole? A Critical Assessment of the European Commission's Attempt to Revitalise State Aid Enforcement after the Crisis

Journal of Antitrust Enforcement, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 06 May 2015 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 261 (221,782)

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State aid, enforcement, State Aid Modernisation, SAM, State aid control 2.0, economic crisis, institutional design

64.

Competition and State Aid Implications of ‘Public’ Minimum Wage Clauses in EU Public Procurement after the RegioPost Judgment

Forthcoming, A Sanchez-Graells (ed), Smart Public Procurement and Labour Standards—Pushing the Discussion after RegioPost (Bloomsbury-Hart)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Apr 2017
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 256 (226,121)
Citation 1

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Public procurement, contract performance, contract compliance, performance clauses, minimum wage, living wage, labour standard, competition, State aid, Rüffert, RegioPost, Bundesdruckerei

65.

Public Procurement Below Thresholds in Spain

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 18 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2011
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 253 (228,804)

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Public procurement, below thresholds, Spain

66.

EU Public Procurement Policy and the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Pushing and Pulling as One?

To be presented at the YEL Annual EU Law & Policy Conference 2020: ‘EU Law in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution’
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2020
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 245 (236,160)
Citation 2

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Public procurement, innovation, industrial policy, digital technologies, procurement data

67.

The Protection of Involuntary Creditors by Spanish Insolvency Law (Los Acreedores Involuntarios en el Concurso) (Spanish)

CRÉDITOS, GARANTÍAS Y CONCURSO, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 03 Mar 2010
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 245 (236,160)

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Involuntary Creditors, Insolvency, Bankruptcy, Creditor Privilege

68.

Recent Developments in UK Public Procurement Regulation

Forthcoming in [2022] European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review.
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 25 Mar 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 244 (238,070)

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public procurement, regulation, UK, update

69.

The Procurement Act 2023 and its Implementation Challenges

European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 08 Feb 2024
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 243 (239,011)

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public procurement, regulation, UK, update

70.

Responsibly Buying Artificial Intelligence: A ‘Regulatory Hallucination’

(2024) 77 Current Legal Problems, published ahead of print: https://doi.org/10.1093/clp/cuae003.
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 29 Nov 2023 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2024
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 234 (246,918)

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Public procurement, artificial intelligence, AI procurement, regulation, gatekeeping, public interest, regulatory hallucination, commercial determination, regulatory tunnelling, UK National AI Strategy

71.

Against the Grain? - Member State Interests and EU Procurement Law

M Varju (ed), Between Compliance and Particularism: Member State Interests and European Union Law (Springer, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 234 (246,918)

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public procurement, national interest, regulatory space, internal market, regulatory reform

72.

Is Joint Cross-Border Public Procurement Legally Feasible or Simply Commercially Tolerated? - A Critical Assessment of the BBG-SKI JCBPP Feasibility Study

Forthcoming, European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review (2017)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 03 Apr 2017
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 228 (253,203)

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Joint procurement, collaborative procurement, public procurement, centralised purchasing bodies, joint entities, legal framework, choice of law, conflict of laws

73.

New Rules for Health Care Procurement in the UK. A Critical Assessment from the Perspective of EU Economic Law

(2014) 23 Public Procurement Law Review Forthcoming, University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 14-03
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 04 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2014
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 228 (253,203)

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Health care, public procurement, competition, EU law, NHS Procurement Patient Choice and Competition Regulations 2013, UK, public sector reform

74.

The Two Roles of Procurement in the Transition Towards Digital Public Governance: Procurement as Regulatory Gatekeeper and as Site for Public Sector Experimentation

To be included in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Mar 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 225 (256,319)

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public procurement, digital technologies, artificial intelligence, race to AI, regulation, gatekeeping, experimentation, public sector digitalisation, digital procurement, case study

75.

The Commission’s Modernization Agenda for Procurement and SGEI

FINANCING SGEIS: STATE AID REFORM AND MODERNISATION, E. Szyszczak & J. van de Gronden, eds., TMC Asser Press/Springer Series Legal Issues of Services of General Interest, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 01 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2012
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 220 (261,874)

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public procurement, SGEI, Almunia Package, Altmark conditions, State aid

76.

Decentralisation, Regulatory Burden and Economic Development in Spain

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 Dec 2006
Francisco Marcos, Juan Santaló and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School, Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. - IE Business School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 220 (261,874)
Citation 1

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Regulation, Regulatory Burden, Decentralisation, Self-governing Communities, Regions, Federalism, Economic Development

77.

Competition Implications of Procurement Digitalisation and the Procurement of Digital Technologies by Central Purchasing Bodies

To be presented at the 'Public Procurement Conference – Centralization and New Trends' to be held at the University of Copenhagen, 25-26 April 2023
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Mar 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 214 (268,736)

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public procurement, centralisation, central purchasing bodies, digital procurement, digital technologies, big data, digital skills, digital markets, data markets, Data Governance Act, capacity building, professionalisation, competition, governance

78.

Insurance Activities and Competition: The Antitrust Exemption in the Insurance Sector (Actividad Aseguradora y Competencia: La Exención Antitrust del Sector Asegurador) (Spanish)

Cuadernos de la Fundación MAPFRE, 2011
Number of pages: 126 Posted: 30 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2011
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 213 (269,878)

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Insurance, Regulation, Competition Law, Block Exemption Regulation

79.

Identifying Emerging Risks in Digital Procurement Governance

To be included in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 21 Nov 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 210 (273,439)

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Public procurement, data governance, algorithmic transparency, technological dependency, technical debt, cybersecurity threats, digital skills, governance risks, impact assessment.

80.

A Missing Step in the Modernisation Stairway of EU Competition Law – Any Role for Block Exemption Regulations in the Realm of Regulation 1/2003?

Fourteenth CLaSF Workshop: Reforming EC Competition Law, City University, London, September 10, 2009, Competition Law Review, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2010
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 05 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2010
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 197 (289,809)
Citation 2

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EC competition law, modernisation, block exemption regulations, more economic approach

81.

Territorial Extension and Case Law of the Court of Justice: Good Administration and Access to Justice in Procurement as a Case Study

Europe and the World: A Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 06 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 25 May 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 192 (297,976)

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Public Procurement, Free Trade Agreements, Extraterritoriality, Territorial Extension, Jurisdiction, Court of Justice, Foreign Law, Challenges, Remedies, Good Administration, Access to Justice

82.

Need and Function for Independent Directors - Difficulties for Their Transplant to Spanish Listed Corporations (In Spanish)

Number of pages: 69 Posted: 14 Jun 2009
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 190 (299,445)

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independent directors, corporate governance, Spanish Unified Code of Good Governance

83.

Assessing Public Administration’s Intention in EU Economic Law: Chasing Ghosts or Dressing Windows?

Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 10 Aug 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 188 (302,319)

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EU economic law, intention, subjective element, interpretation, objectification, legal certainty, good administration

84.

Procurement and Commissioning during COVID-19: Reflections and (Early) Lessons

Forthcoming, Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 13 Oct 2020
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 184 (308,154)
Citation 1

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procurement, commissioning, healthcare, COVID-19, pandemic, extreme urgency, unregulated procurement, probity, integrity, conflicts of interest

85.

Some Public Procurement Challenges in Supporting and Delivering Smart Urban Mobility: Procurement Data, Discretion and Expertise

M Finck, M Lamping, V Moscon & H Richter (eds), Smart Urban Mobility – Law, Regulation, and Policy, MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law (Berlin, Springer, 2020) Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 02 Dec 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 183 (309,610)
Citation 1

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Public Procurement, Sustainability, Urban Mobility, Smart Mobility, Open Transport Data, Public Sector Data, Data Governance, Artificial Intelligence, Tender Design, Technical Specifications, Award Criteria, Contract Compliance, Contract Execution

86.

Award Criteria and Award-Related Challenges Under Spanish Public Procurement Law

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2013
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 178 (317,394)

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public procurement, award criteria, weightings, challenges, bid protest, abnormally low offers, Spain

87.

The Technological Promise of Digital Governance: Procurement as a Case Study of ‘Policy Irresistibility’

To be included in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Sep 2022 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 174 (323,898)

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Public procurement, information intensity, information complexity, policymaking, digital technologies, artificial intelligence, machine learning, blockchain, distributed ledger technology, smart contracts, robotic process automation, hype, garbage can, policy entrepreneurship, policy capture, excess

88.

The Emergence of Trans-EU Collaborative Procurement: A 'Living Lab' for European Public Law

This material was first published by Thomson Reuters, trading as Sweet & Maxwell, 5 Canada Square, Canary Wharf, London, E14 5AQ, in Public Procurement Law Review as 'The Emergence of Trans-EU Collaborative Procurement: A “Living Lab” for European Public Law (2020) 29 P.P.L.R., Issue 1, pp. 16-41 an
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 02 Nov 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 172 (327,170)

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European public law, trans-EU public law, public procurement, collaborative procurement, cross-border procurement

89.

Modernising Social Services in the Single Market: Putting the Market into the Social

Accepted for presentation at the "Fostering Growth: Reinforcing the Internal Market" conference, organised by CEU San Pablo in Madrid, Spain on the 28-29 October 2013.
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 17 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2013
Albert Sanchez-Graells and Erika Szyszczak
University of Bristol Law School and Leicester Law School
Downloads 170 (330,437)

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EU Single Market, Public Procurement, State Aid, Competition, UK Health Care Reform, Social Economy, Services of General Interest, Public Sector Reform

90.

A Critical Appraisal of the Spanish National Competition Commission's Guide on Public Procurement and Competition (Una Visión Crítica de la 'Guía Sobre Contratación Pública y Competencia' Publicada por la CNC) (in Spanish)

Gaceta Jurídica de la Unión Europea y de la Competencia, No. 21, 2011
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2011
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 169 (332,218)

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Public procurement, antitrust, effective competition, legal reform

91.

Distortions of Competition by Contracting Authorities — Bringing Some of the Pieces Together

Presented at the conference ‘Competition law and public procurement – two sides of the same coin’ organised by the Polish Public Procurement Law Association in Warsaw on 12 June 2018
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 14 Jul 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 160 (348,207)

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competition, public procurement, distortion, restriction, principle of competition, artificial narrowing

92.

Qualification, Selection and Exclusion of Economic Operators Under Spanish Public Procurement Law

University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 15-01
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 158 (351,879)

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Public procurement, exclusion, qualification, selection, short-listing, economic operators

93.

Monitor and the Competition and Markets Authority

University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 14-32
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 22 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 24 Nov 2014
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 156 (355,762)

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Competition, public procurement, institutional design, enforcement, review, regulation, health care

94.

The Importance of Assessing the Economic Impact of the Case Law of the Court of Justice of the European Union: Some Exploratory Thoughts

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 22 Apr 2013
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 156 (355,762)

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case law, Court of Justice of the European Union, economic effects, economic impact, impact assessment, RIA, empirical legal studies

95.

Collusion and Competition from a State and Market Perspective

‘Public Procurement: Global Revolution VI’ Conference, Law School, University of Nottingham, 24-25 June 2013, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 28 Feb 2013
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 155 (357,601)

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public procurement, market competition, bid rigging, public restrictions, reform

96.

Economic Analysis of Private Copy Remuneration

Number of pages: 145 Posted: 15 Jul 2011
Albert Sanchez-Graells and Juan Santaló
University of Bristol Law School and Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. - IE Business School
Downloads 154 (359,493)
Citation 16

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private copy levies

97.

Brexit and Public Procurement: Transitioning into the Void?

European Law Review, 2019, 44(2), 257-279.
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 20 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 12 May 2022
Pedro Telles and Albert Sanchez-Graells
Copenhagen Business School - CBS Law and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 149 (369,269)
Citation 1

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Brexit, Public Procurement, Government Procurement Agreement, GPA, UK, EU, Regulatory Reform, International Trade, Free Trade Agreements, Liberalisation, Convergence, Technical Cooperation

98.

A Short Note on Methodology: An Eclectic and Heuristic Multi-Disciplinary and Functional Approach to EU Law

Romanian Journal of European Law, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 07 Feb 2011
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 145 (377,576)

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methodology, legal research, creativity and innovation, economic analysis, functional approach

99.

Some Preliminary Views on the Revision of the Insurance Block Exemption Regulation

European Competition Law Review, Vol. 30, No. 10, pp. 475-481, 2009
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 31 Aug 2009
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 141 (385,964)

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Block Exemption Regulation, Insurance Industry, Review, Modernization, EC Competition Law

100.

The Growing Thicket of Multi-Layered Procurement Liberalisation between WTO GPA Parties, as Evidenced in Post-Brexit UK

To be published in (2022) 49(3) Legal Issues of Economic Integration.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 13 Apr 2022 Last Revised: 23 May 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 140 (388,078)

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World Trade Organisation, Government Procurement Agreement, Free Trade Agreements, public procurement, national treatment, access to remedies, conflict of treaty norms, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, interpretation, variable geometry

101.

La Aplicación de la Teoría de Agencia a la Prevención de Conflictos de Interés en la Contratación Pública bajo la Directiva 2014/24 (Application of Agency Theory to the Prevention of Conflicts of Interest in Public Procurement Under Directive 2014/24)

Revista de Economía Industrial, número monográfico sobre Análisis Económico del Derecho, 2015
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 23 Sep 2015
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 140 (388,078)

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Public procurement, agency theory, principal, agent, conflict of interest, contratación pública, teoría de agencia, principal, agente, conflicto de interés

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Use of gender differences for pricing, insurance contract premium

103.

Revisiting the Promise: A Feasibility Boundary for Digital Procurement Governance

To be included in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Oct 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 136 (396,972)

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Public procurement, digital technologies, artificial intelligence, machine learning, recommender systems, chatbots, algorithmic screens, blockchain, distributed ledger technology, smart contracts, robotic process automation, oracles, internet of things, data architecture, data integrity

Measuring Regulatory Intensity by the Spanish Regions (1978-2009)

InDret, Vol. 4, 2010
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 12 Jan 2011
Francisco Marcos, Juan Santaló and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School, Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. - IE Business School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 66 (648,226)

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Regulation, Regulatory Intensity, Decentralisation, Spain, Self-governing Communities, Regions, Federalism

Measuring Regulatory Intensity by the Spanish Regions (1978-2009)

Instituto de Empresa Business School Working Paper No. WP10-07
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 18 Nov 2010
Francisco Marcos, Juan Santaló and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School, Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. - IE Business School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 48 (757,287)
Citation 5

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Regulation, Regulatory Intensity, Decentralisation, Spain, Self-Governing Communities, Regions, Federalism

Measuring Regulatory Intensity by the Spanish Regions (1978-2009)

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 10 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 13 May 2021
Francisco Marcos, Juan Santaló and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School, Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. - IE Business School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 17 (1,035,869)
Citation 1

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Regulation, Regulatory Intensity, Decentralisation, Spain, Self-Governing Communities, Regions, Federalism

105.

Tomb Price Discrimination in Cemeteries: Competition in the Market for Corpses?

Instituto de Empresa Business School Working Paper No. WP 07-09
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Sep 2007
Francisco Marcos, Albert Sanchez-Graells and Juan Santaló
IE Law School, University of Bristol Law School and Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. - IE Business School
Downloads 128 (416,126)

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administrative law and economics, public prices, non-market regulation

106.

Liability Threshold for Damages in Public Procurement: The EFTA Court’s Fosen-Linjen Saga

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 26 Sep 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 121 (434,229)
Citation 1

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Public procurement, liability, damages, State liability, sufficiently serious breach, simple breach, causation, effectiveness, private enforcement, public enforcement

107.

Procurement Tools for AI Regulation by Contract. Not the Sharpest in the Shed

in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming).
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 Mar 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 119 (439,633)

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Public procurement, digital technologies, gatekeeping, procurement tools, tender design, contract design, exclusion, qualitative selection, technical specifications, award criteria, contract performance, command and control, responsive regulation, administrative burden

108.

Resh(AI)ping Good Administration: Addressing the Mass Effects of Public Sector Digitalisation

Published in (2024) LAWS 13(1): 9.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 11 Jan 2024 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 116 (448,118)
Citation 1

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Public sector, digitalisation, automated decision-making, good administration, mass effects, collective interests, public trust, organisational risk-taking, automated redress

109.

Regulating Public and Private Interactions in Public Sector Digitalisation through Procurement: the Clash between Agency and Gatekeeping Logics

To be included in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Feb 2023 Last Revised: 12 Apr 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 115 (451,037)

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public procurement, digital technologies, regulation, public-private interactions, public-public interactions, gatekeeping, agency theory, weak public buyer, two-sided gatekeeping

110.

EU-UK Procurement-Based Trade Relations After Brexit: Some Thoughts

Kainer & R. Repasi (eds.), Trade Relations after Brexit: Impetus for the Negotiation Process (Nomos, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 11 May 2018
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 112 (460,118)

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Brexit, Public Procurement, Government Procurement Agreement, GPA, UK, EU, Regulatory Reform, International Trade, Free Trade Agreements, Liberalisation, Convergence, Technical Cooperation

111.

A Primer on Spanish Competition Law (In Spanish)

Fundamentos de Derecho Empresarial, Vol. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 07 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2011
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 109 (469,345)

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Spain, Competition Law

112.

Governing the Assessment and Taking of Risks in Digital Procurement Governance

To be included in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 05 Dec 2022 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 108 (472,486)

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Public procurement, risk regulation, risk assessment, standards, algorithmic audit, self-regulation, self-assessment, second party assurance, certification, independent authority

113.
Downloads 107 (475,579)

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corporation transformation, charter amendments, shareholders' rights, creditors' rights

114.

Public Procurement

Forthcoming in Elgar Encyclopedia of European Law
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 04 Dec 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 100 (498,786)

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public procurement, horizontal considerations, regulation, trade, sustainability, digitalisation

115.

Classic Debates in Public Service Outsourcing

University of Bristol Law Research Paper Series No 8, 2019
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Apr 2020
Nina Boeger and Albert Sanchez-Graells
The City Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 99 (502,097)
Citation 1

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Outsourcing, Public Contracting, Public Procurement, Commissioning, Incomplete Contracts, Relational Contracts, Markets, Hyerarchies

116.

Lawyer to Lawyer Mentoring (Ideas para una Supervisión Efectiva de Abogados en Formación)

Retos de la Abogacía ante la Sociedad Global, 2011
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 25 May 2011
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 94 (519,314)

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legal education, access to the bar, lawyer to lawyer mentoring

117.

Discharging Procurement of the Digital Regulation Role: External Oversight and Mandatory Requirements for Public Sector Digital Technology Adoption

To be included in A Sanchez-Graells, Digital Technologies and Public Procurement. Gatekeeping and experimentation in digital public governance (OUP, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 19 Apr 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 92 (526,519)

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Public procurement, digital technologies, artificial intelligence, gatekeeping, regulation, independent regulator, AI in the public sector authority, mandatory requirements, standards, certification, reporting, audit, per-approval, permissioning, licencing

118.

Algunas Reflexiones en Torno a Las Garantías Pignoraticias Sobre Derechos de Emisión de Gases de Efecto Invernadero y Su Ejecución (Some Thoughts Regarding the Use of Greenhouse Gas Emission Rights as Financial Collateral and their Enforcement)

Revista de Derecho Bancario y Bursátil (RDBB), No. 127, July-September 2012, Revista de Derecho Bancario y Bursátil (RDBB), No. 128, October-December 2012
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 05 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 20 May 2013
Bruno Martín Baumeister and Albert Sanchez-Graells
Universidad Pontificia Comillas ICAI-ICADE and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 89 (537,649)

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greenhouse gas emission rights, financial guarantees, pledge, enforcement, liens, financial instruments, Spanish securities law, Spanish registry of emission rights (RENADE)

119.

The Procurement Chapter in the UK-Australia Free Trade Agreement – GPA+ or GPA Complex?

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Mar 2022
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 87 (549,265)

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Trade liberalisation, public procurement, government contracts, World trade Organisation, Government Procurement Agreement, Free Trade Agreement, GPA+, legal interpretation

120.

The EFTA Court’s Fosen-Linjen Saga on the Liability Threshold for Damages Claims for Breach of EU Public Procurement Law: A There and Back Again Walk

Forthcoming in a special issue of the European Procurement & Public Private Partnership Law Review.
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Sep 2019
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 87 (545,258)

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Public procurement, liability, damages, State liability, sufficiently serious breach, simple breach, causation, effectiveness, private enforcement, public enforcement

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public procurement, local entities, reform, Directive 2014/23, Directive 2014/24, centralised public procurement, aggregated public procurement, collaborative public procurement, service concessions

122.

Principles for Benchmarking Potentially Alternative Systems of Private Copy Compensation

IE Working Paper No. WP07-16
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 15 Jul 2011
Francisco Marcos, Albert Sanchez-Graells and Juan Santaló
IE Law School, University of Bristol Law School and Fundación Instituto de Empresa, S.L. - IE Business School
Downloads 82 (565,232)

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Intellectual Property, Private Copy, Remuneration, Copyright Levies, Economic Principles.

123.
Downloads 77 (586,341)
Citation 1

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public buyer, competition law, public procurement law

124.

The Legal Protection of Price Quotes in a Market (in Spanish)

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2009
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 71 (613,356)

Abstract:

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price lists, intellectual property, patents, databases, unfair competition

125.

Lights and Shadows in the Modernization of Spanish Merger Review

The Threshold: The Newsletter of the Mergers & Acquisitions Committee (ABA Antitrust Section), Vol. VIII, No. 3, pp. 25-30, Summer 2008
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 18 Mar 2009
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 63 (652,849)

Abstract:

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Antitrust, Competition Law, Competition Policy, Merger Review

126.

The Fosen-Linjen Saga: not so Simple after All?

To be published in The EFTA Court and the EEA: 30 Years On (Oxford, Hart Publishing) Forthcoming
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 20 Mar 2023
Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 62 (658,194)

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Public procurement, remedies, liability, damages, sufficiently serious breach, simple breach, EFTA Court, Fosen-Linjen, Spijker, Strabag, uniform interpretation, legal homogeneity, judicial activism, market-oriented case law, Directive 89/665/EEC

127.

Insufficiencies in the Spanish Regulation of Burial Insurance (Insuficiencias en la Regulación de los Seguros de Decesos) (Spanish)

Revista de Derecho Mercantil, Vol. 263, pp. 207-229, January-March 2007
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Jan 2011
Francisco Marcos and Albert Sanchez-Graells
IE Law School and University of Bristol Law School
Downloads 60 (668,757)

Abstract:

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128.

The Interface of EU and National Tort Law: Competition Law

Forthcoming, P Giliker (ed), Research Handbook on EU Tort Law (Edward Elgar, 2017).
Posted: 07 Dec 2016
Okeoghene Odudu and Albert Sanchez-Graells
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and University of Bristol Law School

Abstract:

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Competition law, tort law, EU tort law, damages actions, Directive 2014/104/EU, objective liability, joint liability, several liability, forms of damage, causation, legal presumption, quantification of damages