David S. Schwartz

University of Wisconsin Law School

975 Bascom Mall

Madison, WI 53706

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

37

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9,442

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 26,451

in Total Papers Citations

26

CROSSREF CITATIONS

16

Scholarly Papers (37)

1.

High Federalism: Marijuana Legalization and the Limits of Federal Power to Regulate States

Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 35, No. 567, 2013, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1222
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 23 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2014
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 1,601 (20,679)

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Supremacy, marijuana legalization, anti-commandeering, marijuana, Supremacy Clause, commandeering, anti-commandeering, medical marijuana, preemption, obstacle preemption, Federalism, clear statement rule

2.

Enforcing Small Print to Protect Big Business: Employee and Consumer Rights Claims in an Age of Compelled Arbitration

Wisconsin Law Review, Vol. 1, p. 33, 1997, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper Archival Collection
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 05 Nov 2009
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 959 (43,824)
Citation 10

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employee, consumer, arbitration, compelled arbitration, Federal Arbitration Act FAA

3.

The Case of the Vanishing Protected Class: Reflections on Reverse Discrimination, Affirmative Action and Racial Balancing

Wisconsin Law Review, No. 2, p. 657, 2000
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Nov 2009
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 530 (94,997)

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discrimination, federal court, civil rights, Civil Rights Act, affirmative action

4.

A Foundation Theory of Evidence

100 Georgetown Law Journal 95 (2011), University of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1122
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 17 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2017
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 499 (102,302)
Citation 1

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Evidence, Foundation, Relevance, Relevant, Relevancy, Probability, Conditional Relevance, Evidence Sufficient to Support a Finding, Proof Paradox, Theory of the Case, Inference, Generalization, Facts of Consequence, Authentication, Jury, Reasonable Jury, Factfinder, Trial

5.

Mandatory Arbitration and Fairness

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 3, 2009, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1080
Number of pages: 97 Posted: 09 May 2009 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2009
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 485 (105,973)
Citation 2

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mandatory arbitration, fairness, pseudo-populist, empirical studies, access to adjudication, access to courts, process costs, liability costs, high-cost/high-stakes cases, sampling error, empirical burden of proof, tort reform, Federal Arbitration Act

6.

Interpreting Ratification

1 J. Am. Con. Hist. 449 (2023), Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 23-17, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper 1780
Number of pages: 90 Posted: 21 Jul 2023 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2023
Andrew Coan and David S. Schwartz
University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law and University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 472 (109,380)

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Federalism, Enumeration, Enumerated Powers, Commerce Power, Spending Power, General Welfare, Necessary and Proper Clause, Federalism, Originalism, Original Public Meaning, Original Meaning, Preamble, Federalists, Anti-Federalists, The Federalist, Federalist Papers, Contextual Enrichment, Sincerity

7.

The Original Meaning of Enumerated Powers

Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 23-02, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper #1763
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 18 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2023
Andrew Coan and David S. Schwartz
University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law and University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 423 (124,433)

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Enumeration, Originalism, Federalism, Original Public Meaning, Interpretation, Construction, Contextual Enrichment

8.

If You Love Arbitration, Set it Free: How 'Mandatory' Undermines 'Arbitration'

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1052, 8 Nevada Law Journal 400 (2007)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2017
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 356 (151,034)
Citation 2

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arbitration, mandatory arbitration, pre-dispute arbitration, arbitration agreements, Federal Arbitration Act, litigation, judicial procedure, preemption, employment, consumer, class action, unconscionability, American Arbitration Association

9.

Misreading McCulloch v. Maryland

18 Penn. J. Con. L. 1 (2015), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1345
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 04 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2016
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 311 (174,650)
Citation 2

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Marshall, McCulloch, implied powers, necessary and proper clause, enumerated powers, national bank, bank of the United States, nationalism, federalism, powers of Congress, congressional power, internal improvements

10.

Claim-Suppressing Arbitration: The New Rules

87 Indiana Law Journal 239 (2012), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1153
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2017
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 237 (230,039)
Citation 4

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Claim-suppressing, arbitration, mandatory arbitration, class action, alternative dispute resolution, Justice Breyer, arbitrability, validity, enforceability, gateway issues, arbitrator, neutral, public policy exception, consent, adhesion contract, American Arbitration Association, due process, Feder

11.

The Other Madison Problem

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1691, 89 Fordham L. Rev. 2033 (2021)
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 11 May 2021
David S. Schwartz and John Mikhail
University of Wisconsin Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 226 (241,717)

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James Madison, Constitutional Convention, national legislative veto, federal negative, Federalist 10, extended republic, Vices of the Political System, federalism, imperium in imperio, Madison Problem, Father of the Constitution, Federalists

12.

Recovering the Lost General Welfare Clause

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1603, 63 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 857 (2022)
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 15 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2022
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 225 (241,717)

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General welfare, taxing power, spending power, Constitutional Convention, James Madison, Gouverneur Morris, James Wilson, framers, Committee of Detail, Committee of Style, Necessary and Proper Clause, enumerated powers

13.

Reconsidering the Constitution's Preamble: the Words that Made Us U.S.

37 Constitutional Commentary (2022 Forthcoming), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1718
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 28 Sep 2021
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 221 (245,839)

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Constitution, Preamble, Committee of Style, Gouverneur Morris, Committee of Detail, Articles of Confederation, We the People, compact theory, interpretation, original meaning, originalism, Federalist, George Washington, Constitutional Convention, enumerationism, nullification

14.

The Committee of Style and the Federalist Constitution

70 Buffalo L. Rev. 781 (2022), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1719
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 28 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2022
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 215 (252,252)

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Committee of Style, constitution, interpretation, original meaning, Constitutional Convention, Committee of Detail, Gouverneur Morris, committees, Farrand, James Madison

15.

Mr. Madison's War on the General Welfare Clause

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1738
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 25 Feb 2022
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 187 (286,273)

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James Madison, general welfare, federalism, Federalist, enumerated powers, original meaning, compact theory, Federalist Papers

16.

The Federalist Constitution: Foreword

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1699, 89 Fordham L. Rev. 1669 (2021)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 12 May 2021
David S. Schwartz, Jonathan Gienapp, John Mikhail and Richard Primus
University of Wisconsin Law School, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Georgetown University Law Center and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 184 (290,564)

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Constitutional Law, Federalists, Legal History, Founding Fathers, Jeffersonian-Republican, Jacksonian-Democratic, Political Parties, Interpretation

17.

Framing the Framer: A Commentary on Treanor's Gouverneur Morris as "Dishonest Scrivener"

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1733, 120 Michigan L. Rev. Online 51 (2022)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2022
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 178 (299,098)

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Committee of Style, constitution, interpretation, original meaning, Constitutional Convention, Committee of Detail, Gouverneur Morris, committees, Farrand, James Madison, William Treanor, Alexander Hamilton, Federalist, antifederalist

18.

The Federal Arbitration Act and the Power of Congress Over State Courts

Oregon Law Review, Vol. 83, No. 541, 2004, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper Archival Collection
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Oct 2009
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 163 (322,820)
Citation 3

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Federal Arbitration Act, FAA, tort, constitution, State Courts, Power of Congress

19.

Presidential Politics as a Safeguard of Federalism: The Case of Marijuana Legalization

62 Buffalo Law Review 599 (2014), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1229
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2014
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 162 (324,475)

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political safeguards, political safeguards of federalism, judicial safeguards, judicial review, deference, marijuana, marijuana legalization, presidential politics, president, electoral campaign, federalism, Controlled Substances Act, preemption

20.

Understanding Remedy-Stripping Arbitration Clauses: Validity, Arbitrability, and Preclusion Principles

University of San Francisco Law Review, Vol. 38, 2003, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1381
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 19 May 2016
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 154 (338,646)
Citation 1

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employee, consumer, arbitration, compelled arbitration, mandatory arbitration, pre-dispute arbitration, Federal Arbitration Act, FAA, alternative dispute resolution, ADR, claim preclusion, issue preclusion, res judicata, collateral estoppel, remedies, waiver, exculpatory clause, class action

21.

Justice Scalia's Jiggery-Pokery in Federal Arbitration Law

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 101, Headnotes 75 (2016), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1387
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2016
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 150 (345,924)

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arbitration, mandatory arbitration, access to courts, Federal Arbitration Act, preemption, legislative history, state courts, state contract law, dispute resolution, ADR, claim-suppressing, class action, arbitrability, validity, enforceability, arbitrator, neutral, public policy exception, consent

22.

A Question Perpetually Arising: Implied Powers, Capable Federalism, and the Limits of Enumerationism

59 Arizona Law Review 573 (2017), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1400
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 21 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2017
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 146 (353,602)
Citation 2

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Enumeration, Enumerated Powers, Delegated Powers, Express Powers, Implied Powers, Necessary and Proper Clause, Incidental Powers, Federalism, General Welfare, Common Defense, War Powers, Foreign Affairs Powers, Bank of the United States, Great Powers, McCulloch v. Maryland

23.

Disfavored Treatment of Third-Party Guilt Evidence

2016 Wisconsin Law Review 337 (2016), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1370
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 31 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2017
David S. Schwartz and Chelsey Metcalf
University of Wisconsin Law School and Foley & Lardner
Downloads 136 (373,860)

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Holmes v. South Carolina, direct connection doctrine, right to present a defense, FRE 403, alternative perpetrator, third party culpability, third party perpetrator, third party guilt

24.

McCulloch v. Maryland and the Incoherence of Enumerationism

19 Georgetown J. Law and Pub. Pol. 25 (2021), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1581
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 12 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 11 May 2021
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 124 (401,445)

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federalism, McCulloch v. Maryland, John Marshall, reserved state powers, sovereignty, state sovereignty, limited enumerated powers, Tenth Amendment, Necessary and Proper Clause, implied powers, James Madison

25.

Defying McCulloch? Jackson's Bank Veto Reconsidered

71 Ark. L. Rev. 129 (2019), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1472
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 26 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2019
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 123 (403,906)

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Andrew Jackson, John Marshall, McCulloch v. Maryland, Second Bank of the United States, bank veto, bank veto message, departmentalism, Taney Court, states' rights, judicial supremacy, federalism, separation of powers

26.

When is Sex Because of Sex? The Causation Problem in Sexual Harassment Law

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 150, No. 6, p. 1697, 2002, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper Archival Collection
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 05 Nov 2009
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 119 (413,829)

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Sexual Harassment, Harassment, feminism, causation. subordination, sex per se rule

27.

The Conjunction Problem and the Logic of Jury Findings

59 William & Mary Law Review 619 (2017), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1402
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 04 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 08 Jan 2018
David S. Schwartz and Elliott R. Sober
University of Wisconsin Law School and University of Wisconsin
Downloads 116 (421,728)
Citation 1

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Conjunction problem, conjunction paradox, probability, evidence, inference, best explanation, multiplication rule, evidence theory, probability theory, more likely than not, burden of proof, preponderance, reasonable doubt, standard of proof, dependence, independence, elements

28.

Correcting Federalism Mistakes in Statutory Interpretation: The Supreme Court and the Federal Arbitration Act

67 Law & Contemp.Probs. 5 (2004), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1379
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 14 May 2016
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 108 (444,384)

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arbitration, mandatory arbitration, access to courts, Federal Arbitration Act, preemption, legislative history, alternative dispute resolution, ADR

29.

The International Law Origins of Compact Theory: A Critique of Bellia & Clark on Federalism

1 J. Am. Con. Hist. (forthcoming 2023), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1769
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Mar 2023
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 107 (447,424)

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international law, constitution, compact theory, Vattel, James Madison, James Wilson, Alexander Hamilton, confederacy, confederation, compact treaty, federal nullification, secession, Constitutional Convention, ratification, framers, founders, federalism, Bellia & Clark

30.

Coin, Currency, and Constitution: Reconsidering the National Bank Precedent

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1471, 118 Michigan Law Review 1005 (2020)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 25 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 07 May 2020
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 88 (513,353)

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First Bank of the United States, Second Bank of the United States, Coinage Clause, Necessary and Proper Clause, national currency, McCulloch v. Maryland, originalism, enumerationism, enumerated powers

31.

Making Sense of 303 Creative: A Free Speech Solution in Search of a Problem

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1792
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 23 Jan 2024 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 85 (524,501)

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First Amendment, Free speech, Freedom of speech, Free exercise, Religious speech, LGBT rights, Same-sex marriage, O'Brien test, Public accommodations laws, Antidiscrimination law, Content-neutral, Content-based, Content-regulatory, Intermediate scrutiny, Strict scrutiny, Hurley

32.

Madison's Waiver: Can Constitutional Liquidation be Liquidated?

72 Stan. L. Rev. Online 17 (2019), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1478
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 25 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2019
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 77 (552,132)

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constitutional liquidation, non-judicial precedent, James Madison, McCulloch v. Maryland, national Bank controversy, Bank of the United States, spending power, constitutional amendment

33.

An Error and an Evil: The Strange History of Implied Commerce Powers

68 Am. U. L. Rev. 927 (2019), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1463
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 14 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2019
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 77 (552,132)
Citation 1

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commerce clause, implied powers, enumeration, limited enumerated powers, reserved state powers, Tenth Amendment, McCulloch v. Maryland, Gibbons v. Ogden, Marshall Court, Taney Court, Necessary and Proper Clause, NFIB v. Sebelius

34.

What is Relative Plausibility?

The International Journal of Evidence & Proof, Vol. 23, Nos. 1-2 (2019): 198-204, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1475
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 06 May 2019
David S. Schwartz and Elliott R. Sober
University of Wisconsin Law School and University of Wisconsin
Downloads 62 (619,769)

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burden of proof, conjunction problem, plausibility, probability, jury behavior

35.

State Judges as Guardians of Federalism: Resisting the Federal Arbitration Act's Encroachment on State Law

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1380, 16 Wash. U. J. L. & Pol. 129 (2004)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 May 2016
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 58 (640,359)

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Arbitration, mandatory arbitration, access to courts, Federal Arbitration Act, preemption, legislative history, state courts, state contract law, dispute resolution, ADR

36.

An Excess of Discretion? 'Thayer's Triumph' and the Uncodified Exclusion of Speculative Evidence

105 California Law Review 591 (2017), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1386
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 07 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2017
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 49 (691,197)

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Evidence, Federal Rules of Evidence, FRE, 701, 901, 104, 602, exclusion, relevance, speculative, speculation, conjecture, guessing, foundation, opinion, state of mind, relevance, conditional relevance

37.

Reply to Professor Rothstein

100 Geo. L.J. Online 16 (2012), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1588
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 10 May 2020
David S. Schwartz
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 29 (833,256)

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Evidence, Foundation, Relevance, Relevant, Relevancy, Probability, Conditional Relevance, Evidence Sufficient to Support a Finding, Proof Paradox, Theory of the Case, Inference, Generalization, Facts of Consequence, Authentication, Jury, Reasonable Jury, Factfinder, Trial