Petra Todd

University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

Ronald O. Perelman Center for Political Science

133 South 36th Street

Philadelphia, PA 19104-6297

United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240

Bonn, D-53072

Germany

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

DOWNLOADS
Rank 8,836

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 8,836

in Total Papers Downloads

7,576

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 878

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 878

in Total Papers Citations

645

CROSSREF CITATIONS

622

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.
Downloads 812 ( 43,016)
Citation 23

Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions

IZA Discussion Paper No. 775
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 11 Jun 2003
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 679 (53,807)
Citation 4

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Mincer Model, Earnings Regressions, Returns to Schooling

Fifty Years of Mincer Earnings Regressions

NBER Working Paper No. w9732
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 15 Jun 2003 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2022
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 133 (297,802)
Citation 2

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Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1700
Number of pages: 200 Posted: 09 Aug 2005
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 604 (62,541)

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rate of return to schooling, internal rate of return, uncertainty, psychic costs, panel data, distribution

Earnings Functions, Rates of Return and Treatment Effects: The Mincer Equation and Beyond

NBER Working Paper No. w11544
Number of pages: 199 Posted: 20 Sep 2005 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2022
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 55 (511,221)
Citation 28

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3.

Passenger Profiling, Imperfect Screening, and Airport Security

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Jan 2005
Nicola G. Persico and Petra Todd
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 645 (58,219)
Citation 4

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Racial Profiling, Crime, Police, Airport, Terrorism

4.

Does Matching Overcome Lalonde's Critique of Nonexperimental Estimators?

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 10 Oct 2001
Jeffrey A. Smith and Petra Todd
University of Wisconsin - Madison and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 572 (67,872)
Citation 233

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5.

Using a Social Experiment to Validate a Dynamic Behavioral Model of Child Schooling and Fertility: Assessing the Impact of a School Subsidy Program in Mexico

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 07 Oct 2003
Petra Todd and Kenneth I. Wolpin
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 552 (70,949)
Citation 120

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schooling, child labor, fertility, structural estimation, social experiments

6.

Ex Ante Evaluation of Social Programs

PIER Working Paper No. 06-022
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 19 Sep 2006
Petra Todd and Kenneth I. Wolpin
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 544 (72,219)
Citation 20

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ex-ante evaluation, matching, evaluation methods, school subsidy programs

7.

Progressing Through Progresa: An Impact Assessment of a School Subsidy Experiment

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 10 Oct 2001
Jere Behrman, Pilali Segupta and Petra Todd
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Independent and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 431 (95,591)
Citation 62

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8.

The Schooling of Southern Blacks: The Roles of Legal Activism and Private Philanthropy, 1910-1960

PIER Working Paper No. 01-036; Stanford Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 11; and Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 198
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 27 Jun 2000
Stanford Law School, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 406 (102,361)
Citation 11

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9.

The Production of Cognitive Achievement in Children: Home, School and Racial Test Score Gaps

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 20 May 2004
Petra Todd and Kenneth I. Wolpin
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 401 (103,873)
Citation 84

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education production function, racial test score gaps, school quality, child development, cognitive achievement

10.

Aligning Learning Incentives of Students and Teachers: Results from a Social Experiment In Mexican High Schools

PIER Working Paper No. 13-004
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 26 Jan 2013
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) - Division of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 238 (179,763)
Citation 20

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student, teacher, and group incentives, randomized social experiment, Mexican high schools

Structural Estimation and Policy Evaluation in Developing Countries

PIER Working Paper No. 09-028
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 24 Aug 2009
Petra Todd and Kenneth I. Wolpin
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 235 (181,454)
Citation 4

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development economics, policy evaluation, dynamic discrete

Structural Estimation and Policy Evaluation in Developing Countries

Annual Review of Economics, Vol. 2, pp. 21-50, 2010
Posted: 18 Oct 2010
Petra Todd and Kenneth I. Wolpin
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania

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Evaluating Preschool Programs When Length of Exposure to the Program Varies: A Nonparametric Approach

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 10 Oct 2001
Jere Behrman, Yingmei Cheng and Petra Todd
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Florida State University - College of Business and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 228 (186,754)
Citation 27

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Program Evaluation, Matching, Selection Bias, Propensity Scores, Local Regression, Human Capital, Nutrition, Child Development, Anthropometrics, Preschool Programs, Cognitive Tests

Evaluating Preschool Programs when Length of Exposure to the Program Varies: A Nonparametric Approach

Posted: 21 Nov 2004
Jere Behrman, Yingmei Cheng and Petra Todd
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Florida State University - College of Business and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

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Program Evaluation, Matching, Selection Bias, Propensity Scores, Local Regression, Human Capital, Nutrition, Child Development, Anthropometrics, Preschool Programs, Cognitive Tests

13.
Downloads 192 (219,391)
Citation 22

Earnings Functions and Rates of Return

IZA Working Paper No. 3310
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 23 May 2008
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 136 (292,807)
Citation 7

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schooling, marginal internal rate of return, nonparametric estimation

Earnings Functions and Rates of Return

NBER Working Paper No. w13780
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 08 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2022
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 56 (506,981)
Citation 16

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14.

Characterizing Selection Bias Using Experimental Data

NBER Working Paper No. w6699
Number of pages: 98 Posted: 19 Nov 1998 Last Revised: 23 Apr 2022
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo, University of Wisconsin - Madison and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 167 (247,143)

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15.

Are Conditional Cash Transfers Effective in Urban Areas? Evidence from Mexico

PIER Working Paper No. 11-024
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 24 Aug 2011
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Bates White, LLC, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) - Division of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Downloads 142 (282,028)
Citation 6

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conditional cash transfer programs, matching estimators, program evaluation

16.

Effectiveness of Interventions Aimed at Improving Women's Employability and Quality of Work: A Critical Review

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6189
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Petra Todd
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 133 (296,611)

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Labor Markets, Labor Policies, Poverty Impact Evaluation, Poverty Monitoring & Analysis, Population Policies

A Note on Adapting Propensity Score Matching and Selection Models to Choice Based Samples

IZA Discussion Paper No. 4304
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 28 Jul 2009
James J. Heckman and Petra Todd
University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 81 (416,673)
Citation 1

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choice-based sampling, matching models, propensity scores, selection models

A Note on Adapting Propensity Score Matching and Selection Models to Choice Based Samples

NBER Working Paper No. w15179
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 28 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2022
James J. Heckman and Petra Todd
University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 31 (639,551)

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18.

Using Hit Rates to Test for Racial Bias in Law Enforcement: Vehicle Searches in Wichita

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Jan 2005
Nicola G. Persico and Petra Todd
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 101 (360,043)
Citation 6

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Racial Profiling, Crime, Police, Wichita

How Beliefs About HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence from Malawi

PIER Working Paper No. 08-035
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira and Petra Todd
University College London - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 59 (494,552)
Citation 2

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Beliefs, AIDS, Malawi

How Beliefs About HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence from Malawi

PIER Working Paper No. 09-031
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 24 Aug 2009
Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira and Petra Todd
University College London - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 34 (620,088)

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AIDS, Malawi, Beliefs

The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons from the Social Protection Survey

NBER Working Paper No. w12401
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Oct 2006 Last Revised: 22 May 2022
University of Chile, Centro Encuestas y Estudios Longitudinales Universidad Catolica, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 92 (385,321)
Citation 1

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The Chilean Pension Reform Turns 25: Lessons from the Social Protection Survey

Published in Kay, S. and T. Sinha (Eds.) (2008). Lessons from Pension Reform in the Americas. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press., Pension Research Council Working Paper No. 2006-9
Posted: 19 Jun 2006 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2020
University of Pennsylvania - The Wharton School, University of Chile, Centro Encuestas y Estudios Longitudinales Universidad Catolica, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

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21.

A Dynamic Model of Personality, Schooling, and Occupational Choice

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2021
Petra Todd and Weilong Zhang
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Economics
Downloads 86 (398,097)
Citation 1

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personality traits and education policies, occupational choice, unobserved types, human capital investment, dynamic discrete choice

22.

How Beliefs About HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence from Malawi, Sixth Version

PIER Working Paper No. 11-005
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 22 Feb 2011
Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira and Petra Todd
University College London - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 66 (460,809)
Citation 3

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Malawi, HIV, beliefs

23.

Evaluating the Effect of an Antidiscrimination Law Using a Regression-Discontinuity Design

NBER Working Paper No. w7131
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 21 Sep 1999 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2022
University of California, Los Angeles, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and Federal Reserve Bank of New York
Downloads 66 (460,809)

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24.

Investor Behavior and Fund Performance Under a Privatized Retirement Accounts System: Evidence from Chile

Michigan Retirement Research Center Research Paper No. WP 2009-209
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 21 Nov 2009
Elena Krasnokutskaya and Petra Todd
Johns Hopkins University - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 65 (464,400)
Citation 1

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25.

Racial Bias in Motor Vehicle Searches: Theory and Evidence

NBER Working Paper No. w7449
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 06 May 2000 Last Revised: 11 May 2022
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 60 (483,191)
Citation 16

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26.

How Beliefs About HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence from Malawi, Second Version

PIER Working Paper No. 10-004
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 27 Jan 2010
Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira and Petra Todd
University College London - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 59 (487,067)
Citation 2

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27.

The Schooling Quality-Earnings Relationship: Using Economic Theory to Interpret Functional Forms Consistent with the Evidence

NBER Working Paper No. w5288
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 25 May 2006 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2022
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, Charles River Associates and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 57 (494,830)

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28.

The Longer-Term Effects of Human Capital Enrichment Programs on Poverty and Inequality: Oportunidades in Mexico

Estudios de Economía, Vol. 38, No. 1, p. 67, 2011
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 03 Jul 2011
Douglas McKee and Petra Todd
Cornell University and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 53 (511,302)
Citation 2

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Oportunidades, Human capital, Schooling, Health, Poverty, Inequality

29.

Does Measured School Quality Really Matter? An Examination of the Earnings-Quality Relationship

NBER Working Paper No. w5274
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 15 Aug 2000 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2022
University of Chicago - Department of Economics, Charles River Associates and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 49 (528,820)

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30.

How Beliefs About HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence from Malawi, Seventh Version

PIER Working Paper No. 11-033
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 14 Oct 2011
Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira and Petra Todd
University College London - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 47 (537,868)

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Malawi. HIV. beliefs

31.

Social Action, Private Choice, and Philanthropy: Understanding the Sources of Improvements in Black Schooling in Georgia, 1911-1960

NBER Working Paper No. w6418
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 11 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2022
Stanford Law School, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 45 (547,418)

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32.

How Beliefs About HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence From Malawi, Second Version

PIER Working Paper No. 08-041
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 05 Dec 2008
Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira and Petra Todd
University College London - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 44 (552,250)

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Beliefs, AIDS, Malawi

33.

How Beliefs About HIV Status Affect Risky Behaviors: Evidence from Malawi, Fifth Version

PIER Working Paper No. 10-023
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 15 Jul 2010
Aureo de Paula, Gil Shapira and Petra Todd
University College London - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 43 (557,173)
Citation 5

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Beliefs, Malawi, HIV

34.

How Pension Rules Affect Work and Contribution Patterns: A Behavioral Model of the Chilean Privatized Pension System

Michigan Retirement Research Center Research Paper No. 2008-193
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 22 Sep 2009
Petra Todd and Viviana Velez-Grajales
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Downloads 43 (557,173)
Citation 1

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35.

Using Hit Rate Tests to Test for Racial Bias in Law Enforcement: Vehicle Searches in Wichita

NBER Working Paper No. w10947
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 19 Dec 2004 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2022
Nicola G. Persico and Petra Todd
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 38 (582,826)
Citation 3

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36.

Social Action, Private Choice, and Philanthropy: Understanding the Sources of Improvements in Black Schooling in Georgia, 1911-1960

Posted: 10 Feb 1998
Stanford Law School, University of Chicago - Department of Economics and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

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