Sandra Fredman

University of Oxford Faculty of Law

St. Cross Building

St. Cross Road

Oxford, OX1 3UJ

United Kingdom

University of California, Berkeley - Berkeley Comparative Equality & Anti-Discrimination Law Study Group

Boalt Hall

Berkeley, CA 94720-7200

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

16

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CITATIONS
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9

Scholarly Papers (16)

1.

Human Rights Transformed: Positive Duties and Positive Rights

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 38/2006, Public Law, pp. 498-520, 2006
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 13 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2015
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,292 (13,650)
Citation 9

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2.

Substantive Equality Revisited

I•CON (2016), Vol. 14 No. 3, 712–73, doi:10.1093/icon/mow043, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 70/2014
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 16 Oct 2014
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 724 (31,959)

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human rights, substantive equality

3.

Positive Duties and Socio-Economic Disadvantage: Bringing Disadvantage onto the Equality Agenda

European Human Rights Law Review, Forthcoming, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 55/2010
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Jun 2010
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 616 (39,670)

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Gender, Inequality, Anti-Discrimination law, Accountability

4.

Engendering Socio-Economic Rights

South African Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 25, Part 3, 2009, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 54/2010
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 29 Jun 2010
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 458 (57,951)

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gender, socio-economic rights, human rights, equality

5.

Making Equality Effective: The Role of Proactive Measures

European Commission, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, Unit EMPL/G/2, 2010, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 53/2010
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 30 Jun 2010
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 395 (69,293)

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gender, sexism, labour, labor, inequality, women, segregation, affirmative action

6.

Precarious Norms for Precarious Workers

PRECARIOUS WORK, WOMEN AND THE NEW ECONOMY, J. Fudge & R. Owens, eds., Hart, pp. 177-200, 2006, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 32/2006
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Jun 2006
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 327 (86,207)

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7.

New Horizons: Incorporating Socio-Economic Rights in a British Bill of Rights

Public Law, p. 297, 2010, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No.56/2010
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 04 Jul 2010
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 248 (116,081)

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Gender, Socio-Economic Rights, Human Rights, Judiciary, ICESCR

8.

Facing the Future: Substantive Equality Under the Spotlight

EQUALITY IN THE WORKPLACE: REFLECTIONS FROM SOUTH AFRICA AND ELSEWHERE, Ockert Dupper and Christoph Garbers, eds., University of Stellenbosch, 2010, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 57/2010
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 29 Jul 2010
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 223 (129,052)

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Substantive Equality, Socio-Economic Disadvantage, Dignity, Affirmative Action, Status Disadvantage, Poverty

9.

Are Human Rights Culturally Determined? A Riposte to Lord Hoffmann

PS Davies and J Pila (eds), The Jurisprudence of Lord Hoffmann (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2015), Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13/2015
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 03 Apr 2015
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 155 (179,425)

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10.

Social, Economic and Cultural Rights

David Feldman (ed) English Public Law (2nd Ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009) pp. 453-497
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 20 May 2013
Sandra Fredman and Murray Wesson
University of Oxford Faculty of Law and The University of Western Australia Law School
Downloads 87 (274,020)

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Social rights, economic rights, justiciability, English public law

Transformation or Dilution: Fundamental Rights in the EU Social Space

European Law Journal, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 41-60, January 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 Apr 2006
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 19 (516,484)
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Transformation or Dilution: Fundamental Rights in the EU Social Space

European Law Journal, Vol. 12, pp. 41-60, 2006, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2/2006
Posted: 30 Mar 2006
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law

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Individual rights, EU, proactive rights model, history of social rights, European employment strategy, gender mainstreaming, EU Charter

12.

Working Together: Human Rights, the Sustainable Development Goals and Gender Equality

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 04 Dec 2018
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law
Downloads 9 (570,681)

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13.

Reforming Equal Pay Laws

Industrial Law Journal, Vol. 37, Issue 3, pp. 193-218, 2008
Posted: 29 Jul 2009
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law

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14.

From Deference to Democracy: The Role of Equality Under the Human Rights Act 1998

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 5/2006, Law Quarterly Review, Vol. 122, pp. 53-81, 2006
Posted: 04 Apr 2006
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law

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individual rights, Human Rights Act, UK, equality, democracy, judicial and legislative decision-making

15.

Changing the Norm: Positive Duties in Equal Treatment Legislation

Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, Vol. 12, pp. 369-398, 2005, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3/2006
Posted: 29 Mar 2006
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law

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Gender equality, individual rights, proactive rights model, complaints led rights model, pay equity legislation, race equality duty, fair employment legislation, comparative rights analysis, Canada, Britain, Northern Ireland, EU, European Employment Strategy

16.

Providing Equality: Substantive Equality and the Positive Duty to Provide

South African Journal on Human Rights, Vol. 21, pp. 163-190, 2005, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 4/2006
Posted: 29 Mar 2006
Sandra Fredman
University of Oxford Faculty of Law

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Equality, discrimination, gender, race