Patricia M. Muhammad

Independent

Associate Counsel

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

8

DOWNLOADS

510

SSRN CITATIONS

3

CROSSREF CITATIONS

0

Scholarly Papers (8)

1.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: A Forgotten Crime Against Humanity as Defined by International Law

American University International Law Review, Vol. 19, No. 4, 2004
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 08 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 14 May 2013
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 271 (132,408)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, crimes against humanity, historical injustices, international law, United Nations, Slavery Convention, human rights

2.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: European Corporations, the Papacy and the Issue of Reparations

Willamette Journal of International Law and Dispute Resolution, Vol. 26, Nos. 1-2, 2019
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 05 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 87 (336,569)

Abstract:

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Atlantic History, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, Religious Studies, Catholic Church, Vatican, Papacy, African, Africans of the Diaspora, Slavery, Slave Trading, Dogma, Natural Law, International Law, Edict, Pope Reparations, Restitution, Black Americans, Papacy

3.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: A Legacy Establishing a Case for International Reparations

Columbia Journal of Race and Law, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2013
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 19 Feb 2014
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 73 (372,730)
Citation 2

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international law, trans-atlantic slave trade, Black Codes, historical injustices, crimes against humanity, international tribunal, United Nations, human rights, civil rights, Waikapato, New Zealand, Native American, Jews, discrimination, Holocaust, reparations, restitution, atonement, apology

4.

The U.S. Reparations Debate: Where Do We Go From Here?

N.Y.U. Review of Law and Social Change-The Harbinger, 2020
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 05 Mar 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 28 (551,528)

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restorative justice, restitution, slavery, reparations debate, U.S. Constitution, 13th Amendment, racism, America, racial discrimination, institutionalized discrimination

5.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade's Vestiges: Exploring Proposed Forms of Restitution 2016

International Social Science Review: Vol. 92, Iss. 2, Article 2 (2016)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 15 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2017
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 22 (589,083)

Abstract:

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slavery, slave trade, restitution, reparations, restorative justice, United States, U.S. history, American history

6.

Book Review: Humane Insight: Looking at Images of African American Suffering and Death

H-NET Review, 2017
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 04 Apr 2017
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 18 (615,790)

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humanity, human rights violations, Black Americans, African Americans, suffering, death, philosophy, American History, Black History, African American History, Womens Studies, social justice, torture, black body, social hierarchy, American politics

7.

Book Review: Labor Standards in International Supply Chains: Aligning Rights and Incentives by Berliner, Daniel, Anne Regan Greenleaf, Milli Lake, Margaret Levi, and Jennifer Noveck.

International Social Science Review, Vol. 93, Issue. 1
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 07 Sep 2017
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 11 (665,308)

Abstract:

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international law, labor standards, corporate governance, global supply chains, public pressure, human rights, migrant workers

8.

Book Review: Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

41 Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies, 2020
Posted: 09 Jun 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent

Abstract:

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Slavery, Litigation, Manumission, American Slavery, Black Litigants, Southern Courts, Antebellum South, Law, Justice

Other Papers (12)

Total Downloads: 73
1.

Book Review: Corporate Social Responsibility, Private Law and Global Supply Chains by Andreas Rühmkorf

International Social Science Review, Vol. 92, Iss. 1, Article 19, 2016
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 06 Oct 2016
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 39

Abstract:

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International Law, International Trade, Supply Chains, Global Economy, Corporate Governance, United Kingdom, Corporate Responsibility, Claims

2.

Book Review of Migration and Freedom: Mobility, Citizenship and Exclusion by Brad K. Blitz

International Social Science Review: Vol. 91: Iss. 2, Article 20, 2015
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 25 Apr 2016
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 14

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Brad K. Blitz, Patricia M. Muhammad, migration, freedom, pull factors, push factors, incentives, skilled workers, refugees, professionals, international law, discrimination, Europe, case studies, European union, private law

3.

(Book Review) The Counter-Revolution of 1776: Slave Resistance and the Origins of the United States of America by Gerald Horne

The Journal of African American History (Formerly The Journal of Negro History), Vol. 101, No. 3, p. 358 (2016)
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 28 Oct 2016
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 6

Abstract:

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Slavery, Slave Trading, Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, Municipal Law, American History, European History, Revolution, Freedom, Forced Migration, Rebellion, Chattel Slavery

4.

Book Review: A Boy Named Courage A Surgeon’s Memoir of Apartheid

The Colorado Review, 2020
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 02 Dec 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 3

Abstract:

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race, discrimination, South Africa, apartheid, racial identity

5.

Book Review: The Crime of Aggression: The Quest for Justice in an Age of Drones, Cyberattacks, Insurgents, and Autocrats

95:3 International Social Science Review Art. 16 (2019)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 09 Jan 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 3

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international law, International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, cyber law, cyber attacks, crimes against humanity, war crimes, United Nations, U.N. Security Council, jus cogens, public international law

6.

Book Review: Technicolored: Reflections of Race in the Time of TV by Ann Ducille (2018)

95:1 International Social Science Review Art. 7 (2019)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 28 May 2019
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 3

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race, black presence, token, visual arts, media, race and television, racism, racial profiling, stereotypes, African American history, interracial dating, white supremacy, black oppression, stereotypes, visual media

7.

Book Review: Freedom in White and Black: A Lost Story of the Illegal Slave Trade and Its Global Legacy by Emma Christopher

HSlavery, 2020
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 14 Oct 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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Atlantic history, illegal era, slave trading, illegal slave trading, Royal Navy, Britain, Sierra Leon, Liberia slaves

8.

Book Review: Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management, by Caitlin Rosenthal

Number of pages: 2 Posted: 17 Sep 2019
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 1

Abstract:

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slavery, accounting, principles, financial, slave economy, plantation life, recordkeeping

9.

Book Review: Human Rights and the Care of the Self by Alexandre Lefebvre

International Social Science Review: Vol. 95 : Iss. 2 , Article 11. 2019
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 15 Sep 2019
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 1

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human rights, care of self, civil rights, philosophy, democracy, democratic society, rule of law, discrimination, oppression, despotism, human rights education

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civil rights, human rights, advocacy, civil rights activist, religion, influence, progress, society, democracy

11.

Book Review: In Defiance: Runaways from Slavery in New York’s Hudson River Valley 1735–1831 By Susan Stessin-Cohn and Ashley Hurlburt-Blagini

101:1 New York History Journal 160 (2020)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 31 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent
Downloads 0

Abstract:

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colonial northeast, slavery, slave trading, New York, New York History, American Slavery, runaway slaves, slave bulletins

12.

Book Review: Making of the Black Jacobins: C.L.R. James and the Drama of History by Rachel Douglas

International Social Science Review, Forthcoming
Posted: 31 Jul 2020
Patricia M. Muhammad
Independent

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Caribbean, Haitian Revolution, slavery, C.L.R. James, fiction, history of slavery, Theory of Theatre, plays