Mark E. Schaffer

Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation

Professor

School of Management - Department of Economics

Edinburgh EH14 4AS

United Kingdom

http://www.hw.ac.uk/ecoWWW/cert

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Fellow

London

United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240

Bonn, D-53072

Germany

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

27

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CITATIONS
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186

Scholarly Papers (27)

1.

Competition, Innovation and Growth in Transition: Exploring the Interactions between Policies

William Davidson Institute Working Paper Number 501
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 Oct 2002
Philippe Aghion, Wendy Carlin and Mark E. Schaffer
College de France and London School of Economics and Political Science, Fellow, University College London - Department of Economics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 725 (33,184)
Citation 17

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transition, innovation, competition, corporate governance, hard budget constraints, policy interactions, enterprise survey

2.

Effective Versus Statutory Taxation: Measuring Effective Tax Administration in Transition Economies

William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 347
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Jan 2001
Mark E. Schaffer and Gerard Turley
Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG) - Department of Economics
Downloads 561 (46,677)
Citation 8

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Statutory taxation, average tax rate, tax collection, effective administration, transition economies

Competition and Enterprise Performance in Transition Economies: Evidence from a Cross-Country Survey

William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 376
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 29 May 2001
Wendy Carlin, Steven Fries, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 529 (49,671)
Citation 35

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competition, restructuring, privatization, soft budget constraints, business environment

Competition and Enterprise Performance in Transition Economies Evidence from a Cross-Country Survey

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 2840
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 19 Jun 2001
Wendy Carlin, Steven Fries, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 24 (502,225)
Citation 35
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Competition, restructuring, privatisation, soft budget constraints, business environment

4.

Financial Discipline in the Enterprise Sector in Transition Countries: How Does China Compare?

CERT Discussion Paper 98/1
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 15 Mar 1998
Shumei Gao and Mark E. Schaffer
Heriot-Watt University and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 457 (60,437)
Citation 5

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5.

Do Firms in Transition Have Soft Budget Constraints? A Reconsideration of Concepts and Evidence

CERT Discussion Paper No. 97/20
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 19 Mar 1998
Mark E. Schaffer
Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 279 (106,376)
Citation 42

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6.
Downloads 196 (151,143)
Citation 13

Benchmarking Structural Change in Transition

IZA Discussion Paper No. 727
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 27 Mar 2003
Martin Raiser, Mark E. Schaffer and Johannes Schuchhardt
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and MicroDiscovery, Berlin
Downloads 178 (164,991)
Citation 13

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Structural Change, Transition, Adjustment

Benchmarking Structural Change in Transition

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3820
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 06 May 2003
Martin Raiser, Mark E. Schaffer and Johannes Schuchhardt
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and MicroDiscovery, Berlin
Downloads 18 (539,598)
Citation 13
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Structural change, transition, adjustment

7.

Productivity, Ownership and the Investment Climate: International Lessons for Priorities in Serbia

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3681
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Aug 2005
Itzhak Goldberg, Branko LJ. Radulovic and Mark E. Schaffer
CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research, Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 183 (160,896)
Citation 2

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A Minimum of Rivalry: Evidence from Transition Economies on the Importance of Competition for Innovation and Growth

William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 670
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Apr 2004
Wendy Carlin, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 154 (187,237)
Citation 25

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competition, productivity growth, innovation, rivalry, transition

A Minimum of Rivalry: Evidence from Transition Economies on the Importance of Competition for Innovation and Growth

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4343
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 06 May 2004
Wendy Carlin, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 27 (484,520)
Citation 25
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Competition, productivity growth, innovation, rivalry, transition

Convergence in Institutions and Market Outcomes: Cross-Country and Time-Series Evidence from the BEEPS Surveys in Transition Economies

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3863
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 10 Dec 2008
Pradeep Mitra, Alexander Muravyev and Mark E. Schaffer
World Bank - Europe and Central Asia Region, Saint Petersburg Branch National Research University Higher School of Economics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 74 (315,532)
Citation 2

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transition, convergence, market structure, competition, enterprise finance, enterprise restructuring

Convergence in Institutions and Market Outcomes: Cross-Country and Time-Series Evidence from the Beeps Surveys in Transition Economies

DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 847
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 05 Jul 2009
Pradeep Mitra, Alexander Muravyev and Mark E. Schaffer
World Bank - Europe and Central Asia Region, Saint Petersburg Branch National Research University Higher School of Economics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 63 (344,837)
Citation 2

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transition, convergence, market structure, competition, enterprise finance, enterprise restructuring

10.

Convergence in Institutions and Market Outcomes: Cross-Country and Time-Series Evidence from the Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Surveys in Transition Economies

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4819
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Pradeep Mitra and Mark E. Schaffer
World Bank - Europe and Central Asia Region and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 113 (238,163)
Citation 1

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Microfinance, Markets and Market Access, Debt Markets, Labor Policies, Emerging Markets

11.

Where are the Real Bottlenecks? Evidence from 20,000 Firms in 60 Countries About the Shadow Costs of Constraints to Firm Performance

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3059
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 23 Oct 2007
Wendy Carlin, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 111 (241,111)
Citation 7

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public goods, constraints on growth, infrastructure, finance, institutions, subjective data

12.

Wage Determination in Russia: An Econometric Investigation

IZA Discussion Paper No. 143
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 14 Nov 2000
Mark E. Schaffer and Peter J. Luke
Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Abertay Dundee - Dundee Graduate School of Management
Downloads 101 (257,627)
Citation 3

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Russian labour markets, efficient bargaining, outliers, regression diagnostics, robust regression

13.

Estimating the Causal Effect of Gun Prevalence on Homicide Rates: A Local Average Treatment Effect Approach

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3589
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 14 Jul 2008
Tomislav Victor Kovandzic, Mark E. Schaffer and Gary Kleck
University of Alabama at Birmingham - Department of Justice Sciences, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and Florida State University - College of Criminology and Criminal Justice
Downloads 91 (275,609)
Citation 2

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crime, homicide, gun levels, endogeneity

Wage Policies of a Russian Firm and the Financial Crisis of 1998: Evidence from Personnel Data - 1997 to 2002

DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 771
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 12 Mar 2008
Thomas J. Dohmen, Hartmut Lehmann and Mark E. Schaffer
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 61 (350,582)
Citation 1

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Internal labor markets, wage policies of a firm, personnel data, Russia

Wage Policies of a Russian Firm and the Financial Crisis of 1998: Evidence from Personnel Data - 1997 to 2002

IZA Working Paper No. 3350
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 23 May 2008
Thomas J. Dohmen, Hartmut Lehmann and Mark E. Schaffer
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 22 (514,476)
Citation 1

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internal labor markets, wage policies of a firm, personnel data, Russia

Wage Policies of a Russian Firm and the Financial Crisis of 1998: Evidence from Personnel Data - 1997 to 2002

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP6845
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 12 Jun 2008
Thomas J. Dohmen, Hartmut Lehmann and Mark E. Schaffer
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 2 (650,883)
Citation 1
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firm-level wage setting, Internal labour markets, personnel data, Russia

Wage Policies of a Russian Firm and the Financial Crisis of 1998: Evidence from Personnel Data, 1997 to 2002

Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 67, No. 2, 2014
Posted: 18 Apr 2014
Thomas J. Dohmen, Hartmut Lehmann and Mark E. Schaffer
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation

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labor markets, wage policies of a firm, personnel data, Russia

15.

Where are the Real Bottlenecks? A Lagrangian Approach to Identifying Constraints on Growth from Subjective Survey Data

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5719
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 10 Aug 2006
Wendy Carlin, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 56 (360,624)
Citation 9
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Public goods, constraints on growth, infrastructure, finance, institutions, subjective data

16.

The Business Environment in the Transition

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 3934
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Sep 2012
Wendy Carlin and Mark E. Schaffer
University College London - Department of Economics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 48 (386,198)

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infrastructure, human capital, institutions, planned economy, transition, business environment

17.

Understanding the Business Environment in South Asia: Evidence from Firm-Level Surveys

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6160
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Wendy Carlin and Mark E. Schaffer
University College London - Department of Economics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 44 (400,060)

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Environmental Economics & Policies, Microfinance, E-Business, Private Participation in Infrastructure, Small Scale Enterprise

18.

Gun Prevalence, Homicide Rates and Causality: A GMM Approach to Endogeneity Bias

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5357
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 24 Jan 2006
Gary Kleck, Tomislav Victor Kovandzic and Mark E. Schaffer
Florida State University - College of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Alabama at Birmingham - Department of Justice Sciences and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 36 (430,704)
Citation 1
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Crime, homicide, gun levels, endogeneity, GMM, counties

19.

The Determinants of Privatized Enterprise Performance in Russia

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3193
Number of pages: 143 Posted: 26 Feb 2002
University of Michigan - Department of Economics, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) - Office of the Chief Economist, London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation (CERT), Government of the United States of America - Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), Heriot-Watt University - School of Management and Languages and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 23 (492,726)
Citation 12
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Privatization, enterprise performance, competition, corporate governance, investment

20.

Book Reviews

The Economic Journal, Vol. 112, pp. 566-607, 2002
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 27 Apr 2003
Bank for International Settlements (BIS), University of Durham, Goethe University Frankfurt, World Bank, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Royal Holloway, University of London, University of Birmingham - Department of Economics, University of Birmingham - Department of Economics, University of the West of England (UWE) - School of Economics, London School of Economics - Department of Finance, University of Birmingham, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), University of London, Birkbeck College - Department of Economics, Imperial College Business School, University of Bologna - Department of Economics, WU, Vienna University of Economics and BA, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, King's College London, University of East Anglia, Carleton University - Department of Economics, University of Stirling - Department of Economics, University of Zurich, Université de Lausanne and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Financial Markets Group
Downloads 21 (503,951)
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21.

A Framework for Cross-Country Comparisons of Public Infrastructure Constraints on Firm Growth

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7662
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 08 Feb 2010
Wendy Carlin, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 7 (585,381)
Citation 1
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constraints on growth, finance, infrastructure, institutions, O-ring production function, public infrastructure, public inputs, subjective data

22.

Business Environment Constraints in the Third Decade of Transition: Calibrating the Shadow Costs of Obstacles to Business

EBRD Working Paper No. 195
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 08 Feb 2018
Wendy Carlin and Mark E. Schaffer
University College London - Department of Economics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 6 (591,573)

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business environment, public goods, surveys, calibration, constraints on firm growth

23.

Iassopack: Model Selection and Prediction with Regularized Regression in Stata

IZA Discussion Paper No. 12081
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 28 Jan 2019
Achim Ahrens, Christian Hansen and Mark E. Schaffer
Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Econometrics and Statistics and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation
Downloads 4 (604,234)

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lasso2, cvlasso, rlasso, lasso, elastic net, square-root lasso, cross-validation

24.

Soviet Power Plus Electrification: What is the Long-Run Legacy of Communism?

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9003
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 28 Sep 2012
Wendy Carlin, Mark E. Schaffer and Paul Seabright
University College London - Department of Economics, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and University of Toulouse I - Industrial Economic Institute (IDEI)
Downloads 1 (633,036)
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business environment, infrastructure, institutions, planned economy, transition

25.

Using Stata for Applied Research: Reviewing its Capabilities

Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 25, Issue 2, pp. 380-394, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 07 Mar 2011
Christopher F. Baum, Mark E. Schaffer and Steven Stillman
affiliation not provided to SSRN, Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation and Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
Downloads 1 (633,036)
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Stata, Review

26.

Revisiting Hungary's Bankruptcy Episode

WDI Conference Paper, "Financial Sectors in Transition: A Conference on the Design of Financial Systems in Central and Eastern Europe
Posted: 05 Dec 1999
John Bonin and Mark E. Schaffer
Wesleyan University - Economics Department and Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation

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27.

Do Firms in Transition Economies Have Soft Budget Constraints? A Reconsideration of Concepts and Evidence

JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE ECONOMICS, Vol. 26, No. 1, March 1998
Posted: 10 Jun 1998
Mark E. Schaffer
Heriot-Watt University - Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation

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