Nancy Birdsall

Center for Global Development

President

2055 L St. NW

5th floor

Washington, DC 20036

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

45

DOWNLOADS
Rank 5,151

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 5,151

in Total Papers Downloads

8,495

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 5,117

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 5,117

in Total Papers Citations

72

CROSSREF CITATIONS

144

Scholarly Papers (45)

1.
Downloads 971 ( 23,899)
Citation 9

Seven Deadly Sins: Reflections on Donor Failings

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 50
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 26 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 513 (56,008)
Citation 3

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development assistance, foreign aid, international assistance

Seven Deadly Sins: Reflections on Donor Failings

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 50
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 05 Jul 2007
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 458 (64,537)
Citation 16

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2.
Downloads 642 ( 42,464)
Citation 3

The Washington Consensus: Assessing a Damaged Brand

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5316
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Center for Global Development, Columbia University, SIPA and Vancouver School of Economics
Downloads 318 (98,952)

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Debt Markets, Emerging Markets, Economic Theory & Research, Achieving Shared Growth, Access to Finance

The Washington Consensus: Assessing a Damaged Brand

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 213
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 19 Oct 2010
Center for Global Development, Columbia University, SIPA and Vancouver School of Economics
Downloads 258 (123,902)
Citation 4

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Aid Effectiveness, Economic Growth

The Washington Consensus: Assessing a Damaged Brand

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 213
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Jun 2010
Center for Global Development, Columbia University, SIPA and Vancouver School of Economics
Downloads 66 (360,322)
Citation 3

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Stabilization, Reform, Financial Markets, Macroeconomic Policy, Government

3.

Winners and Losers: Assessing the Distributional Impact of Privatization

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 6
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 24 May 2002
Nancy Birdsall and John Nellis
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 526 (54,921)
Citation 15

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4.

Declining Inequality in Latin America: Some Economics, Some Politics

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 251
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 19 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2011
Nancy Birdsall, Nora Lustig and Darryl McLeod
Center for Global Development, Tulane University and Fordham University
Downloads 501 (58,341)
Citation 18

Abstract:

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inequality, Latin America, middle class, political regime

5.

Commodity Dependence, Trade, and Growth: When 'Openness' is Not Enough

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 7
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Jul 2007
Nancy Birdsall and Amar Hamoudi
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 469 (63,342)
Citation 11

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6.

Economic Reform and Wage Differentials in Latin America

IADB Research Working Paper No. 435
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 12 Feb 2001
Jere Behrman, Nancy Birdsall and Miguel Szekely
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Center for Global Development and Independent
Downloads 468 (63,514)
Citation 31

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reform, inequality, wages, trade, distribution

The (Indispensable) Middle Class in Developing Countries; or, the Rich and the Rest, Not the Poor and the Rest

EQUITY IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD, Ravi Kanbur and Michael Spence, eds., World Bank, Forthcoming, Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 207
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 19 Oct 2010
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 443 (67,142)

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Economic Development, Poverty

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Economic growth, middle class, poverty, international development

8.

Stuck in Tunnel: Is Globalization Muddling the Middle?

Brookings Institution Center Working Paper No. 14
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 03 Aug 2001
Nancy Birdsall, Carol Graham and Stefano Pettinato
Center for Global Development, Brookings Institution - Center on Social and Economic Dynamics and Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) - Infrastructure and Financial Markets/SDS
Downloads 407 (75,188)
Citation 49

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middle income, income distribution, globalization

9.

Economic Policy and Wage Differentials in Latin America

PIER Working Paper No. 01-048, Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 29
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 09 Jan 2002 Last Revised: 15 Feb 2012
Jere Behrman, Nancy Birdsall and Miguel Szekely
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Center for Global Development and Independent
Downloads 343 (91,521)
Citation 19

Abstract:

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Reform, Inequality, Wages, Trade, Distribution

10.

Income Distribution: Effects on Growth and Development

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 118
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Jul 2007
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 332 (94,884)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Income distribution, inequality, poverty, growth, development, institutions

11.

Asset Inequality Does Matter: Lessons from Latin America

IDB Working Paper No. 284
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Apr 2011
Nancy Birdsall and Juan Luis Londoño
Center for Global Development and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 259 (123,990)
Citation 12

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12.

Why it Matters Who Runs the IMF and the World Bank

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 22
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 239 (134,505)
Citation 3

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economic development, poverty reduction, multilateral development banks, economic governance

Beyond Hipc: Secure Sustainable Debt Relief for Poor Countries

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 46
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall and Brian Deese
Center for Global Development and BlackRock, Inc
Downloads 141 (216,267)

Abstract:

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foriegn aid, debt relief, economic development

Beyond HIPC: Secure Sustainable Debt Relief for Poor Countries

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 46
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Jun 2007
Nancy Birdsall and Brian Deese
Center for Global Development and BlackRock, Inc
Downloads 89 (301,880)
Citation 2

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Do No Harm: Aid, Weak Institutions, and the Missing Middle in Africa

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Apr 2007
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 196 (162,316)
Citation 8

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sub-Saharan African, institution-building, external aid, weak and fragile states, private sector, domestic investor confidence, private investment

Do No Harm: Aid, Weak Institutions and the Missing Middle in Africa

Development Policy Review, Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 575-598, September 2007
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 17 Aug 2007
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 25 (532,133)
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15.

Reflections on the Macro Foundations of the Middle Class in the Developing World

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 04 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 181 (174,634)
Citation 13

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macroeconomics, sustainable development, middle class

16.

Asymmetric Globalization: Global Markets Require Good Global Politics

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 12
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 16 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 179 (176,322)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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globalization, poverty, inequality

17.

Winners and Losers: Assessing the Distributional Impacts of Privatization

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 6
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 12 Jul 2007
Nancy Birdsall and John Nellis
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 158 (196,395)
Citation 1

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18.

Swimming Against the Tide: Strategies for Improving Equity in Health

IDB Working Paper No. 249
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 20 Apr 2011
Nancy Birdsall and Robert Hecht
Center for Global Development and International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)
Downloads 156 (198,538)
Citation 2

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19.

Bootstraps Not Band-Aids: Poverty, Equity and Social Policy

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 24
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall and Miguel Szekely
Center for Global Development and Government of Mexico
Downloads 151 (204,007)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Latin America, social policy, economic reform, poverty reduction

20.

A Note on the Middle Class in Latin America

Changyong Rhee, Juzhong Zhuang, and Ravi Kanbur, eds., Inequality in Asia and the Pacific (Manila: Asian Development Bank, 2013), Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 303
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 01 Mar 2013
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 148 (207,419)

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middle class, social status, income distribution, Latin America

21.

Double-Standards, Debt Treatment, and World Bank Country Classification: The Case of Nigeria

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 45
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 26 Mar 2008
Todd J. Moss, Scott Standley and Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development, Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 131 (228,706)
Citation 1

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Nigeria, International Development Association, World Bank, international development, economic development

22.
Downloads 125 (237,034)
Citation 2

Underfunded Regionalism in the Developing World

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 49
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 26 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 86 (308,597)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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international development, regional public goods

Underfunded Regionalism in the Developing World

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 49
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 01 Jul 2007
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 39 (458,352)
Citation 1

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Schooling Inequality, Crises, and Financial Liberalization in Latin America

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 165
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 Mar 2009
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics, Center for Global Development and Birk Consulting
Downloads 80 (322,672)
Citation 3

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inequality, schooling inequality, financial liberalization, bank crisis, Latin America

Schooling Inequality, Crises, and Financial Liberalization in Latin America

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 22 May 2009
Center for Global Development, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and Birk Consulting
Downloads 28 (513,815)

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Latin America, Schooling, structural inequality, financial liberalization

24.

Policy Selectivity Foregone: Debt and Donor Behavior in Africa

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 28 Apr 2003
Nancy Birdsall, Stijn Claessens and Ishac Diwan
Center for Global Development, Bank for International Settlements (BIS) and World Bank - Ethiopia Office
Downloads 100 (277,964)
Citation 12

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debt relief, foreign aid, low-income countries, international organizations

25.

Why Low Inequality Spurs Growth: Savings and Investment by the Poor

IDB Working Paper No. 270
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Apr 2011
Nancy Birdsall, Thomas C. Pinckney and Richard Sabot
Center for Global Development, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Williams College - Department of Economics
Downloads 95 (287,335)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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26.

Stormy Days on an Open Field: Asymmetries in the Global Economy

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 81
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 03 May 2007
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 90 (297,347)
Citation 2

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IMF, trade protection, economic growth, market economy, tariff

27.

Find Me the Money: Financing Climate and Other Global Public Goods

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 248
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 16 Feb 2012
Nancy Birdsall and Benjamin Leo
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 89 (299,450)
Citation 2

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global public goods, financing, climate change

28.

Energy Needs and Efficiency, Not Emissions: Re-framing the Climate Change Narrative

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 187
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 04 Dec 2009
Nancy Birdsall and Arvind Subramanian
Center for Global Development and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 74 (334,352)
Citation 7

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equity, emissions, climate change, energy services, technology

29.

From Social Policy to an Open-Economy Social Contract in Latin America

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 21
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Mar 2008
Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development
Downloads 71 (342,135)
Citation 3

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social policy, Latin America, economic development

30.

A Stability and Social Investment Facility for High Debt Countries

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 77
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 May 2007
Kemal Dervis and Nancy Birdsall
United Nations - Development Programme (UNDP) and Center for Global Development
Downloads 71 (342,135)
Citation 1

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emerging market, high-debt, structural debt

31.

Hiv/Aids and the Accumulation and Utilization of Human Capital in Africa

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 2
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Jul 2007
Amar Hamoudi and Nancy Birdsall
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 70 (344,813)
Citation 6

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32.

Global Markets, Global Citizens, and Global Governance in the 21st Century

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 329
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 08 Dec 2013
Nancy Birdsall, Christian Meyer and Alexis Sowa
Center for Global Development, European University Institute - Economics Department (ECO) and Center for Global Development
Downloads 60 (373,625)
Citation 1

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global economic governance, role of citizens, citizen activism, public opinion, global middle class, international financial institutions, World Bank, IMF, United Nations, income inequality, climate change, global public goods, political legitimacy

33.

Financing Development: The Power of Regionalism

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 08 Feb 2015
Nancy Birdsall and Liliana Rojas-Suarez
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 54 (392,939)
Citation 5

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Open Regionalism, Radical Regionalism, Development Finance, Regional Agreements

34.

It's One Climate Policy World Out There - Almost

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 195
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 26 Jan 2010
Nancy Birdsall and Jan von der Goltz
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 52 (399,555)
Citation 1

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Carbon, Climate Change, Copenhagen, Negotiations

35.

The U.S. Aid 'Surge' to Pakistan: Repeating a Failed Experiment? Lessons for U.S. Policymakers from the World Bank’s Social-Sector Lending in the 1990s

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 205
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 19 Aug 2010
Nancy Birdsall and Molly Kinder
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 48 (413,539)

Abstract:

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36.

Intergenerational Schooling Mobility and Macro Conditions and Schooling Policies in Latin America

IDB Working Paper No. 319
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 Apr 2011
Nancy Birdsall, Jere Behrman and Miguel Székely
Center for Global Development, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics and Center for Education and Social Studies
Downloads 45 (424,727)
Citation 7

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37.

Will Hipc Matter? The Debt Game and Donor Behaviour in Africa

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3297
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 07 May 2002
Nancy Birdsall, Stijn Claessens and Ishac Diwan
Center for Global Development, Bank for International Settlements (BIS) and World Bank - Ethiopia Office
Downloads 37 (456,990)
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Debt relief foreign aid, low-income countries, international organizations

38.

The Strugglers: The New Poor in Latin America?

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 337
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 08 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 10 Jan 2014
Nancy Birdsall, Nora Lustig and Christian Meyer
Center for Global Development, Tulane University and European University Institute - Economics Department (ECO)
Downloads 33 (474,794)
Citation 3

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income distribution, poverty, inequality, distribution, fiscal incidence, safety net

39.

The Median is the Message: A Good-Enough Measure of Material Well-Being and Shared Development Progress

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 351
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 25 Jan 2014
Nancy Birdsall and Christian Meyer
Center for Global Development and European University Institute - Economics Department (ECO)
Downloads 31 (484,360)
Citation 3

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welfare measure, median, consumption, inequality, distribution

40.

Expanding Global Liquidity Insurance: Myths and Realities of the IMF's Precautionary Credit Lines

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 449
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 12 Apr 2017
Nancy Birdsall, Liliana Rojas-Suarez and Anna Diofasi
Center for Global Development, Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 24 (522,261)
Citation 2

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International Monetary Fund, precautionary finance, financial crisis management

41.

The Impact of Civil Conflict on Child Malnutrition and Mortality, Nigeria, 2002-2013

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 494 (2018)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 Jan 2019
The Urban Institute, The Urban Institute, The Urban Institute, Center for Global Development and Baylor University
Downloads 18 (558,799)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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42.

The U.S. Aid ‘Surge’ to Pakistan: Repeating a Failed Experiment? Lessons for U.S. Policymakers from the World Bank’s Social-Sector Lending in the 1990s

Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 205
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 13 Oct 2010
Nancy Birdsall and Molly Kinder
Center for Global Development and Center for Global Development
Downloads 18 (558,799)

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Pakistan, world bank, aid

43.

Economics Reform and Wage Differentials in Latin America

IDB Working Paper No. 365
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 21 Apr 2011
Miguel Székely, Nancy Birdsall and Jere Behrman
Center for Education and Social Studies, Center for Global Development and University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics
Downloads 15 (577,392)
Citation 2

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44.

A New Era at the Inter-American Development Bank: Six Recommendations for the New President

Center for Global Development Working Paper
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 14 Apr 2015
Center for Global Development, Independent, Independent, National School of Insurance Foundation (Funenseg), Universidad del CEMA, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD), Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Independent, University of Chile, Center for Global Development, Centro de Estudios de la Realidad Economica y Social (CERES) and Independent
Downloads 12 (597,230)

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Inter-American Development Bank

45.

Lessons from the Mexico Crisis

Posted: 04 Mar 1998
Nancy Birdsall, Michael Gavin and Ricardo Hausmann
Center for Global Development, UBS Warburg and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

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