Matthew Cummins

UNICEF

Public Finance Adviser

PO Box 44145

Nairobi, Nairobi 00100

Kenya

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

25

DOWNLOADS
Rank 11,512

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 11,512

in Total Papers Downloads

6,160

SSRN CITATIONS

14

CROSSREF CITATIONS

36

Scholarly Papers (25)

1.

Global Inequality: Beyond the Bottom Billion – A Rapid Review of Income Distribution in 141 Countries

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 09 Apr 2011
Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue and UNICEF
Downloads 2,135 (10,373)
Citation 39

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income inequality, income distribution, quintiles, equity, crisis recovery, development policy

2.

The Age of Austerity: A Review of Public Expenditures and Adjustment Measures in 181 Countries

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 05 May 2013
Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue and UNICEF
Downloads 629 (61,294)
Citation 15

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public expenditures, fiscal consolidation, fiscal contraction, austerity measures, crisis recovery, social impacts, wage bill, subsidies, pension reforms, labor flexibilization, rationalization social protection

3.

Austerity Measures Threaten Children and Poor Households: Recent Evidence in Public Expenditures from 128 Developing Countries

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 29 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2013
Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue, UNICEF and UNICEF
Downloads 386 (110,557)
Citation 12

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fiscal consolidation, fiscal contraction, austerity measures, public expenditures, social spending, crisis recovery, poverty, wage bill, food and energy subsidies, pension reform, social protection

4.

The Decade of Adjustment: A Review of Austerity Trends 2010-2020 in 187 Countries

ESS Working Paper No. 53
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 04 Nov 2015
Initiative for Policy Dialogue, UNICEF, International Labour Office and Independent
Downloads 385 (110,827)
Citation 12

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public expenditure, fiscal consolidation, austerity, adjustment measures, impacts, wage bill, subsidies, pension reforms, labour flexibilization, rationalization of social protection, consumption taxes, privatization, crisis recovery

5.

When the Global Crisis and Youth Bulge Collide: Double the Jobs Trouble for Youth

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 28 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2012
Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue and UNICEF
Downloads 366 (117,331)
Citation 3

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youth employment, youth bulge, jobs, crisis recovery, development policy, crisis impacts

6.

Escalating Food Prices: The Threat to Poor Households and Policies to Safeguard a Recovery for All

UNICEF Working Paper
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 13 Feb 2011
Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue, UNICEF and UNICEF
Downloads 283 (154,674)
Citation 16

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food price, commodity price, food inflation, food crisis, supply shock, exchange rate, export ban, commodity futures, hunger, malnutrition, poverty, inequality, import bills, subsidies, tariffs, food market regulation, crisis recovery, fiscal consolidation

7.

Fiscal Space for Social Protection and the SDGs: Options to Expand Social Investments in 187 Countries

Number of pages: 82 Posted: 15 May 2015 Last Revised: 12 Jun 2017
Isabel Ortiz, Matthew Cummins and Kalaivani Karunanethy
Initiative for Policy Dialogue, UNICEF and Independent
Downloads 256 (170,500)
Citation 21

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social protection, fiscal space, resource mobilization, public expenditures, tax, social security contributions, foreign reserves, development assistance, illicit financial flows, government debt, expansionary fiscal and monetary policy, development policy, social spending, social investments, equit

8.

Uganda's Experience with Real Time Monitoring: mTrac and U-Report

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 04 Mar 2015
Matthew Cummins
UNICEF
Downloads 253 (172,515)

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9.

A Global Stocktake of UNICEF's Programme Activities on Public Finance for Children

Number of pages: 80 Posted: 04 Mar 2015
Matthew Cummins and Jingqing Chai
UNICEF and UNICEF
Downloads 228 (190,582)

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public finance for children (PF4C), child responsive budgeting, social budgeting, child budget analysis, costing, cost-benefit analysis, cost of inaction, investment case, financial impact analysis of scaling up, fiscal space, MTEF, budget cycle, PER, PETS, budget monitoring, fiscal observatory

10.

Child-Focused Public Expenditure Measurement: A Compendium of Country Initiatives

PF4C Working Paper No. 2
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 21 Feb 2016
Matthew Cummins
UNICEF
Downloads 187 (228,357)
Citation 1

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investing in children, public finance for children, budgets for children, social expenditures, public financial management

11.

A Recovery for All: Rethinking Socio-Economic Policies for Children and Poor Households

Number of pages: 349 Posted: 12 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2012
Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue and UNICEF
Downloads 137 (295,188)
Citation 11

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economic crisis, social impacts, austerity measures, food security, unemployment, social protection, recovery policies

12.

Global Austerity Alert: Looming Budget Cuts in 2021-25 and Alternative Pathways

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 07 Jun 2021
Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue and UNICEF
Downloads 124 (321,821)
Citation 2

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public expenditures, fiscal stimulus, fiscal consolidation, austerity, adjustment, recovery, pandemic, macroeconomic policy, financing development, wage bill, subsidies, pension reform, social security reform, labor reform, social protection

13.

Austerity: The New Normal - A Renewed Washington Consensus 2010-24

Number of pages: 78 Posted: 18 Feb 2020
Isabel Ortiz and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue and UNICEF
Downloads 116 (335,695)
Citation 9

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public expenditures, fiscal consolidation, austerity, adjustment, recovery, macroeconomic policy, wage bill, subsidies, pension reform, social security reform, labor reform, social protection, VAT, privatization, public-private partnerships, social impacts

14.

Identifying Fiscal Space: Options for Social and Economic Development for Children and Poor Households in 184 Countries

Number of pages: 66 Posted: 20 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2012
Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue, UNICEF and UNICEF
Downloads 111 (344,031)
Citation 10

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fiscal space, fiscal consolidation, public expenditures, social spending, crisis recovery, development policy, equity, tax revenues, foreign reserves, official development assistance, government borrowing, debt, expansionary fiscal, monetary policy

15.

From 'What Happened?' to 'What's Happening?' Equity in Action Through Real Time Monitoring

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 Mar 2015
Jingqing Chai and Matthew Cummins
UNICEF and UNICEF
Downloads 110 (346,125)
Citation 1

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16.

Prioritizing Expenditures for a Recovery for All: A Rapid Review of Public Expenditures in 126 Developing Countries

UNICEF Social and Economic Working Paper
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 23 Jan 2011
Initiative for Policy Dialogue, UNICEF, UNICEF and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 101 (366,540)
Citation 4

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Fiscal Consolidation, Public Expenditures, Social Spending, Crisis Recovery, Poverty, Wage Bill, Food Subsidies, Social Protection

17.

Practical Considerations for Monitoring and Responding to Bottlenecks in Real Time

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 05 Mar 2015
Matthew Cummins and Jingqing Chai
UNICEF and UNICEF
Downloads 97 (376,063)

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18.

The Capacity Continuum: Tracking the Capacity of State Institutions in Driving Human Development

United Nations Development Programme Global Event Working Paper
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2012
Matthew Cummins and Tsegaye Lemma
UNICEF and United Nations Development Programme Regional Bureau for Africa
Downloads 56 (507,961)

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capacity development, state capacity, capacity continuum, human development

19.

Cash Transfers: A Lifeline for Children and Economies in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2021

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Jan 2021
Matthew Cummins
UNICEF
Downloads 49 (538,576)

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Child poverty, child well-being, food insecurity, economic growth, economic multipliers, human capital, human capital investment, social sector investment, social protection, cash transfers, universal child benefits, fiscal stimulus, external financing

20.
Downloads 32 (628,871)
Citation 2

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Population growth, Demographic transition, Demographic dividend, Labor supply, Human capital, Economic growth, Social sector spending, Human capital investment

Estimating the Teacher Gap and Funding Requirements in Eastern and Southern Africa

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 24 Oct 2021
Matthew Cummins
UNICEF
Downloads 21 (730,552)

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teacher requirements, teacher salaries, school-age population projections, out of school children, pupil-teacher ratios, education expenditure, education financing

Estimating the Teacher Gap and Funding Requirements in Eastern and Southern Africa

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 27 Oct 2021
Matthew Cummins
UNICEF
Downloads 8 (860,697)

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teacher requirements, teacher salaries, school-age population projections, out of school children, pupil-teacher ratios, education expenditure, education financing

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fiscal space, revenue, foreign aid, spending efficiency, borrowing, debt restructuring, fiscal savings, illicit financial flows, social sector investment, human capital

23.

COVID-19: A Catastrophe for Children in Sub-Saharan Africa - Cash Transfers and a Marshall Plan Can Help

Cummins, Matthew. 2020. COVID-19: A Catastrophe for Children in Sub-Saharan Africa - Cash Transfers and a Marshall Plan Can Help. Dakar and Nairobi: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Regional Office for West and Central Africa and Regional Office for Eastern and Southern Africa.
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 09 Dec 2020
Matthew Cummins
UNICEF
Downloads 26 (669,594)

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economic growth, recession, poverty, child poverty, multi-dimensional poverty, vulnerability, food insecurity, human capital, human capital investment, social sector investment, social protection, cash transfers, fiscal stimulus, external financing

24.

Recovery for All: A Call for Collaborative Action

UNICEF Social & Economic Policy Concept Note, July 2010
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 23 Jan 2011
Isabel Ortiz, Jingqing Chai and Matthew Cummins
Initiative for Policy Dialogue, UNICEF and UNICEF
Downloads 20 (716,242)

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25.

The Macroeconomic and Social Investment Outlook for Children in Eastern and Southern Africa

Number of pages: 136 Posted: 27 Feb 2020
Matthew Cummins
UNICEF
Downloads 16 (750,072)

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Population growth, Income, Poverty, Social development, Economic growth, Income inequality, Employment, Working poverty, Youth unemployment, Inflation, Consumer price index, Expenditure, Revenue, Debt, Borrowing, Official development assistance, Social sector spending, Budget Execution