Michael Tonry

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law

Professor of Law and Public Policy

229-19th Avenue South

Minneapolis, MN 55455

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

21

DOWNLOADS
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4,415

CITATIONS
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Top 32,989

in Total Papers Citations

6

Scholarly Papers (21)

1.

Why Crime Rates Are Falling Throughout the Western World

43 Crime & Justice, 2014, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-41
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 09 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 657 (36,192)

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cross-national crime trends, declining crime rates, crime rates, comparative criminal justice

2.

Sentencing in America, 1975-2025

'Crime and Justice in America, 1975-2025', Michael Tonry (ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2013, Forthcoming , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-44
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 05 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 467 (56,216)

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sentencing

3.

Remodeling American Sentencing: A Blueprint for Moving Past Mass Incarceration

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-26
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 May 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 341 (81,703)

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mass incarceration, decarceration, sentencing reform, proportionality, parsimony

4.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

Sandra M. Bucerius & Michael Tonry (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration, Oxford University Press, 2014, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-53
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 307 (91,888)
Citation 6

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race and crime, ethnicity and crime, immigration and crime, inter-generational model, racial disparities, anti-immigrant xenophobia

5.

Legal and Ethical Issues in the Prediction of Recidivism

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-51
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 305 (92,584)

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prediction of recidivism, false positives, indirect discrimination

6.

Evidence, Ideology, and Politics in the Making of American Criminal Justice Policy

42 Crime & Justice, Forthcoming , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-52
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 284 (100,103)

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evidence-based policy, research utilization, policing, sentencing, drug policy, guns and violence, rehabilitation

7.

Can Deserts Be Just in an Unjust World?

Liberal Criminal Theory: Essays for Andreas von Hirsch, edited by Andrew P. Simester, Ulfrid Neumann, and Antje du Bois-Pedain (Hart 2014, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-10
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Feb 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 242 (118,245)

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rotten social background, social adversity defence, David Bazelon, limiting retributivism, mitigated sentences, Andrew von Hirsch

8.

Community Punishments in a Rational Society

Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform (Erik Luna, ed., 2017), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-05
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 218 (131,133)

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Community punishments, alternatives to incarceration, intermediate punishments, mass incarceration, probation

9.

An Honest Politician's Guide to Deterrence: Certainty, Severity, Celerity, and Parsimony

Deterrence, Choice, and Crime: Contemporary Perspectives (Daniel S. Nagin, Francis Cullen & Cheryl Lero Jonson, eds., New York: Routledge, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Jun 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 209 (136,424)

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deterrence, marginal deterrence, individual deterrence, Bentham, Beccaria, Durkheim

10.

The Absence of Equality and Human Dignity Values Makes American Sentencing Systems Fundamentally Different from Those in Other Western Countries

45 Crime & Justice, 2016, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-08
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Feb 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 203 (140,218)

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American sentencing, comparative criminal procedure, human dignity, Rechtsstaat, treatment as an equal, equal respect and concern

11.

Federal Sentencing 'Reform' Since 1984: The Awful as Enemy of the Good

44 Crime & Justice, 2015, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-09
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 29 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 168 (166,517)

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sentencing reform, US Sentencing Commission, federal sentencing guidelines, sentencing commission, sentencing guidelines

12.

From Policing to Parole: Reconfiguring American Criminal Justice

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 46 (2017 Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-37
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 02 Nov 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 166 (168,244)

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police legitimacy, prosecutorial abuses, parole release, community corrections, sentencing reform, drug control, mental health treatment

13.

Fairness, Equality, Proportionality, and Parsimony: Towards a Comprehensive Jurisprudence of Just Punishment

Penal Censure (Anthony E. Bottoms & Antje Bois-Pedain, eds., Oxford: Hart, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-04
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 158 (175,558)

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Censure, Retributivism, Monist Theories, Multiple Offense Paradox

14.

What Should We Expect from Police Data: Can They Tell Us Whether Crime Rates Rise or Fall?

Cahiers—Police Studies (Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-36
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 124 (213,497)

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police data, crime trends, changing thresholds of tolerance

15.

Making American Sentencing Just, Humane, and Effective

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45 , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 16-32
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 118 (221,580)

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mass incarceration, sentencing reform, sentencing guidelines, sentencing guidelines, emergency release

16.

Anormative Conceptions of Punishment and Humanitarian Ideals

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-50
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 107 (237,703)

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anormative theories, punishment theory, retributivism, consequentialism, imprisonment rates

17.

Punishment and Human Dignity: Sentencing Principles for Twenty-First Century America

47 Crime and Justice, 2018 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 27 Apr 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 93 (261,307)

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punishment, human dignity, treatment as an equal, parsimony, Kant, Bentham

18.

The Fog Around Cost-Benefit Studies of Crime and Punishment May Finally Be Clearing: Prisoners and Their Kids Suffer Too

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming) , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-38
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 92 (263,167)

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cost-of-crime studies, intangible victim costs, costs of victimization, Mark Cohen

19.

Differences in National Sentencing Systems and the Differences They Make

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-33
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 75 (297,843)

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comparative law, comparative criminal justice, sentencing, prosecutors, plea negotiation

20.

Solving the Multiple Offense Paradox

More than One Crime: Sentencing the Multiple Offender (Jesper Ryberg, Julian V. Roberts & Jan de Keijser eds., Oxford University Press, 2017 Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-34
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 44 (385,029)

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retributivism, mixed theories of punishment, sentencing multiple offenses, bulk discount, recidivist premium

21.

The President's Commission and Sentencing, Then and Now

Criminology & Public Policy (2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Dec 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 37 (410,764)

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President’s Commission, sentencing reform, sentencing policy, tough on crime, indeterminate sentencing