Michael Tonry

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law

Professor of Law and Public Policy

229-19th Avenue South

Minneapolis, MN 55455

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

24

DOWNLOADS
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5,141

CITATIONS
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Top 19,605

in Total Papers Citations

34

Scholarly Papers (24)

1.

Why Crime Rates Are Falling Throughout the Western World

43 Crime & Justice, 2014, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-41
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 09 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 670 (37,644)

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cross-national crime trends, declining crime rates, crime rates, comparative criminal justice

2.

Sentencing in America, 1975-2025

'Crime and Justice in America, 1975-2025', Michael Tonry (ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2013, Forthcoming , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-44
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 05 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 500 (55,159)
Citation 1

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sentencing

3.

Remodeling American Sentencing: A Blueprint for Moving Past Mass Incarceration

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-26
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 May 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 362 (81,242)

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mass incarceration, decarceration, sentencing reform, proportionality, parsimony

4.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

Sandra M. Bucerius & Michael Tonry (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration, Oxford University Press, 2014, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-53
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 328 (90,898)

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race and crime, ethnicity and crime, immigration and crime, inter-generational model, racial disparities, anti-immigrant xenophobia

5.

Legal and Ethical Issues in the Prediction of Recidivism

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-51
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 313 (95,703)
Citation 2

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prediction of recidivism, false positives, indirect discrimination

6.

Evidence, Ideology, and Politics in the Making of American Criminal Justice Policy

42 Crime & Justice, Forthcoming , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-52
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 292 (103,202)

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evidence-based policy, research utilization, policing, sentencing, drug policy, guns and violence, rehabilitation

7.

Can Deserts Be Just in an Unjust World?

Liberal Criminal Theory: Essays for Andreas von Hirsch, edited by Andrew P. Simester, Ulfrid Neumann, and Antje du Bois-Pedain (Hart 2014, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-10
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Feb 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 277 (109,201)

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rotten social background, social adversity defence, David Bazelon, limiting retributivism, mitigated sentences, Andrew von Hirsch

8.

An Honest Politician's Guide to Deterrence: Certainty, Severity, Celerity, and Parsimony

Deterrence, Choice, and Crime: Contemporary Perspectives (Daniel S. Nagin, Francis Cullen & Cheryl Lero Jonson, eds., New York: Routledge, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Jun 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 269 (112,627)

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deterrence, marginal deterrence, individual deterrence, Bentham, Beccaria, Durkheim

9.

Community Punishments in a Rational Society

Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform (Erik Luna, ed., 2017), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-05
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 248 (122,488)

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Community punishments, alternatives to incarceration, intermediate punishments, mass incarceration, probation

10.

The Absence of Equality and Human Dignity Values Makes American Sentencing Systems Fundamentally Different from Those in Other Western Countries

45 Crime & Justice, 2016, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-08
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Feb 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 214 (141,674)

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American sentencing, comparative criminal procedure, human dignity, Rechtsstaat, treatment as an equal, equal respect and concern

11.

Fairness, Equality, Proportionality, and Parsimony: Towards a Comprehensive Jurisprudence of Just Punishment

Penal Censure (Anthony E. Bottoms & Antje Bois-Pedain, eds., Oxford: Hart, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-04
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 190 (158,280)

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Censure, Retributivism, Monist Theories, Multiple Offense Paradox

12.

From Policing to Parole: Reconfiguring American Criminal Justice

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 46 (2017 Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-37
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 02 Nov 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 175 (170,478)

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police legitimacy, prosecutorial abuses, parole release, community corrections, sentencing reform, drug control, mental health treatment

13.

Federal Sentencing 'Reform' Since 1984: The Awful as Enemy of the Good

44 Crime & Justice, 2015, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-09
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 29 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 174 (171,368)

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sentencing reform, US Sentencing Commission, federal sentencing guidelines, sentencing commission, sentencing guidelines

14.

What Should We Expect from Police Data: Can They Tell Us Whether Crime Rates Rise or Fall?

Cahiers—Police Studies (Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-36
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 142 (203,260)

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police data, crime trends, changing thresholds of tolerance

15.

Punishment and Human Dignity: Sentencing Principles for Twenty-First Century America

47 Crime and Justice, 2018 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 27 Apr 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 137 (209,260)

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punishment, human dignity, treatment as an equal, parsimony, Kant, Bentham

16.

Making American Sentencing Just, Humane, and Effective

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45 , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 16-32
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 131 (216,941)

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mass incarceration, sentencing reform, sentencing guidelines, sentencing guidelines, emergency release

17.

Predictions of Dangerousness in Sentencing: Déjà Vu All Over Again

Crime and Justice—A Review of Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Dec 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 126 (224,801)

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prediction of dangerousness, violence prediction, retributivism, utilitarianism

18.

Fifty Years of American Sentencing Reform — Nine Lessons

Crime and Justice—A Review of Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Dec 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 119 (233,250)

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sentencing reform, sentencing guidelines, federal guidelines, mandatory minimums, parole release, racial disparities

19.

Anormative Conceptions of Punishment and Humanitarian Ideals

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-50
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 108 (250,074)

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anormative theories, punishment theory, retributivism, consequentialism, imprisonment rates

20.

Proportionality Theory in Punishment Philosophy: Fated for the Dustbin of Otiosity?

Of One-eyed and Toothless Miscreants: Making the Punishment Fit the Crime? (Michael Tonry, ed., Oxford University Press, 2019 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 25 Feb 2019
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 100 (263,669)

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proportionality, punishment theory, crime seriousness, punishment severity, cardinal desert, ordinal desert

21.

The Fog Around Cost-Benefit Studies of Crime and Punishment May Finally Be Clearing: Prisoners and Their Kids Suffer Too

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming) , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-38
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 93 (276,484)

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cost-of-crime studies, intangible victim costs, costs of victimization, Mark Cohen

22.

Differences in National Sentencing Systems and the Differences They Make

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-33
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 82 (299,135)

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comparative law, comparative criminal justice, sentencing, prosecutors, plea negotiation

23.

Solving the Multiple Offense Paradox

More than One Crime: Sentencing the Multiple Offender (Jesper Ryberg, Julian V. Roberts & Jan de Keijser eds., Oxford University Press, 2017 Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-34
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 49 (389,626)

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retributivism, mixed theories of punishment, sentencing multiple offenses, bulk discount, recidivist premium

24.

The President's Commission and Sentencing, Then and Now

Criminology & Public Policy (2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Dec 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 42 (414,577)

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President’s Commission, sentencing reform, sentencing policy, tough on crime, indeterminate sentencing