Michael Tonry

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law

Professor of Law and Public Policy

229-19th Avenue South

Minneapolis, MN 55455

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

25

DOWNLOADS
Rank 8,356

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 8,356

in Total Papers Downloads

5,897

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 21,886

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 21,886

in Total Papers Citations

8

CROSSREF CITATIONS

32

Scholarly Papers (25)

1.

Why Crime Rates Are Falling Throughout the Western World

43 Crime & Justice, 2014
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 09 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 717 (37,981)

Abstract:

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cross-national crime trends, declining crime rates, crime rates, comparative criminal justice

2.

Sentencing in America, 1975-2025

'Crime and Justice in America, 1975-2025', Michael Tonry (ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2013, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 05 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 528 (56,688)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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sentencing

3.

Remodeling American Sentencing: A Blueprint for Moving Past Mass Incarceration

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 May 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 371 (86,850)

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mass incarceration, decarceration, sentencing reform, proportionality, parsimony

4.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

Sandra M. Bucerius & Michael Tonry (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration, Oxford University Press, 2014, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 366 (88,184)
Citation 1

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race and crime, ethnicity and crime, immigration and crime, inter-generational model, racial disparities, anti-immigrant xenophobia

5.

An Honest Politician's Guide to Deterrence: Certainty, Severity, Celerity, and Parsimony

Deterrence, Choice, and Crime: Contemporary Perspectives (Daniel S. Nagin, Francis Cullen & Cheryl Lero Jonson, eds., New York: Routledge, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Jun 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 365 (88,462)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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deterrence, marginal deterrence, individual deterrence, Bentham, Beccaria, Durkheim

6.

Legal and Ethical Issues in the Prediction of Recidivism

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-51
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 324 (101,188)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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prediction of recidivism, false positives, indirect discrimination

7.

Can Deserts Be Just in an Unjust World?

Liberal Criminal Theory: Essays for Andreas von Hirsch, edited by Andrew P. Simester, Ulfrid Neumann, and Antje du Bois-Pedain (Hart 2014, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Feb 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 314 (104,709)

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rotten social background, social adversity defence, David Bazelon, limiting retributivism, mitigated sentences, Andrew von Hirsch

8.

Evidence, Ideology, and Politics in the Making of American Criminal Justice Policy

42 Crime & Justice, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 311 (105,768)

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evidence-based policy, research utilization, policing, sentencing, drug policy, guns and violence, rehabilitation

9.

Community Punishments in a Rational Society

Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform (Erik Luna, ed., 2017)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 270 (122,964)

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Community punishments, alternatives to incarceration, intermediate punishments, mass incarceration, probation

10.

Fairness, Equality, Proportionality, and Parsimony: Towards a Comprehensive Jurisprudence of Just Punishment

Penal Censure (Anthony E. Bottoms & Antje Bois-Pedain, eds., Oxford: Hart, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 224 (148,399)

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Censure, Retributivism, Monist Theories, Multiple Offense Paradox

11.

The Absence of Equality and Human Dignity Values Makes American Sentencing Systems Fundamentally Different from Those in Other Western Countries

45 Crime & Justice, 2016
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Feb 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 220 (150,974)

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American sentencing, comparative criminal procedure, human dignity, Rechtsstaat, treatment as an equal, equal respect and concern

12.

Federal Sentencing 'Reform' Since 1984: The Awful as Enemy of the Good

44 Crime & Justice, 2015
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 29 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 205 (161,248)

Abstract:

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sentencing reform, US Sentencing Commission, federal sentencing guidelines, sentencing commission, sentencing guidelines

13.

Predictions of Dangerousness in Sentencing: Déjà Vu All Over Again

Crime and Justice—A Review of Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Dec 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 201 (164,247)

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prediction of dangerousness, violence prediction, retributivism, utilitarianism

14.

From Policing to Parole: Reconfiguring American Criminal Justice

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 46 (2017 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 02 Nov 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 182 (179,806)

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police legitimacy, prosecutorial abuses, parole release, community corrections, sentencing reform, drug control, mental health treatment

15.

Punishment and Human Dignity: Sentencing Principles for Twenty-First Century America

47 Crime and Justice, 2018 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 27 Apr 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 179 (182,496)
Citation 1

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punishment, human dignity, treatment as an equal, parsimony, Kant, Bentham

16.

Proportionality Theory in Punishment Philosophy: Fated for the Dustbin of Otiosity?

Of One-eyed and Toothless Miscreants: Making the Punishment Fit the Crime? (Michael Tonry, ed., Oxford University Press, 2019 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 25 Feb 2019
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 176 (185,191)

Abstract:

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proportionality, punishment theory, crime seriousness, punishment severity, cardinal desert, ordinal desert

17.

Fifty Years of American Sentencing Reform — Nine Lessons

Crime and Justice—A Review of Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Dec 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 174 (187,021)

Abstract:

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sentencing reform, sentencing guidelines, federal guidelines, mandatory minimums, parole release, racial disparities

18.

What Should We Expect from Police Data: Can They Tell Us Whether Crime Rates Rise or Fall?

Cahiers—Police Studies (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 155 (206,373)

Abstract:

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police data, crime trends, changing thresholds of tolerance

19.

Making American Sentencing Just, Humane, and Effective

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 150 (212,157)

Abstract:

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mass incarceration, sentencing reform, sentencing guidelines, sentencing guidelines, emergency release

20.

Anormative Conceptions of Punishment and Humanitarian Ideals

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-50
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 113 (263,771)

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anormative theories, punishment theory, retributivism, consequentialism, imprisonment rates

21.

The Fog Around Cost-Benefit Studies of Crime and Punishment May Finally Be Clearing: Prisoners and Their Kids Suffer Too

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 95 (296,753)

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cost-of-crime studies, intangible victim costs, costs of victimization, Mark Cohen

22.

Differences in National Sentencing Systems and the Differences They Make

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 91 (304,890)

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comparative law, comparative criminal justice, sentencing, prosecutors, plea negotiation

23.

Deep Disadvantage, Blameworthiness, and Sentencing

Doing Justice, Preventing Crime (Oxford University Press 2020, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 15 May 2020
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 66 (367,307)

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24.

Solving the Multiple Offense Paradox

More than One Crime: Sentencing the Multiple Offender (Jesper Ryberg, Julian V. Roberts & Jan de Keijser eds., Oxford University Press, 2017 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 55 (401,965)

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retributivism, mixed theories of punishment, sentencing multiple offenses, bulk discount, recidivist premium

25.

The President's Commission and Sentencing, Then and Now

Criminology & Public Policy (2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Dec 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 45 (438,029)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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President’s Commission, sentencing reform, sentencing policy, tough on crime, indeterminate sentencing