Michael Tonry

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law

Professor of Law and Public Policy

229-19th Avenue South

Minneapolis, MN 55455

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

25

DOWNLOADS
Rank 8,171

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 8,171

in Total Papers Downloads

6,792

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 23,359

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 23,359

in Total Papers Citations

9

CROSSREF CITATIONS

32

Scholarly Papers (25)

1.

Why Crime Rates Are Falling Throughout the Western World

43 Crime & Justice, 2014, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-41
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 09 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 758 (39,557)
Citation 1

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cross-national crime trends, declining crime rates, crime rates, comparative criminal justice

2.

Sentencing in America, 1975-2025

'Crime and Justice in America, 1975-2025', Michael Tonry (ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2013, Forthcoming , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-44
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 05 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 585 (55,779)
Citation 1

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sentencing

3.

An Honest Politician's Guide to Deterrence: Certainty, Severity, Celerity, and Parsimony

Deterrence, Choice, and Crime: Contemporary Perspectives (Daniel S. Nagin, Francis Cullen & Cheryl Lero Jonson, eds., New York: Routledge, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Jun 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 482 (70,941)
Citation 1

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deterrence, marginal deterrence, individual deterrence, Bentham, Beccaria, Durkheim

4.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

Sandra M. Bucerius & Michael Tonry (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration, Oxford University Press, 2014, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-53
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 388 (91,635)
Citation 1

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race and crime, ethnicity and crime, immigration and crime, inter-generational model, racial disparities, anti-immigrant xenophobia

5.

Remodeling American Sentencing: A Blueprint for Moving Past Mass Incarceration

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-26
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 May 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 377 (94,851)
Citation 1

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mass incarceration, decarceration, sentencing reform, proportionality, parsimony

6.

Can Deserts Be Just in an Unjust World?

Liberal Criminal Theory: Essays for Andreas von Hirsch, edited by Andrew P. Simester, Ulfrid Neumann, and Antje du Bois-Pedain (Hart 2014, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-10
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Feb 2014
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 372 (96,309)

Abstract:

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rotten social background, social adversity defence, David Bazelon, limiting retributivism, mitigated sentences, Andrew von Hirsch

7.

Predictions of Dangerousness in Sentencing: Déjà Vu All Over Again

Crime and Justice—A Review of Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Dec 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 356 (101,199)

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prediction of dangerousness, violence prediction, retributivism, utilitarianism

8.

Legal and Ethical Issues in the Prediction of Recidivism

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-51
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 328 (110,910)
Citation 2

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prediction of recidivism, false positives, indirect discrimination

9.

Evidence, Ideology, and Politics in the Making of American Criminal Justice Policy

42 Crime & Justice, Forthcoming , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-52
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Oct 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 320 (113,894)

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evidence-based policy, research utilization, policing, sentencing, drug policy, guns and violence, rehabilitation

10.

Community Punishments in a Rational Society

Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform (Erik Luna, ed., 2017), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-05
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 301 (121,614)

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Community punishments, alternatives to incarceration, intermediate punishments, mass incarceration, probation

11.

Federal Sentencing 'Reform' Since 1984: The Awful as Enemy of the Good

44 Crime & Justice, 2015, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-09
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 29 Mar 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 272 (135,255)

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sentencing reform, US Sentencing Commission, federal sentencing guidelines, sentencing commission, sentencing guidelines

12.

Punishment and Human Dignity: Sentencing Principles for Twenty-First Century America

47 Crime and Justice, 2018 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 27 Apr 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 257 (143,219)
Citation 1

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punishment, human dignity, treatment as an equal, parsimony, Kant, Bentham

13.

Fairness, Equality, Proportionality, and Parsimony: Towards a Comprehensive Jurisprudence of Just Punishment

Penal Censure (Anthony E. Bottoms & Antje Bois-Pedain, eds., Oxford: Hart, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-04
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Feb 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 255 (144,906)
Citation 1

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Censure, Retributivism, Monist Theories, Multiple Offense Paradox

14.

The Absence of Equality and Human Dignity Values Makes American Sentencing Systems Fundamentally Different from Those in Other Western Countries

45 Crime & Justice, 2016, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-08
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Feb 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 238 (154,466)

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American sentencing, comparative criminal procedure, human dignity, Rechtsstaat, treatment as an equal, equal respect and concern

15.

Proportionality Theory in Punishment Philosophy: Fated for the Dustbin of Otiosity?

Of One-eyed and Toothless Miscreants: Making the Punishment Fit the Crime? (Michael Tonry, ed., Oxford University Press, 2019 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 25 Feb 2019
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 226 (162,347)

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proportionality, punishment theory, crime seriousness, punishment severity, cardinal desert, ordinal desert

16.

Fifty Years of American Sentencing Reform — Nine Lessons

Crime and Justice—A Review of Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Dec 2018
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 223 (164,477)

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sentencing reform, sentencing guidelines, federal guidelines, mandatory minimums, parole release, racial disparities

17.

From Policing to Parole: Reconfiguring American Criminal Justice

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 46 (2017 Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-37
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 02 Nov 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 189 (191,713)

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police legitimacy, prosecutorial abuses, parole release, community corrections, sentencing reform, drug control, mental health treatment

18.

Making American Sentencing Just, Humane, and Effective

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45 , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 16-32
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 173 (207,122)

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mass incarceration, sentencing reform, sentencing guidelines, sentencing guidelines, emergency release

19.

What Should We Expect from Police Data: Can They Tell Us Whether Crime Rates Rise or Fall?

Cahiers—Police Studies (Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-36
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 168 (212,305)

Abstract:

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police data, crime trends, changing thresholds of tolerance

20.

Anormative Conceptions of Punishment and Humanitarian Ideals

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-50
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Sep 2013
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 118 (280,966)

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anormative theories, punishment theory, retributivism, consequentialism, imprisonment rates

21.

Deep Disadvantage, Blameworthiness, and Sentencing

Doing Justice, Preventing Crime (Oxford University Press 2020, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 15 May 2020
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 109 (297,111)

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22.

The Fog Around Cost-Benefit Studies of Crime and Punishment May Finally Be Clearing: Prisoners and Their Kids Suffer Too

Criminology & Public Policy (Forthcoming) , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-38
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 98 (319,086)

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cost-of-crime studies, intangible victim costs, costs of victimization, Mark Cohen

23.

Differences in National Sentencing Systems and the Differences They Make

Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 45, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-33
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 93 (329,979)

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comparative law, comparative criminal justice, sentencing, prosecutors, plea negotiation

24.

Solving the Multiple Offense Paradox

More than One Crime: Sentencing the Multiple Offender (Jesper Ryberg, Julian V. Roberts & Jan de Keijser eds., Oxford University Press, 2017 Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-34
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 18 Oct 2016
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 57 (432,618)

Abstract:

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retributivism, mixed theories of punishment, sentencing multiple offenses, bulk discount, recidivist premium

25.

The President's Commission and Sentencing, Then and Now

Criminology & Public Policy (2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Dec 2017
Michael Tonry
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law
Downloads 49 (462,575)
Citation 1

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President’s Commission, sentencing reform, sentencing policy, tough on crime, indeterminate sentencing