Susan Carle

American University Washington College of Law

Professor of Law and Associate Dean for Scholarship

4300 Nebraska Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20016

United States

http://www.wcl.american.edu/faculty/carle/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

25

DOWNLOADS
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Top 28,472

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2,449

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 49,358

in Total Papers Citations

6

CROSSREF CITATIONS

7

Scholarly Papers (25)

1.

A Social Movement History of Title VII Disparate Impact Analysis

Number of pages: 63 Posted: 19 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 24 Jan 2010
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 458 (87,084)
Citation 1

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Title VII, disparate impact, employment discrimination, social movements, history of civil rights movement

2.

Movement Lawyering Roundtable Symposium

Hofstra Law Review, Vol. 47, 2018
Number of pages: 121 Posted: 07 Apr 2019
Hofstra University - Maurice A. Deane School of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Community Justice Project, Inc., University of California, Irvine School of Law, Fordham University School of Law, Golden Gate UniversityGolden Gate University School of Law, Boston College - Law School, Seton Hall Law School, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law, Hofstra University - Maurice A. Deane School of Law, American University Washington College of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Mitchell Hamline School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 341 (121,806)

Abstract:

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legal ethics, movement lawyering, case studies

3.

Theorizing Agency

American University Law Review, Vol. 55, p. 307, 2005
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 11 May 2007
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 251 (167,180)
Citation 2

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legal theory, agency, ethics, social change, political activism

4.

Acknowledging Informal Power Dynamics in the Workplace: A Proposal for Further Development of the Vicarious Liability Doctrine in Hostile Environment Sexual Harassment Cases

Duke Journal of Gender Law & Policy, Vol. 14, p. 85, 2006
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 May 2007
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 246 (170,409)
Citation 1

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sexual harassment, Title VII, sex discrimination

5.

Race, Class, and Legal Ethics in the Early Naacp (1910-1920)

Law and History Review, Vol. 20, p. 97, 2002
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 11 May 2007
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 163 (247,027)
Citation 1

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legal ethics, professional responsibility, NAACP, history of the legal profession, public interest law

6.

Debunking the Myth of Civil Rights Liberalism: Visions of Racial Justice in the Thought of T. Thomas Fortune, 1880-1890

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 77, 2009, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2008-59
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 15 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 04 May 2015
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 125 (304,492)

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7.

From Buchanan to Button: Legal Ethics and the Naacp (Part II)

University of Chicago Legal Forum, Vol. 8, p. 281, 2001
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 May 2007
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 118 (317,481)

Abstract:

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legal history, NAACP, legal ethics, pro bono lawyers, public impact litigation

8.

Lawyers' Duty to Do Justice: A New Look at the History of the 1908 Canons

Law & Social Inquiry, Vol. 24, p. 1, 1999
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 May 2007
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 111 (331,429)
Citation 1

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legal ethics, legal history, canons of professional responsibility

9.

Short Notes on Teaching About the Micro-Politics of Class, with Examples from Torts and Employment Law Casebooks

Buffalo Law Review, Vol. 56, 2008, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2008-63
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2012
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 107 (339,763)

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10.

Power as a Factor in Lawyers' Ethical Deliberation

Hofstra Law Review, Vol. 35, No. 1, Fall 2006
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 11 May 2007
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 91 (377,101)

Abstract:

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legal ethics, legal theory, lawyering

11.

Structure and Integrity

Cornell Law Review, Vol. 93, 2008, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2008-60
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 29 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2008
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 71 (435,143)

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Legal ethics, legal profession, individualism, structuralism, government lawyers, David Luban

12.

Progressive Lawyering in Politically Depressing Times: Can New Models for Institutional Self-Reform Achieve More Effective Structural Change?

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 03 Feb 2008
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 69 (441,868)

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democratic experimentalism, structural reform, lawyering

13.
Downloads 61 (470,172)
Citation 2

Re-Valuing Lawyering for Middle Income Clients

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 70, p. 719, 2002
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 May 2007
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 56 (497,244)

Abstract:

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legal ethics, public interest law, poverty law

Re-Valuing Lawyering for Middle-Income Clients

70 Fordham Law Review 719 (2001).
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 5 (848,269)

Abstract:

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legal services for middle-income clients

14.

Analyzing Social Impairments Under Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act

UC Davis Law Review, Forthcoming, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2016-08
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 19 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 57 (485,561)

Abstract:

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Americans with Disabilities Act, social impairment, employees with disabilities

15.

Angry Employees: Revisiting Insubordination in Title VII Cases

Harvard Law and Policy Review, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2016 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 17 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 11 Oct 2015
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 48 (523,269)

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antidiscrimination; Title VII; labor law; NLRA; Atlantic Steel; insubordination; retaliation clause

16.

Book Review: Professional Legal Ethics: Critical Interrogations

17 Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 165 (2003).
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 23 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 39 (566,511)

Abstract:

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legal ethics, in the United Kingdom

17.

Re-Envisioning Models for Pro Bono Lawyering: Some Historical Reflections

American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 18 (701,625)

Abstract:

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pro bono lawyering, history

18.

How Myth-Busting About the Historical Goals of Civil Rights Activism Can Illuminate Future Paths

7 Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties 167, 2011.
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 21 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 16 (717,306)

Abstract:

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civil rights, history

19.

Women in Law: Book Review

8 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law 795 (2000).
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 24 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 13 (742,543)

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women in th legal profession, legal history

20.

Introduction: Symposium on Lawyers' Special Responsibilities as Public Citizens in a Rapidly Changing World

19 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law 1061 (2011).
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 23 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 13 (742,543)

Abstract:

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legal ethics, social responsibility

21.

Conceptions of Lawyers' Agency in Legal Ethics Scholarship

70 Fordham Law Review 1591 (2002).
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 11 (760,053)

Abstract:

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legal thics, lawyer agency

22.

Book Review: The Effect of Context on Practice

52 Buffalo Law Review 1347 (2004).
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 23 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 11 (760,053)

Abstract:

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client-centered legal practice

23.

A Hazardous Mix: Discretion to Disclose and Incentives to Suppress Under OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard

97 Yale Law Journal 581 (1988).
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 6 (806,053)

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OSHA, hazardous materials, Hazard Communication Standards

24.

How Should We Theorize Class Interests in Thinking About Professional Regulation?: The Early NAACP as a Case Example

12 Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy 571 (2003).
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 21 Mar 2016
Susan Carle
American University Washington College of Law
Downloads 5 (815,275)

Abstract:

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class interests, public interest lawyering, regulation of lawyers

25.

The Reform of the Russian Legal Profession: Three Varying Perspectives

Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2018, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2019-09
Posted: 03 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2019
Delphine Nougayr├Ęde and Susan Carle
Columbia Law School and American University Washington College of Law

Abstract:

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Russia, lawyer regulation, rule of law