Judith D. Fischer

University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law

Wilson W. Wyatt Hall

Louisville, KY 40292

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

33

DOWNLOADS
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in Total Papers Downloads

8,019

SSRN CITATIONS

2

CROSSREF CITATIONS

5

Scholarly Papers (33)

1.

Why George Orwell's Ideas About Language Still Matter for Lawyers

University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2007-02, Montana Law Review, Vol. 68, p. 129, 2007
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 1,193 (19,018)

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George Orwell, Orwellian, language, plain English, legal writing, concise, succinct, prolix, gobbledygook, Newspeak, 1984, Oceania, Winston Smith, politics, clichés, trite, passive voice, active voice, jargon, legalese, foreign words, euphemisms, evasion

2.

Summing It Up with Panache: Framing a Brief's Summary of the Argument

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2015
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 997 (24,796)

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summary of the argument, brief, legal writing, persuasion, lawyer, attorney, advocate, appeal. appellate, Supreme Court

3.

Got Issues? An Empirical Study About Framing Them

Journal of the Association of Legal Writing Directors, Vol. 6, 2009, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2010-04
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 06 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 28 May 2010
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 654 (44,446)

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issue statement, brief, question presented

4.

The Role of Ethics in Legal Writing: The Forensic Embroiderer, the Minimalist Wizard, and Other Stories

Scribes Journal of Legal Writing, Vol. 9, p. 77, 2003-2004
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 09 May 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 581 (51,919)

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Lawyer, attorney, court, errors, unprofessionalism, legal writing, brief, research, misrepresentation, facts, organization, wordiness, analysis, verbosity, legalese, gobbledygook, clarity, bar, discipline, suspension, Rule 11, sanctions, judges, civility, plagiarism

5.

Add Punch to Your Writing

Bench & Bar, p. 80, May 2008, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2008-24
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 12 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2008
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 467 (68,208)

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legal writing, punch, strong verbs, nominalizations, concrete, specific, direct, strings of prepositional phrases, long sentences, vary sentence beginnings

6.

Avoiding Plagiarism in Legal Documents

Kentucky Bench & Bar, Vol. 68, May 2006, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2008-22
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 10 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 30 May 2008
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 459 (69,665)

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Plagiarism, legal writing, lawyer, attorney, copy, document, brief, filed, court, form book, form file, analysis, client, professionalism, Lane, Iowa

7.

A Contemporary Take on Strunk and White for Legal Writers

15 Scribes Journal of Legal Writing 127 (2013)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 29 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 06 May 2014
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 357 (93,578)

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Strunk and White, The Elements of Style, William Strunk, E.B. White, grammar, prescriptive grammar, writing style, descriptive grammar, wordy, wordiness, legal writing, legal writers, books on legal writing

8.

Framing Gender: Federal Appellate Judges' Choices About Gender-Neutral Language

University of San Francisco Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 473, Winter 2009
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 08 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2010
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 262 (130,883)

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women, men, male, female, judges, language, gender-neutral, inclusive, sexist, gender-biased, gender-inclusive, framing theory, empirical, feminist

9.

Abraham Lincoln as a Legal Writer

Nevada Law Review, Vol. 11, p. 82, 2010
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 15 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 01 May 2011
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 253 (135,632)

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Abraham Lincoln, legal writer, succinct, poetry, rhetorical devices, logic, precision

10.

Incivility in Lawyers’ Writing: Judicial Handling of Rambo Run Amok

Washburn Law Journal, Vol. 51, p. 365, 2011, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2011-10
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 25 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2011
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 240 (142,838)

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Civility, Legal Writing, Legal Profession, Rambo Litigation, Lawyers, Attorneys, Sanctions

11.

Implications of Recent Research on Student Evaluations of Teaching

Montana Professor, Vol. 17, No. 1, p. 11, Fall 2006, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2007-20
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 13 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2012
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 223 (153,364)

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Student ratings, evaluations, teaching legal writing, instructors, professors, faculty, teaching, university, college, personnel, law school, survey, bias, grades, negative effects, consumer, grade inflation, rigor, peer evaluation, teaching portfolio

12.

Nix the Acronyms

79 Bench & Bar Magazine 17, January 2015, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2015-08
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 04 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2015
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 203 (167,467)

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acronyms, initialisms, legal writing, courts, judges

13.

Dismiss Those Sixth-Grade Hobgoblins

Kentucky Bench & Bar, Vol. 69, May 2007, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2008-34
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 17 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2008
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 184 (183,231)

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legal writing, split infinitive, split verb parts, sentence, conjunction, because, repeat word, one-sentence paragraph, there are, it is, myth, rule, hobgoblin, English, syntax, grammar, idiomatic

14.

The Straight Scoop on the Passive Voice

Bench & Bar Journal, Vol. 74, No. 33, July 2010
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 05 Aug 2010
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 181 (185,902)

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Active voice, passive voice, legal writing, changing passive voice to active voice, when passive voice is appropriate

15.

The Supreme Court and Gender-Neutral Language: Splitting La Difference

33 Women’s Rights L. Rptr. 218 (2012), University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2013-14
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 26 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2013
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 167 (199,398)

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legal writing, gender, language, linquistics, equality, women's rights, Supreme Court, gender-biased language, gender-neutral language, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Justice Antonin Scalia

16.

Bareheaded and Barefaced Counsel: Courts React to Unprofessionalism in Lawyers’ Papers

Suffolk University Law Review, Vol. XXXI, No. 1, 1, 1997
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 01 Nov 2013
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 147 (221,851)

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Legal writing, lawyers’ errors, attorneys’ errors, misrepresenting the law, grammatical errors, citation errors, wordiness, lateness

17.

Avoid Clichés

Bench & Bar, Vol. 73, p. 48, July 2009, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2009-10
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 10 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2009
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 133 (240,288)

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Cliche, trite, legal writing, judge, lawyer, opinion, strong language, direct language

18.

God and Caesar in the Twenty-First Century: What Recent Cases Say About Church-State Relations in England and the United States

Florida Journal of International Law, Vol. 18, p. 485, 2006, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2007-07
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 31 May 2007 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2007
Judith D. Fischer and Chloe Wallace
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law and University of Leeds - School of Law
Downloads 116 (266,207)
Citation 1

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Church, state, religion, government, United States, England, United Kingdom, U.K., Britain, establishment, disestablishment, McCreary County, Van Orden, Establishment Clause, First Amendment, Constitution, Ten Commandments, Kentucky, Texas, Muslim dress, Denbigh High School, Islam, school

19.

How to Improve Student Ratings in Legal Writing Courses: Views from the Trenches

University of Baltimore Law Review, Vol. 34, p. 199, 2004
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 10 May 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 115 (267,881)

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Student ratings, student evaluations, law school, bias, negative effects, teaching, professor, instructor, law student, legal writing, grades, preparation for class, respect students, unpopular topics

20.

Is it Good or Bad to Repeat Words?

77 Bench & Bar 23, January 2013
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 05 Feb 2013
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 114 (269,523)

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Legal writing, repeating words, elegant variation, anadiplosis, epistrophe, antanaclasis, rhetorical device

21.

A Rogues' Gallery of Usage Problems

76 Kentucky Bench & Bar Journal 32 (July 2012), University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2012-13
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 14 Aug 2012
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 106 (283,640)

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English usage problems, legal writing, lawyers' writing, begs the question, "as such," media, criteria, indicia, data, deleting the relative pronoun "that," dangling modifiers

22.

Misappropriation of Human Eggs and Embryos and the Tort of Conversion: A Relational View

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 32, p. 381, 1999
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 10 May 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 105 (285,532)

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Conversion, human reproduction, eggs, semen, embryo, zygote, gamete, ovum, pre-embryo, sperm, cells, fertility clinic, infertility, Irvine fertility scandal, quasi-property, property, cells, relational, conversion, IVF, in vitro, fertilization, Moore v. Regents of the University of California

23.

The Use and Effects of Student Ratings in Legal Writing Courses: A Plea for Holistic Evaluation of Teaching

Journal of the Legal Writing Institute, Vol. 10, No. 111, 2004
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 14 May 2007 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2012
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 97 (300,956)

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Student ratings, evaluations, legal writing, instructors, professors, faculty, administrator, teaching, university, personnel, law school, survey, bias, grades, critique, personality, negative effects, consumer, grade inflation, rigor, peer evaluation, portfolio

24.

How Do I Cite? Try Using the ALWD Manual to Find Your Answers

Kentucky Bench and Bar, Vol. 35, January 2005
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 03 Jun 2007
Judith D. Fischer and Susan Duncan
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law and University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 95 (305,043)

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citation, bluebook, ALWD

25.

Be Direct

Kentucky Bench and Bar Magazine 32 (July 2013), University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2014-08
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 04 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2014
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 86 (324,762)

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legal writing, indirect, direct writing, vague, general, passive voice, expletive constructions, weasel phrasing, obfuscate, vivid writing

26.

Banishing Writer's Block

Bench & Bar Journal, Vol. 32, July 2011, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2011-11
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 03 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2011
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 83 (331,939)

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Writer's block, brief, procrastinate, legal writing, outline, rough draft, lawyer

27.

Portia Unbound: The Effects of a Supportive Law School Environment on Women and Minority Students

UCLA Women's Law Journal, Vol. 7, p. 81, 1996
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 09 May 2007 Last Revised: 31 Oct 2013
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 79 (341,761)
Citation 1

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Law school, women, men, student, female, male, self-esteem, competent, female faculty, women professors, male faculty, professors, questions, participate in class, study, survey, minorities, law school, supportive

28.

Minding the Gaps in Pornography Law

Nexus: A Journal of Opinion, Vol. 10, p. 31, 2005, University of Louisville School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 2007-15
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 May 2007 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 77 (346,913)

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Pornography, women, violence, harm, men, free speech, First Amendment, children, parents, Ashcroft v. ACLU

29.

Public Policy and the Tyranny of the Bottom Line in the Termination of Older Workers

South Carolina Law Review, Vol. 53, p. 211, 2002
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 09 May 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 74 (354,884)

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Termination, older worker, salary, Age Discrimination in Employment Act, ADEA, sociology, psychology, public policy, morale, Wirtz Report, human capital, downsize, Hazen Paper Co. v. Biggins, Marks v. Loral, disparate impact, proxy theory, proxy doctrine, reasonable factor other than age

30.

The Law Firm Experience

The Second Draft (Bulletin of the Leg.Writing Inst.), Vol. 20, p. 15, August 2005
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 21 Sep 2007
Susan Duncan and Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law and University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 70 (365,844)

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legal writing

31.

Walling Claims In or Out: Misappropriation of Human Gametic Material and the Tort of Conversion

Texas Journal of Women and the Law, Vol. 8, p. 143, 1999
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 09 May 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 59 (399,349)

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Conversion, human reproduction, eggs, semen, embryo, zygote, gamete, ovum, preembryo, genetic, sperm, fertility clinic, child support, birth control, consent, quasi-property, property, cells, conversion, IVF, in vitro, fertilization, Moore v. Regents of the University of California

32.

A Century in the Life of a Lawyer: Reflections by Joseph A. Ball

California Western Law Review, Vol. 36, No. 1, 77, 1999
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 01 Nov 2013
Joseph Ball and Judith D. Fischer
Independent and University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 42 (462,493)

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Joseph A. Ball, President’s Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, Warren Commission, Governor Edmund G. Brown, Pat Brown, Ball Hunt Hart Brown and Baerwitz, Clarence Hunt, McCarthyism

33.

Pleasing the Court: Writing Ethical and Effective Briefs

PLEASING THE COURT: WRITING ETHICAL AND EFFECTIVE BRIEFS, Carolina Academic Press, 2005
Posted: 10 May 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law

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Lawyer, attorney, court, errors, unprofessionalism, legal writing, brief, research, misrepresentation, organization, clarity, wordiness, verbosity, legalese, court rules, grammar, spelling, punctuation, citation, civility, plagiarism, bar discipline, suspension, Rule 11, sanctions, judges

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 10
1.

Foul is Fair: What Shakespeare Really Thought about Lawyers

Scribes Journal of Legal Writing, Vol. 5, p. 157, 1994-1995
Posted: 10 May 2007
Judith D. Fischer
University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law
Downloads 10

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Lawyers, kill all the lawyers, Shakespeare, Henry VI, Dick, Cade, rebels, revolution, Othello, Richard II, Kornstein