James Kraska

Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College

Howard S. Levie Professor of Law

686 Cushing Rd.

Newport, RI 02841

United States

http://https://www.usnwc.edu/Academics/Faculty/James-C--Kraska.aspx

University of Virginia School of Law, Center for Oceans Law & Policy

Senior Fellow

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

University of Virginia School of Law, Center for National Security Law

Senior Fellow

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

University of California Berkeley School of Law

Distinguished Fellow, Law of the Sea Institute

215 Boalt Hall

Berkeley, CA 94720

United States

http://https://www.law.berkeley.edu

Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI)

1528 Walnut Street

Ste 610

Philadelphia, PA 19102

United States

View CV
SCHOLARLY PAPERS

39

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CITATIONS
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5

Scholarly Papers (39)

1.

How the United States Lost the Naval War of 2015

Orbis (Foreign Policy Research Institute), pp. 35-46, Winter 2001
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 26 Jul 2010
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 816 (12,817)

Abstract:

Great Power War, Sino-American War, U.S.-China, Pacific Security, U.S. Navy, Chinese Navy, Naval Warfare, Aircraft Carrier, Naval War, Asia, conflict

2.

Freakonomics of Maritime Piracy

Brown Journal of World Affairs, Vol. 16, No. 2, p. 109, Summer 2010
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 04 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 393 (39,954)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Piracy, Freakonomics, Economics, Kenya, Somalia, Maritime, Sea Power, Seapower, pirates, brigands

3.

The Pirates of the Gulf of Aden: The Coalition is the Strategy

Stanford Journal of International Law Vol. 45, p. 241, 2009
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 05 May 2011
James Kraska and Brian Wilson
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College and United States Navy
Downloads 383 (52,192)

Abstract:

piracy, maritime piracy, maritime law, naval, marine piracy, armed robbery at sea, Somalia, pirate, terrorism

4.

A Report on the Case of the ARA Libertad (Argentina v. Ghana), International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, Case No. 20, Provisional Measures

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 107, 2013
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 04 May 2013
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 294 (54,773)

Abstract:

Ghana, Libertad, frigate, ITLOS, UNCLOS, Law of the Sea, warship, sovereign immunity, provisional measures, maritime law, international law, oceans law

5.

The Law of the Sea Convention and the Northwest Passage

International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, Vol. 22, No. 2, p. 257, 2007
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 04 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 217 (70,419)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Arctic, Northwest Passage, UNCLOS, Law of the Sea, EEZ, Polar

6.

International and Comparative Regulation of Private Maritime Security Companies Employed in Counter-Piracy

Modern High Seas Piracy, (Douglas Guilfoyle, Ed. Elgar, 2012)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Apr 2013
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 206 (83,842)

Abstract:

PCASP, PMSC, private security, piracy, maritime security, law of the sea, UNCLOS, contract

7.

Rule Selection in the Case of Israel’s Naval Blockade of Gaza: Law of Naval Warfare or Law of the Sea?

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 04 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 206 (103,101)

Abstract:

Blockade, Naval Warfare, Gaza, Israel, Law of the Sea, Hamas, Mavi Marmara, Non-international armed conflict, maritime interception operations, MIO, Visit, Board, Search and Seizure, VBSS, use of force, LOAC, Law of Armed Conflict, freedom of navigation, international humanitarian law

8.

Grasping 'The Influence of Law on Sea Power'

Naval War College Review, Vol. 62, No. 3, Summer 2009
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 05 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 172 (124,573)
Citation 1

Abstract:

seapower, international law, arms control, maritime security, naval, navy, maritime power, naval, expeditionary, great power, international relations

9.

From Pariah to Partner - Russian-American Security Cooperation in the Arctic Ocean

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2009
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 26 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 05 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 165 (123,400)

Abstract:

Arctic, U.S.-Russian, Foreign Relations, Law of the Sea, Maritime Security, Polar, Bering, Canada, Norway, UNCLOS, EEZ, strait

10.

International Security and International Law in the Northwest Passage

Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 42, pp. 1109-1132, 2009
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 26 Jul 2010
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 155 (125,754)

Abstract:

Arctic, Northwest Passage, Canada, Polar, Security, International Law, Law of the Sea, Oceans Law

11.

Sovereignty at Sea

Survival: Journal of the International Institute of Strategic Studies, Vol. 51, pp. 13-18, June-July 2009
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 04 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 153 (129,972)

Abstract:

China, Naval Power, seapower, sea power, Southeast Asia, South China Sea, SCS, carrier, Navy

12.

The Legal Vortex in the Strait of Hormuz

Virginia Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 06 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2016
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 143 (135,364)

Abstract:

International Law, Law of the Sea, Straits, UNCLOS, Iran, nuclear, proliferation, Hormuz, Persian, submarine, warship, Navy

13.

The Law of the Sea Convention: A National Security Success - Global Strategic Mobility Through the Rule of Law

George Washington International Law Review, Vol. 39, 2007
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 26 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 05 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 135 (121,685)

Abstract:

UNCLOS, law of the sea, navigation, freedom of the seas, global commons, oceans, sea, maritime, power

14.

American Security and Law of the Sea

Ocean Development & International Law, Vol. 40, pp. 268-290, 2009
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 26 Jul 2010
Brian Wilson and James Kraska
United States Navy and Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 128 (165,019)

Abstract:

Law of the Sea, National Security, Maritime Law, Naval Warfare, Freedom of Navigation, Treaty Ratification

15.

The Law of Unmanned Naval Systems in War and Peace

Journal of Ocean Technology, 2010
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Feb 2013
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 106 (101,340)

Abstract:

unmanned, drone, UAS, UAV, underwater, autonomous, expendable, robot

16.

Combating Pirates of the Gulf of Aden: The Djibouti Code and the Somali Coast Guard

Ocean & Coastal Management, pp. 1-5, 2009
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 16 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2013
James Kraska and Brian Wilson
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College and United States Navy
Downloads 104 (125,140)
Citation 1

Abstract:

piracy, maritime piracy, Gulf of Aden, Djibouti Code, Somali, Somalia, Indian Ocean

17.

Prize Law

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Jul 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 101 (148,527)

Abstract:

prize, piracy, privateer, naval warfare, neutrality, law of armed conflict, international law, maritime law, law of the sea, humanitarian law, LOAC

18.

Sustainable Development Is Security: The Role of Transboundary River Agreements as a Confidence Building Measure (CBM) in South Asia

Yale Journal of International Law, Vol. 28, p. 317, 2009
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 26 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 05 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 99 (192,881)

Abstract:

Environmental security, sustainable, transboundary river, India, Pakistan, river, environment, environmental change, Indus

19.

I.O. 2.0: Indian Ocean Security and the Law of the Sea

Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 43, 2012
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 26 Feb 2013
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 95 (142,382)

Abstract:

Indian Ocean, piracy, maritime law, oceans law, law of the sea, China, naval, conflict

20.

A Way Out for Arctic Diplomacy

Canadian Naval Review, Vol. 5, No. 3, Fall 2009
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 27 Jul 2010
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 93 (215,689)

Abstract:

Arctic, Arctic security, law of the sea, northwest passage, Canada, United States, NORAD

21.

Broken Taillight at Sea: The Peacetime International Law of Visit, Board, Search, and Seizure

Ocean and Coastal Law Journal, Vol. 16, pp. 1-45, 2010
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 09 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 91 (154,168)

Abstract:

22.

Beijing’s Political and Legal ‘Warfare’ to Deny Littoral Access: Foreign Military Activities in China’s Exclusive Economic Zone

Asian Defence Journal (Malaysia), May 2009
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 27 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 09 Apr 2013
James Kraska and Brian Wilson
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College and United States Navy
Downloads 91 (199,133)

Abstract:

China, naval, SCS, South China Sea, Cow Tongue, EEZ, Law of the Sea, UNCLOS, dispute, Southeast

23.

Humanitarian Law: Developing International Rules for the Digital Battlefield

Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Vol. 8, pp. 133-160, 2003
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 04 May 2011
James Kraska and Brian T. O'Donnell
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College and Victoria University of Wellington
Downloads 86 (210,013)

Abstract:

Cyber, information, cyberwar, cyberattack, Net, Internet, ROE, rules of engagement

24.

A Social Justice Theory of Self-Defense at the World Court

9 Loyola University Chicago International Law Review 25-44
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 16 Apr 2012
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 58 (277,091)

Abstract:

Law of war, law of armed conflict, jus ad vellum, John Rawls, Social Justice, international law, peace, world justice, world court, international court of justice, Hague

25.

Fresh Thinking for an Old Problem: Report of the Naval War College Workshop on Countering Maritime Piracy

Naval War College Review, Vol. 62, No. 4, Autumn 2009
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Jul 2010
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 54 (300,660)

Abstract:

Piracy, Diplomacy, Somalia, Horn of Africa

26.

Averting Nuclear Terrorism: Building a Global Regime of Cooperative Threat Reduction

American University International Law Review, Vol. 20, No. 703, 2005
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 26 Jul 2010
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 52 (303,239)

Abstract:

27.

Legal Vortex in the Strait of Hormuz

54 Virginia Journal of International Law 323 (2014)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 27 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2015
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 44 (286,158)

Abstract:

UNCLOS, Iran, Straits, Hormuz, Transit, naval, LOAC, Persian Gulf, submarine, Navy

28.

Siege

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, 2009
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 05 Jul 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 44 (295,677)

Abstract:

humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, siege, proportionality, suffering, civilian, warfare, ancient, LOAC

29.

Safe Conduct and Safe Passage

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, 2009
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 05 Jul 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 44 (248,571)

Abstract:

30.

Torts and Terror: Rethinking Deterrence Models and Catastrophic Terrorist Attack

American University International Law Review, Vol. 22, p. 361, 2007
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 27 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 05 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 38 (334,292)

Abstract:

deterrence, nuclear terrorism, torts, strategic, WMD, nuclear, Al Qaeda, terrorist, bomb

31.

Oceanographic and Naval Deployments of Expendable Marine Instruments Under U.S. And International Law

Ocean Development & International Law, Vol. 27, p. 311, 1995
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 16 Nov 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 35 (322,447)
Citation 1

Abstract:

unmanned, drones, expendable, autonomous, robots, Navy, UUV, underwater, antisubmarine, bathythermograph, marine scientific research, military surveys, EEZ, maritime power

32.

The Law of the Sea and LNG: Cross-Border Law and Politics over Head Harbor Passage

Canada-United States Law Journal, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2012
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 26 Feb 2013
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 32 (340,454)

Abstract:

law of the sea, marine environmental protection, Canada, straits, natural gas, UNCLOS, navigation, maritime law

33.

Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas and the Law of the Sea

Freedom of Seas, Passage Rights and the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention, Myron H. Nordquist, Tommy T.B. Koh, and John Norton Moore, Eds. (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2009)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 25 Feb 2013
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 29 (346,836)

Abstract:

Marine environmental law, marine protected areas, marine environment, environmental law, international environmental law, oceans law, ocean law, coastal law, environmental protection

34.

The Northern Canada Vessel Traffic Services Zone Regulations (NORDREG) and the Law of the Sea

30 International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 225-254 (2015)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Jun 2015
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 16 (279,291)

Abstract:

Arctic, NORDREG, UNCLOS, law of the sea

35.

Global Swing States and the Maritime Order

Global Swing States Working Paper 2012, German Marshall Fund of the United States
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 26 Feb 2013
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 15 (422,964)

Abstract:

Law of the Sea, UNCLOS, India, Turkey, Indonesia, Brazil, maritime governance, oceans policy, maritime law

36.

Bio-Logging of Marine Migratory Species in the Law of the Sea

Marine Policy, 51, p. 394, 2015
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 09 Jan 2015
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College, Duke University - Nicholas School for the Environment and Duke University - Nicholas School for the Environment
Downloads 5 (464,145)

Abstract:

37.

Toward a Global Regime of Vessel Anti-Fouling

Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, Vol. 26, 2016
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 04 Mar 2016
James Kraska and Daniel Rittschof
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College and Duke University
Downloads 0 (422,964)

Abstract:

Marine pollution, UNCLOS, Anti-Fouling, Shipping

38.

Putting Your Head in the Tiger's Mouth: Submarine Espionage in Territorial Waters

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 54, No. 16, 2015
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 22 Dec 2015
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College
Downloads 0 (52,473)

Abstract:

international law, UNCLOS, Submarine, espionage

39.

The Co-Operative Strategy and the Pirates of the Gulf of Aden

Journal of the Royal United Services Institute, Vol. 154, pp. 74-81, 2009
Posted: 04 May 2011
James Kraska
Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, U.S. Naval War College

Abstract:

Piracy, Gulf of Aden, Naval, Strategy, sea power, seapower, maritime power, irregular, asymmetric