Christopher M. Woodruff

University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

Assistant Professor

9500 Gilman Drive

La Jolla, CA 92093-0519

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

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10,628

CITATIONS
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in Total Papers Citations

983

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Remittances and Microenterprises in Mexico

UCSD, Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies Working Paper
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 06 Sep 2001
Christopher M. Woodruff and Rene Zenteno
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS) and Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM)
Downloads 2,154 (6,140)
Citation 83

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Capital constraints, Migration, remittances, microenterprise finance

2.

Property Rights, Finance and Entrepreneurship

Conference Paper, The Nobel Symposium in Economics - The Economics of Transition, Stockholm, September 1999, CESifo Working Paper Series No. 212
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 01 Dec 1999
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 1,420 (12,253)
Citation 164

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Innovative Firms or Innovative Owners? Determinants of Innovation in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4934
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 614 (40,843)
Citation 5

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E-Business, Education for Development (superceded), Innovation, Labor Policies, Microfinance

Innovative Firms or Innovative Owners? Determinants of Innovation in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3962
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Feb 2009
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 224 (132,828)
Citation 5

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innovation, microenterprises, SMEs, development

Returns to Capital in Microenterprises: Evidence from a Field Experiment

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4230
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 618 (40,509)
Citation 47

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Economic Theory & Research, Investment and Investment Climate, Microfinance, Small Scale Enterprise, Economic Growth

Returns to Capital in Microenterprises: Evidence from a Field Experiment

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2934
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 03 Aug 2007
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 218 (136,378)
Citation 46

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microenterprises, returns to capital, self-employment

5.
Downloads 702 ( 34,621)
Citation 163

Property Rights and Finance

Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 231
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 21 Mar 2002
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 536 (48,824)
Citation 163

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Property Rights and Finance

NBER Working Paper No. w8852
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 23 Mar 2002 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2010
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 166 (175,649)
Citation 163

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6.
Downloads 600 ( 42,760)
Citation 65

Courts and Relational Contracts

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4338-02; Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 227
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 05 Feb 2002
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 462 (59,020)
Citation 65

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Courts and Relational Contracts

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4338-02; Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 227
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 12 Feb 2002
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 104 (254,005)
Citation 65

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Courts and Relational Contracts

NBER Working Paper No. w8572
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 25 Oct 2001 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2001
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 34 (449,236)
Citation 65

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7.

Private Order Under Dysfunctional Public Order

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 98
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 28 Apr 2000
John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 451 (61,428)
Citation 26

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8.

Interfirm Relationships and Informal Credit in Vietnam

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 08 May 1998
John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 441 (63,116)
Citation 104

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9.

Networks, Trust and Search in Vietnam's Emerging Private Sector

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 08 May 1998
John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 400 (70,965)
Citation 3

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10.

Intergenerational Mobility in Educational Attainment in Mexico

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 17 Aug 1999
Christopher M. Woodruff and Melissa Binder
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS) and University of New Mexico - Department of Economics
Downloads 334 (87,471)
Citation 2

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Who are the Microenterprise Owners? Evidence from Sri Lanka on Tokman v. De Soto

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3511
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 05 Jun 2008
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 166 (175,649)
Citation 11

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entrepreneurship, self-employment, De Soto

Who are the Microenterprise Owners? Evidence from Sri Lanka on Tokman v. De Soto

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4635
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 107 (248,900)
Citation 11

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Labor Markets, Tertiary Education, Work & Working Conditions, Microfinance

12.
Downloads 273 (108,977)
Citation 5

Mexican-American Entrepreneurship

Hudson Institute Research Paper No. 06-03
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 15 Jun 2006 Last Revised: 23 Aug 2008
Robert W. Fairlie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of California, Santa Cruz - Department of Economics and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 201 (147,450)
Citation 5

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Mexican-American Entrepreneurship

IZA Working Paper No. 3488
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 23 May 2008
Robert W. Fairlie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of California, Santa Cruz - Department of Economics and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 72 (320,546)
Citation 5

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Mexican-Americans, entrepreneurship, inequality

Are Women More Credit Constrained? Experimental Evidence on Gender and Microenterprise Returns

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4746
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 181 (162,546)
Citation 13

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Access to Finance, Debt Markets, Gender and Health, Economic Theory & Research

Are Women More Credit Constrained? Experimental Evidence on Gender and Microenterprise Returns

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3743
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 89 (281,788)
Citation 13

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microenterprises, gender, microfinance, randomized experiment

14.

Non-Contractible Investments and Vertical Integration in the Mexican Footwear Industry

UCSD, Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 04 Sep 2001
Christopher M. Woodruff
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 261 (114,150)
Citation 13

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Theory of the firm, Property rights, Grossman/Hart/Moore model, Transactions costs

15.

The Quality of the Legal System and Firm Size

Number of pages: 55 Posted: 28 Feb 2004
Luc Laeven and Christopher M. Woodruff
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 213 (139,783)
Citation 27

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Mexican Entrepreneurship: A Comparison of Self-Employment in Mexico and the United States

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2039
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 24 Mar 2006
Robert W. Fairlie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of California, Santa Cruz - Department of Economics and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 188 (156,992)
Citation 4

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entrepreneurship, self-employment, Mexico, Mexican-Americans

17.

Measuring Microenterprise Profits: Don't Ask How the Sausage is Made

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4229
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 200 (148,310)
Citation 22

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Business in Development, Business Environment, Competitiveness and Competition Policy, Economic Theory & Research, Income

18.

The Quality of the Legal System, Firm Ownership, and Firm Size

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3246
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Luc Laeven and Christopher M. Woodruff
European Central Bank (ECB) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 194 (152,649)
Citation 28

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Business Training and Female Enterprise Start-Up, Growth, and Dynamics: Experimental Evidence from Sri Lanka

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6896
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 13 Oct 2012
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 86 (287,970)

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business training, female self-employment, randomized experiment, business start-up, trajectory of treatment effects

20.

Property Rights, Finance and Entrepreneurship

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 10 Aug 1999
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 143
Citation 164

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What are We Learning from Business Training and Entrepreneurship Evaluations Around the Developing World?

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6895
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 Oct 2012
David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 94 (271,985)
Citation 1

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business training, consulting, randomized experiments, firm productivity

22.

Remittances and Banking Sector Breadth and Depth: Evidence from Mexico

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4983
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
World Bank - Development Research Group, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 84 (289,766)

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Access to Finance, Banks & Banking Reform, Population Policies, Debt Markets

Enterprise Recovery Following Natural Disasters

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5269
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 77 (308,208)

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Microfinance, Debt Markets, Banks & Banking Reform, Natural Disasters, Hazard Risk Management

The Demand for, and Consequences of, Formalization Among Informal Firms in Sri Lanka

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6442
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 14 Apr 2012
Suresh de Mel, David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of Peradeniya, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 18 (539,598)

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informality, small enterprises, entrepreneurship

25.

Symposium on Transition in Vietnam

Economics of Transition, Vol. 12, pp. 193-199, June 2004
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 20 Jun 2004
Christopher M. Woodruff
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 30 (456,555)
Citation 1
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When is Capital Enough to Get Female Microenterprises Growing? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Ghana

NBER Working Paper No. w17207
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 11 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Marcel Fafchamps, David J. McKenzie, Simon Quinn and Christopher M. Woodruff
Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), University of Oxford and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)
Downloads 27 (484,520)
Citation 10

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27.

Contract Enforcement in Transition

CEPR Discussion Paper Series Number 2081,
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 17 Jun 2001
Christopher M. Woodruff, John McMillan and Simon Johnson
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS), CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 21 (503,951)
Citation 22
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28.

Experimental Evidence on Returns to Capital and Access to Finance in Mexico

The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 457-482, 2008
Posted: 31 Dec 2008
David J. McKenzie and Christopher M. Woodruff
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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O17, O16, C93

29.

Courts and Relational Contracts

Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 221-277, 2002
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
Christopher M. Woodruff
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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30.

The Central Role of Entrepreneurs in Transition Economies

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 16, No. 3, Summer 2002
Posted: 18 Sep 2002
John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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31.

Entrepreneurs and the Ordering of Institutional Reform: Poland, Slovakia, Romania, Russia and Ukraine Compared

The Economics of Transition, Vol. 8, Issue 1, March 2000
Posted: 04 Jun 2002
Simon Johnson, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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Why Do Firms Hide? Bribes and Unofficial Activity after Communism

Conference Paper, The Nobel Symposium in Economics - The Economics of Transition, Stockholm, September 1999
Posted: 19 Nov 1999
Simon Johnson, Daniel Kaufmann, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI), CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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Why Do Firms Hide? Bribes and Unofficial Activity after Communism

Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 76, No, 3 Pp. 495?520
Posted: 04 Oct 2001
Simon Johnson, Daniel Kaufmann, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI), CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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Corruption, taxation, legal system, unofficial economy

33.

Dispute Prevention Without Courts in Vietnam

Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 15, No. 3, Fall 1999
Posted: 04 Nov 1999
John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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34.

Trust and Search in Vietnam's Emerging Private Sector

Posted: 24 Oct 1999
Stephan M. Haggard, John McMillan and Christopher M. Woodruff
University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS), CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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35.

Formal Measures of the Informal Sector Wage Gap in Mexico, El Salvador, and Peru

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE, Vol. 45, No. 2, January 1997
Posted: 03 Sep 1997
Stanford University, University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS) and Boston College

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