Ashish Arora

Duke University - Fuqua School of Business

Rex D. Adams Professor

Box 90120

Durham, NC 27708-0120

United States

National Bureau of Economics Research

Research Associate

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative

215 Morris St., Suite 300

Durham, NC 27701

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

48

DOWNLOADS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,517

in Total Papers Downloads

13,518

CITATIONS
Rank 1,927

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 1,927

in Total Papers Citations

290

Ideas:
“  The changing innovation ecosystem and the withdrawal of corporations from scientific research.  ”

Scholarly Papers (48)

1.

The Indian Software Services Industry

Heinz School Working Paper No. 99-19
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 07 Feb 2000
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 2,383 (5,185)
Citation 31

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2.

The Software Industry and India's Economic Development

Wider Discussion Paper No. 2001/20
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Feb 2002
Ashish Arora and Suma Athreye
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Brunel University London - Brunel Business School
Downloads 1,734 (8,889)
Citation 16

Abstract:

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Software, Economic Development, India, Organizational Innovation, Human Capital

3.

Markets for Technology and Their Implications for Corporate Strategy

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 21 Feb 2000
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 1,591 (10,221)
Citation 30

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4.

Innovation Measurement: Tracking the State of Innovation in the American Economy

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 15 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2013
Syracuse University, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management, University of North Texas - College of Business Administration, Harvard University - Department of Economics, University at Albany, SUNY, Sentara Healthcare, Microsoft Corporation, Synovus Financial Corporation, 3M, Medtronic (Minneapolis), UPS, Phoenix Associates Inc., IBM Corporation and Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.
Downloads 765 (30,861)

Abstract:

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measuring, innovation, economy, advisory, committee, business, government

5.

The Indian Software Industry and its Prospects

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 21 Feb 2007
Ashish Arora
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 703 (34,578)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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software, exports, india, outsoucing, offshoring

6.

Property Rights, Firm Boundaries, and R&D Inputs

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Ashish Arora and Robert P. Merges
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 662 (37,570)
Citation 28

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7.

Patent Protection, Complementary Assets, and Firms' Incentives for Technology Licensing

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 30 Dec 2004
Ashish Arora and Marco Ceccagnoli
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Scheller College of Business at Georgia Tech
Downloads 650 (38,420)
Citation 43

Abstract:

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8.

Licensing in the Presence of Competing Technologies

Business Economics Series 14, Working Paper No. 98-72
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 16 Nov 1998
Ashish Arora and Andrea Fosfuri
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration
Downloads 535 (49,580)
Citation 4

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9.

Markets for Technology (Why Do We See Them, Why Don't We See More of Them, and Why Should We Care)

Universidad Carlos III, Working Paper No. 99-17(4)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 22 Feb 1999
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 527 (50,570)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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10.

Corporate Restructuring and R&D: A Panel Data Analysis for the Chemical Industry

IGIER Working Paper No. 173
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 01 Mar 2001
Ashish Arora, Marco Ceccagnoli and Marco Da Rin
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Scheller College of Business at Georgia Tech and Tilburg University, Department of Finance
Downloads 463 (59,526)
Citation 1

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11.
Downloads 359 ( 80,574)
Citation 3

Human Capital and the Indian Software Industry

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 22 Feb 2007
Ashish Arora and Surendrakumar Bagde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 325 (89,704)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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human capital, indian software exports, regional development, engineering college, offshoring, outsourcing

Human Capital and the Indian Software Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w16167
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2010
Ashish Arora and Surendrakumar Bagde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 34 (449,473)
Citation 1

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12.

Optimal Policy for Software Vulnerability Disclosure

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2015
Ashish Arora, Rahul Telang and Hao Xu
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University - School of Computer Science
Downloads 311 (94,770)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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software, vulnerability, disclosure, public policy

13.

Sell First, Fix Later: Impact of Patching on Software Quality

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Feb 2005
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 246 (121,377)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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software quality, patching, monopoly, market size, fixed cost

14.

The Impact of Nsf Support for Basic Research in Economic

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 May 1999
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 234 (128,244)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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15.

Insecure Advantage? Markets for Technology and the Value of Resources for Entrepreneurial Ventures

Indian School of Business WP
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 28 Apr 2011
Anand Nandkumar and Ashish Arora
Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 205 (144,999)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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RBV, markets for technology, entrepreneurship, contingent value of resources, performance

16.

Does In-House R&D Increase Bargaining Power? Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Feb 2005
Ashish Arora, William B. Vogt and Ji Woong Yoon
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, RAND Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 205 (144,999)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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pharmaceutical, licensing, innovation, R&D

17.

An Empirical Analysis of Vendor Response to Software Vulnerability Disclosure

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 Aug 2005
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 178 (165,015)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Security vulnerability, disclosure policy, patching speed, open source, hazard functions

18.

Is the Division of Labor Limited by the Extent of the Market?: Evidence from Chemical Industry

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 10 Apr 2005
Ashish Arora, William B. Vogt and Ji Woong Yoon
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, RAND Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 171 (171,032)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Specialization, division of labor, market size, Adam Smith, Make-Buy

19.

Division of Labor, Market for Technology and Investment

Carnegie Mellon University, Working Paper No. 97-18
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 25 Feb 1999
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 155 (185,948)
Citation 1

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20.

The Globalization of the Software Industry: Perspectives and Opportunities for Developed and Developing Countries

NBER Working Paper No. w10538
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 17 Jun 2004 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2015
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 133 (210,655)
Citation 12

Abstract:

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Cash-Out or Flame-Out! Opportunity Cost and Entrepreneurial Strategy: Theory, and Evidence from the Information Security Industry

Indian School of Business WP
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 28 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2016
Anand Nandkumar and Ashish Arora
Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 118 (231,893)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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opportunity cost, Performance, entrepreneurship, Information security market

Cash-Out or Flame-Out! Opportunity Cost and Entrepreneurial Strategy: Theory, and Evidence from the Information Security Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w15532
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 24 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Ashish Arora and Anand Nandkumar
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad
Downloads 13 (571,966)
Citation 4

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22.

R&D and the Patent Premium

NBER Working Paper No. w9431
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 16 Jan 2003 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2015
Ashish Arora, Marco Ceccagnoli and Wesley M. Cohen
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Scheller College of Business at Georgia Tech and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 125 (221,079)
Citation 38

Abstract:

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Securing Their Future? Entry and Survival in the Information Security Industry

2008 Industry Studies Conference Paper
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 04 Jun 2008
Ashish Arora and Anand Nandkumar
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 99 (262,937)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Entrepreneurship, Technology licensing, firm performance

Securing Their Future? Entry and Survival in the Information Security Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w13634
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 29 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Ashish Arora and Anand Nandkumar
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Downloads 22 (514,711)
Citation 2

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24.

How Local are it Outsourcing Markets: Proximity and Software Programming

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 22 Dec 2006
Ashish Arora and Chris Forman
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management
Downloads 119 (229,380)
Citation 2

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Outsourcing, Tradable Services, IT Investment, Local Supply

25.

Knowledge Sharing in Alliances and Alliance Portfolios

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 23 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 20 May 2017
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Andrea Patacconi
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and University of East Anglia (UEA) - Norwich Business School
Downloads 110 (242,817)

Abstract:

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knowledge sharing, learning alliances, knowledge misappropriation, learning races, alliance portfolios

26.

Pricing Diagnostic Information

Management Science, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 Jan 2005
Ashish Arora and Andrea Fosfuri
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration
Downloads 102 (256,013)

Abstract:

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Pricing, Diagnostic Information, Marketing Research

27.

Killing the Golden Goose? The Decline of Science in Corporate R&D

NBER Working Paper No. w20902
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 02 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2015
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Andrea Patacconi
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and University of East Anglia (UEA) - Norwich Business School
Downloads 71 (319,714)

Abstract:

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28.

Quality Certification and the Economics of Contract Software Development a Study of the Indian Software Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w7260
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Feb 2000 Last Revised: 12 Jun 2014
Ashish Arora and Jai Asundi
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy
Downloads 60 (348,859)
Citation 13

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29.

The Paradox of Openness Revisited: Collaborative Innovation and Patenting by UK Innovators

Duke I&E Research Paper No. 15-1
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Jul 2015
Ashish Arora, Suma Athreye and Can Huang
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Brunel University London - Brunel Business School and Zhejiang University - School of Management
Downloads 58 (354,724)

Abstract:

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open innovation, patent use, patent, external knowledge source, community innovation survey

30.

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation led to the Decline of Japan’s IT Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley

Number of pages: 68 Posted: 21 Feb 2011
Ashish Arora, Lee Branstetter and Matej Drev
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Georgia Institute of Technology
Downloads 53 (370,129)

Abstract:

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Innovation, Technological Change, IT Industry, Software Innovation, Japan

31.

The Acquisition and Commercialization of Invention in American Manufacturing: Incidence and Impact

NBER Working Paper No. w20264
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 30 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2015
Ashish Arora, Wesley M. Cohen and John Walsh
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Georgia Institute of Technology
Downloads 46 (393,185)

Abstract:

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32.

The Organization of R&D in American Corporations: The Determinants and Consequences of Decentralization

NBER Working Paper No. w17013
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 23 May 2011
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Luis A. Rios
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 42 (407,538)

Abstract:

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33.

Returns to Specialization, Transaction Costs and the Dynamics of Industry Evolution

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Apr 1998 Last Revised: 11 May 2009
Ashish Arora and Farasat A. S. Bokhari
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and University of East Anglia (UEA) - School of Economic and Social Studies
Downloads 38 (422,854)

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Vertical Integration, Externalities, Positive Feedback, Industry Evolution, Transaction Costs, Simulation Models

34.

Enter at Your Own Risk: HMO Participation and Enrollment in the Medicarerisk Market

NBER Working Paper No. w7385
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 10 Feb 2000 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2010
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Public Health, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University and University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Public Health
Downloads 31 (452,184)
Citation 2

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35.

Implications for Energy Innovation from the Chemical Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w15676
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 25 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2014
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology
Downloads 30 (456,776)
Citation 1

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36.

Patent Incentives: Returns to Patenting and the Inducement for Research & Development

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper No. 2012/20
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 Jan 2016
Ashish Arora and Suma Athreye
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Brunel University London - Brunel Business School
Downloads 29 (461,523)

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37.

Back to Basics: Why Do Firms Invest in Research?

NBER Working Paper No. w23187
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Lia Sheer
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 24 (487,553)

Abstract:

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38.

Patent Incentives: Returns to Patenting and the Inducement for Research & Development Executive Summary

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper Forthcoming 2012/20
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 05 Jan 2016
Ashish Arora and Suma Athreye
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Brunel University London - Brunel Business School
Downloads 23 (492,958)

Abstract:

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39.

Comment on 'Finding the Endless Frontier: Lessons from the Life Sciences Innovation System for Technology Policy' (by Iain M. Cockburn and Scott Stern)

Capitalism and Society, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Article 4, 2010
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 29 Jan 2013
Ashish Arora
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 22 (498,583)

Abstract:

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40.

Going Soft: How the Rise of Software Based Innovation Led to the Decline of Japan's it Industry and the Resurgence of Silicon Valley

NBER Working Paper No. w16156
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 12 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 08 Jun 2014
Ashish Arora, Lee Branstetter and Matej Drev
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management and Georgia Institute of Technology
Downloads 21 (504,200)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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41.
Downloads 18 (521,280)
Citation 22

Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

NBER Working Paper No. w18203
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2014
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 17 (546,209)
Citation 22

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Managing Licensing in a Market for Technology

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP9048
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 Sep 2012
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Business Administration and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 1 (665,168)
Citation 22
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Licensing, Markets for technology, Organization design

42.

Reversed Citations and the Localization of Knowledge Spillovers

NBER Working Paper No. w23036
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 17 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2017
Ashish Arora, Sharon Belenzon and Honggi Lee
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University and Duke University
Downloads 16 (538,383)

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Waiting for the Payday? The Market for Startups and the Timing of Entrepreneurial Exit

NBER Working Paper No. w24350
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 28 Feb 2018
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 8 (604,829)
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Waiting for the Payday? The Market for Startups and the Timing of Entrepreneurial Exit

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP12724
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Feb 2018
Ashish Arora, Andrea Fosfuri and Thomas Rønde
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology and University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics
Downloads 0
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absorptive capacity, Entrepreneurial exit, markets for technology

44.

Inventive Capabilities in the Division of Innovative Labor

NBER Working Paper No. w25051
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 17 Sep 2018
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and London Business School
Downloads 7 (585,732)
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45.

Globalization of Software Research: Does the Us Have an Advantage in Applications?

Atlanta Competitive Advantage Conference Paper
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 03 Mar 2009
Ashish Arora, Matej Drev and Chris Forman
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, Georgia Institute of Technology and Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management
Downloads 3 (612,117)

Abstract:

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globalization, lead users, patents, comparative advantage, econometrics

46.

Ideas for Rent: An Overview of Markets for Technology

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 775-803, 2010
Posted: 04 Jun 2010
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology

Abstract:

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47.

Is the Division of Labor Limited by the Extent of the Market?: Evidence from the Chemical Industry

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 785-806, 2009
Posted: 05 Oct 2009
Ashish Arora, William B. Vogt and Ji Woong Yoon
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business, RAND Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University - H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management

Abstract:

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48.

Domestic Markets and International Competitiveness: Generic and Product-Specific Competencies in the Engineering Sector

Posted: 11 Aug 1997
Ashish Arora and Alfonso Gambardella
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology

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