Helen J. Knowles-Gardner

Institute for Free Speech

Research Director

Washington, DC

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

19

DOWNLOADS
Rank 36,127

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 36,127

in Total Papers Downloads

2,649

SSRN CITATIONS

5

CROSSREF CITATIONS

1

Scholarly Papers (19)

1.

Defining 'Popular Constitutionalism: The Kramer versus Kramer Problem

Southern University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 09 Apr 2014
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner and Julianne Toia
Institute for Free Speech and Grinnell College
Downloads 572 (90,828)
Citation 1

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legal theory, popular constitutionalism, constitutionalism, Larry Kramer, law reviews, judicial supremacy

2.

Clerkish Control of Recent Supreme Court Opinions? A Case Study of Justice Kennedy's Opinion in Gonzales vs. Carhart

Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law, Vol. 10, 2009
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 06 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2008
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 357 (158,296)
Citation 1

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Justice Kennedy, law clerks, U.S. Supreme Court, abortion, jurisprudence, legal theory

3.

Securing the 'Blessings of Liberty' for All: Lysander Spooner's Originalism

New York University Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 5, p. 34, 2010
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 31 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2010
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 213 (267,016)

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slavery, abolition, originalism, legal theory, legal history, libertarianism, constitutional interpretation, Second Amendment, Bill of Rights, District of Columbia v. Heller, McDonald v. Chicago

4.

From a Value to a Right: The Supreme Court's Oh-so-Conscious Move from 'Privacy' to 'Liberty'

Ohio Northern University Law Review, Vol. 33, 2006/2007
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 08 Aug 2006
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 180 (310,861)

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Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, Constitutional Law, Liberty, Privacy, Jurisprudence, Constitution

5.

'The Pen is Mightier than the Sword': Lysander Spooner’s Constitutional Response to Increasing Abolitionist Violence in the 1850's

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 03 Sep 2009
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 164 (337,106)

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slavery, anarchism, originalism, constitutional theory, legal history, abolitionism

6.

Supreme Court as Civic Educator: Free Speech According to Justice Kennedy

First Amendment Law Review, Vol. 6, 2008
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Jun 2007
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 163 (338,886)

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Justice Kennedy, First Amendment, Freedom of Speech

7.

Taking Justice Kennedy Seriously: Why Windsor Was Decided 'Quite Apart from Principles of Federalism'

Roger Williams University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 03 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2014
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 134 (397,196)

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United States v. Windsor, Anthony M. Kennedy, Justice Kennedy, gay rights, equal protection, liberty, U.S. Supreme Court, federalism, equality, legal theory, Great Society, Lyndon Johnson

8.

Introductory Essay for Lysander Spooner, 'The Deist’s Immortality' and 'An Essay on Man’s Accountability for His Belief' (1834) and 'The Deist’s Reply' (1836)

Lysander Spooner, "THE DEIST'S IMMORTALITY", "AN ESSAY ON MAN'S ACCOUNTABILITY FOR HIS BELIEF" (1834), "THE DEIST'S REPLY" (1836), Reprint, Cobden Publishing, 2011
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 06 Dec 2010
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 113 (451,689)

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Lysander Spooner, deism, religion, classical liberalism, libertarianism, logic, legal reasoning, interpretation

9.

'Omak’s Minimum Pay Law Joan D’Arc': Telling the Local Story of West Coast Hotel v. Parrish (1937)

Journal of Supreme Court History, Forthcoming, December 2012
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 17 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2012
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 108 (466,951)
Citation 1

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Legal History, FDR, Court-Packing Plan, Supreme Court

10.

Courting 'Dignity'

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 Apr 2010
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 106 (473,234)

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Legal Theory, Constitutional Law, U.S. Supreme Court, Dignity, Judicial Opinions

11.

Learning the Law in 1830s Massachusetts: The Contrasting Experiences of Wendell Phillips and Lysander Spooner

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2021
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 101 (489,633)

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Lysander Spooner, Wendell Phillips, Abolitionism, Slavery, Constitutional Interpretation, Legal Education, Legal Theory, U.S. Constitution

12.

What a Difference Five Years Haven't Made: Justice Kennedy and the First Amendment, 2007-2012

University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, July 2013, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 04 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2013
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 86 (542,609)
Citation 1

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free speech, first amendment, Justice Kennedy, citizens united v. FEC, United States v. Alvarez, commercial speech, campaign finance, constitutional theory, constitutional law

13.

The First Amendment to the Constitution, Associational Freedom, and the Future of the Country: Alabama’s Direct Attack on the Existence of the NAACP

Seattle University Law Review, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2024
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 15 Apr 2024 Last Revised: 24 May 2024
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 85 (546,444)

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legal theory, freedom of speech, free speech, expressive freedom, freedom of association, associational freedom, Supreme Court of the United States, Alabama, NAACP, race relations, southern history, civil rights, legal history, First Amendment, constitutionalism, constitutional theory

14.

Remember, it is the Supreme Court that is Expounding: The Least Dangerous Branch and Popular Constitutionalism

University of Dayton Law Review, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2015
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 16 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2015
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 82 (558,419)

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judicial review, legal theory, Alexander Bickel, popular constitutionalism, constitutionalism

15.

Cases, Costumes, and Civic Concepts: Three Decades of the 'Equal Justice Under Law' Video Series

Journal of Legal Education, Vol. 55, 2008
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 10 Apr 2008
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 73 (596,952)

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U.S. Constitution, Marshall Court, Chief Justice John Marshall, U.S. Judicial Conference, Edward Dumbauld, Harry Blackmun, Clement Haynsworth

16.

Arriving at an Answer to the ‘The Question of Questions’: How Lysander Spooner’s Legal Education Influenced His (and Frederick Douglass’s) Belief That Slavery Was Unconstitutional

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 22, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Jul 2023 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2023
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 48 (731,877)

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legal theory, legal history, originalism, Frederick Douglass, Lysander Spooner, constitutional theory, constitutional history, constitutional interpretation, slavery, abolition

17.

Courting Citation Consistency: Justice Frankfurter and West Coast Hotel v. Parrish

Touro Law Review, Vol. 39, No. 3, 2024, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 Jul 2023
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 33 (841,703)

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legal theory, legal history, U.S. Supreme Court, constitutional law, civil liberties, jurisprudence, labor law, freedom of speech, women's rights, minimum wage laws, Felix Frankfurter, William O. Douglas, Vern Countryman

18.

“The ct is disposed to consider the merits…Wow!”: Anthony Lewis Takes Us Inside the Oral Arguments in NAACP v. Alabama ex rel. Flowers (1964)

Journal of Supreme Court History, Volume 49, No. 3 (2024)
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 31 May 2024
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech
Downloads 31 (858,462)

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legal theory, legal history, freedom of assembly, due process, oral arguments, freedom of speech, freedom of expression, Supreme Court of the United States, Alabama, civil rights, civil liberties, Warren Court, constitutional law, constitutional theory, New York Times, journalism, jurisprudence

19.

A Dialogue on Death Penalty Dignity

Criminology & Criminal Justice, Forthcoming
Posted: 25 Sep 2010
Helen J. Knowles-Gardner
Institute for Free Speech

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Capital Punishment, Death Penalty, 8th Amendment, Legal Theory, Constitutional Interpretation, Dignity