Robert P. Merges

University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

Wilson Sonsini Professor of Law

215 Boalt Hall

Berkeley, CA 94720-7200

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

48

DOWNLOADS
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33,032

CITATIONS
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Top 2,338

in Total Papers Citations

240

Scholarly Papers (48)

1.

High Technology Entrepreneurs and the Patent System: Results of the 2008 Berkeley Patent Survey

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 255-327, 2009, CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 04 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2015
Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of San Diego School of Law
Downloads 4,973 (1,454)
Citation 14

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Entrepreneurship, Patents, Innovation, Intellectual Property

2.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2016 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2016 , Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 2780190
Number of pages: 185 Posted: 19 May 2016 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2016
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 3,034 (3,454)
Citation 2

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

As Many as Six Impossible Patents Before Breakfast: Property Rights for Business Concepts and Patent System Reform

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Sep 1999
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,928 (3,594)
Citation 66

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As Many as Six Impossible Patents Before Breakfast: Property Rights for Business Concepts and Patent System Reform

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 14, Pp. 577-615, 1999
Posted: 25 Aug 1999
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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4.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2017 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age 2017: Vol. II Copyrights, Trademarks and State IP Protections; ISBN-13: 978-1945555077, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 178 Posted: 22 Jul 2017
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,283 (5,578)
Citation 2

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

5.

Justifying Intellectual Property: Chapter 1

Robert P. Merges, JUSTIFYING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, Harvard University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 Sep 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,490 (11,388)
Citation 1

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6.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2018 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2018 - Chapters 1 and 2, Clause 8 Publishing, 2018, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 177 Posted: 25 Jul 2018
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,352 (13,300)
Citation 2

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

7.

Patents, Entry and Growth in the Software Industry

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Aug 2006
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,307 (14,019)
Citation 5

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Patents, Intellectual Property

8.

The Proper Scope of the Copyright and Patent Power

Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 37, p. 45, 2000
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 May 2007
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and Robert P. Merges
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,216 (15,680)
Citation 8

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patent, copyright, monopoly, extension, commerce, useful arts

9.

Economics of Intellectual Property Law

Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics, Francesco Parisi, eds., Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 22 Mar 2014
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,129 (17,548)

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10.

Who Owns the Charles River Bridge? Intellectual Property and Competition in the Software Industry

UC Berkeley Public Law and Legal Theory Working Paper No. 15
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 28 Feb 2000
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,013 (20,643)
Citation 4

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11.

Operating Efficiently Post-Bilski by Ordering Patent Doctrine Decision-Making

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 25, p. 1673, 2010, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1953512, University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-23
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 03 Nov 2011
Dennis David Crouch and Robert P. Merges
University of Missouri School of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 913 (24,048)

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Patentable Subject Matter, Patent Law, Avoidance

12.

From Medieval Guilds to Open Source Software: Informal Norms, Appropriability Institutions, and Innovation

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 05 Feb 2005
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 868 (25,882)
Citation 3

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13.

A New Dynamism in the Public Domain

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 71, pp. 183-203, 2004
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Jun 2004
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 820 (28,056)
Citation 11

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14.

An Estoppel Doctrine for Patented Standards

California Law Review, Vol. 97, No. 1, 2009
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 28 May 2008 Last Revised: 26 May 2014
Robert P. Merges and Jeffrey M. Kuhn
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Kenan-Flagler Business School
Downloads 750 (31,730)

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patents, standards, estoppel, network effects, lock-in, lock in, patent misuse, strategic assertion, laches, waiver, antitrust, reliance, bait and switch, snake in the grass, SSOs, SSO, network industries

15.

A Transactional View of Property Right

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Apr 2005
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 699 (34,858)
Citation 13

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Property rights, precontractual liability, enforcement flexibility

16.

Property Rights, Firm Boundaries, and R&D Inputs

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Ashish Arora and Robert P. Merges
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 662 (37,581)
Citation 28

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17.

The Uninvited Guest: Patents on Wall Street

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 126
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 27 May 2003
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 628 (40,258)
Citation 11

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Patents, Innovation, Financial Services

18.

Incentives to Challenge and Defend Patents: Why Litigation Won't Reliably Fix Patent Office Errors and Why Administrative Patent Review Might Help

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Annual Review of Law and Technology, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2004
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 14 Oct 2004
Joseph Farrell and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 558 (47,019)
Citation 19

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patents, uspto, law

19.

Locke for the Masses: Property Rights and the Products of Collective Creativity

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 495 (54,715)

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20.

IP Rights and Technological Platforms

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Dec 2008
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 461 (59,847)
Citation 4

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21.

Space Resources, Common Property, and the Collective Action Problem

NYU Environmental Law Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1997
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 05 Nov 2007
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and Robert P. Merges
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 448 (61,976)
Citation 1

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space law, property, moon treaty, collective action, Reynolds, Merges

22.

Priority and Novelty under the AIA

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2130209
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 16 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 436 (64,013)

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23.

Measuring the Costs and Benefits of Patent Pools

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2759027
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 05 Apr 2016
Robert P. Merges and Michael Mattioli
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Downloads 430 (65,148)

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patent pools, transaction costs, collective licensing, patent licensing, patents, licensing, standard-setting, innovation, antitrust

The Relationship between Foundations and Principles in IP Law

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2130199
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Aug 2012
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 305 (96,213)

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The Relationship between Foundations and Principles in IP Law

San Diego Law Review, Vol. 49, p. 957, 2012
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 May 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 125 (221,952)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, legal theory

25.

What Kind of Rights Are Intellectual Property Rights?

Oxford Handbook of IP Law (R. Dreyfuss and J. Pila, eds.), Forthcoming, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 01 May 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 411 (68,761)

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intellectual property, property rights, private law, legal philosophy

26.

Copyright and Distributive Justice

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 92, 2016, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-11, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2758845
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 07 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2016
Justin Hughes and Robert P. Merges
Loyola Law School Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 370 (77,785)

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copyright, Rawls, distributive justice, music, African-Americans, wealth, income, creators

27.

Philosophical Foundations of IP Law: The Law and Economics Paradigm

Forthcoming in the Research Handbook on the Economics of IP Law (Peter S. Menell, Ben Depoorter, and David Schwartz, eds.), (Vol. I -- Theory) (Edward Elgar Publishing), UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2920713
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 339 (86,135)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, law and economics, jurisprudence

28.

The Concept of Property in the Digital Era

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 330 (88,742)

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29.

Software and Patent Scope: A Report from the Middle Innings

Texas Law Review, Vol. 85, No. 1627, 2007, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 994372
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 12 Jul 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 293 (101,046)
Citation 4

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The Trouble with Trolls: Innovation, Rent-Seeking, and Patent Law Reform

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 24, p. 1583, 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 May 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 272 (108,939)
Citation 4

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The Trouble with Trolls: Innovation, Rent-Seeking and Patent Law Reform

Posted: 18 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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31.

Locke Remixed

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 40, p. 101, 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Feb 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 253 (118,022)

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32.

Against Utilitarian Fundamentalism

St. John's Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 3, 2017, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 30 Apr 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 222 (134,494)

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intellectual property, legal theory, private law

The Continuing Vitality of Music Performance Rights Organizations

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1266870
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2008
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 208 (142,823)

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The Continuing Vitality of Music Performance Rights Organizations

Posted: 18 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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34.

The Path of IP Studies: Growth, Diversification, and Hope

Texas Law Review, Vol. 92, No. 1757-1768 (2014), UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2469289, U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 616
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 22 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2014
John M. Golden, Robert P. Merges and Pamela Samuelson
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 172 (170,206)

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35.

To Waive and Waive Not: Property and Flexibility in the Digital Era

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 165 (176,460)

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intellectual property, waiver, property theory

36.

Now and Then, Here and There: A Review Essay on Khan, the Democratization of Invention, and Blind, et al., Software Patents

Journal of Economic Literature, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 18 Apr 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 152 (189,133)

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37.

A Few Kind Words for Absolute Infringement Liability in Patent Law

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 11 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2014
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 134 (209,461)

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intellectual property, patent law, innovation, diffusion

The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations

NBER Working Paper No. w6014
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Jun 2000 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2014
Robert P. Merges and Josh Lerner
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Harvard Business School - Finance Unit
Downloads 110 (244,167)
Citation 30

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The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations

Posted: 15 Sep 1997
Robert P. Merges and Josh Lerner
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Harvard Business School - Finance Unit

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39.

After the Trolls: Patent Litigation As Ex-Post Market Making

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 18 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 95 (268,254)

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patents, patent law, intellectual property, licensing, litigation

40.

Foundations and Principles Redux: A Reply to Professor Blankfein-Tabachnick

California Law Review, Vol. 101, 2013
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 30 Sep 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 89 (279,651)

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intellectual property, property theory, legal philosophy, jurisprudence

41.

Patent Markets and Innovation in the Era of Big Platform Companies

Number of pages: 106 Posted: 28 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 55 (363,908)

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patents, intellectual property, antitrust

42.

The Hamiltonian Origins of the U.S. Patent System, and Why They Matter Today

Iowa Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 31 Mar 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 23 (492,958)

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43.

Intellectual Property Rights, Input Markets, and the Value of Intangible Assets

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 12 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 16 (532,620)
Citation 8

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44.

Autonomy and Independence: The Normative Face of Transaction Costs

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 53, 2011
Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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intellectual property, transaction costs, property rights theory

45.

One Hundred Years of Solicitude: Intellectual Property Law, 1900-2000

California Law Review, Vol. 88, P. 2187, 2000
Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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46.

Property Rights Theory and the Employed Inventor

Berkeley Center for Law and Technology Working Paper 97-03
Posted: 17 Oct 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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47.

The End of Friction? Property Rights and Contract in the 'Newtonian' World of On-Line Commerce

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 12, No. 1 (1997).
Posted: 01 Sep 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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48.

Contracting into Liability Rules: Intellectual Property Rights and Collective Rights Organizations

in the California Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 5 (1996).
Posted: 11 Aug 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 17    Citations: 0
1.

Merges: Back to the Shadows, or Onward and Upward? Current Trends in Patent Law

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 17

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