Robert P. Merges

University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

Wilson Sonsini Professor of Law

215 Boalt Hall

Berkeley, CA 94720-7200

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

54

DOWNLOADS
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Top 743

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45,917

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 4,427

in Total Papers Citations

69

CROSSREF CITATIONS

235

Scholarly Papers (54)

1.

High Technology Entrepreneurs and the Patent System: Results of the 2008 Berkeley Patent Survey

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 255-327, 2009, CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 04 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2015
Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of San Diego School of Law
Downloads 5,443 (2,100)
Citation 71

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Entrepreneurship, Patents, Innovation, Intellectual Property

2.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2016 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2016 , Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 2780190
Number of pages: 185 Posted: 19 May 2016 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2016
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 3,606 (4,302)
Citation 6

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

As Many as Six Impossible Patents Before Breakfast: Property Rights for Business Concepts and Patent System Reform

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Sep 1999
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 3,003 (5,807)
Citation 8

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As Many as Six Impossible Patents Before Breakfast: Property Rights for Business Concepts and Patent System Reform

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 14, Pp. 577-615, 1999
Posted: 25 Aug 1999
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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4.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2017 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age 2017: Vol. II Copyrights, Trademarks and State IP Protections; ISBN-13: 978-1945555077, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 178 Posted: 22 Jul 2017
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,593 (7,466)

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

5.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2020 - Chapters 1 and 2

Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 179 Posted: 03 Aug 2020
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Columbia University - Law School
Downloads 2,369 (8,563)
Citation 1

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

6.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2019 - Chapters 1 and 2

Number of pages: 176 Posted: 08 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2019
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,265 (9,204)
Citation 1

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

7.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2021 - Chapters 1 and 2

Number of pages: 186 Posted: 12 Jul 2021
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Columbia University - Law School
Downloads 2,185 (9,780)

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

8.

Justifying Intellectual Property: Chapter 1

Robert P. Merges, JUSTIFYING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, Harvard University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 Sep 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 2,147 (10,080)

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9.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2018 - Chapters 1 and 2

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2018 - Chapters 1 and 2, Clause 8 Publishing, 2018, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper, Stanford Public Law Working Paper
Number of pages: 177 Posted: 25 Jul 2018
Peter S. Menell, Mark A. Lemley and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,927 (12,018)
Citation 1

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

10.

Economics of Intellectual Property Law

Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics, Francesco Parisi, eds., Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 22 Mar 2014
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,365 (20,427)

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11.

Patents, Entry and Growth in the Software Industry

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Aug 2006
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,358 (20,587)
Citation 4

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Patents, Intellectual Property

12.

The Proper Scope of the Copyright and Patent Power

Harvard Journal on Legislation, Vol. 37, p. 45, 2000
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 May 2007
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and Robert P. Merges
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,338 (21,072)

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patent, copyright, monopoly, extension, commerce, useful arts

13.

Who Owns the Charles River Bridge? Intellectual Property and Competition in the Software Industry

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 28 Feb 2000
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,040 (30,487)
Citation 5

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14.

A New Dynamism in the Public Domain

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Jun 2004
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 1,036 (30,654)
Citation 2

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15.

From Medieval Guilds to Open Source Software: Informal Norms, Appropriability Institutions, and Innovation

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 05 Feb 2005
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 965 (33,870)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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16.

Operating Efficiently Post-Bilski by Ordering Patent Doctrine Decision-Making

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 25, p. 1673, 2010, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1953512, University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2011-23
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 03 Nov 2011
Dennis David Crouch and Robert P. Merges
University of Missouri School of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 949 (34,713)

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Patentable Subject Matter, Patent Law, Avoidance

17.

An Estoppel Doctrine for Patented Standards

California Law Review, Vol. 97, No. 1, 2009
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 28 May 2008 Last Revised: 26 May 2014
Robert P. Merges and Jeffrey M. Kuhn
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Kenan-Flagler Business School
Downloads 783 (45,164)

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patents, standards, estoppel, network effects, lock-in, lock in, patent misuse, strategic assertion, laches, waiver, antitrust, reliance, bait and switch, snake in the grass, SSOs, SSO, network industries

18.

A Transactional View of Property Right

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Apr 2005
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 753 (47,610)
Citation 14

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Property rights, precontractual liability, enforcement flexibility

19.

Philosophical Foundations of IP Law: The Law and Economics Paradigm

Forthcoming in the Research Handbook on the Economics of IP Law (Peter S. Menell, Ben Depoorter, and David Schwartz, eds.), (Vol. I -- Theory) (Edward Elgar Publishing), UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2920713
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 718 (50,688)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, law and economics, jurisprudence

20.

Property Rights, Firm Boundaries, and R&D Inputs

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Ashish Arora and Robert P. Merges
Duke University - Fuqua School of Business and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 687 (53,802)
Citation 8

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21.

What Kind of Rights Are Intellectual Property Rights?

Oxford Handbook of IP Law (R. Dreyfuss and J. Pila, eds.), Forthcoming, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 01 May 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 658 (56,954)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, property rights, private law, legal philosophy

22.

The Uninvited Guest: Patents on Wall Street

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 27 May 2003
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 646 (58,203)
Citation 8

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Patents, Innovation, Financial Services

23.

Incentives to Challenge and Defend Patents: Why Litigation Won't Reliably Fix Patent Office Errors and Why Administrative Patent Review Might Help

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 14 Oct 2004
Joseph Farrell and Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 607 (63,025)
Citation 11

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patents, uspto, law

24.

Locke for the Masses: Property Rights and the Products of Collective Creativity

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 557 (70,268)
Citation 3

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25.

Measuring the Costs and Benefits of Patent Pools

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2759027
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 05 Apr 2016
Robert P. Merges and Michael Mattioli
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Downloads 556 (70,426)
Citation 1

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patent pools, transaction costs, collective licensing, patent licensing, patents, licensing, standard-setting, innovation, antitrust

26.

IP Rights and Technological Platforms

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Dec 2008
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 529 (74,941)
Citation 3

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27.

Copyright and Distributive Justice

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 92, 2016, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-11, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2758845
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 07 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2016
Justin Hughes and Robert P. Merges
Loyola Law School Los Angeles and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 488 (82,658)
Citation 1

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copyright, Rawls, distributive justice, music, African-Americans, wealth, income, creators

28.

Space Resources, Common Property, and the Collective Action Problem

NYU Environmental Law Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1997
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 05 Nov 2007
Glenn Harlan Reynolds and Robert P. Merges
University of Tennessee College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 485 (83,288)

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space law, property, moon treaty, collective action, Reynolds, Merges

29.

Priority and Novelty under the AIA

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2130209
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 16 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 484 (83,516)
Citation 2

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The Relationship between Foundations and Principles in IP Law

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2130199
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 16 Aug 2012
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 340 (124,522)

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The Relationship between Foundations and Principles in IP Law

San Diego Law Review, Vol. 49, p. 957, 2012
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 May 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 140 (286,681)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, legal theory

31.

Against Utilitarian Fundamentalism

St. John's Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 3, 2017, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 30 Apr 2017
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 478 (84,749)

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intellectual property, legal theory, private law

32.

The Concept of Property in the Digital Era

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 393 (106,479)
Citation 2

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The Trouble with Trolls: Innovation, Rent-Seeking, and Patent Law Reform

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 24, p. 1583, 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 May 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 315 (134,898)
Citation 2

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The Trouble with Trolls: Innovation, Rent-Seeking and Patent Law Reform

Posted: 18 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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34.

Software and Patent Scope: A Report from the Middle Innings

Texas Law Review, Vol. 85, No. 1627, 2007, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 994372
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 12 Jul 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 310 (138,006)
Citation 1

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35.

Locke Remixed

UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 40, p. 101, 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Feb 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 286 (150,079)

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36.

Intellectual Property in the New Technological Age: 2022 - Chapters 1 and 2

Number of pages: 187 Posted: 29 Jul 2022
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Columbia University - Law School
Downloads 278 (161,477)

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Intellectual Property, Trade Secret, Patent, Copyright, Trademark, Misappropriation, Right of Publicity

37.

Patent Markets and Innovation in the Era of Big Platform Companies

Number of pages: 106 Posted: 28 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 228 (187,468)

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patents, intellectual property, antitrust

The Continuing Vitality of Music Performance Rights Organizations

UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1266870
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2008
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 220 (193,702)
Citation 2

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The Continuing Vitality of Music Performance Rights Organizations

Posted: 18 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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39.

The Path of IP Studies: Growth, Diversification, and Hope

Texas Law Review, Vol. 92, No. 1757-1768 (2014), UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2469289, U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 616
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 22 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2014
John M. Golden, Robert P. Merges and Pamela Samuelson
University of Texas at Austin - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 201 (210,945)

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40.

To Waive and Waive Not: Property and Flexibility in the Digital Era

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 179 (233,432)
Citation 1

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intellectual property, waiver, property theory

41.

After the Trolls: Patent Litigation As Ex-Post Market Making

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 18 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 168 (246,306)

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patents, patent law, intellectual property, licensing, litigation

42.

Now and Then, Here and There: A Review Essay on Khan, the Democratization of Invention, and Blind, et al., Software Patents

Journal of Economic Literature, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 18 Apr 2007
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 167 (247,529)

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43.

A Few Kind Words for Absolute Infringement Liability in Patent Law

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 11 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2014
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 156 (262,101)
Citation 2

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intellectual property, patent law, innovation, diffusion

The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations

NBER Working Paper No. w6014
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Jun 2000 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2022
Robert P. Merges and Josh Lerner
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Harvard Business School - Finance Unit
Downloads 131 (301,763)

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The Control of Strategic Alliances: An Empirical Analysis of Biotechnology Collaborations

Posted: 15 Sep 1997
Robert P. Merges and Josh Lerner
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Harvard Business School - Finance Unit

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45.

Patents, Validity Challenges, and Private Ordering: A New Dispensation for the Easy-Challenge Era

Number of pages: 68 Posted: 30 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2022
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 117 (326,321)

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46.

Foundations and Principles Redux: A Reply to Professor Blankfein-Tabachnick

California Law Review, Vol. 101, 2013
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 30 Sep 2013
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 97 (370,206)

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intellectual property, property theory, legal philosophy, jurisprudence

47.

Intellectual Property Rights, Input Markets, and the Value of Intangible Assets

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 12 Feb 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 85 (401,569)
Citation 8

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48.

The Hamiltonian Origins of the U.S. Patent System, and Why They Matter Today

Iowa Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 31 Mar 2019
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 54 (507,966)

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49.

MGM v. Grokster – Amicus Brief of Professors Peter S. Menell, David Nimmer, Robert P. Merges, and Justin Hughes

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 Aug 2019
Peter S. Menell, David Nimmer, Robert P. Merges and Justin Hughes
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Irell & Manella LLP, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law and Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 34 (606,435)
Citation 1

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copyright, indirect liability, Sony, Grokster, statutory interpretation, file-sharing

50.

Autonomy and Independence: The Normative Face of Transaction Costs

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 53, 2011
Posted: 31 May 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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intellectual property, transaction costs, property rights theory

51.

One Hundred Years of Solicitude: Intellectual Property Law, 1900-2000

Posted: 11 Jan 2001
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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52.

Property Rights Theory and the Employed Inventor

Berkeley Center for Law and Technology Working Paper 97-03
Posted: 17 Oct 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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53.

The End of Friction? Property Rights and Contract in the 'Newtonian' World of On-Line Commerce

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 12, No. 1 (1997).
Posted: 01 Sep 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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54.

Contracting into Liability Rules: Intellectual Property Rights and Collective Rights Organizations

in the California Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 5 (1996).
Posted: 11 Aug 1997
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 18
1.

Merges: Back to the Shadows, or Onward and Upward? Current Trends in Patent Law

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2011
Robert P. Merges
University of California, Berkeley - School of Law
Downloads 18

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