Cynthia Lee

George Washington University Law School

Professor of Law

2000 H Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20052

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

23

DOWNLOADS
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Top 6,977

in Total Papers Downloads

4,988

CITATIONS
Rank 27,020

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 27,020

in Total Papers Citations

9

Scholarly Papers (23)

1.

'But I Thought He Had a Gun' - Race and Police Use of Deadly Force

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal, 2004
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 22 Oct 2004
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 583 (25,571)

Abstract:

race, police, racial stereotypes, prejudice, stereotypes, deadly force, bias, unconscious racism, Amadou Diallo, Timothy Thomas, Tyisha Miller

2.

Making Race Salient: Trayvon Martin and Implicit Bias in a Not Yet Post-Racial Society

91 North Carolina Law Review, Forthcoming, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-97, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2013-97
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 29 Jun 2013
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 447 (9,456)

Abstract:

race, post-racial, implicit bias, self-defense, race salience, racial profiling, racial bias

3.

Cultural Convergence: Interest Convergence Theory Meets the Cultural Defense?

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 49, No. 4, Winter 2007 , George Washington University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 248, George Washington University Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 248
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 08 Mar 2007
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 327 (66,919)
Citation 3

Abstract:

cultural defense, interest convergence, cultural convergence, Hmong marriage by capture, black rage, oyako shinju, cultural racism, racialization, stereotypes

4.

The Gay Panic Defense

UC Davis Law Review, 2008, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 411, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 411
Number of pages: 97 Posted: 07 Jun 2008
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 325 (50,350)

Abstract:

gay panic, gay panic defense, defense strategies, homosexuality, trans-panic defense

5.

Race and Self-Defense: Toward a Normative Conception of Reasonableness

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 81, 1996, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 473
Number of pages: 135 Posted: 15 Oct 1996 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2009
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 226 (79,806)

Abstract:

6.

The Trans Panic Defense: Heteronormativity, and the Murder of Transgender Women

66 Hastings L.J. 77 (2014), GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2014-10, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-10
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 29 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2014
Cynthia Lee and Peter Kar Yu Kwan
George Washington University Law School and Golden Gate University School of Law
Downloads 194 (59,743)

Abstract:

provocation, heat of passion, trans panic, transgender, trans, gay panic, criminal law defenses, fraud-in-the-factum, fraud-in-the-inducement, transphobia, homophobia, masculinity, masculinities

7.

Reasonable Provocation and Self-Defense: Recognizing the Distinction Between Act Reasonableness and Emotion Reasonableness

CRIMINAL LAW CONVERSATIONS, Paul H. Robinson, Stephen Garvey, Kimberly Ferzan, eds., Oxford University Press, 2009 , GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 450, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 450
Posted: 28 Jul 2010
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 152 (136,523)

Abstract:

Reasonable Provocation, Self-Defense, Act Reasonableness, Emotion Reasonableness

8.

Hate Crimes and the War on Terror

HATE CRIMES: PERSPECTIVES AND APPROACHES, Barbara Perry, ed., 2008, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 442, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 442
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 17 Sep 2008
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 131 (164,641)

Abstract:

hate crimes, terrorism, Arab, Muslim, stereotype

9.

'Murder and the Reasonable Man' Revisited: A Response to Victoria Nourse

Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2005, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 172
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Nov 2005
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 103 (192,930)

Abstract:

10.

Prosecutorial Discretion, Substantial Assistance, and the Federal Sentencing Guidelines

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 42, No. 105, 1994, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 310, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 310
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 20 Jul 2007
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 102 (181,064)

Abstract:

prosecutorial discretion, substantial assistance departures,Federal Sentencing Guideline, federal sentencing guidelines, downward departures, substantial assistance, cooperation, 5K1.1, judicial discretion, prosecutorial discretion, government motion

11.

Reasonableness with Teeth: The Future of Fourth Amendment Reasonableness Analysis

Mississippi Law Journal, Forthcoming, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 576, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 576
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 08 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2012
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 92 (204,794)

Abstract:

Fourth Amendment, Reasonableness, Searches and Seizures

12.

Package Bombs, Footlockers, and Laptops: What the Disappearing Container Doctrine Can Tell Us About the Fourth Amendment

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Forthcoming, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 514, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 514
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 06 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2011
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 83 (230,470)

Abstract:

Fourth Amendment, Searches and Seizures, Container Searches, Computer Searches, Reasonableness Review, Warrant Preference, Rational Basis with Bite, Automobile Exception, Search Incident to Arrest, Terry Stop and Frisk, Urban Poor, Poor People of Color, Warrants, Critical Race Theory, Feminist

Murder and the Reasonable Man: Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom

CHAPTERS in Murder and the Reasonable Man: Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom, NYU Press, June 2003, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 62B, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 62B
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 14 Aug 2012
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 39 (352,604)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Murder and the Reasonable Man: Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom

CHAPTERS in Murder and the Reasonable Man: Passion and Fear in the Criminal Courtroom, NYU Press, June 2003, GWU Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 62A, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 62A
Number of pages: 101 Posted: 06 Aug 2003 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2012
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 38 (356,219)
Citation 1

Abstract:

14.

The Act-Belief Distinction in Self-Defense Doctrine: A New Dual Requirement Theory of Justification

Buffalo Criminal Law Review, Vol. 2, No. 191, 1998, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 312, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 312
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 27 Oct 1998
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 74 (237,165)

Abstract:

15.

Freedom of Speech in the Public Workplace: A Comment on the Public Concern Requirement

California Law Review, Vol. 76, No. 1109, 1988, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 311, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 311
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 Jul 2007
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 70 (252,031)

Abstract:

free speech, public employee speech, workplace speech, public concern

16.

Race and the Victim: An Examination of Capital Sentencing and Guilt Attribution Studies

Chicago-Kent Law Review, Symposium on Race and Criminal Law, Vol. 73, No. 2, 1998
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 26 Oct 1998
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 56 (288,930)

Abstract:

capital sentencing, death penalty, guilt attribution, race and the victim, race and the jury, racial disparity, juror-victim racial similarity

17.

Criminal Law: Cases and Materials

CRIMINAL LAW: CASES AND MATERIALS, 2d Ed., 2009, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-37, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2013-37
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 02 Mar 2013
Cynthia Lee and Angela P. Harris
George Washington University Law School and University of California, Davis - King Hall School of Law
Downloads 39 (298,850)
Citation 5

Abstract:

criminal law, sources of criminal law, moral culture, American legal system, Anglo-American tradition, rape, murder, burglary, law & order, aims of criminal law, Anglo-American moral culture

18.

A New 'Sliding Scale of Difference' Approach to Abuse of Discretion: Appellate Review of District Court Departures Under the Federal Sentencing Guidelines

American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 35, No. 1, 1997, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 319, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 319
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 24 Jul 2007
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 37 (321,018)

Abstract:

federal Sentencing guidelines, standard of review, appellate review, sentencing departures

19.

(E)Racing Trayvon Martin

Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Forthcoming, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2014-57, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-57
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 19 Dec 2014
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 35 (279,541)

Abstract:

race, color-blindness, self-defense, Critical Race Theory, Trayvon Martin, race salience, reasonableness

20.

The Sentencing Court's Discretion to Depart Downward in Recognition of a Defendant's Substantial Assistance: A Proposal to Eliminate the Government Motion Requirement

Indiana Law Review, Vol. 23, No. 631, 1990, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 317, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 317
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 20 Jul 2007
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 28 (359,295)

Abstract:

federal sentencing guidelines, substantial assistance, cooperation, 5K1.1, downward departures, government motion, judicial discretion, prosecutorial discretion

21.

Teaching Criminal Law from a Critical Perspective

7 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 261 (2009), GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-137, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2013-137
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Dec 2013
Angela P. Harris and Cynthia Lee
University of California, Davis - King Hall School of Law and George Washington University Law School
Downloads 14 (410,029)

Abstract:

22.

Race, Policing, and Lethal Force: Remedying Shooter Bias with Martial Arts Training

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 79, No. 3, 2016, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2016-34, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-34
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 14 Aug 2016
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 0 (298,850)

Abstract:

police, race, use of force, deadly force, shooter bias, implicit racial bias, martial arts debiasing

23.

A New Approach to Voir Dire on Racial Bias

5 U.C. IRVINE L. REV. 843 (2015) , GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2015-63, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-63
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 07 Mar 2016
Cynthia Lee
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 0 (268,360)

Abstract:

Voir Dire, Jury Selection, Race, Racial Bias, Debiasing, Prejudice, Race Salience, Racial Discrimination, Batson challenges