Caroline Henckels

Monash University - Faculty of Law

Associate Professor

15 Ancora Imparo Way

Clayton, Victoria 3800

Australia

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

37

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9,375

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 26,706

in Total Papers Citations

19

CROSSREF CITATIONS

25

Scholarly Papers (37)

1.

Balancing Investment Protection and the Public Interest: The Role of the Standard of Review and the Importance of Deference in Investor-State Arbitration

4 Journal of International Dispute Settlement 197 (2013)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 991 (43,834)
Citation 3

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Investor-state arbitration, deference, standards of review, international investment law, balancing, investment treaties, judicial review, regulatory autonomy

2.

Variations on a Theme: Comparing the Concept of 'Necessity' in International Investment Law and WTO Law

(2013) 14 Chicago Journal of International Law 93-164
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 04 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2015
Andrew D. Mitchell and Caroline Henckels
Faculty of Law, Monash University and Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 931 (47,774)
Citation 3

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necessity, international law, international investment law, WTO law, non-precluded measures

3.

Legitimate Expectations and the Rule of Law in International Investment Law

August Reinisch and Stephan Schill (eds), Investment Protection Standards and the Rule of Law (Oxford University Press 2023) 43, Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3409086
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 24 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 793 (59,484)

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Legitimate expectations, international investment law, fair and equitable treatment, legal certainty, arbitrariness, rule of law, Raz

4.

Scope Limitation or Affirmative Defence? The Purpose and Role of Investment Treaty Exception Clauses

Federica Paddeu and Lorand Bartels (eds), Exceptions in International Law (Oxford University Press 2020) 363 , Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), Fifth Biennial Global Conference
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 01 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 784 (60,392)

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Investor-state arbitration, Non-precluded measures, Exception, Carve-out, Burden of proof, International investment law, Necessity, Argentina, Nicaragua, self-defence, reservation

5.

In Vino Veritas? The Dubious Legality of the EU’s Claims to Exclusive Use of the Term ‘Prosecco’

29 Australian Intellectual Property Journal 110 (2019)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 04 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Mark Davison, Caroline Henckels and Patrick Emerton
Monash University - Faculty of Law, Monash University - Faculty of Law and Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 640 (78,500)

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Prosecco, wine, grape varieties, geographical indications, trade marks, trademarks, WTO, European Union, TBT Agreement, TRIPS Agreement, protectionism, discrimination

6.

Protecting Regulatory Autonomy Through Greater Precision in Investment Treaties: The TPP, CETA and TTIP

19 Journal of International Economic Law 27 (2016)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 25 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 640 (78,500)
Citation 2

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International Investment Law, Investment Treaties, TPP, TTIP, CETA, indirect expropriation, fair and equitable treatment, non-discrimination, treaty exceptions, non-preluded measures, investor-state arbitration, national treatment, ISDS, rules and standards

7.

Indirect Expropriation and the Right to Regulate: Revisiting Proportionality Analysis and the Standard of Review in Investor-State Arbitration

15 Journal of International Economic Law 223 (2012)
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 22 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 628 (80,340)
Citation 5

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Investor-state arbitration, proportionality, standard of review, expropriation, regulatory autonomy, public interest

8.

GMOs in the WTO: A Critique of the Panel's Legal Reasoning in EC-Biotech

7 Melbourne Journal of International Law 278 (2006)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 06 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 429 (128,061)

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WTO, Biotech, SPS Agreement, Legitimacy, precautionary principle, Cartagena Protocol, scientific uncertainty

9.

Permission to Act: The Legal Character of General and Security Exceptions in International Trade and Investment Law

69 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 557 (2020), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3546332
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 412 (134,145)
Citation 1

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Defences, Deontic Logic, General Exceptions, International Investment Law, Interpretation, Jurisprudence, National Treatment, Public International Law, Regulatory Autonomy, Security Exceptions, WTO

10.

The Ostensible 'Flexibilities' in TRIPS: Can Essential Pharmaceuticals Be Excluded from Patentability in Public Health Crises?

32 Monash University Law Review 335 (2006)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 28 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 410 (134,849)

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WTO, TRIPS, pharmaceuticals, public health, developing countries, GATT, compulsory licensing, morality, ordre public, patents

11.

Investment Treaty Security Exceptions, Necessity and Self-Defence in the Context of Armed Conflict

Titi C, Fach Gómez K & Gourgourinis A (eds), International Investment Law and the Law of Armed Conflict (Brill 2019) 319
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 12 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 398 (139,566)

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Security exception, investment treaty, state of necessity, circumstances precluding wrongfulness, self-defence, compensation, armed conflict, fair and equitable treatment, full protection and security, lex specialis

12.

Proportionality and the Separation of Powers in Constitutional Review: Examining the Role of Judicial Deference

45 Federal Law Review 181 (2017), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2996345
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 395 (140,746)

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Proportionality, separation of powers, judicial power, deference, Constitution, McCloy

13.

Should Investment Treaties Contain Public Policy Exceptions?

59 Boston College Law Review 2825 (2018), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3209902
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 11 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 313 (181,242)
Citation 3

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14.

Not all Rights are Created Equal: A Loss-Gain Frame of Investor Rights and Human Rights

34 Leiden Journal of International Law 93 (2021), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3546321
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 27 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Tomer Broude and Caroline Henckels
Hebrew University of Jerusalem - International Law Forum and Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 200 (281,543)

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Behavioral Economics, Cognitive Psychology, Human Rights, International Investment Law, Property Rights, Prospect Theory

15.

Arbitration Under Government Contracts and Government Accountability

50 Federal Law Review 293 (2022), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3873544
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Jul 2021 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 199 (282,863)

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Arbitration, government contracts, impartiality, transparency, courts, constitutional law

16.

Justifying The Protection Of Legitimate Expectations In International Investment Law: Legal Certainty And Arbitrary Conduct

ICSID Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Apr 2023 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 182 (306,364)

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International investment law, legitimate expectations, legal certainty, arbitrary conduct, investor-state dispute settlement

17.

Private-Public Arbitration in Australia: Public Law Concerns, Private Law Responses

Stephan Schill (ed), The Comparative Constitutional Law of Private-Public Arbitration (Oxford University Press, Forthcoming), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3013518
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 08 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 176 (315,630)

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arbitration, public-private, investor-state dispute settlement, government contracts, executive power, public law, accountability, administrative law, constitutional law, impartiality, transparency, judicial review,

18.

Balancing Test (Investment Arbitration)

Max Planck Encyclopaedia of International Procedural Law
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 25 Jun 2019
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 116 (440,933)

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Investment Arbitration, Isds, Balancing, Proportionality, Reasonableness, Rational Connection, Least-Restrictive Means

19.

Dignity as a Constitutional Value: Abortion, Political Communication and Proportionality

49 Federal Law Review 554 (2021)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 07 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels, Ronli Sifris and Tania Penovic
Monash University - Faculty of Law, Monash University - Faculty of Law and Deakin University
Downloads 106 (471,074)

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Dignity, Abortion, Constitutional Law, Australia, Implied Freedom of Political Communication, Proportionality

20.

A Duty to Consult Foreign Investors When Changing the Regulatory Framework? Implications for Non-Communicable Disease Prevention and Beyond

21 Journal of World Investment and Trade 698 (2020), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3409119
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 103 (480,878)

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consultation, due process, fair and equitable treatment, international investment law, lawmaking, non-communicable disease prevention, participation, tobacco control, transparency

21.

Advancing Reproductive Rights through Legal Reform: The Example of Abortion Clinic Safe Access Zones

43 University of New South Wales Law Journal 1078 (2020)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 16 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Ronli Sifris, Tania Penovic and Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law, Deakin University and Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 79 (568,226)

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abortion, safe access zones, constitutional law, Australia, implied freedom of political communication

22.

The Rise of Preferential Agreements in Global Economic Governance: An Introduction

20 Journal of World Investment and Trade 629 (2019)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 16 Jul 2019 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels and Markus Wagner
Monash University - Faculty of Law and Director, Transnational Law & Policy Centre and School of Law, University of Wollongong
Downloads 64 (637,292)

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23.

Dishonouring the Australian Flag

44 Monash University Law Review 384 (2018), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3218797
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 26 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 59 (663,486)

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Flag burning, protest, criminal law, implied freedom of political communication, nationalism, Australia, Constitution

24.

The Compatibility of the EU’s Geographical Indications Regulations for Wines with the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade

23 Journal of World Investment and Trade 293 (2022), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 28 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 49 (722,276)

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geographical indications, European Union, wine, Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property

25.

Overcoming Jurisdictional Isolationism at the Wto-Fta Nexus: A Potential Approach for the WTO

European Journal of International Law, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 571-599, 2008
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 47 (734,953)
Citation 1

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World Trade Organization, free trade agreements, preferential trade agreements, jurisdiction, inherent judicial powers, comity

26.

Will Greater Precision in Investment Treaties Protect the Right to Regulate? An Assessment of the TPP's Investment Chapter

21 New Zealand Business Law Quarterly 351 (2015)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 17 May 2019 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 43 (762,025)

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27.

Objection Regarding Eu Geographical Indication Claims (Submission to Department of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry)

Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 28 Aug 2023
Mark Davison, Caroline Henckels and Lisa Spagnolo
Monash University - Faculty of Law, Monash University - Faculty of Law and Macquarie Law School
Downloads 30 (863,114)

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Geographical indications; Wine; Prosecco; Free Trade Agreement; Australia; European Union; TRIPS; Intellectual Property

28.

Proportionality and Deference in Investor-State Arbitration: Balancing Investment Protection and Regulatory Autonomy (Introduction)

Proportionality and Deference in Investor-State Arbitration: Balancing Investment Protection and Regulatory Autonomy - Introduction (Cambridge University Press 2015)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Mar 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 25 (908,093)

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Proportionality, defence, standard of review, margin of appreciation, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, investor-state dispute settlement

29.

Non-Discrimination

A Mitchell and E Sheargold, Principles of International Trade and Investment Law (Elgar 2021) 125
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 13 Mar 2024
Caroline Henckels, Andrew D. Mitchell and Elizabeth Sheargold
Monash University - Faculty of Law, Faculty of Law, Monash University and Faculty of Law, Monash University
Downloads 25 (908,093)

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Discrimination, WTO, general exceptions, Article XX GATT, SPS Agreement, TBT Agreement, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, investor-state dispute settlement, Appellate Body

30.

Necessity Testing

Andrew Mitchell and Elizabeth Sheargold, Principles of International Trade and Investment Law (Elgar, 2021) 91
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Mar 2024
Caroline Henckels, Andrew D. Mitchell and Elizabeth Sheargold
Monash University - Faculty of Law, Faculty of Law, Monash University and Faculty of Law, Monash University
Downloads 25 (908,093)

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Necessity, least-restrictive means, WTO, TBT Agreement, SPS Agreement, investor-state arbitration, Appellate Body, international investment law, investor-state dispute settlement, general exceptions, security exceptions, non-precluded measures

31.

Mapping the Terroir; Introducing Geographical Indications and Wine

(2022) 23(2) Journal of World Investment & Trade 175
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 21 Dec 2022 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels and Lisa Spagnolo
Monash University - Faculty of Law and Macquarie Law School
Downloads 25 (908,093)

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Geographical indications; Wine; TRIPS; TRIPs Agreement

32.

Sustainability Obligations in Trade Agreements: Do Exceptions and Defences Apply?

Kathleen Claussen and Geraldo Vidigal (eds), The Sustainability Revolution in International Trade Agreements (Oxford University Press, 2024 forthcoming)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 13 Mar 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 20 (957,127)

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general exceptions, security exceptions, chapeau, sustainability, environment, labor, non-derogation, circumstances precluding wrongfulness, general defences

33.

Whither Security? The Concept of ‘Essential Security Interests’ in Investment Treaties’ Security Exceptions

Journal of International Economic Law (Volume 27, 2024), Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 01 Apr 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 16 (998,383)

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Security, securitization, security exceptions, essential security interests, international investment law, ISDS, investment treaties, investor-state arbitration

34.

Balancing Investment Protection and Sustainable Development in Investor-State Arbitration: The Role of Deference

A Bjorklund (ed), Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2012—2013 (Oxford University Press, 2014) 305
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 18 Mar 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 12 (1,039,603)
Citation 1

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Defence, standard of review, margin of appreciation, international investment law, investor-state arbitration, investor-state dispute settlement

35.

Mandatory Detention of Stateless Asylum Seekers in Australia: Would a Bill of Rights Make a Difference?

4 Human Rights Research 1 (2007)

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 13 Mar 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 10 (1,059,291)

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New Zealand Bill of Rights Act, Migration Act, stateless, asylum seekers, arbitrary detention, statutory interpretation

36.

Exclusion of Evidence Obtained in Breach of the Right to Privacy: Will Victoria’s Charter Protect the Rights of Criminal Defendants

19 Public Law Review 234 (2008) , Monash University Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper
Posted: 21 Feb 2024
Caroline Henckels
Monash University - Faculty of Law

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Human rights, victoria, human rights charter, evidence, criminal law, right to privacy, search and seizure, exclusion of evidence, admissibility

37.

Non-Discrimination and the Role of Regulatory Purpose in International Trade and Investment Law (Introduction)

Andrew Mitchell, David Heaton and Caroline Henckels, Non-Discrimination and the Role of Regulatory Purpose in International Trade and Investment Law (Edward Elgar 2016)
Posted: 11 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Andrew D. Mitchell, David Heaton and Caroline Henckels
Faculty of Law, Monash University, University of Melbourne and Monash University - Faculty of Law

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Non-discrimination, National Treatment, Most Favoured Nation, World Trade Organization, international investment law, regulatory purpose, likeness, like circumstances