Xandra E. Kramer

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law

3000 DR Rotterdam

Netherlands

Utrecht University - Faculty of Law

Janskerkhof 3

Utrecht, 3512 BK

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

63

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SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 17,739

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32

CROSSREF CITATIONS

46

Ideas:
“  With my team I have been working on my ERC Consolidator project ‘Building EU civil justice: challenges of procedural innovations bridging access to justice’', see http://www.euciviljustice.eu/. The project focuses on eJustice, ADR, ODR, self-representation and court international commercial courts. I am currently PI of a Vici project 'Affordable Access to Justice', funded by the Dutch Research Council, that builds onto the ERC-Co project, and focuses on costs and funding of civil litigation, including third-party litigation funding and crowdfunding.  ”

Scholarly Papers (63)

1.

The Rome II Regulation on the Law Applicable to Non-Contractual Obligations: The European Private International Law Tradition Continued - Introductory Observations, Scope, System, and General Rules

Nederlands Internationaal Privaatrecht (NIPR), No. 4, pp. 414-424, 2008
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 Dec 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 4,614 (3,980)

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Rome II, Tort Law, European Private International Law, Conflicts Methodology

2.

European Private International Law: The Way Forward

In-depth analysis European Parliament (JURI Committee), in: Workshop on Upcoming Issues of EU Law. Compilation of In-Depth Analyses, European Parliament Brussels 2014, p. 77-105
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2014
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,648 (20,779)

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private international law, EU law, codification, coherence, European Code of Private International Law (ECPIL)

3.

The Party Autonomy Paradigm: European and Global Developments on Choice of Forum

in: Vesna Lazić & Steven Stuij, Brussels Ibis Regulation. Changes and Challenges of the Renewed Procedural Scheme (The Hague/Heidelberg, Asser Press/Springer), p. 27-49
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 30 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2017
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Erlis Themeli
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law
Downloads 1,499 (23,999)

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Choice of forum, party autonomy, efficiency, lis pendens, competition of courts, Brussels I-bis Regulation, Hague Choice of Court Convention

4.

e-Justice in the Netherlands: the Rocky Road to Digitised Justice

in: M. Weller & M. Wendland (eds.), Digital Single Market: Bausteine eines Rechts in der Digitalen Welt, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2018, p. 209-235
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2018
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer, Emma van Gelder and Erlis Themeli
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law
Downloads 1,424 (25,914)
Citation 2

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e-justice, digitalisation, civil justice, access to justice, ODR

5.

Abolition of Exequatur Under the Brussels I Regulation: Effecting and Protecting Rights in the European Judicial Area

Nederlands Internationaal Privaatrecht (NIPR), Vol. 4, p. 633, 2011
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Dec 2011
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,160 (34,897)
Citation 1

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abolition exequatur, Brussels I, cross-border enforcement, European judicial area

6.

Cross-Border Enforcement in the EU: Mutual Trust Versus Fair Trial? Towards Principles of European Civil Procedure

International Journal of Procedural Law, Vol. 2, pp. 202-230, 2011
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 31 Jan 2012
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,148 (35,417)

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Cross-border enforcement, harmonisation of civil procedure, abolition exequatur, fair trial

7.

Challenges of Electronic Taking of Evidence: Old Problems in a New Guise and New Problems in Disguise

Il Conferencia Internacional & XXVI Jornadas Iberoamericanas de Derecho Procesal IIDP & IAPL, La Prueba en el Proceso / Evidence in the process Atelier 2018, 391-410
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Dec 2018
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,067 (39,358)

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Electronic Evidence, Discovery, Disclosure, Social Media, Technology Assisted Review, Predictive Coding, Emojis, Emoticons

8.

Cross-Border Enforcement and the Brussels I-bis Regulation: Towards a New Balance between Mutual Trust and National Control over Fundamental Rights

Netherlands International Law Review (NILR) 2013, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p. 343-373
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 29 Dec 2013
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,036 (41,027)

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cross-border enforcement, Brussels I Regulation, mutual trust, fundamental rights

9.

From Injunction and Settlement to Action: Collective Redress and Funding in the Netherlands

in: Alan Uzelac & Stefaan Voet, Class Actions in Europe: Holy Grail or a Wrong Trail?, Springer 2021, p. 97-130
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 01 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2021
I.N. Tzankova, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Tilburg Law School and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 983 (44,263)

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Collective Action, Netherlands, Funding, Collective Redress, Consumer Representative Actions

A Major Step in the Harmonization of Procedural Law in Europe: The European Small Claims Procedure: Accomplishments, New Features and Some Fundamental Questions of European Harmonization

THE XIIITH WORLD CONGRESS OF PROCEDURAL LAW: THE BELGIAN AND DUTCH REPORTS, A.W. Jongbloed, ed., Antwerp-Oxford-Portland: Intersentia, 2008
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Dec 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 512 (102,414)

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European Small Claims Procedure, Harmonization, European Civil Procedure, European Private Law

A Major Step in the Harmonization of Procedural Law in Europe: The European Small Claims Procedure Accomplishments, New Features and Some Fundamental Questions of European Harmonization

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Apr 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 436 (124,470)
Citation 9

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harmonization, civil procedure, European Small Claims Procedure

11.

Access to Justice and Technology: Transforming the Face of Cross-Border Civil Litigation and Adjudication in the EU

in: Karim Benyekhlef, Jane Bailey, Jacquelyn Burkell and Fabien Gelinas (Ed), eAccess to Justice (University of Ottawa Press 2016), p. 351-375.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 01 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2017
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 840 (54,923)
Citation 9

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e-justice, online litigation, access to justice, debt collection procedures, ODR

The Interaction between Rome I and Mandatory EU Private Rules - EPIL and EPL: Communicating Vessels?

X.E. Kramer, The Interaction between Rome I and Mandatory EU Private Rules - EPIL and EPL: Communicating Vessels?, 2010 (conference paper)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 28 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2013
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 431 (125,871)

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Rome I, European Contract Law, European Private International Law, European Private Law

The Interaction between Rome I and Mandatory EU Private Rules – EPIL and EPL: Communicating Vessels?

P. Stone and Y. Farah, Research Handbook on EU Private International Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, p. 248-284, 2015
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2016
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 321 (175,025)
Citation 1

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private international law, EU contract law, Rome I, EU directives, EU consumer law

13.

The New European Conflict of of Law Rules on Insurance Contracts in Rome I: A Complex Compromise

The Icfai University Journal of Insurance Law, pp. 23-42, 2008
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 15 Dec 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 739 (65,256)

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Rome I, Insurance, conflict of law

14.

Afschaffing van het exequatur in Brussel I: daadwerkelijke verbetering of politiek gebaar? (Abolition of Exequatur in Brussels I: Actual Improvement or Political Gesture?)

Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging 2013(2), p. 37-46
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Dec 2015
Monique Hazelhorst, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 653 (76,406)

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Brussel I-bis verordening, tenuitvoerlegging, afschaffing exequatur, openbare orde, voorlopige maatregelen, massaschade, uitvoering in Nederland

15.

The European Small Claims Procedure: Striking the Balance between Simplicity and Fairness in European Litigation

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Privatrecht, Vol. 2, pp. 355-373, 2008
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 622 (81,205)

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European small claims procedure, small claims, harmonization, access to justice, fair trial

16.

Enhancing Enforcement in the European Union: The European Order for Payment Procedure and its Implementation in the Member States, Particularly in Germany, the Netherlands and England

ENFORCEMENT AND ENFORCEABILITY. TRADITION AND REFORM, pp. 17-39, C.H. van Rhee and A. Uzelac, eds., Intersentia, 2010
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 05 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2010
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 601 (84,715)
Citation 1

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Civil Procedure, Enforcement, European Order for Payment

17.

Private International Law Responses to Corruption: Approaches to Jurisdiction and Foreign Judgments and the International Fight Against Corruption

International Law and the Fight against Corruption, Advisory Report for the Dutch Royal Society of International Law, No. 139, Asser Press, pp. 99-142, 2012
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 23 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2013
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 513 (103,314)

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corruption, private international law, global governance, jurisdiction, enforcement

18.

The Role of Private International Law in Contemporary Society: Global Governance as a Challenge

Erasmus Law Review, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2014
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 15 Dec 2014
Laura Carballo Piñeiro, Laura Carballo Piñeiro, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
University of Santiago de CompostelaWorld Maritime University and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 465 (116,238)

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19.

Securities Collective Action and Private International Law Issues in Dutch WCAM Settlements: Global Aspirations and Regional Boundaries

Global Business & Development Law Journal, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp. 235-279, 2014
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 01 Feb 2017
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 462 (117,164)
Citation 2

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class settlements, mass settlements, transnational securities litigation, Netherlands WCAM, conflict of laws

20.

Digitising Access to Justice: The Next Steps in the Digitalisation of Judicial Cooperation in Europe

Revista General de Derecho Europeo 56 (2022), p. 1-9
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 30 Mar 2022
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 440 (124,066)

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ditising justice; digitalisation; e-justice; judicial cooperation; civil justice; criminal justice

21.

The Structure of Civil Proceedings and Why It Matters: Exploratory Observations on Future ELI-UNIDROIT European Rules of Civil Procedure

Unif. Law Rev. (2014) 19 (2), pp. 218-238
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Aug 2014
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 440 (124,066)
Citation 1

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civil procedure, harmonisation, ELI/UNIDROIT rules of civil procedure, structure of civil proceedings, case management, procedural efficiency

22.

Conflict of Laws on Insurance Contracts in Europe: The Rome I Proposal - Towards Uniform Conflict Rules for Insurance Contracts?

INSURANCE AND EUROPE, M.L. Hendrikse & J.G.J. Rinkes, eds., Zutphen: Uitgeverij Paris, 2007
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Apr 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 439 (124,397)

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insurance, conflict of laws, Rome I

23.

The Dutch Kort Geding Procedure in an International Perspective: A Comparative View on Provisional Measures and Private International Law

X.E. Kramer, THE DUTCH KORT GEDING PERSPECTIVE: A COMPARATIVE VIEW ON PROVISIONAL MEASURES AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW, Deventer: Kluwer, 2001
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 19 Apr 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 420 (130,950)

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provisional measures, kort geding, private international law, international litgation, jurisdiction, conflict of laws, recognition and enforcement, cross-border injunctions

24.

EU Overriding Mandatory Law and the Applicable Law on the Substance in International Commercial Arbitration

In F. Ferrari (Ed.), The Impact of EU Law on International Commercial Arbitration, New York, Juris 2017, p. 285-316
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 413 (133,537)

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overriding mandatory rules, commercial arbitration, EU law, applicable law, conflict of laws, overriding mandatory law

25.

Provisional and Protective Measures: Article 24 Brussels Convention (= Article 31 Brussels Regulation) The Application in the Netherlands, Germany and England

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 06 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 390 (142,508)

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article 24 Brussels Convention, Article 31 Brussels Regulation

26.

Harmonisation of Provisional and Protective Measures in Europe

PROCEDURAL LAWS IN EUROPE: TOWARDS HARMONISATION, M. Storme, ed., pp. 305-319 Maklu, 2003
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 24 May 2007 Last Revised: 07 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 388 (143,348)

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Harmonization, Provisional and Protective Measures, procedural law

27.

Procedure Matters: Construction and Deconstructivism in European Civil Procedure

Erasmus Law Lectures 33 (Inaugural Lecture), Eleven International Publishing, 2013
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 29 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 30 Dec 2013
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 372 (150,251)
Citation 2

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european civil procedure, access to justice, fundamental rights, harmonisation, procedural deconstructivism

28.

Dutch Private International Law - Overview 2002-2006

IPRax, No. 1, pp. 54-61, 2007
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 23 May 2007 Last Revised: 07 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 365 (153,450)

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Private International Law, Netherlands, Overview 2002-2006

29.

The Functioning of the European Small Claims Procedure in the Netherlands: Normative and Empirical Reflections

Nederlands Internationaal Privaatrecht 2013(3), p. 319-328
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2013
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Elena Alina Ontanu
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and Tilburg University
Downloads 362 (154,852)
Citation 1

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European small claims, Netherlands, access to justice, fair trial

30.

Enforcement Under the Brussels Convention: Procedural Public Policy and the Influence of Article 6 ECHR

International Lis, pp. 16-20, 2003
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 May 2007 Last Revised: 13 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 358 (156,765)

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Brussels Convention, Brussels Regulation, enforcement, procedural public policy, Art. 6 ECHR

31.

Commercialising Litigation: The Case of the Netherlands Commercial Court

in: Albert Henke, Marco Torsello, Elena Zucconi Galli Fonseca (eds.), International Commercial Courts. A Paradigm for the Future of Adjudication?, E.S.I. Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Napels 2024
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 09 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Georgia Antonopoulou
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham
Downloads 322 (175,699)

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commercial court, NCC, commercial litigation, arbitration, civil justice

32.

The Private International Law Provisions in the ALI/Unidroit Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure: A Useful Model for Harmonization?

Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging (TCR), p. 77-86, 2009
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Jun 2009
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 311 (182,159)

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ALI/UNIDROIT Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure, private international law, harmonization

33.

Strengthening Civil Justice Cooperation: The Quest for Model Rules and Common Minimum Standards of Civil Procedure in Europe

in: Marco Antonio Rodrigues & Hermes Zaneti Jr, Coleção Grandes Temas do Novo CPC - v.13 - Cooperação Internacional, Editora Juspodivm 2019, p. 591-607
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2020
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 301 (188,558)

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civil justice, judicial cooperation, ELI-Unidroit European Rules of Civil Procedure, common minimum standard

34.

The EU Directive on Representative Actions for Consumers: A Milestone or Another Missed Opportunity?

Zeitschrift für Europäisches Privatrecht 2019, p. 249-259
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 19 Jul 2021
Alexandre Biard, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 292 (194,692)
Citation 3

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collective redress, consumer law, private international law, entrepreneurial parties, funding

35.

Towards ELI-Unidroit Model Rules of Civil Procedure: Basic Premises and Challenges

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 24 Aug 2016
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 287 (198,208)

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civil procedure, ELI/Unidroit Rules of Civil Procedure, EU civil justice, harmonisation, soft law

36.

Relief in Small and Simple Matters in an Age of Austerity

in: H. Pekcanitez, N. Bolayir & C. Simil (Eds.), XVth International Association of Procedural Law World Congress, Istanbul: Oniki Levha Yayıncılık 2016, p. 121-225.
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 27 May 2015 Last Revised: 12 Apr 2017
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Shusuke Kakiuchi
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and University of Tokyo - Faculty of Law
Downloads 287 (198,208)
Citation 1

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small and simple matters, austerity, access to justice, small claims, order for payment, summary proceedings

37.

Harmonisation of Civil Procedure and the Interaction with Private International Law

X.E. Kramer & C.H. van Rhee (eds.), Civil Litigation in a Globalising World, The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer, p. 121-139, 2012
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 29 Dec 2012
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 287 (198,208)

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private international law, civil procedure, harmonisation of law

38.

A Common Discourse in European Private International Law? A View from the Court System

in Jan von Hein, Eva-Maria Kieninger & Giesela Rühl (eds), How European Is European Private International Law, Intersentia 2019, p. 211-230
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 25 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 27 Mar 2024
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 246 (231,292)

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Conflict of Laws, European Harmonisation, Judicial Systems, Court Specialisation

39.

Small Claim, Simple Recovery? The European Small Claims Procedure and Its Implementation in the Member States

ERA Forum: Journal of European Law, Vol. 1, pp. 119-134, 2011
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Dec 2011
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 244 (233,095)
Citation 2

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small claims, European small claims procedure, European judicial area, international litigation

40.

International Business Courts in Europe and Beyond: A Global Competition for Justice?

Erasmus Law Review, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2019
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 04 Nov 2019
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and John Sorabji
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and University College London
Downloads 242 (235,022)

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international business courts, justice innovation, justice competition, global commercial litigation, private international law

41.

Introduction: The Future of Access to Justice – Beyond Science Fiction

in: Xandra Kramer, Alexandre Biard, Jos Hoevenaars and Erlis Themeli, New Pathways to Civil Justice, Springer 2021
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 May 2021
Alexandre Biard, Jos Hoevenaars, Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Erlis Themeli
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law
Downloads 228 (248,963)
Citation 2

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civil justice, access to justice, digitilisation, artificial intelligence, ADR, ODR, self-representation, court specialisation, international commercial courts

42.

Current Gaps and Future Perspectives in European Private International Law: Towards a Code on Private International Law?

Briefing Note European Parliament (2012)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 15 Jan 2013
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 226 (251,079)

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private international law, European regulation, European code

43.

Enforcing Mass Settlements in the European Judicial Area: EU Policy and the Strange Case of Dutch Collective Settlements (WCAM)

Christopher Hodges and Astrid Stadler (eds.), Resolving Mass Disputes. ADR and Settlement of Mass Claims, Edward Elgar Cheltenham, UK/Northampton, MA, USA, 2013, pp. 63-90
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2014
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 219 (258,555)
Citation 1

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collective redress, mass settlements, recognition and enforcement, European judicial area, class actions

44.

Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters

P.J. Kuijper, F. Amtenbrink, D. Curtin, B. De Witte, A. McDonnell & S. Van den Bogaert (Eds.), The Law of the European Union, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International 2018, p. 721-740.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Jul 2018
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 212 (266,537)

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judicial cooperation, private international law, European civil procedure

45.

European Procedures on Debt Collection: Nothing or Noting? Experiences and Future Prospects

X.E. Kramer, European Procedures on Debt Collection: Nothing or Noting? Experiences and Future Prospects, in: B. Hess & E. Storskrubb (eds.), Oxford: Hart Publishing 2016, p. 97-121
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 09 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2021
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 191 (293,130)
Citation 2

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European civil procedure, small claims procedure, order for payment, debt collection, cross-boder litigation

46.

Case C-80/00, Italian Leather Spa V. Weco Polstermöbel GMBH & Co., European Court of Justice, 6 June 2002

Common Market Law Review, Vol. 40, pp. 953-964, 2003
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 25 May 2007 Last Revised: 08 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 181 (307,401)

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Italian Leather, provisional and protective measures, enforcement, irreconcilability, Brussels Regulation

47.

Dutch Private International Law - Overview 1998-August 2002

IPRax, pp. 537-546, 2002
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 18 May 2007 Last Revised: 06 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 179 (310,518)

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Private International Law-Netherlands

48.

The Funding of Collective Redress by Entrepreneurial Parties: The EU and Dutch Context

Revista Ítalo-Española de Derecho Procesal 2020(2), p. 165-181
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 19 Jul 2021
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Ilja Tillema
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law
Downloads 166 (331,545)

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collective redress, financing, third-party funding, entrepreneurial parties

49.

Introduction – The International Business of Courts

International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Feb 2020
John Sorabji, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
University College London and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 155 (351,446)

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international business courts, justice innovation, justice competition, international commercial courts, international litigation market

50.

Harmonisation of Procedures in Europe: The Proposal for a European Small Claims Procedure

International Lis, No. 3-4, pp. 109-115, 2006
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 May 2007 Last Revised: 13 May 2008
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 142 (377,180)

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51.

Contracts Tainted by Corruption: Does Dutch Civil Law Augment the Criminalization of Corruption?

in: Michael Joachim Bonell and Olaf Meyer (Eds), The Effects of Corruption in International Commercial Contracts (Heidelberg: Springer, 2015)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Jan 2015
Abiola O. Makinwa, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
The Hague University of Applied Sciences and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 138 (385,617)
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Corruption, Contracts tainted by Corruption, Dutch Law , Civil law consequences, Private International Law

52.

Imposed Protection in European Private International Law: From Value Neutralism Towards Community Protectionism

OPGELEGDE BESCHERMING' IN HET BEDRIJFSRECHT, pp. 5-32, F.G.M. Smeele & M.A. Verbrugh, eds., BJu 2010
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 28 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2014
Laura M. van Bochove, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 134 (394,748)

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private international law, imposed protection, protection weaker parties

53.

Introduction: Law and Language; Implications for Harmonisation and Cross-Border Litigation

Erasmus Law Review, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2013
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 06 Feb 2013
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 122 (423,926)
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54.

Obtaining an Enforceable Title in Debt Collection Cases

Report for the Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) of the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice, 2012
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 03 May 2013
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer, Mark L. Tuil and Ilja Tillema
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law
Downloads 102 (483,356)

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debt collection, European order for payment, access to justice, Dutch debt collection market

55.

The Dutch Perspective on Cross-Border Small Claims Litigation: Guarded Optimism and Pragmatism. A Normative and Empirical Approach

in: N. Neuwahl & S. Hammanoun. (eds.), The European Small Claims Procedure and the Philisophy of Small Change’ / ‘La procédure européenne des petites créances ou la gestion d’un changement progressif’, Montreal: Les Editions Thémis 2014, p. 7-35
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 30 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2014
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Elena Alina Ontanu
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and Tilburg University
Downloads 98 (496,513)
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small claims, civil procedure, access to justice, procedural justice, Netherlands

56.

Austerity in Civil Procedure and the Role of Simplified Procedures

Erasmus Law Review, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2015
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 05 May 2016
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Shusuke Kakiuchi
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and University of Tokyo - Faculty of Law
Downloads 86 (539,315)

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57.

Frontiers in Civil Justice – Privatizing, Digitizing and Funding Justice

Frontiers in Civil Justice: Privatisation, Monetisation and Digitisation, Edward Elgar, 2022, p. 1-20
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 09 Jan 2023
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer, Jos Hoevenaars and Erlis Themeli
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law, Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law
Downloads 66 (626,317)

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58.

Improving Access to Information in European Civil Justice: A Mission (Im)possible?

in: Jan von Hein and Thalia Kruger (eds.), Informed Choices in Cross-Border Enforcement. The European State of the Art and Future Perspectives, Intersentia: 2020, p. 503-525
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 19 Apr 2021
Jos Hoevenaars, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
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civil justice, cross-border enforcement, access to justice, access to information, self-representation, e-justice portal

59.

Competitie in de Europese Civiele Rechtsruimte. Een spanningsveld in de grensoverschrijdende geschillenbeslechting? (Competition in the EU Civil Justice Area. A Tension in the Cross-Border Dispute Resolution?)

Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht (TPR) 2014-4, p. 1745-1806
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 15 Aug 2017
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 52 (702,412)

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Civil Justice, EU Justice, Civil Justice Competition, EU Harmonisation, Choice of Court

60.

The ELI-Unidroit Model European Rules of Civil Procedure: Key Features and Prospects of Costs and Funding of Collective Redress

in: S. Amrani-Mekki & T. Clay (eds.), Mélanges en l’honneur du Professeur Loïc Cadiet, LexisNexis 2023, p. 823-835
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 27 Feb 2024
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 47 (740,397)

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European civil procedure, civil justice, model rules, collective actions, costs, funding

61.

Global Developments and Challenges in Costs and Funding of Civil Justice

Erasmus Law Review, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2021
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 18 Jul 2022
Masood Ahmed, Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Leicester Law School and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 27 (888,370)

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62.

Scope of Application: Challenges, Compromises and Chances

in: Matthias Weller, João Ribeiro-Bidaoui, Moritz Brinkmann, Nina Dethloff (eds), The HCCH 2019 Judgments Convention: Cornerstones, Prospects, Outlook (Hart Publishing/Bloomsbury 2023)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 Feb 2024
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 15 (1,007,068)

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private international law, recognition and enforcement, Judgments Convention, scope of application, commercial litigation, global cooperation

63.

European Civil Procedure and the Dialogue between National Courts and the European Court of Justice

In: B. Hess and K. Lenaerts (eds.), The Fiftieth Anniversary of the European Law of Civil Procedure, Nomos 2020, p. 175-201.
Number of pages: 21
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer and Jos Hoevenaars
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law and Erasmus School of Law
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European civil justice, judicial cooperation, Court of Justice, interjudicial dialogue, preliminary reference procedure

Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 143
1.

Editorial: Empirical Legal Studies in Private International Law

Nederlands Internationaal Privaatrecht 2015(2), p. 195-196
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 03 Jul 2015
Xandra E. Kramer and Xandra E. Kramer
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law
Downloads 141

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empirical legal research, private international law, research methodology

2.

Nut, noodzaak, vormgeving en kosten van een (revolverend) processenfonds voor collectieve acties.

WODC Publications 2023
Number of pages: 212 Posted: 20 Dec 2023
Xandra E. Kramer, Xandra E. Kramer, Ianika Tzankova, Jos Hoevenaars and Karlijn van Doorn
Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of LawUtrecht University - Faculty of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus School of Law and Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Law
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