Richard M. Bird

University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management

Professor Emeritus

105 St. George Street

Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E6

Canada

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Public Policy

Distinguished Visiting Professor

International Studies Program

Atlanta, GA 30303-3083

United States

http://www.aysps.gsu.edu

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

59

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CITATIONS
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177

Scholarly Papers (59)

1.

Redistribution via Taxation: The Limited Role of the Personal Income Tax in Developing Countries

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 52, 2005, UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 05-22
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 20 Sep 2005
Eric M. Zolt and Richard M. Bird
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 1,181 (9,086)
Citation 22

Abstract:

redistribution, inequaltiy, personal income tax, developing countries, tax reform

2.

Tax Challenges Facing Developing Countries

Institute for International Business Working Paper No. 9
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 31 Mar 2008
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 1,031 (9,505)
Citation 4

Abstract:

taxation, developing countries, political economy, institutions

3.

Technology and Taxation in Developing Countries: From Hand to Mouse

UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 08-07
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 24 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 06 Sep 2008
Richard M. Bird and Eric M. Zolt
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 709 (22,678)
Citation 9

Abstract:

taxation, developing countries, tax administration, information technology

4.

Public Finance in Developing Countries

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2111065
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 18 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2012
Arindam Das-Gupta and Richard M. Bird
Goa Institute of Management and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 635 (22,297)
Citation 1

Abstract:

public finance, fiscal advice, fiscal decentralization, taxation, globalization, non-tax revenue

5.

Tax Challenges Facing Developing Countries: A Perspective from Outside the Policy Arena

Number of pages: 76 Posted: 24 Apr 2009
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 568 (20,751)
Citation 4

Abstract:

taxation, economic development, tax rates, tax bases, tax administration, politics of taxation

6.

Tax Policy in Emerging Countries

Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 26, pp. 73-86, 2008, UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 08-18
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 28 Nov 2008
Eric M. Zolt and Richard M. Bird
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 459 (42,260)
Citation 4

Abstract:

tax policies in emerging countries, tax structures, developing tax policies

7.

China's Fiscal System: A Work in Progress

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 07-11
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 15 Jan 2006
Richard M. Bird and Christine P.W. Wong
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Washington
Downloads 435 (43,352)
Citation 15

Abstract:

China, intergovernmental finance, taxation, budget

8.

Dual Income Taxation and Developing Countries

Columbia Journal of Tax Law, Vol. 1, pp. 174-217, 2010, UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 10-07
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 May 2010
Richard M. Bird and Eric M. Zolt
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 414 (44,365)

Abstract:

Dual income taxation, Flat taxes, Corporate taxation, Taxing business profits, Tax policy in developing countries

9.

Sales Taxation in Canada: The GST-HST-QST-RST 'System'

Revision of paper present at American Tax Policy Institute Conference on Structuring a Federal VAT: Design and Coordination Issues, Washington, D.C., February 18-19, 2009
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 05 Jun 2009
Richard M. Bird and Pierre-Pascal Gendron
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and Humber Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning
Downloads 370 (49,874)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Canada, United States, Value-added tax, Retail sales tax, State taxes

10.

Societal Institutions and Tax Effort in Developing Countries

CREMA Working Paper No. 2004-21
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 07 Feb 2005
Richard M. Bird, Jorge Martinez-Vazquez and Benno Torgler
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies and Yale University - Yale Center for International and Area Studies
Downloads 347 (61,161)
Citation 18

Abstract:

Tax effort, societal institutions, developing countries

11.

Tax Assignment Revisited

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 341 (59,993)
Citation 4

Abstract:

tax assignment, fiscal federalism, Musgrave, Brazil, India, China, Russia, Nigeria

12.

The Costs of VAT: A Review of the Literature

Case Network Reports No. 106/2012
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 16 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 04 May 2012
Luca Barbone, Richard M. Bird and Jaime Vázquez Caro
CASE - Center for Economic and Social Research, University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 316 (50,137)

Abstract:

Taxation, Subsidies, Revenue

13.

The Impact on Investment of Replacing a Retail Sales Tax by a Value-Added Tax: Evidence from Canadian Experience

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Michael Smart and Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 289 (75,703)
Citation 9

Abstract:

state taxes, sales tax, value-added tax, investment

Subnational Taxes in Developing Countries: The Way Forward

Institute for International Business Working Paper No. 16
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Roy W. Bahl and Richard M. Bird
Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 272 (89,351)
Citation 4

Abstract:

local taxes, regional taxes, fiscal decentralization, developing countries

Subnational Taxes in Developing Countries: The Way Forward

Public Budgeting & Finance, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 1-25, Winter 2008
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 02 Dec 2008
Roy W. Bahl and Richard M. Bird
Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 4 (537,588)
Citation 4
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Abstract:

15.

The Economic Incidence of Replacing a Retail Sales Tax by a Value-Added Tax: Evidence from Canadian Experience

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 29 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2008
Michael Smart and Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 267 (83,287)
Citation 8

Abstract:

tax incidence, sales tax, value-added tax, Canada

16.

Urban Governance and Finance in India

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 1568858
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 11 Mar 2010
M. Govinda Rao and Richard M. Bird
National Institute of Public Finance and Policy and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 257 (75,949)
Citation 1

Abstract:

India, Urban Public Finance, Urban Governance, Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations, Property Tax, Metropolitan Areas, Infrastructure Finance

17.

The GST Cut and Fiscal Imbalance

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 13 Jul 2006
Michael Smart and Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 202 (99,921)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Canada, GST, fiscal imbalance, retail sales tax

18.

Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations and Poverty Alleviation in Viet Nam

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1430
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Richard M. Bird, Jennie I. Litvak and M. Govinda Rao
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, World Bank - East Asia and Pacific Region and Institute of Social and Economic Change (ISEC)
Downloads 196 (117,176)
Citation 2

Abstract:

19.
Downloads 189 (129,354)
Citation 2

VAT in a Federal System: Lessons from Canada

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2115622
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jul 2012
Richard M. Bird and Michael Smart
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 188 (129,864)
Citation 2

Abstract:

VAT, GST, Canada, dual VAT

VAT in a Federal System: Lessons from Canada

Public Budgeting & Finance, Vol. 34, Issue 4, pp. 38-60, 2014
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Dec 2014
Richard M. Bird and Michael Smart
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 1 (560,190)
Citation 2
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Abstract:

20.

Rethinking Subnational Taxes: A New Look at Tax Assignment

IMF Working Paper No. 99/165
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 10 Feb 2006
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 187 (121,071)
Citation 5

Abstract:

Tax assignment, Subnational taxes, Local business taxes, Regional governments

21.

Tax System Change and the Impact of Tax Research

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 1500018
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 Nov 2009
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 178 (116,099)
Citation 2

Abstract:

tax policy, tax research, developing countries, administration, political economy

22.

Fiscal Reform and Rural Public Finance in China

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 1498776
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Richard M. Bird, Loren Brandt, Scott Rozelle and Linxiu Zhang
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Department of Economics, University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy
Downloads 169 (133,416)
Citation 1

Abstract:

China, rural sector, villages, townships, local taxes, fees, intergovernmental

23.

Visibility and Accountability: Is Tax-Inclusive Pricing a Good Thing?

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 29 Dec 2009
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 158 (128,733)
Citation 5

Abstract:

tax visibility, tax-exclusive pricing, tax-inclusive pricing, sales tax

24.

Is Decentralization 'Glue' or 'Solvent' for National Unity?

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 26 Jan 2010
University of Montreal, University of Montreal and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 152 (136,766)
Citation 2

Abstract:

National Unity, Decentralization, Secession, Autonomy, Quebec, Scotland, Wales, Belgium, Spain

25.

VAT in Ukraine: An Interim Report

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 07-12
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 17 Jan 2006
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 150 (149,523)

Abstract:

value-added tax, Ukraine, transitional countries

26.

Tax Aspects of Canadian Fiscal Federalism

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 09 Oct 2010
Benjamin Alarie and Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Faculty of Law and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 149 (146,294)
Citation 1

Abstract:

27.

The BBLR Approach to Tax Reform in Emerging Countries

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 145 (138,197)
Citation 1

Abstract:

tax reform, tax bases, tax rates, tax administration

28.

Taxation in Latin America: Reflections on Sustainability and the Balance between Equity and Efficiency

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 24 Apr 2009
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 130 (138,914)
Citation 9

Abstract:

taxation, Latin America, political equilibrium, equity, efficiency

Subnational Taxation in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5450
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 125 (184,626)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Subnational Economic Development, Public Sector Economics, Taxation & Subsidies, Debt Markets, Public & Municipal Finance

Subnational Taxation in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature

Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific, 2011
Posted: 22 Aug 2011
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management

Abstract:

Fiscal decentralisation, subnational taxes, tax assignment

30.

Assigning State Taxes in a Federal Country: The Case of Australia

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 18 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2009
Richard M. Bird and Michael Smart
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 112 (174,140)
Citation 5

Abstract:

Australia, state taxes, intergovernmental transfers, fiscal federalism

31.

Taxation, Inequality and Fiscal Contracting in the Americas

UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 13-14, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2321868
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Sep 2013
Richard M. Bird and Eric M. Zolt
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 105 (172,092)

Abstract:

Fiscal redistribution, taxation, inequality, fiscal contract, Latin America, United States

32.

Earmarked Grants and Accountability in Government

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 1498775
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 03 Nov 2009
Richard M. Bird and Michael Smart
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 105 (188,610)
Citation 4

Abstract:

grants, grants, earmarking, accountability, fiscal federalism, intergovernmental transfers

33.

Local Government Finance: Trends and Questions

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 17 Aug 2010
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 97 (197,244)

Abstract:

Local Finance, International Comparisons, Models of Local Finance

34.

The Spending Power in Federal Countries

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Dec 2009
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 95 (209,389)

Abstract:

federal-state relations, Canada, United States, Germany, Australia, Switzerland

35.

Fiscal Contracting in Latin America

World Development, Vol. 67, pp. 323, 2015, UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 14-13, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2496576
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 17 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2015
Richard M. Bird and Eric M. Zolt
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 92 (193,523)

Abstract:

Fiscal redistribution, taxation, inequality, fiscal contracting, middle class, Latin America

36.

Taxation and Inequality in Canada and the United States: Two Stories or One?

52 Osgoode Hall Law Journal 401 (2015), UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 15-15, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2652902
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 30 Aug 2015
Richard M. Bird and Eric M. Zolt
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 85 (136,117)
Citation 1

Abstract:

income inequality, taxation, tax systems in Canada and the U.S., tax policies

37.

Taxation and Development: What Have We Learned from Fifty Years of Research?

ICTD Research in Brief, Issue 1, October 2013, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2437489
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 17 May 2014
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 77 (209,389)
Citation 1

Abstract:

taxation in developing countries; tax research and tax policy; economics; politics and administration of taxation; Research in Brief

38.

The GST/HST: Creating an Integrated Sales Tax in a Federal Country

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2115620
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 24 Jul 2012
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 72 (201,180)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Canada, VAT, subnational taxes, intergovernmental fiscal relations

39.

Reflections on Assessing Urban Fiscal Health

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2423000
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Apr 2014
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 71 (230,703)

Abstract:

fiscal health, fiscal sustainability, local finance, cities

40.

Study to Quantify and Analyse the VAT Gap in the EU-27 Member States

CASE Network Reports No. 116/2013
Number of pages: 168 Posted: 11 Dec 2013
CASE - Center for Economic and Social Research, CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research, CPB Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis, University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, CASE - Center for Social and Economic Research and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 65 (186,293)

Abstract:

Optimal Taxation, Efficiency, Incidence, Externalities, Redistributive Effects, Environmental Taxes and Subsidies, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Tax Evasion, Other Sources of Revenue, Other

41.

Local Taxes and Local Expenditures in Developing Countries: Strengthening the Wicksellian Connection

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2423519
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Apr 2014
Richard M. Bird and Enid Slack
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto Munk Centre for International Studies
Downloads 62 (227,466)

Abstract:

decentralization; local finance; benefit principle; user charges

42.

VATs in Federations and Common Markets

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2115616
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 24 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2012
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 56 (270,183)

Abstract:

VAT, regional VAT, Brazil, India, Canada, European Union

43.

Global Taxes and International Taxation: Mirage and Reality

ICTD Working Paper 28, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2587842
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 01 Apr 2015
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 40 (78,992)

Abstract:

global taxes; international taxation; taxes on finance; carbon taxes; international governance

44.

What Have We Learned from Fifty Years of Research?

ICTD Working Paper 1, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2408527
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Mar 2014
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 36 (328,261)
Citation 1

Abstract:

ICTD, Taxation in Developing Countries, Tax Research and Tax Policy, Economics, Politics

45.

The Interregional Incidence of Central Budgets in Federations: Some Evidence from Canada

Public Budgeting & Finance, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 1-19, Spring 2007
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 08 Feb 2007
François Vaillancourt and Richard M. Bird
University of Montreal and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 25 (404,544)
Citation 1
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Abstract:

46.

Financing Regional Public Transit in Ontario: The Case for Strengthening the Wicksellian Connection

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2642438
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Aug 2015
Enid Slack and Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto Munk Centre for International Studies and University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 7 (367,477)

Abstract:

infrastructure finance, urban transit, linking expenditures and revenues

47.

Decentralization of Intergovernmental Finance in Transition Economies

Comparative Economic Studies, Vol. 36, Issue 4, pp. 149-160, 1994
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 16 Aug 2010
Richard M. Bird, Caroline L. Freund and Christine Wallich
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, World Bank - Middle East and North Africa Region and World Bank - World Bank Institute (WBI)
Downloads 3 (513,078)
Citation 13
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Abstract:

48.

Why We Should But Don't Pay the Right Prices for Urban Infrastructure

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2909873
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Feb 2017
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 0 (404,544)

Abstract:

user charges, infrastructure finance, benefit principle, local taxation, public-private partnerships

49.

Finances of the Nation: Taxing Consumption in Canada: Rates, Revenues, and Redistribution

Canadian Tax Journal, 2016, Vol. 64, No. 2, p. 417, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2909918
Posted: 02 Feb 2017
Richard M. Bird and Michael Smart
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Department of Economics

Abstract:

sales taxes, excise taxes, rates, revenue, incidence, redistribution

50.

The Corporate Income Tax in Canada: Does Its Past Foretell Its Future?

SPP Research Papers, Volume 9, Issue 38, December 2016 , Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2896985
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 11 Jan 2017
Richard M. Bird and Thomas A. Wilson
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 0 (350,115)

Abstract:

Corporate Tax, Corporate Tax Rate, Effective Tax Rate

51.

Tobacco and Alcohol Excise Taxes for Improving Public Health and Revenue Outcomes: Marrying Sin and Virtue?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7500
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 0 (180,620)

Abstract:

Disease Control & Prevention, Government Policies, Youth and Governance, Tobacco Use and Control, National Governance, Public Health Promotion

52.

Taxing Consumption in Canada: Rates, Revenues, and Redistribution

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Mar 2016
Richard M. Bird and Michael Smart
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Department of Economics
Downloads 0 (251,934)

Abstract:

sales tax, excise tax, value-added tax, incidence, progressivity

53.

Fiscal Decentralization and Decentralizing Tax Administration: Different Questions, Different Answers

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2694651
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Nov 2015
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management
Downloads 0 (263,887)

Abstract:

fiscal decentralization, tax administration, Canada, China, Germany, Spain

54.

Sales Taxes in Canada: The GSTt-HST-QST-RST Systems

Tax Law Review, Vol. 63, No. 3, 2010
Posted: 01 Sep 2010
Richard M. Bird and Pierre-Pascal Gendron
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and Humber Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning

Abstract:

VAT

55.

Is a State VAT the Answer? What is the Question?

State Tax Notes, Vol. 45, No. 13, September 24, 2007
Posted: 21 Sep 2007
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management

Abstract:

56.

Taxing Sales Twice: International Experience with Multilevel Sales Taxes

State Tax Notes, Vol. 37, No. 11, September 12, 2005
Posted: 09 Sep 2005
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management

Abstract:

57.

A New Look at Local Business Taxes

State Tax Notes, Vol. 36, No. 9, May 30, 2005
Posted: 30 May 2005
Richard M. Bird
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management

Abstract:

58.

CVAT, VIVAT, and Dual VAT: Vertical 'Sharing' and Interstate Trade

International Tax and Public Finance, Vol. 7, No. 6, 2000
Posted: 11 Mar 2002
Richard M. Bird and Pierre-Pascal Gendron
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and KPMG Meijburg & Co.

Abstract:

VAT, cross-border trade, sub-national sales taxes

59.

Dual VATs and Cross-Border Trade: Two Problems, One Solution?

International Tax and Public Finance, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1998
Posted: 24 Apr 1998
Richard M. Bird and Pierre-Pascal Gendron
University of Toronto - Joseph L. Rotman School of Management and KPMG Meijburg & Co.

Abstract: