Joseph Raz

University of Oxford - Faculty of Law

Emeritus

St. Cross Building

St. Cross Road

Oxford, OX1 3UJ

United Kingdom

http://josephnraz.googlepages.com/home

Columbia University - Law School

Professor

435 West 116th Street

New York, NY 10025

United States

http://josephnraz.googlepages.com/home

King's College London - The Dickson Poon School of Law

Somerset House East Wing

Strand

London, WC2R 2LS

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

46

DOWNLOADS
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in Total Papers Downloads

69,113

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 9,249

in Total Papers Citations

88

CROSSREF CITATIONS

50

Scholarly Papers (46)

1.

Human Rights Without Foundations

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14/2007
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 11 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 10,369 (600)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Human Rights

2.

Human Rights in the Emerging World Order

(2010) 1 Transnational Legal Theory 31–47. Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 09-219, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 47/2009
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 30 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 4,925 (2,197)
Citation 3

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Human-rights, rights, soveriegnty, globalization, right-to-health, right-to-education

3.

About Morality and the Nature of Law

American Journal of Jurisprudence, Vol. 48, p. 1, 2003
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 Aug 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 4,209 (2,897)
Citation 32

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Morality, Positivism, Natural Law

4.

The Problem of Authority: Revisiting the Service Conception

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 90, pp. 1003-1044, 2006
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 04 Sep 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 2,819 (5,774)
Citation 4

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Jurisprudence, Authority, Consent Democracy

5.

The Argument from Justice, or How Not to Reply to Legal Positivism

LAW, RIGHTS AND DISCOURSE: THE LEGAL PHILOSOPHY OF ROBERT ALEXY, George Pavlakos, ed., pp. 17-36, Hart Publishing, 2007, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15/2007
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 2,804 (5,826)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Alexy, Legal Positivism

6.

Reasoning with Rules

Current Legal Problems, Vol. 54, pp. 1-18, 2001
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 2,633 (6,428)
Citation 5

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Jurisprudence, Legal Reasoning, Rules

7.

Can There Be a Theory of Law?

BLACKWELL GUIDE TO PHILOSOPHY OF LAW AND LEGAL THEORY, Martin Golding, William Edmundson, eds., Blackwell, 2004
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 29 Aug 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 2,536 (6,854)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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jursiprudence, nature of law

8.

The Law's Own Virtue

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-609, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10/2019, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2019-17
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 30 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2019
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 2,497 (7,025)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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rule of law, arbitrary government, government as custodian, the interest of the governed

9.

Reason, Reasons and Normativity

OXFORD STUDIES IN METAETHICS, Vol. 5, Russ Shafer-Landau, 2010
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 29 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 2,055 (9,605)

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Reasons, Normativity

10.

Is There a Reason to Keep Promises?

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No.12-320, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 62/2012, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2014-5
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 16 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 19 Mar 2014
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,936 (10,612)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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promise, content-independent reasons, David Owens, normative powers, promissory reasons, weight of reasons

11.

Incorporation By Law

Legal Theory, Vol. 10, pp.1-17, 2004
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 12 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,912 (10,820)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Morality, Incorporation Thesis, Soft-positivism

12.

Why the State?

King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2014-38, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-427, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 73/2014
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2014
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,838 (11,497)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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state-law, international law, sovereignty, legitimacy, practice based rules, the most comprehensive law based social organisation

13.

On the Value of Distributional Equality

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 41/2008
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,688 (13,173)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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14.

Responsibility & the Negligence Standard

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 29/2009, Columbia Public Law Research 09-207
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 21 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,589 (14,485)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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morality, law, responsibility, liability, strict-liability negligence, excuses, damages

15.

Death in Our Life

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 25/2012, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 12-305
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 29 May 2012 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,574 (14,709)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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death, value of life, euthanasia, suicide, legal & moral rights, conscientious exception

16.

A Hedgehog's Unity of Value

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 32/2014, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-396, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2014-26
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 28 May 2014 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2014
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,511 (15,717)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Dworkin, Value, Unity

17.

On Waldron's Critique of Raz on Human Rights

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 80/2013, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 13-359
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 08 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,448 (16,790)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Human Rights, Waldron, Sovereignty

18.

Reasons: Explanatory and Normative

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13/2007
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 11 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,364 (18,383)

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Reasons

19.

Respect, Authority & Neutrality

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 30/2010
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 Feb 2010
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,309 (19,496)
Citation 2

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Political Neutrality, Authority, Respect for People, Rights, Duties, Darwall, Wall, Green

20.

On The Guise of the Good

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 43/2008
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 04 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,225 (21,524)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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jurisprudence

21.

The Future of State Sovereignty

King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2017-42, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-574, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 61/2017
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 21 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 01 Feb 2018
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,192 (22,429)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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sovereignty, world-government, political-societies, international-relations, international-organisations, interpretive-pluralism, subsidiarity

22.

Normative Powers (revised)

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 36/2019, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-629, King's College London Law School Research Paper 26-2019
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 26 May 2019 Last Revised: 28 Oct 2019
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,134 (24,153)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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power as ability, normative power, normative change, power and its value

23.

Comments on the Morality of Freedom

Forthcoming, Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-534, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2016-46, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 4/2017
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2017
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,127 (24,370)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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freedom, liberty, autonomy, equality, rights, authority

24.

Reasons: Practical and Adaptive

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12/2007
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 11 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,037 (27,472)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Reasons, Normative reasons

25.

Rescuing Jerry from (Basic) Principles

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 09 Jul 2010
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,016 (28,312)

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Jerry Cohen, Grounding Normative Beliefs, Explanation, Basic Principles

26.

Normativity: The Place of Reasoning

King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2015-08, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-434, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3/2015
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2015
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,000 (28,973)

Abstract:

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Reasoning, Normativity, Practical reasoning, Reasons, Rationality, Dancy

27.

Susan Wolf on the Meaning of Life: A Review

Ethics, Vol. 121, No. 1, 2010, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 82/2010 , Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 10-256
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 05 Dec 2010
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 991 (29,332)

Abstract:

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Susan-Wolf, Meaning-of-Life, Well-Being, Value

28.

The Role of Well-Being

Philosophical Perspectives Vol. 18, pp. 269-294, 2004
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 888 (34,209)

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Well-Being

29.

The Democratic Deficit

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 63/2017, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-587, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2018-07
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2018
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 832 (37,439)
Citation 1

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Democracy, Legitimacy, Legitimation, Subsidiarity, International Organisations, Stability, Loyalty

30.

Value: A Menu of Questions

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 11-283, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 54/2011
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 17 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 811 (38,806)
Citation 1

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value, harmony, self-evidence, identity of a value, value of knowledge, J.M. Finnis

31.

Can Moral Principles Change?

King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2017-40, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 58/2017
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 06 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 01 Feb 2018
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 781 (40,858)

Abstract:

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Normative principle, normative explanation, intelligibility, explanations, analogical arguments,

32.

Agency and Luck

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 09-214, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 46/2009
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 13 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 742 (43,772)

Abstract:

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moral luck, agent-regret, responsibility, blame, rational powers, negligence, Bernard Williams.

33.

Attachments and Associated Reasons

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 11-287 , Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 59/2011
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2013
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 683 (48,928)

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Attachment, Partiality, relationships, obligations, friendship, Barbara Herman

34.

Value and The Weight of Practical Reasons

Weighing Reasons, eds. Errol Lord and Barry Macguire, Forthcoming, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-428, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2014-44, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2/2015
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 08 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2015
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 563 (62,656)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Practical reasons, value based reasons, weight of reasons

35.

The Practice of Value - Reply

THE PRACTICE OF VALUE, R. Jay Wallace, ed., Oxford University Press, 2003, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 531 (67,468)
Citation 1

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Jurisprudence, Korsgaard, Value

36.

Intention and Motivation

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 45/2017, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-556, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2017-34
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 05 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2018
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 524 (68,611)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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intention, purpose, motivation, action, normativitiy

37.

On Normativity and Responsibility: Responses

Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies, (2013), pp. 1-15, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-366, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 29/2014
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 15 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 12 May 2014
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 503 (72,156)

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Responsibility, Reasons, Reason, rationality, following reasons, standard reasons

38.

Identity and Social Bonds

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-611, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 19-4
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 13 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2019
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 498 (73,053)

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identity, partiality, impartiality, voluntary-association, consent, non-consensual duties, social groups

39.

Intention and Value

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-491, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2015-46, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 57/2015
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 03 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2015
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 390 (97,423)
Citation 3

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intention, practical reason, rational powers, intentional action, motive, the will

40.

The Guise of the Bad

Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy, 2016, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-457, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 21/2015, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2015-24
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 19 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2016
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 344 (112,290)
Citation 1

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Guise if the good, acting for a reason, reasons, rationality, motives

41.

The Moral Significance of Sacrifice

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-559, King's College London Law School Research Paper No. 2017-38, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 55/2017
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 12 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 319 (121,944)

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Sacrifice, well-being, interests, moral-demands

42.

Exclusionary Reasons

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 01 Oct 2021 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2021
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 312 (126,118)

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Practical reasons, second order reasons, exclusionary reasons, conflict of reasons, all-things-considered reasons

43.

On Dancy’s Account of Practical Reasoning

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-636, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 50/2019
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 17 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2019
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 281 (139,354)

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Dancy, practical reasoning, reasoning

44.

Normativity and the Other

King's College London Law School Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2021
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 242 (161,962)

Abstract:

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normativity, practical reasons, value of rational powers, respect for people, contractualism, T.M. Scanlon,

45.

Are there commendatory reasons?

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Oct 2021
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 131 (276,216)

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Reasons, commendatory reasons, value, conflicting reasons, Margaret Little, Colleen Macnamara

46.

Responsibility and the Negligence Standard

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 30, Issue 1, pp. 1-18, 2010
Posted: 08 Mar 2010
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law

Abstract:

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Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 98
1.

Review: Ralph Wedgwood, The Value of Rationality

Mind 2018
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 18 Jun 2018
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 65

Abstract:

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Wedgwood, rationality, normativity

2.

The Practice of Value

University of Oxford Faculty of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 24 Jul 2007
Joseph Raz
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 33

Abstract:

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Jurisprudence, Values, Morality, Relativism