Gregory Shaffer

University of California, Irvine School of Law

Professor

401 E. Peltason Dr.

Ste. 1000

Irvine, CA 92612

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

113

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Top 3,212

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142

CROSSREF CITATIONS

272

Scholarly Papers (113)

1.

Hard vs. Soft Law: Alternatives, Complements and Antagonists in International Governance

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 94, pp. 706-99, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-23
Number of pages: 95 Posted: 03 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2010
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 4,022 (3,592)
Citation 10

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hard and soft law, power and international law, WTO, dispute settlement, prisoners dilemma

2.

The World Trade Organization Under Challenge: Democracy and the Law and Politics of the WTO's Treatment of Trade and Environment Matters

Harvard Environmental Law Review, Vol. 25, pp. 1-93, Winter 2001
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 26 Oct 2005 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2014
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 2,084 (10,594)
Citation 5

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WTO, democracy, trade and environment, NGOs, trade governance, power, stakeholders, transparency, world environment organization

3.

Criminalizing Cartels: A Global Trend?

Chapter in Research Handbook on Comparative Competition Law, eds. John Duns, Arlen Duke, and Brendan Sweeney (Edgar Elgar, 2015), Sedona Conference Journal, Vol. 12, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-26
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 04 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2016
University of California, Irvine School of Law, University of Minnesota Law School and Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Downloads 1,779 (13,693)
Citation 2

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comparative competition law, cartels, criminalization, law and globalization, transnational legal process, transnational legal orders, networks

4.

China's Rise: How It Took on the U.S. at the WTO

University of Illinois Law Review, 2018 (1), 115-184. , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-15, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 14/2017
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 20 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2021
Gregory Shaffer and Henry S. Gao
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 1,547 (16,974)
Citation 3

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China, WTO, legal capacity, dispute settlement, transnational legal ordering, two-level game, international trade law

5.

Varieties of New Legal Realism: Can a New World Order Prompt a New Legal Theory?

Cornell Law Review, Vol. 95, p. 61, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-17
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 17 May 2009 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2021
Victoria Nourse and Gregory Shaffer
Georgetown University Law Center and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,544 (17,031)
Citation 10

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legal realism, legal theory, behavioral law and economics, institutionalism, contextualism, attitudinal model, new legal realism, new formalism, dynamic realism, law and politics, mediating theory, recursivity

6.

How Hard and Soft Law Interact in International Regulatory Governance: Alternatives, Complements and Antagonists

SYSTEMIC IMPLICATIONS OF TRANSATLANTIC REGULATORY COOPERATION AND COMPETITION, Simon Evenett & Robert Stern, eds., World Scientific, 2010, Society of International Economic Law (SIEL) Inaugural Conference 2008 Paper
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 08 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2010
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 1,544 (17,031)
Citation 7

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Hard law, Soft law, Hard and soft law, International governance, International regulatory governance, Legal positivism, Political economy, International legal instruments, International law

7.

The WTO Shrimp-Turtle Case (United States - Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and Shrimp Products)

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 93, p. 507, 1999, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-63
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 04 May 2014
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,537 (17,195)
Citation 2

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WTO Shrimp-turtle case, trade and environment, legitimacy

8.

How Does International Law Work: What Empirical Research Shows

OXFORD HANDBOOK OF EMPIRICAL LEGAL STUDIES, eds., Peter Cane & Herbert Kritzer, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-54
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 19 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2010
Tom Ginsburg and Gregory Shaffer
University of Chicago Law School and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,513 (17,544)
Citation 1

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empirical studies, international law

9.

Developing Country Use of the WTO Dispute Settlement System: Why it Matters, the Barriers Posed

TRADE DISPUTES AND THE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT UNDERSTANDING OF THE WTO: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY ASSESSMENT, James Hartigan, ed., Elsevier, Frontiers of Economics and Globalization Series, Chapter 7, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-50
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Dec 2008
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,486 (18,000)

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WTO dispute settlement, developing countries, legal capacity, judicialization, implementation periods, aggregate stakes, participation, systemic effects, terms of trade, bargaining, legal shadow, litigation, enforcement, balance of power, legal consciousness, institutional bias, rule of law

10.

Hard and Soft Law: What Have We Learned?

in International Law and International Relations: Insights from Interdisciplinary Scholarship, Jeffrey L. Dunoff and Mark A. Pollack (eds.),(New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-17
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 25 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 03 May 2012
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 1,473 (18,244)
Citation 2

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hard law, soft law, institutional design, fragmentation, compliance

11.

The Empirical Turn in International Legal Scholarship

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 106, p. 1, January 2012, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-09
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 14 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2014
Gregory Shaffer and Tom Ginsburg
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Chicago Law School
Downloads 1,360 (20,551)
Citation 5

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empirical studies, international law

12.

Transnational Legal Process and State Change

Law and Society Inquiry, 2012, New York University Institute for International Law and Justice No. 2010/4, APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper, Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), Second Biennial Global Conference University of Barcelona, IELPO Programme, July 8-10, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-28
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 01 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2014
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,347 (20,875)
Citation 2

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Transnational Legal Process, Transnational Legal Orders, Transnational Law, Recursivity, State Transformation, Dimensions of State Change, Conditions and Factors in State Change

13.

The Challenges of WTO Law: Strategies for Developing Country Adaptation

World Trade Review, July 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Jan 2006 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2010
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,328 (21,321)
Citation 1

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WTO, developing countries, international trade law, bias, expertise, legal capacity

14.

The WTO Tuna-Dolphin II Case: United States — Measures Concerning the Importation, Marketing and Sale of Tuna and Tuna Products

American Journal of International Law, Issue 1, 2013, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-62
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 17 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2012
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,313 (21,680)
Citation 1

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WTO, trade-environment, PPMs, labeling, tuna-dolphin

15.

Globalization and Social Protection: The Impact of EU and International Rules in the Ratcheting Up of U.S. Data Privacy Standards

Number of pages: 112 Posted: 17 Apr 2004
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,288 (22,327)
Citation 2

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Data privicy, international trade law, WTO, U.S.-EU relations, social protections, globalization

16.

Recognizing Public Goods in WTO Disputes Settlement: Who Participates? Who Decides? The Case of Trips and Pharmaceutical Patent Protection

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 12 Apr 2004
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 1,226 (24,052)
Citation 1

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WTO, TRIPS, pharmaceutical, trade, judicial interpretation, developing countries, public goods

The WTO EC-Seal Products Decision: Animal Welfare, Indigenous Communities and Trade

American Journal of International Law, 2015, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-69
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 02 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2015
Gregory Shaffer and David Pabian
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 773 (45,319)

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The WTO EC-Seal Products Decision: Animal Welfare, Indigenous Communities and Trade (Shorter Version)

American Journal of International Law, 2015, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-17
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 03 Feb 2015
Gregory Shaffer and David Pabian
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 229 (186,376)
Citation 1

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WTO, Technical Barriers to Trade, discrimination, protection of public morals, animal welfare, indigenous communities

18.

A New Chinese Economic Order?

Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 23, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 607–635, https://doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgaa013 , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2019-21, Singapore Management University School of Law Research Paper No. 31
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 12 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2021
Gregory Shaffer and Henry S. Gao
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Singapore Management University - School of Law
Downloads 1,000 (32,220)
Citation 3

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19.

A Tragedy in the Making? The Decline of Law and the Return of Power in International Trade Relations

Yale Journal of International Law, 2018, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-64
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 04 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2018
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 968 (33,734)
Citation 4

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WTO Appellate Body, balance of international judicial and political process, law and power

20.

From International Law to Jessup's Transnational Law, from Transnational Law to Transnational Legal Orders

The Many Lives of Transnational Law : Critical Engagements With Jessup's Bold Proposal, Peer Zumbansen, editor, Cambridge University Press, 2020, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-02
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 09 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2021
Gregory Shaffer and Carlos Coye
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 946 (34,856)
Citation 1

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21.

Legal Realism and International Law

IN: International Legal Theory: Foundations and Frontiers, Jeffrey L Dunoff and Mark A Pollack (eds), (Cambridge University Press, 2021, Forthcoming), UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-55
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 14 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2021
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 926 (35,925)

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22.

The Law and Politics of WTO Dispute Settlement

The Politics of International Law, eds. Wayne Sandholtz & Christopher Whytock, Oxford University Press, 2016, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-10
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 19 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 17 May 2016
Gregory Shaffer, Manfred Elsig and Sergio Puig
University of California, Irvine School of Law, University of Bern and University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law
Downloads 869 (39,292)
Citation 1

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23.

The Trials of Winning at the WTO: What Lies Behind Brazil's Success

Cornell International Law Journal, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2008, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-49
Number of pages: 121 Posted: 27 May 2008 Last Revised: 08 Aug 2013
University of California, Irvine School of Law, São Paulo Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas FGV DIREITO SP and Independent
Downloads 864 (39,609)
Citation 4

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WTO, international trade, Brazil, developing countries, expertise, legal capacity, public-private partnerships, judicialization

24.

Transnational Legal Orders

Chapter 1, Transnational Legal Orders, Cambridge University Press, 2015, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-56
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 14 May 2015
Terence C. Halliday and Gregory Shaffer
American Bar Foundation and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 853 (40,290)
Citation 4

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Transnational Legal Orders, socio-legal theory, normative settlement, institutional alignment, institutional concordance

25.

Power, Governance and the WTO: A Comparative Institutional Approach

POWER IN GLOBAL GOVERNANCE, pp. 130-160, Michael Barnett & Bud Duvall, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2005, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-11
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2010
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 849 (40,535)
Citation 2

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power, governance, WTO, comparative institutional analysis

26.

Retooling Trade Agreements for Social Inclusion

University of Illinois Law Review, 2019, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2019-54
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 25 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2019
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 832 (41,675)
Citation 4

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27.

The Public and the Private in International Trade Litigation

Number of pages: 141 Posted: 15 Apr 2004 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2010
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 813 (43,160)

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International trade law, litigation, public, private, WTO, US-EU relations, public-private partnerships

28.

Transnational Mutual Recognition Regimes: Governance Without Global Government

IILJ Working Paper No. 2005/6, Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 68, pp. 263-318, 2005, Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1007
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 17 May 2005 Last Revised: 25 Nov 2015
Kalypso A. Nicolaidis and Gregory Shaffer
University of Oxford and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 799 (44,021)
Citation 22

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global administrative law, mutual recognition, managed mutual recognition, global governance, extraterritoriality, national treatment, harmonization, accountability, legitimacy

29.

The RCEP: Great Power Competition and Cooperation over Trade

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-09
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 02 Feb 2021
Henry S. Gao and Gregory Shaffer
Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 778 (45,575)

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Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, digital trade, rules of origin, global supply chains, US-China competition

30.

Introduction: The Developing Country Experience in WTO Dispute Settlement

DISPUTE SETTLEMENT AT THE WTO: THE DEVELOPING COUNTRY EXPERIENCE, Gregory Shaffer and Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-03
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2014
David Evans and Gregory Shaffer
New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 759 (47,137)

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developing countries, wto dispute settlement, international trade law

31.

How Business Shapes Law: A Socio-Legal Framework

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 42, p. 147, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research No. 09-24
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 02 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 29 Nov 2009
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 752 (47,714)
Citation 2

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law, business, law and society, comparative law, private legal systems, administrative law

32.
Downloads 663 ( 56,324)
Citation 5

Interpretation and Institutional Choice at the WTO

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 52, p. 1, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-14
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 23 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2011
Gregory Shaffer and Joel P. Trachtman
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Tufts University - The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
Downloads 380 (109,855)

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WTO, International Economic Law, International Law, comparative institutional analysis, treaty design, interpretation, welfare effects, participatory effects

Interpretation and Institutional Choice at the WTO

Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2011
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 29 Nov 2011
Gregory Shaffer and Joel P. Trachtman
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Tufts University - The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
Downloads 283 (151,047)
Citation 1

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WTO, World Trade Organization, international trade, judicial interpretation, comparative institutional analysis

33.

Empirical Work in International Law: A Bibliographical Essay

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-32
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 05 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 15 Feb 2012
Gregory Shaffer and Tom Ginsburg
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Chicago Law School
Downloads 642 (58,692)

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empirical studies, international law

34.

The Extensive (but Fragile) Authority of the WTO Appellate Body

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 237-273, 2016, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-54
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 05 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2022
Gregory Shaffer, Manfred Elsig and Sergio Puig
University of California, Irvine School of Law, University of Bern and University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law
Downloads 616 (61,880)

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judicial authority, WTO, legal field

35.

U.S. Threats to the WTO Appellate Body

I. Will the US Undermine the World Trade Organization? Huffington Post, May 23, 2016, II. The U.S. is Causing a Major Controversy in the World Trade Organization, Washington Post, June 6, 2016, III. Trump is Fighting an Open War on Trade, Washington Post, September 27, 2017, IV. The Slow Killing of the World Trade Organization, Huffington Post, November 11, 2017, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 14 Dec 2017
Gregory Shaffer, Manfred Elsig and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law, University of Bern and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 612 (62,393)

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36.

Imperfect Alternatives: Institutional Choice and the Reform of Investment Law

112 American Journal of International Law 361 (2018); https://doi.org/10.1017/ajil.2018.70, Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 18-22, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-50
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 08 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2018
Sergio Puig and Gregory Shaffer
University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 585 (66,064)
Citation 2

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investment disputes, accountability, investor-state dispute settlement, ISDS, international investment law

37.

Can WTO Technical Assistance and Capacity Building Serve Developing Countries?

Wisconsin International Law Journal, Vol. 23, pp. 643-686, 2006
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 05 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2013
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 584 (66,217)
Citation 3

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WTO, international trade, developing countries, capacity building, technical assistance

38.

A Structural Theory of WTO Dispute Settlement: Why Institutional Choice Lies at the Center of the GMO Case

New York University Journal of International Law and Politics (JILP), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 102 Posted: 05 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2013
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 554 (70,784)

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law, Law & Society, science, risk, risk assessment, WTO, SPS Agreement, GMOOs, comparative institutional analysis

39.

The Interaction of Formal and Informal Lawmaking

INFORMAL INTERNATIONAL LAWMAKING, Joost Pauwelyn, R. Wessel & Jan Wouters, eds., Oxford University Press, 2012, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-10
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 18 Feb 2012
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 545 (72,207)
Citation 1

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informal international law, hard and soft law, power and international law, WTO, dispute settlement, prisoners dilemma

40.

Hard Versus Soft Law in International Security

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 52, pp. 1147, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-13
Number of pages: 97 Posted: 21 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2011
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 518 (76,942)

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hard law, soft law, progressive development of international law, fragmentation of international law, regime complexes, international law and politics, dispute settlement, prisoners dilemma

41.

A New Legal Realism: Method in International Economic Law Scholarship

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW - THE STATE & FUTURE OF THE DISCIPLINE, Colin B. Picker, Isabella Bunn & Douglas Arner, eds., pp. 29-42, Hart Publishing, 2008, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-01
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 09 Jan 2009
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 496 (81,155)

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law; Law & Society

42.

Governing the Interface of US-China Trade Relations

American Journal of International Law, Oct. 2021, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-19
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 07 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2021
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 495 (81,347)

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US-China, trade relations, national security, state capitalism, labor rights

43.

Transnationalism, Unilateralism and International Law

Transnational Environmental Law, Vol. 1, pp. 31-41 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-34
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 31 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 05 Jan 2013
Gregory Shaffer and Daniel Bodansky
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Arizona State University Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law
Downloads 490 (82,335)

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transnational law, transnational legal process, international environmental law, unilateralism, climate change

Theorizing Transnational Legal Ordering

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 2016, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-06
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2020
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 480 (83,597)

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Theorizing Transnational Legal Ordering

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 12, pp. 231-253, 2016
Posted: 18 Nov 2016
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law

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45.

Access to Justice in the World Trade Organization: The Case for a Small Claims Procedure?

World Trade Review, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 587-640, 2008
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 01 May 2007 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2013
Gregory Shaffer and Hakan Nordstrom
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Swedish Board of Trade
Downloads 463 (88,158)
Citation 3

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law, Law & Society

46.

A Call for a New Legal Realism in International Law: The Need for Method

Melvin C. Steen Appointment Lecture, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-02
Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 453 (90,375)

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Legal realism, international law

47.

The EC-Sardines Case: How North-South NGO-Government Links Benefited Peru

Bridges, Vol. 6, No. 7, October 2002
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 14 Nov 2005
Gregory Shaffer and Victor Mosoti
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Food and Agriculture Organization
Downloads 453 (90,375)

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48.

The New Legal Realist Approach to International Law

Leiden Journal of International Law, (Symposium on New Legal Realism), Vol. 28, No. 2, pp 189-210, 2015, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-54
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 May 2015
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 441 (93,206)
Citation 2

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new legal realism; pragmatism; empiricism; transnational legal ordering; emergent analytics

49.

Managing U.S.-Eu Trade Relations Through Mutual Recognition and Safe Harbor Agreements: 'New' and 'Global' Approaches to Transatlantic Economic Governance?

Columbia Journal of European Law, Vol. 9, P 29-77, Fall 2002, EUI Working Paper RSC No. 2002/28
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 19 Jun 2003
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 435 (94,746)

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50.

The Future of Transatlantic Economic Relations: Continuity Amid Discord

Journal of the European Consortium for Political Research, pp. 62-28, 2006
Number of pages: 318 Posted: 28 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 23 May 2011
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 431 (95,794)

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International, International Law, International Economic Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law, Law & Society

Indian Trade Lawyers and the Building of State Trade-Related Legal Capacity

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-08
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2017
Gregory Shaffer, James J. Nedumpara and Aseema Sinha
University of California, Irvine School of Law, O. P. Jindal Global University - Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) and Claremont McKenna College
Downloads 288 (148,383)
Citation 4

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developing countries, WTO dispute settlement, international trade law, legal capacity

Indian Trade Lawyers and the Building of State Trade-Related Legal Capacity

HLS Program on the Legal Profession Research Paper No. 2014-14
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Feb 2014
Gregory Shaffer, James J Nedumpara and Aseema Sinha
University of California, Irvine School of Law, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade and Claremont McKenna College
Downloads 129 (305,483)
Citation 1

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52.

Does Legal Capacity Matter? Explaining Patterns of Protectionism in the Shadow of WTO Litigation

Issue Paper, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, Switzerland
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 10 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 04 May 2011
Marc L. Busch, Eric Reinhardt and Gregory Shaffer
Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS), Emory University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 411 (101,186)
Citation 5

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative law, Law & Society

53.

The Role of the WTO Director-General and Secretariat

World Trade Review, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 429-438, 2005
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 Sep 2006
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 398 (104,970)
Citation 2

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International Trade

54.

WTO Remedies: Extrapolating Purpose from Practice

THE LAW, ECONOMICS, AND POLITICS OF TRADE RETALIATION IN WTO DISPUTE SETTLEMENT, Chad P. Bown & Joost Pauwelyn, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-51
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 31 Dec 2008
Gregory Shaffer and Dan Ganin
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
Downloads 390 (107,457)

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WTO dispute settlement, remedies, retaliation, rebalancing, inducing compliance, litigation, enforcement, law-in-action

55.

Empiricism, Experimentalism, and Conditional Theory

Southern Methodist University Law Review, Vol. 67, 2014, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-32, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-40
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 27 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 11 May 2015
Victoria Nourse and Gregory Shaffer
Georgetown University Law Center and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 384 (109,450)
Citation 1

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new legal realism, conditional theory, empirical legal studies, new governance, experimentalism, emergent analytics, modularity, legal theory

56.

How the WTO Shapes the Regulatory State

Forthcoming in Francesca Bignami and David Zaring, eds, The Elgar Research Handbook on Comparative Law and Regulation, Edgar Elgar, 2015, Fourth Biennial Global Conference of the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL) Working Paper No. 2014/29, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-10
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 16 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2015
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 372 (113,324)

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WTO, World Trade Organization, Regulation, Regulatory governance, Market liberalization

57.

Business and Law

THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF BUSINESS AND GOVERNMENT, David Coen, Wyn Grant, Graham Wilson, eds., Oxford University Press, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-48
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 08 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 30 Jun 2009
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 370 (114,062)

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law, business, law and society, comparative law, private legal systems, administrative law

58.

With, Within, and Beyond the State: The Promise and Limits of Transnational Legal Ordering

Chapter IN: Oxford Handbook of Transnational Law, ed. Peer Zumbansen. Oxford University Press, 2020, forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-59
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 09 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2021
Gregory Shaffer and Terence C. Halliday
University of California, Irvine School of Law and American Bar Foundation
Downloads 354 (119,828)
Citation 3

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59.

What's New in EU Trade Dispute Settlement? Judicialisation, Public-Private Networks and the WTO Legal Order

Journal of European Public Policy, Vol. 13, No. 6, 2006
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 Apr 2006
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 353 (120,223)

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60.

Comparative Institutional Analysis and a New Legal Realism

Wisconsin Law Review, No.2, 2013, pp.607-628, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-67
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2014
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 334 (127,695)

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comparative institutional analysis, legal realism, global governance

61.

Does Legal Capacity Matter? A Survey of WTO Members

World Trade Review, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-31
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 25 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2009
Marc L. Busch, Eric Reinhardt and Gregory Shaffer
Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS), Emory University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 328 (130,173)
Citation 8

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legal capacity, power and international law, WTO, dispute settlement

62.

Trade Law in a Data-Driven Economy: The Need for Modesty and Resilience

World Trade Review, forthcoming, 2021, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-49
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2021
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 322 (132,677)

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Data-Driven Economy, Resilience, E-Commerce; Regulatory Cooperation

63.

How Do We Get Along? International Economic Law And The Nation-State

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 117, No.1, April 2019, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-57
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 14 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2019
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 322 (132,677)
Citation 1

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international economic law, international law theory, new legal realism, globalization and the nation-state

FTA Law in WTO Dispute Settlement: Peru-Additional Duty and the Fragmentation of Trade Law

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-43
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 01 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 02 May 2017
Gregory Shaffer and L. Alan Winters
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Sussex
Downloads 238 (179,610)

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FTAs as Applicable Law in WTO Dispute Settlement: Was the Appellate Body Wrong in Peru-Additional Duty (DS457)?

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2016/65
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 01 Dec 2016
Gregory Shaffer and L. Alan Winters
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Sussex
Downloads 74 (439,946)
Citation 1

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WTO, FTAs, variable levies, fragmentation

65.

How the WTO Shapes Regulatory Governance

Regulation & Governance, Vol. 9, No.1, pp.1-15, 2015, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2014-53
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 11 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 17 May 2016
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 286 (150,143)

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WTO, World Trade Organization, Regulation, Regulatory governance, Market liberalization, state transformation, institutional change, law and globalization

66.

Law and Politics of Rights: Who Decides the Conditions for Trade Preferences?: Institutional Choice in the General System of Preferences Case

Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1008, Journal of World Trade, Vol. 39, No. 5, pp. 977-1008, December 2005
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 05 Jan 2006
Gregory Shaffer and Yvonne Apea Mensah
University of California, Irvine School of Law and International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)
Downloads 279 (153,853)

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international law, international trade, institutional choice, trade preferences

67.

New Legal Realism and International Law

The new legal realism: Studying Law Globally Vol II. Heinz Klug, Elizabeth Mertz and Sally Engle Merry, eds.. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. (2016)., UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-63
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2017
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 273 (157,342)
Citation 2

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new legal realism; pragmatism; empiricism; transnational legal ordering; emergent analytics

68.

Researching Transnational Legal Orders

Chapter 14, Transnational Legal Orders, Cambridge University Press, 2015, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-57
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 14 May 2015
Terence C. Halliday and Gregory Shaffer
American Bar Foundation and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 258 (166,553)

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Transnational Legal Orders, socio-legal theory, normative settlement, institutional alignment, institutional concordance

69.

Assessing the Advisory Centre on WTO Law from a Broader Governance Perspective

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-46
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 01 Dec 2011
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 254 (169,121)
Citation 2

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international trade law, WTO, ACWL, developing countries

70.

Risk, Science and Law in the WTO: The Centrality of Institutional Choice

Proceedings of the 104th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law (2010), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-20
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 05 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 21 May 2011
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 254 (169,121)

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Science, Risk, Risk Assessment, WTO, SPS Agreement, GMOs, comparative institutional analysis

71.

State Transformation and the Role of Lawyers: The WTO, India, and Transnational Legal Ordering

Law & Society Review, Vol. 49, No. 3, 2015, pp.595-629, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-60
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 22 May 2015 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2017
Gregory Shaffer, James J. Nedumpara and Aseema Sinha
University of California, Irvine School of Law, O. P. Jindal Global University - Jindal Global Law School (JGLS) and Claremont McKenna College
Downloads 253 (169,809)
Citation 2

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World Trade Organization, Transnational Legal Orders, new developmental state, State Transformation, legal capacity

72.

Reconciling (or Failing to Reconcile) Regulatory Differences: The Ongoing Transatlantic Dispute Over the Regulation of Biotechnology

Workshop on the New Transatlantic Agenda and the Future of Trnasatlantic Economic Governance, European University Institute, Florence, June 18-19, 2004
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 07 Jan 2007
Gregory Shaffer and Mark A. Pollack
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Temple University - Department of Political Science
Downloads 244 (175,809)

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law, Law & Society

73.

Who Governs Transatlantic Relations

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer, TRANSATLANTIC GOVERNANCE IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY, Rowman & Littlefield, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-26
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 May 2010 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2010
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 228 (187,529)
Citation 3

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Transatlantic Governance, transgovernmental, transnational, intergovernmental, networks, public-private hybrids, New Transatlantic Agenda, civil society

74.

The Rise of Middle-Income Countries in the International Trading System

Law and Development in Middle Income Countries, Randall Peerenboom & Thomas Ginsburg, eds., Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-51
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 29 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2014
Gregory Shaffer and Charles Sutton
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Independent
Downloads 225 (189,831)

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middle income countries, international trading system, global economy

75.

Parliamentary Oversight of WTO Rule-Making: The Political and Normative Context

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 629-54, 2004
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 29 Aug 2003 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2010
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 225 (189,831)
Citation 4

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76.

Varieties of New Legal Realism: Can a New World Order Prompt a New Legal Theory? (A Synopsis)

The Legal Workshop, January 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-17
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 23 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2010
Victoria Nourse and Gregory Shaffer
Georgetown University Law Center and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 222 (192,396)

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Legal Realism, Legal Theory, Behavioral Law And Economics, Institutionalism, Contextualism, Attitudinal Model, New Legal Realism, New Formalism, Dynamic Realism, Law And Politics, Mediating Theory, Recursivity

77.

Alternatives for Regulatory Governance Under TTIP: Building from the Past

Columbia Journal of European Law, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2016, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-26
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 May 2016
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 219 (194,966)
Citation 2

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TTIP, regulatory cooperation, regulatory coherence, transatlantic governance, mutual recognition, new governance

78.

Introduction: Transatlantic Governance in Historical and Theoretical Perspective

Mark A. Pollack and Gregory C. Shaffer, TRANSATLANTIC GOVERNANCE IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY, Rowman & Littlefield, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-25
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 May 2010 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2010
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 217 (196,616)
Citation 3

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Transatlantic Governance, transgovernmental, transnational, intergovernmental, networks, public-private hybrids, New Transatlantic Agenda, civil society

79.

WTO Blue-Green Blues: The Impact of U.S. Domestic Politics on Trade-Labor, Trade-Environment Linkages for the WTO's Future

Fordham International Law Journal, pp. 608-651, November-December 2000
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 14 Feb 2007 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2014
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 215 (198,235)

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International, International Economic Law, International Law, Transatlantic Relations, Comparative Law, Law & Society

80.

WTO Law in a Fragmented, Decentralized International Legal Order: Symposium Introduction

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-46
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 18 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 24 Nov 2009
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 202 (210,039)

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WTO Law

81.

International Law and Global Public Goods in a Legal Pluralist World

European Journal of International Law, Vol. 23 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2013
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 198 (213,857)

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global public goods, legal pluralism

82.

Transnational Recursivity Theory: Halliday & Carruthers’ Bankrupt

Socioeconomic Review, Vol. 9, No. 71, p. 394, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-38
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 14 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2012
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 196 (215,850)

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Transnational Law, Recursivity

83.

International Law and Transnational Legal Orders: Permeating Boundaries and Extending Social Science Encounters

Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol.22, No.1, 2021 , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-18
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 30 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2022
Gregory Shaffer and Terence C. Halliday
University of California, Irvine School of Law and American Bar Foundation
Downloads 184 (228,088)

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social science approaches to international law, internal vs external approaches to international law, transnational legal orders, international trade

84.

The Role of Law in Chinese Value Chains

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-05
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2021
Henry S. Gao and Gregory Shaffer
Singapore Management University - School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 179 (233,503)

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global value chains, design and production networks, china, Chinese law

85.

The Rise and Fall of Trade and Monetary Legal Orders: From the Interwar Period to Today’s Global Imbalances

Chapter 9 IN: Contractual Knowledge: One Hundred Years of Legal Experimentation, Gregoire Mallard & Jerome Sgard, editors, NY: Cambridge University Press, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-28, University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 28/2016
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2016
Gregory Shaffer and Michael Waibel
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Vienna - Faculty of Law
Downloads 175 (238,108)

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86.

Constitution-Making As Transnational Legal Ordering

Constitution-Making and Transnational Legal Order. (2019). In G. Shaffer, T. Ginsburg, & T. Halliday (Eds.), Constitution-Making and Transnational Legal Order (Comparative Constitutional Law and Policy, p. I). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2019-35
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Jul 2019
Tom Ginsburg, Terence C. Halliday and Gregory Shaffer
University of Chicago Law School, American Bar Foundation and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 169 (245,231)

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transnational legal order, constitution-making, human rights

87.

Transnational Legal Ordering and Access to Medicines

Patent Law in Global Perspective, ed. Ruth L. Okediji & Margo A. Bagley, Oxford University Press, 2014, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-65
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 09 Jun 2015
Gregory Shaffer and Susan K. Sell
University of California, Irvine School of Law and George Washington University
Downloads 166 (248,913)

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transnational legal orders, WTO, TRIPS, access to medicines, economic and social rights

88.

Introduction and Overview: Biotechnology, Risk Regulation, and the Failure of Cooperation

M. Pollack & G. Shaffer, WHEN COOPERATION FAILS: THE INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLITICS OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS, p. 1, Oxford University Press, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-62
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 28 Oct 2010
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 166 (248,913)

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International Cooperation, Transnational Legal Process, Transatlantic Relations, Genetically Modified Foods and Crops, Transgovernmental Networks, Forum Shopping, WTO, Fragmentation of International Law

89.

The WTO at 10: The Contribution of the Dispute Settlement System (Book Review)

World Trade Review, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-19
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 11 Jun 2009
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 166 (248,913)

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WTO, dispute settlement

90.

The (Mis)Alignment of the Trade and Monetary Legal Orders

Chapter 5 IN: Transnational Legal Orders, Terence C Halliday; Gregory C Shaffer, editors, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2015., UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-27, University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 27/2016
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 08 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2016
Gregory Shaffer and Michael Waibel
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Vienna - Faculty of Law
Downloads 164 (251,484)

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91.

Governance and Norms in a New World Order: The Contest for Global Leadership

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2022-13, 2022
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Apr 2022
Tanja Börzel and Gregory Shaffer
Free University of Berlin (FUB) - Otto Suhr Institute for Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 158 (260,819)

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92.

A Breakthrough with the TPP: The Tobacco Carve-Out

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics (2016 Forthcoming), Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 16-13
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 01 May 2016 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2016
Sergio Puig and Gregory Shaffer
University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 154 (264,911)

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International law, International Trade, Tobacco Carve-Out, Regional Trade Agreements, TPP, Trans-Pacific Partnership

93.

Theorizing Transnational Legal Ordering of Private and Business Law

UC Irvine Journal of International, Transnational, and Comparative Law, Vol. 1, pp. 1-10, Fall 2016, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-34
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Jun 2017
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 138 (288,939)
Citation 3

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94.

Can Informal Law Discipline Subsidies?

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2015, pp. 711-741 (winner of the inaugural John Jackson memorial prize for best article within the Journal in 2015), UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-03
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 23 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2018
Gregory Shaffer, Robert Wolfe and Vinhcent Le
University of California, Irvine School of Law, Queen's University - School of Policy Studies and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 134 (295,563)
Citation 8

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95.

Risk Regulation, GMOs, and the Limits of Deliberation

The European Union Council of Ministers (eds. Daniel Naurin & Helen Wallace) (Palgrave MacMillan), pages 144-164, 2008, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-35
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 22 Aug 2013
Mark A. Pollack and Gregory Shaffer
Temple University - Department of Political Science and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 129 (304,223)

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risk regulation, GMOs, environmental law and policy

96.

The New Empirical Turn in International Law Scholarship

ASIL Proceedings 2014 (Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-30
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 06 Jun 2014
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 116 (328,486)

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empirical studies, international law

97.

Law, Constitutionalism, and World Society: Kjaer, Kratochwil, and Global (Dis)Order

International Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2015, pp. 1063-1077, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-09
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 Mar 2016
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 114 (332,512)

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98.

New Legal Realism's Rejoinder

Leiden Journal of International Law, (response to Klabbers and Augsberg), Vol. 28, No. 3, 2015, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2015-55
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 13 May 2015 Last Revised: 20 May 2015
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 112 (336,715)

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new legal realism; empiricism; pragmatism; conceptualism; legal positivism; socio-legal theory

99.

Introduction To Symposium on Drug Decriminalization, Legalization and International Law

114 AJIL Unbound, 274 (2020), UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-04
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 12 Jan 2021
Ely Aharonson and Gregory Shaffer
Haifa University - Faculty of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 107 (347,214)

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100.

Review Essay: A Transnational Take on Krisch's Pluralist Structure of Postnational Law

European Journal of International Law, Vol. 23 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-61
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 30 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2014
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 107 (347,214)
Citation 2

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global public goods, global legal pluralism, global constitutionalism

101.

Transparency and the Governance of Subsidies

American Society of International Law, Proceedings, 2016, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-32
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 23 May 2016
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 105 (351,719)

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102.

Defining Crimes in a Global Age: Criminalization as a Transnational Legal Process

Law and Social Inquiry, 2021, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-70
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 15 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 31 Dec 2020
Ely Aharonson and Gregory Shaffer
Haifa University - Faculty of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 98 (367,953)

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transnational legal ordering,processual theory,transnational legal orders,criminalization,law and globalization,punishment and society,socio-legal theory,transnational legal theory

103.

Afterword: Capitalism, International Law, Race, and China’s Rise

International Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2022, Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2022-06
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 19 Jan 2022
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 86 (398,911)

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104.

Bargaining Over Policy Space in Trade Negotiations

Chapter IN: Globalization Reimagined: A Progressive Agenda for World Trade and Investment Law, eds. David Trubek, David Kennedy, Alvaro Santos, and Chantal Thomas. Forthcoming 2019, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-51
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 06 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2018
Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 82 (410,259)

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105.

Interdisciplinarity and International Economic Law

Elgar Encyclopedia on International Economic Law, 2nd ed., eds. Thomas Cottier & Krista Nadakavukuran Schefer), 2022 Forthcoming, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2022-09
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2022
Gregory Shaffer and Sergio Puig
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law
Downloads 80 (416,201)

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multidisciplinary work, international economic, trade, investment and monetary law, social science and international law

106.

Theorizing Transnational Fiduciary Law

UCI Journal of International, Transnational & Comparative Law, Vol.5, No.1, 2020, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-24
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 10 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 15 May 2020
Seth Davis and Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Berkeley School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 62 (476,526)

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107.

Transnational Legal Ordering of Criminal Justice

Chapter IN: Transnational Legal Ordering of Criminal Justice, edited by Gregory Shaffer & Ely Aaronson, Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 2020) , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-71
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 15 Dec 2020
Ely Aharonson and Gregory Shaffer
Haifa University - Faculty of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 48 (534,566)

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law and globalization,transnational legal ordering,international criminal law,transnational crime,transnational legal theory,comparative criminal justice,socio-legal theory,punishment and society,human rights

108.

Introduction to Symposium on Industry Associations in Transnational Legal Ordering

111 AJIL Unbound 103 (2017), UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-37
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 26 Jul 2017
Gregory Shaffer and Melissa (MJ) Durkee
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Georgia School of Law
Downloads 38 (584,135)

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industry associations, globalization, transnational legal orders

109.

Introduction to the Symposium on the Biden Administration and the International Legal Order

AJIL Unbound, Vol. 115, 2021, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2021-07, Santa Clara Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 27 Jan 2021
Gregory Shaffer and David L. Sloss
University of California, Irvine School of Law and Santa Clara University - School of Law
Downloads 33 (612,698)

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Biden administration,international law,climate change,race,human rights,global health,migration,trade,democracy

110.

Brazil’s Response to the Judicialized WTO Regime: Strengthening the State through Diffusing Expertise

ICTSD South America Dialogue on WTO Dispute Settlement and Sustainable Development, Sao Paolo, Brazil 22-23 June 2006, Organized by ICTSD in collaboration with DireitoGV and IDCID, with the support of GIAN-RUIG
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 19 Jul 2021
University of California, Irvine School of Law, São Paulo Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas FGV DIREITO SP and Independent
Downloads 25 (665,243)

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World Trade Organization, Latin American, Judicialized system

111.

The Globalization of Legal Education: A Critical Perspective

Introduction to The Globalization of Legal Education: A Critical Perspective, eds. Bryant Garth and Gregory Shaffer (OUP 2022, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2022-24
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 04 Aug 2022
Bryant Garth and Gregory Shaffer
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 17 (736,335)

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112.

Winning at the WTO: the development of a trade policy community within Brazil.

Shaffer, G., Sanchez Badin, M., & Rosenberg, B. (2010). Winning at the WTO: The development of a trade policy community within Brazil. In G. Shaffer & R. Meléndez-Ortiz (Eds.), Dispute Settlement at the WTO: The Developing Country Experience (pp. 21-104). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:1
Posted: 19 Jul 2021
São Paulo Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas FGV DIREITO SP, Independent and University of California, Irvine School of Law

Abstract:

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World Trade Organization, Brazil, developing countries

113.

The Transnational Meets the National: The Construction of Trade Policy Networks in Brazil

SHAFER, Gregory ; SANCHEZ BADIN, M. R. ; ROSENBERG, Barbara . The Transnational Meets the National: The Construction of Trade Policy Networks in Brazil. In: Yves Dezalay; Bryant Garth. (Org.). Lawyers and the Construction of Transnational Justice. 1ed.New York: Routledge, 2012, v. 1, p. 170-215.
Posted: 19 Jul 2021
São Paulo Law School of Fundação Getulio Vargas FGV DIREITO SP, University of California, Irvine School of Law and Independent

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World Trade Organization, Doha, Brazil

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 2
1.

Transnational Legal Ordering and Access to Medicines

Patent Law in Global Perspective, ed. Ruth L. Okediji & Margo A. Bagley (Oxford University Press, 2014), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-31
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Jun 2014
Gregory Shaffer and Susan K. Sell
University of California, Irvine School of Law and George Washington University
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Abstract:

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transnational, right to health, pharmaceutical patents, access to medicines, TRIPS, WTO