Elizabeth E. Joh

University of California, Davis - School of Law

Professor of Law

400 Mrak Hall Drive

Davis, CA 95616-5201

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

43

DOWNLOADS
Rank 2,514

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,514

in Total Papers Downloads

23,874

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 19,503

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 19,503

in Total Papers Citations

35

CROSSREF CITATIONS

30

Scholarly Papers (43)

1.

Policing by Numbers: Big Data and the Fourth Amendment

89 Wash. L. Rev. 35 (2014)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2014
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 2,015 (14,533)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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police, Fourth Amendment, surveillance, technology, big data, DNA, domain awareness system, predictive policing, risk analysis, software, algorithm, social network analysis, risk terrain modeling, data driven policing

2.

Beyond Surveillance: Data Control and Body Cameras

__ Surveillance & Society __ (2016) Forthcoming, UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 494
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 09 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2016
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,805 (17,304)

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policing, police, surveillance, body cameras, technology, information, data, facial recognition, Ferguson, accountability, transparency

3.

Privacy Protests: Surveillance Evasion and Fourth Amendment Suspicion

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 55, No. 4, (2013), UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 349
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 26 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2014
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,674 (19,356)

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police, criminal procedure, Fourth Amendment, privacy, surveillance, anonymity, internet, protest, technology, hacker, drones, cell phones, Tor, suspicion

4.

The Undue Influence of Surveillance Technology Companies on Policing

91 N.Y.U. L. Review Online 101 (2017)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,384 (25,849)
Citation 14

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police, policing, technology, information privacy, big data, surveillance, privacy, Fourth Amendment, body cameras, stingray

5.

Breaking the Law to Enforce it: Undercover Police Participation in Crime

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 62, p. 155, 2009
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 03 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2013
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,382 (25,897)
Citation 3

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police, undercover, covert, surveillance, criminal procedure, Fourth Amendment, discretion, guidelines, stings

6.

Reclaiming 'Abandoned' DNA: The Fourth Amendment and Genetic Privacy

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 100, p. 857, 2006, UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 40
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 12 Apr 2005 Last Revised: 17 May 2014
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,218 (31,181)

Abstract:

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forensic, DNA, police, criminal procedure, evidence, genetic, privacy, information, investigation

7.

Feeding the Machine: Policing, Crime Data, & Algorithms

__ William & Mary Bill of Rights J. __ (2017 Forthcoming).
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Aug 2017
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,117 (35,261)

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police, policing, Fourth Amendment, big data, predictive policing, algorithm, crime data, criminal justice

8.

The New Surveillance Discretion: Automated Suspicion, Big Data, and Policing

Harvard Law & Policy Review, __, 2015 Forthcoming, UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 473
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2015
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,025 (39,844)
Citation 6

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surveillance, big data, Fourth Amendment, police, privacy, technology, ALPR, social media analysis, social network analysis

9.

The Paradox of Private Policing

UC Davis Law, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 23
Number of pages: 85 Posted: 04 Jan 2005 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2013
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 953 (44,224)
Citation 2

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police, privatization, criminal procedure, private police, crime prevention

10.

Conceptualizing the Private Police

Utah Law Review, Vol. 2005, p. 573, 2005, UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 27
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 03 Feb 2005 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2013
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 895 (48,218)

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sociology, private police, police, crime prevention, privatization

11.

Artificial Intelligence and Policing: First Questions

41 Seattle Univ. L. Rev. 1139 (2018)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 10 May 2018 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2019
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 736 (62,893)

Abstract:

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policing, artificial intelligence, technology, surveillance, robotics, law

12.

Policing the Smart City

__ International Journal of Law in Context __ (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 17 Jun 2018
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 731 (63,487)
Citation 1

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Policing, Fourth Amendment, Artificial Intelligence, Algorithms, Robotics, Police, Technology, Law

13.

Policing Police Robots

64 UCLA L. Rev. Discourse 516 (2016)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 03 Dec 2016
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 700 (67,076)
Citation 1

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robots, robotics, artificial intelligence, police, policing, technology, Fourth Amendment, criminal procedure

14.

DNA Theft: Recognizing the Crime of Nonconsensual Genetic Collection and Testing

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 91, 2011, UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 232
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 29 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2014
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 650 (73,745)
Citation 1

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DNA, genetic, criminal law, theft, nonconsensual, privacy, bioethics, genetic testing, information

15.

Artificial Intelligence and Policing: Hints in the Carpenter Decision

__ Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law __, 2018
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 03 Sep 2018
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 542 (92,622)

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16.

Dobbs Online: Digital Rights as Abortion Rights

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 22 Sep 2022
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 488 (105,377)

Abstract:

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abortion, surveillance, internet, criminal law

17.

'A Certain Dangerous Engine': Private Security Robots, Artificial Intelligence, and Deadly Force

UC Davis L. Rev., 2017, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Oct 2017
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 444 (117,871)

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Police, Robots, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Big Data, Criminal Justice, Fourth Amendment, Algorithm, Private Security, Private Policing

18.

Discretionless Policing: Technology and the Fourth Amendment

California Law Review, Vol. 95, p. 199, 2007, UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 72
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 07 Mar 2006 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2013
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 416 (127,137)
Citation 1

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police, criminal procedure, automated enforcement, artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles, traffic stops

19.

The Harms of Police Surveillance Technology Monopolies

Denver Law Review Forum, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 27 Apr 2021
Elizabeth E. Joh and Thomas Wuil Joo
University of California, Davis - School of Law and University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 391 (136,401)

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policing, artificial intelligence, monopoly, anticompetition, Fourth Amendment, law enforcement, technology, information

20.

The Consequences of Automating and Deskilling the Police

__ UCLA L. Rev. Discourse (2019 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 18 Sep 2019
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 358 (150,917)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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policing, Fourth Amendment, artificial intelligence, surveillance, automation, algorithms

21.

Report of the 1st Workshop on Generative AI and Law

Yale Law & Economics Research Paper
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 Nov 2023 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2024
Cornell University - Department of Computer Science, Cornell University - Department of Computer Science, Cornell Law SchoolCornell Tech, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Pennsylvania - Department of Computer and Information Science, Google DeepMind, University of Washington - Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, Cornell University - Cornell Tech NYC, Yale University - Law School, Google DeepMind, Cornell University - Department of Computer Science, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Anthropic, Google, University of Sussex, Independent, University of Michigan, University of California, Davis - School of Law, University of Waterloo - David R Cheriton School of Computer Science, Stanford Law School, Microsoft, OpenAI, Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), Google DeepMind, Georgetown University Law Center, Google DeepMind, OpenAI, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Independent, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University California, San Diego, Tidelift, Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and University of Nebraska Schools of Law and Engineering
Downloads 332 (164,331)

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Generative AI, law, copyright, privacy, intellectual property

22.

Police Surveillance Machines: A Short History

Law and Political Economy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 09 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2019
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 312 (174,429)

Abstract:

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police, surveillance, body cameras, platforms, artificial intelligence

23.

Ethical AI in American Policing

NOTRE DAME JOURNAL ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES 2022
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 03 May 2022
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 309 (176,224)

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policing, criminal justice, artificial intelligence, AI, accountability, algorithms, ethics

24.

Sting Victims: Third-Party Harms in Undercover Police Operations

__ S. Cal. L. Rev. __ (2015, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Mar 2015
Elizabeth E. Joh and Thomas Wuil Joo
University of California, Davis - School of Law and University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 303 (179,912)
Citation 1

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police, undercover, penny stock, stings, financial fraud, white collar crime, entrapment, due process, FBI, criminal law, ABSCAM

25.

The Corporation as Snitch: The New DOJ Guidelines on Prosecuting White Collar Crime

Virginia Law Review Online, 2015, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 18 Oct 2015
Elizabeth E. Joh and Thomas Wuil Joo
University of California, Davis - School of Law and University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 296 (184,392)
Citation 1

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white collar crime, criminal law, criminal procedure, department of justice, Volkswagen, prosecution

26.

Automated Policing

15 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 559 (2018)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 01 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2019
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 292 (187,032)

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Policing, Automation, Artificial Intelligence, Robots, Law, Machine Learning, Prediction, Law, Fourth Amendment

27.

Bait, Mask, and Ruse: Technology and Police Deception

128 Harvard Law Review Forum 246 (2015), UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 423
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 12 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2015
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 285 (191,774)

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covert, deception, police, Fourth Amendment, undercover, technology, GPS, criminal law, internet, DNA, law enforcement, privacy, online

28.

Maryland v. King: Policing and Genetic Privacy

11 Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 281 (2013)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 19 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2014
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 278 (196,708)

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DNA, criminal procedure, Fourth Amendment, genetic privacy, privacy, genetics, policing, police, Supreme Court, identity, arrests, Terry stop, stop and frisk, DNA database, DNA databank, discretion, informational privacy

29.

COVID-19 Sewage Testing as a Police Surveillance Infrastructure

__ Notre Dame J. Emerging Technologies __ (2021)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2020
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 262 (208,856)
Citation 5

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COVID-19, COVID, pandemic, policing, surveillance

30.

Equitable Legal Remedies and the Existential Threat to Generative AI

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 16 Sep 2023
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 254 (215,377)

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copyright, remedies, generative AI, artificial intelligence, AI

31.

The Unexpected Consequences of Automation in Policing

__S.M.U. L. Rev. __ (2022 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 01 Jun 2022
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 254 (215,377)

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gunshot detection, automation, technology, artificial intelligence, shotspotter, policing, law enforcement, AI, racial discrimination, discretion, criminal justice

32.

Automated Seizures: Police Stops of Self-Driving Cars

New York University Law Review Online, Forthcoming 2019
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 17 Apr 2019
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 243 (224,969)

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Fourth Amendment, Policing, Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Law, Algorithms, Discrimination

33.

Reckless Automation in Policing

Berkeley Technology Law Journal Online, 2022
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 14 Mar 2022
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 213 (255,043)

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Police, criminal justice, artificial intelligence, automation, law enforcement, bioethics

34.

Imagining the Addict: Evaluating Social and Legal Responses to Addiction

Utah Law Review, Vol. 2009, No. 1, p. 175, 2009
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 Sep 2010
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 209 (259,555)

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addiction, law and society, methamphetamine, tobacco, sociolegal

35.

Should Arrestee DNA Databases Extend to Misdemeanors?

Recent Advances in DNA & Gene Sequences, 2015, Forthcoming , UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 406
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 05 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2015
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 195 (276,505)

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DNA, database, CODIS, discretion, arrest, surveillance, police, law enforcement, criminal justice, Supreme Court, Fourth Amendment, Maryland v. King, genetic, privacy

36.

A Gig Surveillance Economy

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2022
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 194 (277,800)

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policing, surveillance, automation, artificial intelligence, gig economy, fourth amendment, criminal justice, algorithm

37.

Increasing Automation in Policing

Communications of the ACM Jan. 2020
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 04 Feb 2020
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 157 (334,095)

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policing, automation, artificial intelligence, criminal law, criminal justice

38.

The Forgotten Threat: Private Policing and the State

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 13, p. 357, 2006
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 10 Mar 2006 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2013
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 145 (356,602)
Citation 1

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police, private police, legal history, privatization, state, labor history

39.

The Myth of Arrestee DNA Expungement

164 Univ. Penn. L. Rev. Online 51 (2015), UC Davis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 447
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 09 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2015
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 104 (458,016)

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DNA, surveillance, information, expungement, criminal justice, database, privacy, genetic, police, criminal records

40.

Policing, Race, & Technology

University of Illinois Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 07 May 2021
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 100 (470,954)

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police, law, technology, race, Fourth Amendment, law enforcement

41.

Networked Self-Defense and Monetized Vigilantism: Private Surveillance Systems

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 27 Aug 2021
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 91 (500,622)

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surveillance, automation, security, policing, artificial intelligence, vigilantism, privacy

42.

Police Technology Experiments

Number of pages: 28
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 62

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policing, surveillance, artificial intelligence, fourth amendment, algorithm, criminal justice

43.

'If it Suffices to Accuse': United States V. Watts and the Reassessment of Acquittals

New York University Law Review, Vol. 74, No. 887, 1999
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 16 Sep 2010
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 60 (632,036)
Citation 1

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real offense sentencing, punishment, acquittal, sentencing