Stephen Knack

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Senior Research Economist

1818 H. Street, N.W.

MSN3-311

Washington, DC 20433

United States

http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/sknack

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

41

DOWNLOADS
Rank 1,986

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 1,986

in Total Papers Downloads

16,614

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 1,734

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 1,734

in Total Papers Citations

131

CROSSREF CITATIONS

478

Scholarly Papers (41)

1.
Downloads 4,657 ( 1,765)
Citation 43

Trust and Growth

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 Oct 1998
Paul J. Zak and Stephen Knack
Claremont Graduate University - Center for Neuroeconomics Studies and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 4,657 (1,734)
Citation 43

Abstract:

Loading...

Trust and Growth

Economic Journal, Vol. 111, No. 470, March 2001
Posted: 08 Apr 2002
Paul J. Zak and Stephen Knack
Claremont Graduate University - Center for Neuroeconomics Studies and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Abstract:

Loading...

Trust, Growth, Moral Hazard, Heterogeneity, Inequality, Discrimination, Uncertainty

2.

Does Foreign Aid Promote Democracy?

IRIS Center Working Paper No. 238
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Mar 2001
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 1,791 (9,051)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

democracy, aid, foreign aid

The Effect of Aid on Growth: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 25 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 26 Mar 2015
University of Maryland - Department of Economics, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Michigan State University - Department of Economics
Downloads 1,532 (11,424)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

Aid effectiveness; growth; causal effect and quasi-experiment

The Effect of Aid on Growth: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6865
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
University of Maryland - Department of Economics, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Michigan State University - Department of Economics
Downloads 91 (292,646)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

Achieving Shared Growth, Economic Theory & Research, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, Inequality, Country Strategy & Performance

The Effect of Aid on Growth: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment

NBER Working Paper No. w22164
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 11 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2016
University of Maryland - Department of Economics, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Michigan State University - Department of Economics
Downloads 16 (583,024)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

4.

Gender and Corruption

IRIS Center Working Paper No. 232
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Feb 2001
Anand Swamy, Young Lee, Omar Azfar and Stephen Knack
Williams College, University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS), University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 1,601 (10,890)
Citation 14

Abstract:

Loading...

gender, corruption, women

5.

Measuring Corruption in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: A Critique of the Cross-Country Indicators

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3968
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 1,325 (14,671)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

Governance Indicators, Poverty Monitoring & Analysis, Scientific Research & Science Parks, Science Education, Corruption & Anitcorruption Law

6.

Building Trust: Public Policy, Interpersonal Trust, and Economic Development

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 May 2002
Stephen Knack and Paul J. Zak
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Claremont Graduate University - Center for Neuroeconomics Studies
Downloads 848 (28,355)
Citation 38

Abstract:

Loading...

Trust, Growth, Policy, Education, Inequality

7.

Aid Dependence and the Quality of Governance: A Cross-Country Empirical Analysis

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2396
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 421 (70,760)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Loading...

8.

Social Capital and the Quality of Government: Evidence from the United States

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2504
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 391 (77,178)
Citation 14

Abstract:

Loading...

9.

Aid Quality and Donor Rankings

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5290
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack, F. Halsey Rogers and Nicholas Eubank
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank and Vanderbilt Center for Study of Democratic Institutions
Downloads 338 (91,230)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Gender and Health, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, Economic Adjustment and Lending, Disability, Poverty Monitoring & Analysis

10.

The Worldwide Governance Indicators and Tautology: Causally Related Separable Concepts, Indicators of a Common Cause, or Both?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4669
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Laura Langbein and Stephen Knack
American University - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 334 (92,478)

Abstract:

Loading...

Governance Indicators, National Governance, Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures, Statistical & Mathematical Sciences, Information Security & Privacy

11.

Boondoggles and Expropriation: Rent-Seeking and Policy Distortion When Property Rights are Insecure

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2910
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Dec 2002
Philip Keefer and Stephen Knack
Inter-American Development Bank and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 331 (93,402)

Abstract:

Loading...

12.

Polarization, Politics, and Property Rights: Links between Inequality and Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2418
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Philip Keefer and Stephen Knack
Inter-American Development Bank and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 276 (113,808)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

13.

Social Capital and the Quality of Government: Evidence from the U.S. States

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2504
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 263 (119,653)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

National Governance, Economic Theory &Research, Poverty Assessment, Health Economics &Finance, Social Capital

14.

International Aid and Financial Crises in Donor Countries

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5162
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Hai-Anh Dang, Stephen Knack and F. Halsey Rogers
World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG), World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank
Downloads 253 (124,634)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Economic Conditions and Volatility, Labor Policies, Debt Markets, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, Banks & Banking Reform

15.

Donor Fragmentation and Bureaucratic Quality in Aid Recipients

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3186
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack and Aminur Rahman
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University College London
Downloads 242 (130,388)
Citation 5

Abstract:

Loading...

16.
Downloads 241 (130,952)
Citation 23

Foreign Aid and Market-Liberalizing Reform

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3557
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 22 Apr 2005
Jac C. Heckelman and Stephen Knack
Wake Forest University - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 240 (130,924)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

Foreign Aid and Market-Liberalizing Reform

Economica, Vol. 75, No. 299, pp. 524-548, August 2008
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 17 Jul 2008
Jac C. Heckelman and Stephen Knack
Wake Forest University - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 1 (703,156)
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...

17.

Individual and Country-Level Factors Affecting Support for Foreign Aid

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4714
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack and Pamela Paxton
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of Texas at Austin
Downloads 222 (141,826)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

Post Conflict Reconstruction, Gender and Health, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, Foreign Aid, Disability

18.

Social Polarization, Political Institutions, and Country Creditworthiness

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2920
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Philip Keefer and Stephen Knack
Inter-American Development Bank and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 153 (198,236)

Abstract:

Loading...

19.

Aid and Trust in Country Systems

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5005
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack and Nicholas Eubank
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Vanderbilt Center for Study of Democratic Institutions
Downloads 134 (220,856)

Abstract:

Loading...

Gender and Health, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, Economic Theory & Research, Disability, Microfinance

20.

Are Larger Countries Really More Corrupt?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2470
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Omar Azfar and Stephen Knack
University of Maryland - Center on Institutional Reform and the Informal Sector (IRIS) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 122 (237,280)

Abstract:

Loading...

21.

World Bank Lending and the Quality of Economic Policy

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6924
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Lodewijk Smets and Stephen Knack
KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 103 (269,531)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Banks & Banking Reform, Economic Adjustment and Lending, Economic Theory & Research, Debt Markets, Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures

22.

Donor Fragmentation and Bureaucratic Quality in Aid Recipients

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3186
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack and Aminur Rahman
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank
Downloads 93 (286,460)

Abstract:

Loading...

Public Health Promotion, Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Decentralization, Health Economics & Finance, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, ICT Policy and Strategies, Economic Adjustment and Lending

23.

Sovereign Rents and the Quality of Tax Policy and Administration

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4773
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 86 (300,853)

Abstract:

Loading...

24.

Interactions Among Donors'Aid Allocations: Evidence from an Exogenous World Bank Income Threshold

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7039
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack, Lixin Colin Xu and Ben Zou
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Michigan State University - Department of Economics
Downloads 73 (331,415)

Abstract:

Loading...

Fiscal & Monetary Policy, Public Sector Management and Reform, Non Governmental Organizations, Consumption, Economics and Institutions

25.

Deterring Kickbacks and Encouraging Entry in Public Procurement Markets: Evidence from Firm Surveys in 88 Developing Countries

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8078
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 13 Jun 2017
Stephen Knack, Nataliya Biletska and Kanishka Kacker
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank and World Bank
Downloads 69 (341,899)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Marketing, Non Governmental Organizations, Private Sector Economics, Economics and Institutions, Public Sector Management and Reform, Private Sector Development Law

Which Donors, Which Funds? The Choice of Multilateral Funds by Bilateral Donors at the World Bank

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7441
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
University of Cambridge, University of Zurich - Centre for Comparative and International Studies (CIS) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 35 (469,146)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Non Governmental Organizations, Public Sector Management and Reform, Economics and Institutions

Which Donors, Which Funds? The Choice of Multilateral Funds by Bilateral Donors at the World Bank

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 13 Jul 2014
University of Cambridge, University of Zurich - Centre for Comparative and International Studies (CIS) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 32 (483,842)

Abstract:

Loading...

Trust funds, multilateral funds, World Bank, aid allocation

27.

When Do Donors Trust Recipient Country Systems?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6019
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 63 (358,641)

Abstract:

Loading...

Gender and Health, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, Disability, Coastal and Marine Environment, Microfinance

28.

World Bank Policy Lending and the Quality of Public Sector Governance

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7267
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Lodewijk Smets and Stephen Knack
KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 59 (370,566)

Abstract:

Loading...

Public Sector Management and Reform, Economics and Institutions, Non Governmental Organizations

29.

Unbundling Institutions for External Finance: Worldwide Firm-Level Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7287
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack and Lixin Colin Xu
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 56 (380,098)

Abstract:

Loading...

Private Sector Economics, Marketing, Private Sector Development Law

30.

Aid Tying and Donor Fragmentation

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5934
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack and Lodewijk Smets
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS)
Downloads 56 (380,098)

Abstract:

Loading...

Gender and Health, Development Economics & Aid Effectiveness, Disability, School Health, Economic Theory & Research

31.

Poverty and Policy Selectivity of World Bank Trust Funds

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7731
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Jul 2016
Vera Z. Eichenauer and Stephen Knack
KOF Swiss Economic Institute at ETH Zurich and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 55 (383,326)

Abstract:

Loading...

Economics and Institutions, Public Sector Management and Reform, Conflict and Fragile States, Non Governmental Organizations

32.

Crossing the Threshold: An Analysis of Ibrd Graduation Policy

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5531
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Jac C. Heckelman, Stephen Knack and F. Halsey Rogers
Wake Forest University - Department of Economics, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank
Downloads 51 (396,531)

Abstract:

Loading...

Economic Theory & Research, Emerging Markets, Banks & Banking Reform, Labor Policies, Debt Markets

33.

Building or Bypassing Recipient Country Systems: Are Donors Defying the Paris Declaration?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6423
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 50 (399,924)

Abstract:

Loading...

Technology Industry, Gender and Health, Poverty Monitoring & Analysis, Microfinance, Public Sector Expenditure Policy

34.

The Correlation between Human Capital and Morality and its Effect on Economic Performance: Theory and Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5720
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
David J. Balan and Stephen Knack
U.S. Federal Trade Commission and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 37 (449,720)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Educational Sciences, Teaching and Learning, Economic Theory & Research, Ethics & Belief Systems, Statistical & Mathematical Sciences

35.

Political Ideology, Quality at Entry and the Success of Economic Reform Programs

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6130
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Lodewijk Smets, Stephen Knack and Nadia Molenaers
KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS), World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and University of Antwerp - Institute of Development Policy and Management
Downloads 33 (467,231)

Abstract:

Loading...

Economic Adjustment and Lending, Banks & Banking Reform, Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures, Economic Theory & Research, Debt Markets

36.

On the Delegation of Aid Implementation to Multilateral Agencies

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7455
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Kurt Annen and Stephen Knack
University of Guelph - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 27 (497,094)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

Public Sector Management and Reform, Economics and Institutions, Non Governmental Organizations

37.

It's Only Words: Validating the Cpia Governance Assessments

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6526
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Stephen Knack
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 21 (531,628)

Abstract:

Loading...

Regional Economic Development, Banks & Banking Reform, National Governance, Governance Indicators, E-Business

38.

Taxation Without Representation? Experimental Evidence from Ghana and Uganda on Citizen Action Toward Taxes, Oil, and Aid

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8137
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 24 Jul 2017
Princeton University - Department of Political Science, Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Brigham Young University and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 19 (543,728)

Abstract:

Loading...

Public Finance Decentralization and Poverty Reduction, Macro-Fiscal Policy, Public Sector Economics, Global Environment, Economic Adjustment and Lending, Non Governmental Organizations, Taxation & Subsidies, Economics and Institutions, Public Sector Management and Reform

39.

Better Policies from Policy-Selective Aid?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8889
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 06 Aug 2019
Kurt Annen and Stephen Knack
University of Guelph - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 11 (593,831)

Abstract:

Loading...

Global Environment, Coastal and Marine Resources, Energy and Natural Resources, International Trade and Trade Rules, Inequality, Social Protections & Assistance

40.

Aid, Economic Freedom, and Growth

Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 46-53, January 2009
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Jan 2009
Jac C. Heckelman and Stephen Knack
Wake Forest University - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 3 (648,643)
  • Add to Cart

Abstract:

Loading...

41.

Does Social Capital Have an Economic Payoff? A Cross-Country Investigation

Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. CXII, Issue 4 (November 1997)
Posted: 24 Jun 1998
Stephen Knack and Philip Keefer
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Inter-American Development Bank

Abstract:

Loading...