Christoph B. Graber

University of Zurich, Faculty of Law

Professor of Law, PhD (Law)

Treichlerstrasse 10

Zurich, 8032

Switzerland

http://www.ius.uzh.ch/en/staff/professorships/alphabetical/graber/person.html

Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society, Harvard University

Faculty Associate

Harvard Law School

23 Everett, 2nd Floor

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

https://cyber.harvard.edu/people/cgraber

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

38

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6,129

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Top 19,528

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18

CROSSREF CITATIONS

31

Scholarly Papers (38)

Collective Rights Management, Competition Policy and Cultural Diversity: EU Lawmaking at a Crossroads

University of Lucerne, Switzerland, i-call Working Paper Series No. 2012/04
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Oct 2012
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 487 (64,125)
Citation 3

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copyright, collective rights management, directive, European Commission, collective management organisations, copyright licences, one-stop shop, competition law, cultural diversity

Collective Rights Management, Competition Policy and Cultural Diversity: EU Lawmaking at a Crossroads

The WIPO Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 35-43, 2012
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 10 Feb 2013
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 235 (145,388)

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copyright, collective rights management, directive, European Commission, collective management organisations, copyright licences, one-stop shop, competition law, cultural diversity

2.

Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions in a Digital Environment

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TRADITIONAL CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS IN A DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT, Christoph Beat Graber, Mira Burri Nenova, eds., Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2008
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2017
Christoph B. Graber and Mira Burri
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and University of Lucerne
Downloads 404 (81,159)

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3.

The Protection and Promotion of Cultural Diversity in a Digital Networked Environment: Mapping Possible Advances to Coherence

THE PROSPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE REGULATION, , pp. 359-393, Thomas Cottier & Panagiotis Delimatsis, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2011, NCCR Trade Regulation Working Paper No. 2009/36
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 31 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2012
Mira Burri, Christoph B. Graber and Thomas Steiner
University of Lucerne, University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and University of Luzern – i-call (International Communications and Art Law Lucerne) Research Centre
Downloads 277 (123,455)

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Trade, culture, cultural diversity, the WTO, the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, digital media

4.

Trade and Culture

THE MAX PLANCK ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW, Rüdiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 25 Aug 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 264 (129,867)

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International Trade, Culture, Cultural Diversity, Film Industry, Screen Quotas, Audiovisual Media, WTO, GATT, GATS, UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity

5.

State Aid for Digital Games and Cultural Diversity: A Critical Reflection in Light of EU and WTO Law

GOVERNANCE OF DIGITAL GAME ENVIRONMENTS AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY: TRANSDISCIPLINARY ENQUIRIES, Christoph Beat Graber and Mira Burri Nenova, eds., pp. 170-201, Edward Elgar, 2010, NCCR Trade Regulation Working Paper No. 8
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 02 May 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 264 (129,867)

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Digital games, state aid, trade, culture, cultural diversity, EU and WTO law

6.

Traditional Cultural Expressions in a Matrix of Copyright, Cultural Diversity and Human Rights

NEW DIRECTIONS IN COPYRIGHT LAW, Vol. 5, pp. 45-71, Fiona Macmillan, ed., Edward Elgar, Cheltenham/UK, 2007
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 17 Feb 2009
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 225 (152,121)

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Traditional Cultural Expressions, Intellectual Property, Copyright, Human Rights

7.

Art and Money: Constitutional Rights in the Private Sphere?

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 18, 1998, p. 61-73
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 20 Feb 2009
Christoph B. Graber and Gunther Teubner
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität
Downloads 220 (155,369)
Citation 5

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legal sociology, systems theory, freedom of art, constitutional rights in the private sphere, business sponsorship

8.

Substantive Rights and Obligations Under the UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity

PROTECTION OF CULTURAL DIVERSITY FROM AN INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE, Hildegard Schneider and Peter van den Bossche, eds., Antwerp, 2008
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 09 Jul 2009
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 213 (160,089)
Citation 1

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UNESCO Convention, CCD, Diversity of Cultural Expressions, cultural diversity, protectionist measure, conciliation mechanism, Intergovernmental Committee

9.

Trade Liberalisation and Cultural Policy

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 115-144, 2000
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 18 Dec 2008
Christoph B. Graber and Mary E. Footer
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and University of Nottingham School of Law
Downloads 213 (160,089)

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Cultural Policy, Trade Liberalisation, WTO, Globalisation, Cultural Diversity

10.

Copyright and Access - A Human Rights Perspective

DIGITAL RIGHTS MANAGEMENT: THE END OF COLLECTING SOCIETIES, Christoph Beat Graber, Carlo Govoni, Michael Girsberger, Mira Nenova, eds., Bern: Staempfli Publishers, pp. 71-110, 2005
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 01 Jun 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 189 (178,954)
Citation 1

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Copyright, human rights, collecting societies, freedom of expression, intellectual freedom, digital rights managements systems, cultural information

11.

Bottom-Up Constitutionalism: The Case of Net Neutrality

Transnational Legal Theory, 7 (04), pp. 524–552 doi/10.1080/20414005.2017.1300678, University of Zurich i-call Working Paper No. 2017/01.
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 05 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 07 May 2017
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 177 (189,619)
Citation 1

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Transnational constitutionalism, digital networks, net neutrality, legal sociology, sociological systems theory

12.

The Future of Online Content Personalisation: Technology, Law and Digital Freedoms

University of Zurich, i-call Working Paper Series No. 2016/01
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 06 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2016
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 174 (192,498)
Citation 3

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Tracking, personalisation, algorithms, echo chambers, transnational legal theory, dispositive, regulation by code, societal constitutionalism.

13.

Audiovisual Media and the Law of the WTO

FREE TRADE VERSUS CULTURAL DIVERSITY: WTO NEGOTIATIONS IN THE FIELD OF AUDIOVISUAL SERVICES, Christoph Beat Graber, Michael Girsberger, Mira Nenova, eds., pp. 15-64, Zurich: Schulthess, 2004
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2013
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 166 (200,434)
Citation 1

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Audiovisual Media, WTO, GATT, GATS, Cultural Exception, Cultural Diversity, Trade Liberalisation

14.

Can Modern Law Safeguard Archaic Cultural Expressions? Observations from a Legal Sociology Perspective

TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE, TRADITIONAL CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION, Christoph Antons, ed, pp. 159-176. Kluwer Law International, NCCR Trade Working Paper No. 2007/09
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2012
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 162 (204,626)

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Traditional Cultural Expressions, TCE, Copyrights, Collision Norms, Human Rights

15.

WTO: A Threat to European Films?

ACTAS DEL v. CONGRESO 'CULTURA EUROPEA', Enrique Banús, Beatriz Elío, eds., pp. 865-878, Elcano: Aranzadi, 2000
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 01 Jun 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 157 (210,192)

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European films, Cultural exception, cultural quotas, WTO, GATS, GATT, protectionism, art house films, globalisation, anti-competition, market failure, cultural diversity, cultural plurality

16.

Internet Creativity, Communicative Freedom and a Constitutional Rights Theory Response to 'Code is Law'

TRANSNATIONAL CULTURE IN THE INTERNET AGE, Sean Pager and Adam Candeub, eds, pp. 135-164, Edward Elgar, 2012, i-call Working Paper No. 2010/03
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 25 May 2014
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 146 (223,139)
Citation 2

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Content filtering, copyright, Internet creativity, communicative freedom, constitutional rights

17.

Governance of Digital Game Environments and Cultural Diversity: Transdisciplinary Enquiries

GOVERNANCE OF DIGITAL GAME ENVIRONMENTS AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY: TRANSDISCIPLINARY ENQUIRIES, Christoph Beat Graber and Mira Burri-Nenova, ed., Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Feb 2010
Christoph B. Graber and Mira Burri
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and University of Lucerne
Downloads 134 (238,948)

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digital games and virtual worlds, governance, cultural diversity

18.

Preface to 'Intellectual Property and Traditional Cultural Expressions in a Digital Environment'

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TRADITIONAL CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS IN A DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT, Christoph Beat Graber, Mira Burri Nenova, eds., Edward Elgar 2008
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 06 Nov 2008
Christoph B. Graber and Mira Burri
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and University of Lucerne
Downloads 134 (238,948)

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digital media, traditional cultural expressions, intellectual property, human rights, cultural diversity

19.

Zwischen Geist und Geld – Interferenzen von Kunst und Wirtschaft aus rechtlicher Sicht (Between Soul and Money – Interferences of Art and Economy from a Legal Perspective)

Baden-Baden, Nomos Publishing, 1994
Number of pages: 246 Posted: 31 May 2012 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2013
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 132 (241,766)

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freedom of art, systems theory, free speech, freedom of expression, legal sociology

20.

Collecting Societies - Not Yet 'Six Feet Under'

INDICARE Monitor, Vol. 1, No 4, September 2004
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 20 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2010
Christoph B. Graber, Mira Burri and Michael Girsberger
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law, University of Lucerne and University of Lucerne
Downloads 132 (241,766)
Citation 2

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collecting societies, cultural diversity, digital rights management, DRM

21.

Intellectual Property: Law in Context

in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, pp. 266-272, Elsevier, 2015, i-call Working Paper No. 2014/01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 28 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2017
Christoph B. Graber and Jessica C. Lai
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and Victoria University of Wellington
Downloads 131 (243,176)
Citation 1

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Intellectual property, copyright, patent law, trade marks, technology, techno-social, propertisation, globalization, territoriality, constitutionalisation, software, internet, biotechnology

22.

Aboriginal Self-Determination vs. the Propertisation of Traditional Culture: The Case of Sacred Wanjina Sites

Australian Indigenous Law Review, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 18-34, 2009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 11 May 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 128 (247,584)
Citation 1

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Australian Aborigines, Intellectual Property, Native Title, Cultural Heritage, Propertisation, Shared Sovereignties

23.

Artificial Intelligence, Affordances and Fundamental Rights

Mireille Hildebrandt and Kieron O’Hara (eds), Life and the Law in the Era of Data-Driven Agency, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2020, 194-213., University of Zurich i-call Working Paper No. 02 (2018), Zurich, Switzerland: University of Zurich
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 08 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2020
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 114 (269,601)

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Artificial Intelligence, affordance theory, technological drama, normative expectations, constitutionalisation

24.

The Hertel Case and the Distinction between Commercial and Non-Commercial Speech

HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE, Thomas Cottier, Joost Pauwelyn, Elisabeth Bürgli Bonanomi, eds., pp. 273-278, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 01 Jun 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 113 (271,383)
Citation 1

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Human rights, commercial speech, non-commercial speech, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention of Human Rights, freedom of expression, unfair competition

25.

Wanjina and Wunggurr: The Propertisation of Aboriginal Rock Art Under Australian Law

SOZIOLOGISCHE JURISPRUDENZ. FESTSCHRIFT FÜR GUNTHER TEUBNER ZUM 65. GEBURTSTAG, pp. 275-297, Gralf-Peter Caliess, Andreas Fischer-Lescano, Dan Wielsch and Peer Zumbansen, eds., De Gruyter, May 2009
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 May 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 112 (273,072)

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Australian Aborigines, Intellectual Property, Native Title, Cultural Heritage, Traditional Cultural Expression, Propertisation, Shared Sovereignties, UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, WIPO

26.

Traditional Knowledge at the International Level: Current Approaches and Proposals for a Bigger Picture that Include Cultural Diversity

RECHT DES LÄNDLICHEN RAUMS. FESTGABE DER UNIVERSITÄT LUZERN FÜR PAUL RICHLI ZUM 60. GEBURTSTAG, pp. 243-282, Hansjörg Seiler and Jörg Schmid, eds., Zurich: Schulthess, 2006
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 15 May 2010 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2014
Christoph B. Graber and Martin A. Girsberger
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IGE)
Downloads 112 (273,072)

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traditional knowledge, traditional cultural expressions, WIPO, UNESCO, WTO, CBD, fragmentation of international law, cultural diversity

27.

Stimulating Trade and Development of Indigenous Cultural Heritage by Means of International Law: Issues of Legitimacy and Method

INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN INDIGENOUS CULTURAL HERITAGE: LEGAL AND POLICY ISSUES, Christoph B. Graber, Karolina Kuprecht, Jessica C. Lai, eds., Edward Elgar, 2012, International Communications and Art Law Lucerne Working Paper No. 2012-01
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2013
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 110 (276,528)

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Indigenous knowledge, trade and development, international law, preferential trade rules, methodology

28.

Indigenous Cultural Heritage and Fair Trade: Voluntary Certification Standards in the Light of WIPO and WTO Law and Policymaking

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ INNOVATION. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PATHWAYS TO DEVELOPMENT, Peter Drahos and Susy Frankel, eds, pp. 95-119. Canberra: ANU E Press, 2012, Prometheus, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 287-308, I-call Working Paper No. 2011/01
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2013
Christoph B. Graber and Jessica C. Lai
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and Victoria University of Wellington
Downloads 108 (280,086)

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Indigenous cultural heritage, fair trade, Fairtrade, voluntary certification, WTO, WIPO

29.

Institutionalization of Creativity in Traditional Societies and in International Trade Law

CREATIVITY, LAW AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP, Shubha Ghosh et al, eds, pp. 234-263, Edward Elgar, I-call Working Paper No. 2010/01
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2013
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 94 (307,239)

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Indigenous peoples, creativity, indigenous heritage, traditional cultural expression, traditional knowledge, institutionalization, proceduralization, international trade law, WTO, TRIPS, GATT, GATS, preferential treatment, UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

30.

Is There Potential for Collective Rights Management at the Global Level? Perspectives of a New Global Constitutionalism in the Creative Sector

Susy Frankel and Daniel Gervais (eds), The Evolution and Equilibrium of Copyright in the Digital Age, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge UK, 2014, pp. 241-268.
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2016
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 90 (315,686)

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intellectual property, collective rights management, copyright licensing, open markets, cultural diversity, civil constitutionalism

31.

Is Digital Text-Watermarking the Long-Desired User Friendly Digital Rights Management? Copyright and Fundamental Values from a Comparative Perspective

European Intellectual Property Review, published by Sweet & Maxwell, 2016.
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 16 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2016
Jessica C. Lai and Christoph B. Graber
Victoria University of Wellington and University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 85 (327,229)
Citation 1

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digital text-watermarking, copyright enforcement, intellectual property protection, individualisation of work copies

32.

The New Unesco Convention on Cultural Diversity: A Counterbalance to the WTO?

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 9, Issue 3, pp. 553-574, 2006
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 29 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 82 (334,435)
Citation 3

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UNESCO Convention on Cultural Diversity, WTO, International Trade, Culture, Cultural Diversity

33.

Introduction to Legal Sociology in Switzerland

Introduction to Swiss Law, Marc Thommen ed, pp. 109-134, Berlin and Bern: Carl Grossmann, DOI: 10.24921/2018.94115924.05, University of Zurich i-call Working Paper, No. 2017/04
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 31 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2018
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 81 (336,898)

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Legal sociology, systems theory, political autonomy, personalisation, Admeira, public service broadcasting

34.

Using Human Rights to Tackle Fragmentation in the Field of Traditional Cultural Expressions: An Institutional Approach

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TRADITIONAL CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS IN A DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT, Christoph B. Graber, Mira Burri-Nenova, eds., pp. 96-120, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 2008
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 16 Nov 2012
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 76 (349,587)

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human rights, traditional cultural expressions, TCEs, CCPR, CESCR, procedural approach

35.

Preface to 'Governance of Digital Game Environments and Cultural Diversity'

GOVERNANCE OF DIGITAL GAME ENVIRONMENTS AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY: TRANSDISCIPLINARY ENQUIRIES, Christoph Beat Graber, Mira Burri Nenova, eds., pp. 13-15, Edward Elgar, 2010
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 03 May 2010
Christoph B. Graber and Mira Burri
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law and University of Lucerne
Downloads 59 (399,458)

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Digital games, cultural diversity, governance of digital games

36.

Freedom and Affordances of the Net

Washington University Jurisprudence Review 10(2) 2018, University of Zurich, i-call Working Paper, No. 05/2017
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 08 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2018
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 44 (454,354)

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Affordances, Law and Society, Sociological Systems Theory, Niklas Luhmann, Science and Technology Studies, Fundamental Rights Theory, Internet

37.

Tethered Technologies, Cloud Strategies and the Future of the First Sale/Exhaustion Defence in Copyright Law

Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property, Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 389–408
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 30 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2017
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 43 (458,505)

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intellectual property, Internet, cloud strategies, digital exhaustion, first sale, private copyright enforcement

38.

Preferential Treatment for 'European Film' is Not a Valid Policy Goal

ACTAS DEL VI CONGRESO "CULTURA EUROPEA", Enrique Banús, Beatriz Elío, eds., pp. 33-35, Pamplona: Thomson, 2002
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 02 Jun 2010
Christoph B. Graber
University of Zurich, Faculty of Law
Downloads 42 (462,623)

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Cultural exception, European films, cultural quotas, WTO, GATS, protectionism, art house films, globalisation, cultural diversity