John R. Walter

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond

P.O. Box 27622

Richmond, VA 23261

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

34

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1,877

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 12,022

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13

CROSSREF CITATIONS

77

Scholarly Papers (34)

1.

Depression-Era Bank Failures: The Great Contagion or the Great Shakeout?

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 91, no. 1, Winter 2005, pp. 39-54
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Dec 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 233 (143,872)
Citation 1

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2.

Loan Loss Reserves

FRB Richmond Economic Review, vol. 77, no. 4, July/August 1991, pp. 20-30
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 Nov 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 227 (147,564)
Citation 2

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3.

The Consolidation of Financial Regulation: Pros, Cons, and Implications for the United States

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 95, no. 2, Spring 2009, pp. 121-160
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Dec 2012
Sabrina Pellerin, John R. Walter and Patricia Wescott
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 169 (193,138)

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4.

Not Your Father's Credit Union

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 92, no. 4, Fall 2006, pp. 353-377
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 08 Dec 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 130 (239,432)
Citation 2

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5.

Did the Financial Reforms of the Early 1990s Fail? A Comparison of Bank Failures and FDIC Losses in the 1986-92 and 2007-13 Periods

FRB Richmond Working Paper No. 15-05
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 13 Aug 2015
Eliana Balla, Edward S. Prescott and John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 125 (246,639)

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6.

Orderly Liquidation Authority as an Alternative to Bankruptcy

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 98, no. 1, First Quarter 2012, pp. 1-31
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 Dec 2012
Sabrina Pellerin and John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 114 (263,897)
Citation 1

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7.

mREITs and Their Risks

FRB Richmond Working Paper No. 13-19R
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 21 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 28 Dec 2013
Sabrina Pellerin, Steven Sabol and John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 92 (304,951)

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Real estate investment trusts, REITs, systemic risk, maturity transformation, shadow banks

8.

The Fair Lending Laws and Their Enforcement

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 81, no. 4, Fall 1995, pp. 61-77
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 15 Nov 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 75 (345,034)

Abstract:

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9.

The Consolidation of Financial Market Regulation: Pros, Cons, and Implications for the United States

FRB Richmond Working Paper No. 09-8
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 12 Dec 2012
Sabrina Pellerin, John R. Walter and Patricia Wescott
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 72 (352,977)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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regulatory reform, financial regulatory consolidation

10.

Pooling or Purchase: A Merger Mystery

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 85, no. 1, Winter 1999, pp. 27-46
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Nov 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 63 (378,884)

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11.

A Comparison of Small Bank Failures and FDIC Losses in the 1986–92 and 2007–13 Banking Crises

FRB of Cleveland Working Paper No. 17-19
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 04 Dec 2017
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, University of Maryland, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 53 (411,642)

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bank regulation, bank failures, Prompt Corrective Action, FDIC losses

12.
Downloads 53 (411,642)
Citation 11

How Large Has the Federal Financial Safety Net Become?

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 96, no. 3, Third Quarter 2010, pp. 273-290
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 16 Dec 2012
Nadezhda Malysheva and John R. Walter
Independent and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 41 (466,878)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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How Large Has the Federal Financial Safety Net Become?

FRB Richmond Working Paper No. 10-03
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 15 Dec 2012
Nadezhda Malysheva and John R. Walter
Independent and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 12 (645,437)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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safety net, deposit insurance, too big to fail

13.

Us Bank Capital Regulation: History and Changes Since the Financial Crisis

Economic Quarterly, Issue 1Q, pp. 1-40, 2019
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 12 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2020
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 50 (422,267)
Citation 4

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capital requirements, bank capital

14.

Firewalls

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 82, no. 4, Fall 1996, pp. 15-39
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 17 Nov 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 43 (449,123)

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15.

Closing Troubled Banks: How the Process Works

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 90, no. 1, Winter 2004, pp. 51-68
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 42 (453,175)

Abstract:

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16.

Top Performing Small Banks: Making Money the Old-Fashioned Way

FRB Richmond Economic Review, Vol. 75, No. 6, November/December 1989, pp. 23-35
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 03 Nov 2012
Benton E. Gup and John R. Walter
University of Alabama - Culverhouse College of Commerce & Business Administration and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 39 (465,954)

Abstract:

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17.

Monetary Aggregates: A User's Guide

FRB Richmond Economic Review, Vol. 75, No. 1, January/February 1989, pp. 20-28
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 02 Nov 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 36 (479,224)

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18.

Antitrust Analysis in Banking: Goals, Methods, and Justifications in a Changed Environment

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, Vol. 94, No. 1, Winter 2008, pp. 45-72
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 Dec 2012
John R. Walter and Patricia Wescott
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 31 (503,054)
Citation 2

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19.

The 3-6-3 Rule: An Urban Myth?

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 92, no. 1, Winter 2006, pp. 51-78
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 08 Dec 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 30 (508,364)

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20.

On the Measurement of Large Financial Firm Resolvability

FRB Richmond Working Paper No. 18-6
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 05 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2020
Arantxa Jarque, John R. Walter and Jackson Evert
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 29 (513,625)

Abstract:

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resolution, bankruptcy, financial regulation, safety net

21.

Banking and Commerce: Tear Down this Wall?

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, Vol. 89, No. 2, Spring 2003, pp. 7-31
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 21 (561,136)

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22.

Private Efforts for Affordable Mortgage Lending Before Fannie and Freddie

Economic Quarterly, Issue Q4, pp. 321-351, 2016
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 12 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2020
David Price and John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 20 (567,421)

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mortgage, lending, mortgage securitization, life insurance, building and loan

23.

What Can Price Theory Say About the Community Reinvestment Act?

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 88, no. 2, Spring 2002, pp. 1-27
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 02 Dec 2012
Robert Lacy and John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 19 (574,003)

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24.

Can a Safety Net Subsidy Be Contained?

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 84, no. 1, Winter 1998, pp. 1-20
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 21 Nov 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 17 (586,888)

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25.

Fifth District Bank Performance 1989

FRB Richmond Economic Review, vol. 76, no. 4, July/August 1990, pp. 20-30
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 Nov 2012
John R. Walter and Donald Welker
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Independent
Downloads 12 (620,664)

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26.

A Review of Bank Performance in the Fifth District, 1986

FRB Richmond Economic Review, vol. 73, no. 4, July/August 1987, pp. 29-37
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 27 Oct 2012
David Mengle and John R. Walter
International Swaps and Derivatives Association and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 12 (620,664)

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27.

Short-Term Municipal Securities

Economic Review, Vol. 72, No. 6, November/December 1986, pp. 25-34
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 Oct 2012
John R. Walter
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 11 (627,579)

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28.

Fifth District Banks' Return on Assets: Highest in Decade

FRB Richmond Economic Review, Vol. 75, No. 3, May/June 1989, pp. 16-22
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Nov 2012
John R. Walter and Donald Welker
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and Independent
Downloads 10 (634,473)

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29.

Were Bank Examiners Too Strict with New England and California Banks?

FRB Richmond Economic Quarterly, vol. 80, no. 4, Fall 1994, pp. 25-47
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Nov 2012
Robert Darin and John R. Walter
Independent and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 9 (641,576)

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30.

A Review of Bank Performance in the Fifth District, 1987

FRB Richmond Economic Review, vol. 74, no. 4, July/August 1988, pp. 13-18
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 31 Oct 2012
John R. Walter and David Mengle
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and International Swaps and Derivatives Association
Downloads 9 (641,576)

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31.

A Review of Bank Performance in the Fifth District, 1985

Economic Review, Vol. 72, No. 4, July/August 1986, pp. 25-33
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 24 Oct 2012
David Mengle and John R. Walter
International Swaps and Derivatives Association and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 9 (641,576)

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32.

A Review of Bank Performance in the Fifth District, 1984

Economic Review, vol. 71, no. 4, July/August 1985, pp. 12-22
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Oct 2012
David Mengle and John R. Walter
International Swaps and Derivatives Association and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
Downloads 9 (641,576)

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33.

The Competition for Transaction Accounts

FRB Richmond Economic Review, Vol. 68, No. 2, March/April 1982, pp. 2-20
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 24 Aug 2012
John R. Walter and Walter Varvel
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 8 (648,791)

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34.

A Review of Bank Performance in the Fifth District, 1982

FRB Richmond Economic Review, Vol. 69, No. 4, July/August 1983, pp. 3-11
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 24 Aug 2012
John R. Walter and F. McCarthy
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 5 (670,499)

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