Ravinder Rena

Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Head of Economics

Private Mail Bag 411

Lae, Morobe 411

Papua New Guinea

http://www.unitech.ac.pg

Polytechnic of Namibia

Professor of Economics

13 Storch Street

Private Bag 13388

Windhoek, Khomas 13388

Namibia

http://www.polytechnic.edu.na

University of the Western Cape

Prof Ravinder Rena

Private Bag X 17

Economics, Faculty of Economic and Management Scie

Bellville, Western Cape 7535

South Africa

http://www.uwc.ac.za

North-West University

Professor

Hoffman Street

Potchefstroom , 2520

South Africa

http://www.nwu.ac.za

Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Head of Economics, Department of Business Studies

Private Mail Bag Lae 411

Lae, Morobe

Papua New Guinea

http://www.unitech.ac.pg

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

72

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CITATIONS
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78

Scholarly Papers (72)

1.

The Child Labour in Developing Countries: A Challenge to Millennium Development Goals

Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 1-8, Spring 2009
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 16 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 695 (35,373)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Child labour, MDGs, Poverty, developing countries, UN Convention on the Child Rights, education

2.

Factors Affecting the Enrollment and the Retention of Students at Primary Education in Andhra Pradesh - A Village Level Study

Essays in Education, Vol. 22, pp. 102-112, Fall 2007
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 01 Jun 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 588 (44,260)

Abstract:

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Primary Education, Enrolment, Retention, India, Errabelly, Andhra Pradesh

3.

Gender Disparity in Education - An Eritrean Perspective

The Global Child Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 43-49, 2005
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 406 (70,274)
Citation 6

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Gender, Education, Eritrea, Education for All, Inequality, Dakar Framework, Warsay Yikeallo

4.

Poverty and Microfinance in Eritrea - A Discourse

The Global Journal of Finance and Economics, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 147-161, September 2007
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 29 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena and Dr. Ghirmai T. Kefela
Papua New Guinea University of Technology and DTAG Inc.
Downloads 349 (83,770)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Poverty, Eritrea, agriculture extension, agriculture technology, Microfinance

5.

Green Revolution: Indian Agricultural Experience - A Paradigm for Eritrea

Eritrean Studies Review, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp.103-130, 2004
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2014
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 338 (86,902)
Citation 7

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Green Revolution, Agriculture and Technology, India, Eritrea, Food Security

6.

Child Rights' Convention and Its Implementation

Indian Ocean Digest, Vol. 22, Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 1-11, January-December, 2007
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 27 Dec 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 308 (96,324)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Poverty, Child labour, child soldier, Child rights' convention, Africa, India

7.

Premarital Sex - Lessons from American Experience

The Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, Vol.11, No.1, pp.134-145, 2006
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 08 Jan 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 288 (103,563)

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Youth, Society, Culture, Pre-marital sex, Schools and Colleges

8.

Women's Enterprise Development in Eritrea through Microfinance

The ICFAI University Journal of Entrepreneurship and Development, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 41-58, September 2008
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 31 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 284 (105,127)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Eritrea, Microfinance, Women entrepreneurs, poverty, economic development

9.

WTO and Agriculture Trade Liberalization - A Focus on China

Madhya Pradesh Journal of Social Sciences, Vol.11, No.1, pp.72-78
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 27 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 279 (107,115)
Citation 1

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WTO, Agriculture trade, China, Doha round of Talks, Global market. India

10.

Higher Education in Africa - A Case of Eritrea

Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 125-140, April 2007
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 28 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 241 (124,683)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Higher Education, Africa, Eritrea, Human capital, economic growth, poverty

11.

Education and Human Resource Development in Post-Independent Eritrea - An Explanatory Note

International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Commutation Technology (IJEDICT), Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 67-81, 2006
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 224 (134,086)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Education, Human Resource, Development, Eritrea, Technical education

12.

Eritrean Education - Retrospect and Prospect

Journal of Humanities and Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp.1-12, 2005
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 23 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 218 (137,610)
Citation 11

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Education, Eritrea, economic development, economic growth, educational history

13.

Historical Development of Money and Banking in Eritrea from the Axumite Kingdom to the Present

African and Asian Studies, Vol. 6, Nos. 1-2, pp. 135-153, June 2007
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 28 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 217 (138,221)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Money, Banking, Eritrea, historical development, Banking institutions

14.

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Poverty and Education in Africa

Accountancy Business and Public Interest, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 92-104, January 2008
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 29 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 213 (140,704)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Poverty, Education, HIV/AIDS, Africa, Children, Women, Government

15.

Agriculture Development and Food Security Policy in Eritrea - An Analysis

African Journal of Food Agriculture, Nutrition and Development (AJFAND), Vol.7, No. 5, pp.1-17, August 2007
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 190 (156,515)

Abstract:

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Agriculture, Food Security, Food Policy

16.

Financing Education and Development in Eritrea - Some Implications

Manpower Journal, Vol. 43, No. 1, pp. 73-97, 2008
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 29 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 167 (175,590)
Citation 5

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Higher Education, Economic Development, Unit costs, Eritrea, Africa, Human capital

17.

Challenges for Food Security in Eritrea - A Descriptive and Qualitative Analysis

African Development Review, Vol.17, No.2, pp.193-212
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 160 (182,069)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Agriculture, Food security, Food policy, Poverty, Eritrea, Drought

18.

Trends and Determinants of Poverty in the Horn of Africa - Some Implications

Indian Journal of Social Development - An International Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 65-77, June 2007
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 156 (186,019)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Poverty, Horn of Africa, Challenges, Sustainable Development, Drought, Pastoralists

19.

Developing Countries and Their Participation in the WTO in Making Trade Policy - An Analysis

Indian Journal of Social Development (An International Journal), Vol.6, No.2, pp.143-156
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 153 (189,120)
Citation 3

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Developing countries, WTO, GATT, Trade Policy Doha Conference, Tariff

20.

The Internet in Tertiary Education in Africa - Recent Trends

International Journal of Computing and ICT Research (IJCIR), Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 9-16, June 2008
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 06 Feb 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 146 (196,496)

Abstract:

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Tertiary education, ICT development, Africa, satellite, Internet

21.

Insurance Industry in Eritrea - Achievements and Challenges

Osmania Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 140-146, June 2007
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 01 Jun 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 139 (204,456)

Abstract:

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Eritrea, Insurance Industry, challenges and achievements, African insurance

22.

War-Torn Eritrean Economy - Some Issues and Trends

Man and Development, Vol. 29, No.1, pp.171-181, March 2007
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 135 (209,317)

Abstract:

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War Torn Eritrean Economy, Economic growth, Human Development, Economic Integration

23.

Enhancing Productivity, Efficiency and International Competitiveness of Indian Economy

International Journal of Management Research and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 33-45, June 2008
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 11 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 118 (232,037)

Abstract:

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Indian Economy, Trends and Issues, Poverty, Agriculture, Economic Reforms

24.

WTO and Agricultural Trade - Some Issues and Perspectives

KASBIT Journal of Business, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 49-60, Fall 2008
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 24 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 115 (236,554)

Abstract:

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WTO, Agriculture tariff, GATT, Market access, developing countries, quotas

25.

Education and Youth in Post-Independent Eritrea - An Analytical Study

African Symposium, Vol. 6, Nos. 3 & 4, pp. 85-94, September/December 2006
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 106 (250,531)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Education, Youth, Eritrea, Social change and Development, Human capital

26.

Emerging Eritrean Agriculture in Accordance with Global Competition: A Case Study on Elabered Estate

Osmania Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 1 & 2, pp. 34-44, 2004
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 92 (275,220)
Citation 1

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Agriculture, Eritrea, Global Competition, Elabered Estate

27.

Education in Eritrea: Developmental Challenges

International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 41-53, June 2008
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Dec 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 89 (281,072)

Abstract:

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Education, Eritrea, Human capital and Economic development, Economic growth, Gender inequality.

28.

The Women Employment in Eritrea - Reflections from Pre and Post-Independence Period

The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 357-370, April-June 2007
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 85 (289,287)

Abstract:

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Eritrea, Women employment, Empowerment, Economic development, education

29.

Value-Based Education for Human Development - Eritrean Perspective

Essays in Education, Vol. 18, pp. 1-7, 2006
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 26 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 82 (295,628)
Citation 2

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Value Education, Human Development, Eritrea, Teachers and students, Good citizen

30.

Higher Education Trends in Eritrea

International Higher Education, Vol. 51, No. 2, pp. 12-13, Spring 2008
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 27 Dec 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 80 (299,959)

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Higher education, finance, Eritrea, Asmara University, Human resources

31.

Global Economic Imbalances - A Focus on African Economy

Bharatiya Samajik Chintan, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 15-20, June 2007
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 01 Jun 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 79 (302,237)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Global Economy, Imbalances, African Economy, Monetary policy, Development

32.

Challenges in Introducing Distance Education Programme in Eritrea: Some Observations and Implications

Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 191-205, 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 28 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 77 (306,857)

Abstract:

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Distance Education, Eritrea, Ministry of Education, Asmara University

33.

Women and Economic Emancipation in Eritrea - Some Observations

Gender and Behaviour, Vol. 5. No. 1, pp. 1082-1088, June 2007
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 27 Dec 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 76 (309,187)
Citation 1

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Women, Empowerment, Economy, Eritrea, NUEW, Freedom struggle

34.

Warsai-Yikeaalo Program and Its Impact in Post War Eritrea - A Development Perspective

Asian African Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 99-109, June 2008
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Nov 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 74 (314,019)

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Warsai-Yikeaalo PrJogram, Eritrea, Economic development, Agriculture, Industry, Tourism, education

35.

Sectoral Performance in the African Economy - Some Issues and Trends

Indus Journal of Management & Social Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-14, Spring 2008
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 29 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 73 (316,481)

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African Economy, MDGS, Financial System, Crude Oil, Human Development

36.

Financing of Education in Eritrea - A Case Study of Zoba Maekel

The African Symposium, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 113-128, 2005
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 72 (318,824)
Citation 7

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Educational investment, Human capital, Eritrea, Economic development

37.

Challenges for Higher Education in Eritrea in the Post-Independent Period to the Present - A Case of Asmara University

Argentine Working Paper No.14
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 69 (326,294)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Higher education, Eritrea, Asmara University, Colonial period, Educational development

38.

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Women in Africa: A Case Study on Eritrea

Icfai Journal of Applied Economics, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 120-129, January 2008
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 10 Jan 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 65 (336,806)
Citation 2

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HIV/AIDS, Pandemic, Africa, Eritrea, women, human capital, economy

39.

Distance Education and its Potential for the Red Sea Nation, Eritrea: A Discourse

Australian Journal of Adult Learning, Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 492-519, November 2007
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 64 (339,490)

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Distance Education, Eritrea, Potential, Ministry of Education, UNISA

40.

Education in Post-Independent Eritrea - A Brief Description

Experiments in Education, Vol. XXXIV, No.2, pp.3-5
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 27 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 62 (344,996)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Education, Eritrea, economic growth, human capital, development, production cycles

41.

Eritrean Trade with Italy in Post-Independence Period - An Analytical Study

Indian Journal of Millennium Development Studies- An International Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 97-111, March 2007
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 01 Jun 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 52 (375,152)
Citation 1

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Bilateral trade, economic integration, colonial trade, import substitution, Agro-Industry

42.

Challenges for Research Development in Eritrea - Some Observations

Indian Journal of Millennium Development Studies, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 253-259, 2006
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Oct 2008
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 51 (378,346)
Citation 1

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Research Techniques, Eritrea, Research Development, Challenges, Knowledge, Agriculture Research.

43.

Lessons of Indian Experience for Eritrea

Indian Journal of African Affairs, Vol. 46. No. 4, pp. 18-23, November 2006-January 2007
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 24 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 50 (381,662)

Abstract:

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Eritrea, India, education and human development, Agriculture, economic growth

44.

Macroeconomic Management in the World Economy - An Exploratory Note on Africa

Brasov (Romania): Review of General Management, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 19-32, 2009
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 19 May 2009 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 42 (409,667)

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Macroeconomic imbalances, World Economy, African Economy, Diversification, growth policies, external debt

45.

Educational Breakthrough in Eritrea: Some Expectations and Outcomes

Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-12, November 2007
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 03 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 32 (449,922)
Citation 6

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Education Policy, Eritrea, Human Capital, Economic Development, Gender Inequality

46.

A Review of Financial Patterns on Higher Education within the BRICS Nations: A Case Study on South Africa

Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Digital Strategies for Organizational Success
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 03 Jan 2019
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 20 (512,488)
Citation 1

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Human capital, financial pattern higher education BRICS, education and the economy

47.

Factors Effecting the Late-Payment of SASSA Creditors: A Case of North-West Province

Proceedings of 10th International Conference on Digital Strategies for Organizational Success
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Jan 2019
Arthur Hvan Rooyen and Ravinder Rena
North-West University, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, NWU Business School, Students and Papua New Guinea University of Technology
Downloads 14 (547,257)
Citation 1

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Late payment, SASSA, North-West Province, Public Finance Management Act

48.

Poverty and HIV/AIDS in Namibia – Causes, Consequences and Policy Options

Journal of Development Alternatives and Area Studies, Vol. 30, Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 103-127, 2011
Posted: 30 Oct 2011
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Poverty, Education, HIV/AIDS pandemic, Namibia, Children, Women, Economic growth

49.

The Entrepreneurial Mind-Set of University Students: A Cross-Cultural Comparison between Namibia and Germany

International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 113-129, 2011
Posted: 30 Oct 2011
Ravinder Rena, Heiko Haase and Arndt Lautenschläger
Papua New Guinea University of Technology, University of Applied Sciences and University of Applied Sciences Jena

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Graduate Entrepreneurship, Universities, Students, Entrepreneurial intentions, Namibia, Germany

50.

Impact of Currency Depreciation on Trade Balance: A Case Study on Papua New Guinea

Journal of Pacific Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 117-140, 2011
Posted: 30 Oct 2011
Papua New Guinea University of Technology, COMSATS University Islamabad and affiliation not provided to SSRN

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Currency depreciation, Trade balance, Cointegration, monetary approach, Bank of Papua New Guinea

51.

Information and Communication Technology is a Catalyst in Papua New Guinean Education - Key Challenges for Development

Gyan - The Journal of Education, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 10-21, 2011
Posted: 30 Oct 2011
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Information and communication technology, education, Papua New Guinea, digital divide, economic growth, emerging technology

52.

The Global Economic Downturn and African Economy – Recent Trends and Future Prospects

Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 383-394, 2010
Posted: 30 Oct 2011
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Global Economy, Africa, Namibia, Foreign Direct Investment, Economic growth, Stock market

53.

Challenges for Quality Primary Education in Papua New Guinea – A Case Study

USA: Educational Research International, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-11, 2011
Posted: 29 Oct 2011
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Abstract:

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Primary Education, Quality of Education, Gender disparity, Curriculum, Human capital

54.

Indo-Africa Trade and Partnership is a Catalyst for the Development in Africa

Africa Quarterly, Vol. 49, pp. 30-39, 2011
Posted: 29 Oct 2011
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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India, Africa, trade and partnership, human capita, science and technology, empowerment, economic development

55.

The Role of Agricultural Extension in Rural Poverty Reduction of Eritrea – An Analysis

ICFAI Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 62-77, October 2008
Posted: 06 May 2011
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Agriculture Extension, Eritrea, Rural Poverty, Productivity, Food Security

56.

Distance Education in Eritrea: Recent Developments and Future Prospects

International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 320-337, 2010
Posted: 14 Nov 2010
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Distance education, Eritrea, tertiary education, technological media, UNISA, budgetary resources

57.

Namibian Economy: Recent Developments and Future Expectations

Journal of Social and Economic Policy, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 129-142, 2010
Posted: 01 Nov 2010
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Namibia, Economic growth, exports, employment, foreign exchange, Macroeconomic policy

58.

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Women in Africa – A Case Study on Eritrea

ICFAI Journal of Applied Economics, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 120-129, January 2008
Posted: 06 May 2010
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Abstract:

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HIV/AIDS, Pandemic, Africa, Eritrea, women, human capital, economy

59.

Does Nominal Devaluation Precede Real Devaluation in Flexible Exchange Rate Regime? A Case Study of Papua New Guinea

Business Review, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 3-17, 2009
Posted: 13 Feb 2010
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Devaluation, Unit Root, Co-integration, Balance of Payments, Inflation, Exports

60.

Gender Inequality in Secondary and Higher Education of Eritrea: Issues and Perspectives

International Journal of Education Economics and Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.14-35, 2009
Posted: 22 Dec 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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gender inequality, school education, tertiary education,empowerment, human capital, Eritrea

61.

The Effect of South African Monetary Changes on the Namibian Economy: Case Study on Beef Industry

Review of General Management (Romania), Vol. 10, No. 1
Posted: 11 Nov 2009
Ravinder Rena and Mogos Y. Teweldemedhin
Papua New Guinea University of Technology and affiliation not provided to SSRN

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beef industry, monetary policy, Namibia, agricultural policy, common monetary area

62.

Higher Education in Papua New Guinea - Imperatives, Challenges and Emerging Opportunities in the Context of Globalisation

In "Globalisation and Higher Education in Economics and Business Administration", Vol.1, Dinu A. et al, eds., pp. 104-118, Iasi(Romania): Editura Technopress, 2009
Posted: 10 Nov 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Higher education, globalization, Papua New Guinea, knowledge economy, Research and development

63.

Emerging Trends of Higher Education in Developing Countries

Annals, Vol. 47, No. 2
Posted: 10 Nov 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Higher education, developing countries, globalization, economic development, human capital, Information and communications technologies

64.

Indian Economy: Financial Sector Reforms and Development

International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 387-404, 2009
Posted: 12 Mar 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Indian economy, Capital market, Foreign exchange reserves, Economic growth, banking sector reforms

65.

Clean Technology Diffusion in Developing and Emerging Countries

European Patent Forum - 2008, First International Conference, Inventing Cleaner Future: Climate Change and the Opportunities for Intellectual Property (IP), 6-7 May 2008, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Posted: 13 Feb 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Clean technology, Climate change, Developing countries, Multinational companies, Globalisation, sustainable development

Papua New Guinea an Emerging Economy in the South Pacific: Challenges and Prospects

HANDBOOK OF BUSINESS PRACTICES AND GROWTH IN EMERGING MARKETS, Satyendra Singh, ed., World Scientific Publishing Company PTE LTD, Forthcoming
Posted: 04 Feb 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Papua New Guinea, South Pacific, economy, mining and petroleum industries, budget management

Papua New Guinea - an Emerging Economy in the South Pacific: Challenges and Prospects

HANDBOOK OF BUSINESS PRACTICES AND GROWTH IN EMERGING MARKETS
Posted: 22 Oct 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Emerging Markets, Growth, Business Practices, International Business, International Marketing, Developing Country, Transitional Economies

67.

Armed Conflict and Violence - Issues and Initiatives

VIOLENCE: IMPACT AND INTERVENTION, Manjit Singh and D. P. Singh, eds., pp. 15-27, Atlantic Publishers: New Delhi, India
Posted: 22 Jan 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

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Violence, civil war, conflict, economic downturn, Africa, peace-building

68.

Role of Musical Songs in the Independence Struggle of Eritrean People

International Journal of Human Development and Information System, Vol. 2, No. 1&2, pp. 93-104, Serials, New Delhi, India, 2009
Posted: 17 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Abstract:

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The song, Freedom Struggle, Eritrea, Culture, Conflict, Colonial period

69.

Tourism Development in Post-Independent Eritrea - Problems and Prospects

The NIET Journal of Management, 1(1): 39-52.
Posted: 16 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Abstract:

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Tourism, Development, Problem, Potential, Eritrea, Mountains, Architecture

70.

Financing and Cost Recovery in Higher Education: A Study with Special Reference to Private Colleges in Andhra Pradesh

Finance India, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 662-666, 2002
Posted: 13 Jan 2009
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Abstract:

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Financing and costs of Higher education, India, Andhra Pradesh, Private education, Economic growth

71.

Poverty in Post Independent Eritrea - Challenges and Implications

Journal of Global Economy, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 28-40, March 2008
Posted: 28 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 07 May 2015
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Abstract:

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Poverty, Eritrea, Drought, Development, Agriculture

72.

The Role of Agricultural Extension in Rural Poverty Reduction of Eritrea: An Analysis

Icfai Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 62-77, October 2007
Posted: 03 Dec 2007
Ravinder Rena
Papua New Guinea University of Technology

Abstract:

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Agriculture Extension, Eritrea, Rural Poverty, Productivity, Food Security