Clayton E. Cramer

College of Western Idaho

History Adjunct

5500 East Opportunity Drive

Nampa, ID 83687

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

44

DOWNLOADS
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in Total Papers Downloads

16,909

CITATIONS

2

Scholarly Papers (44)

1.

Violence Policy Center's Concealed Carry Killers: Less Than It Appears

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 02 May 2015
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 2,265 (4,079)

Abstract:

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2.

Knives and the Second Amendment

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, vol. 47, pages 167-215 (Fall 2013)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 24 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2013
David B. Kopel, Clayton E. Cramer and Joseph Edward Olson
Independence Institute, College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 1,494 (9,527)

Abstract:

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Knives, Second Amendment, Switchblades

3.

What Did "Bear Arms" Mean in the Second Amendment?

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2008
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 31 Jan 2008
Clayton E. Cramer and Joseph Edward Olson
College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 1,155 (9,249)

Abstract:

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bear arms, Second Amendment

4.

'This Right is Not Allowed by Governments that are Afraid of the People': The Public Meaning of the Second Amendment When the Fourteenth Amendment was Ratified

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 17, No. 3, April 2010
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2016
Clayton E. Cramer, Nicholas James Johnson and George A. Mocsary
College of Western Idaho, Fordham University School of Law and Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - School of Law
Downloads 760 (24,903)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Second Amendment, gun, guns, Fourteenth Amendment, arms, bear arms, militia, federalism, individual right, collective right, firearm, firearms, tyranny, militias, weapon, incorporation,free state,well regulated,disarm,self-defence,self-defense,heller,mcdonald,black codes,Constitution,Bill of Rights

5.

State Court Standards of Review for the Right to Keep and Bear Arms

Santa Clara Law Review, Vol. 50, pp. 1113-1220, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-02
Number of pages: 108 Posted: 26 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2015
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence Institute and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 655 (27,930)

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Second Amendment, right to keep and bear arms, state constitutions, standard of review, strict scrutiny, reasonableness

6.

Background Checks and Murder Rates

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 12 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 532 (32,237)

Abstract:

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firearms, background checks

7.

Pistols, Crime, and Public Safety in Early America

Willamette Law Review, Vol. 44, 2008
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2008
Clayton E. Cramer and Joseph Edward Olson
College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 507 (40,198)

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handguns, Second Amendment

8.

Gun Control: Political Fears Trump Crime Control

Maine Law Review, Vol. 61, p. 58, 2009
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2013
Clayton E. Cramer and Joseph Edward Olson
College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 398 (50,681)

Abstract:

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firearms regulation, Britain

9.

The Keystone of the Second Amendment: The Quakers, the Pennsylvania Constitution, and the Flawed Scholarship of Nathan Kozuskanich

Widener Law Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 277-320, 2010
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 10 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2010
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence Institute and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 308 (66,926)

Abstract:

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Pennsylvania Constitution, right to arms, Second Amendment, Kozuskanich

Tough Targets: When Criminals Face Armed Resistance from Citizens

Cato Institute White Paper 2012
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 02 Mar 2013
Clayton E. Cramer and David Burnett
College of Western Idaho and Students for Concealed Carry
Downloads 201 (129,598)

Abstract:

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gun control in the United States, guns self-defense, conceal and carry laws, US gun policy, federal regulations on firearms, American gun culture, concealed weapons permits, handguns

Tough Targets: When Criminals Face Armed Resistance from Citizens

Cato Institute White Paper, 2012
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Clayton E. Cramer and David Burnett
College of Western Idaho and Students for Concealed Carry
Downloads 72 (284,532)

Abstract:

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11.

‘This Right Is Not Allowed by Governments That Are Afraid of the People’: The Public Meaning of the Second Amendment When the Fourteenth Amendment Was Ratified

17 George Mason Law Review 823 (2010)
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 06 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2016
Clayton E. Cramer, Nicholas James Johnson and George A. Mocsary
College of Western Idaho, Fordham University School of Law and Southern Illinois University at Carbondale - School of Law
Downloads 205 (98,734)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Second Amendment, gun, Fourteenth Amendment, arms, bear arms, militia, federalism, individual right, collective right, firearm, tyranny, militias, weapon, incorporation, free state, well regulated, disarm, self-defense, Heller, Mcdonald, black codes, Constitution, Bill of Rights

12.

Reforming Mental Health Law to Protect Public Safety and Help the Severely Mentally Ill

Howard Law Journal, 2015, Vol. 58 No. 3, pp. 715-78, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-05
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 15 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2015
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence Institute and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 158 (42,822)

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mental health, schizophrenia, crime, gun violence

13.

Credentials are No Substitute for Accuracy: Nathan Kozuskanich, Stephen Halbrook and the Role of the Historian

Widener Law Journal, Vol. 19, pp. 343-78, 2010, U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-03
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 21 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2010
David B. Kopel and Clayton E. Cramer
Independence Institute and College of Western Idaho
Downloads 107 (178,348)

Abstract:

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Second Amendment, Pennsylvania Constitution, right to keep and bear arms

14.

An Open Secret: Child Sexual Abuse as One Possible Cause of Homosexuality

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 11 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 68 (109,125)

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Sexual Orientation, Homosexuality, Child Sexual Abuse

15.

Lack of Historical Restrictions on the Commercial and Private Transfer of Firearms in the United States

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 May 2015
Clayton E. Cramer and Joseph Edward Olson
College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 60 (259,061)

Abstract:

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Arms, commercial transfer

16.

The Statute of Northampton (1328) and Prohibitions on the Carrying of Arms

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 22 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 57 (127,448)

Abstract:

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constitutional history, firearms

17.

Fifty Years of Waiting for a Handgun in California: Did it Work?

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 29 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 25 (297,629)

Abstract:

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18.

Mass Murder: American Unexceptionalism

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 20 Oct 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (452,502)

Abstract:

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19.

Does Permitless Carry Raise Murder Rates?

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 06 Sep 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (307,593)

Abstract:

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firearms, concealed carry

20.

Guns on Campus

Academic Questions (December, 2014)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 19 Jul 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (413,011)

Abstract:

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21.

How Much Is Too Much?: Excessive Gun License Fees and Constitutional Rights

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Feb 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (408,628)

Abstract:

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22.

The Importance of Context: The Gunning of America's Sloppy Scholarship

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 31 Dec 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (442,095)

Abstract:

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Gun Rights, History

23.

Congressional Authority to Pass Concealed Carry Reciprocity Legislation

Kansas Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 28 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 26 Aug 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (34,434)

Abstract:

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24.

The Murder/Burglary Rate Correlation as a Proxy for Drug Abuse

Number of pages: 2 Posted: 22 Dec 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (341,180)

Abstract:

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Crime, Burglary, Murder

25.

The Myth of Readily Convertible to Full Auto

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 15 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 14 Sep 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (68,645)

Abstract:

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26.

The Gunning of America: Misrepresenting Sources, Ignoring Racism

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 08 Sep 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (396,213)

Abstract:

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27.

Shall Issue: The New Wave of Concealed Handgun Permit Laws

Tennessee Law Review 62:3 [Spring, 1995] 679-757
Posted: 12 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 15 Dec 2016
Clayton E. Cramer and David B. Kopel
College of Western Idaho and Independence Institute

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28.

The Racist Origins of California's Concealed Weapon Permit Law

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 12 Aug 2016
Clayton E. Cramer and Joseph Edward Olson
College of Western Idaho and Hamline University - School of Law
Downloads 0 (120,098)

Abstract:

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History, Fire Arms

29.

The Gunning of America as Magical Mystery Tour: Talking to the Dead

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 25 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (225,023)

Abstract:

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Second Amendment

30.

Factual Errors in the Gunning of America: Is this Scholarly History or Polemic?

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 15 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (315,322)

Abstract:

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guns, history

31.

Bellesiles’ Arming America Redux: Does the Gunning of America Rewrite American History to Suit Modern Sensibilities?

41 S. Ill. U. L.J. 403-338 (2017)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (160,247)

Abstract:

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guns,Second Amendment

32.

Texas’ Stand Your Ground Law: An Historical Perspective

Presenting at Texas Bar Association CLE, Austin, September 2016
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 18 May 2016 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (194,035)

Abstract:

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33.

California's Gun Violence Restraining Order Law: Duplicating Existing Commitment Laws?

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 16 May 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (335,229)

Abstract:

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mental illness, firearms regulation

34.

Gun Prevalence and Crime Rates: Is There a Relationship?

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 08 May 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (161,091)

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35.

No-Fly Lists as Firearms Disqualifiers

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 27 Apr 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (295,249)

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36.

Disproportionate Social Dysfunction Among the LGBT: Is Discrimination the Only Cause?

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 26 Apr 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (447,277)

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sexual orientation, discrimination, child abuse

37.

Assault Weapon Bans: Can They Survive Rational Basis Scrutiny?

University of Akron ConLawNOW, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 21 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (29,335)

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38.

Colonial Firearms Regulation

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 09 Apr 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (290,656)

Abstract:

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39.

North Carolina's Permit to Purchase Law: The Rumble Seat of Gun Control Laws?

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 23 Jul 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (173,346)

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40.

One Gun a Month Laws: Do They Reduce Murder Rates?

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 20 Oct 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (242,812)

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41.

Why the FBI’s Justifiable Homicide Statistics Are a Misleading Measure of Defensive Gun Use

27 U. Fla. J.L. & Pub. Pol'y 505 (2016)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 21 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2017
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (13,275)

Abstract:

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gun violence

42.

Do Ammunition Background Checks Reduce Murder Rates?

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 29 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 05 Feb 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (52,854)

Abstract:

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43.

The Legal History of 'Dangerous or Unusual Weapons'

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 17 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2015
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (16,896)

Abstract:

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firearms, weapons, Second Amendment

44.

Falling Murder Rates: An Artifact of Better Trauma Care or Falling Crime?

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 04 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2016
Clayton E. Cramer
College of Western Idaho
Downloads 0 (259,061)

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Criminology, Murder, Medical Care