Alexander Zahar

Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University

Wuhan, Hubei Province

China

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

28

DOWNLOADS

3,826

CITATIONS

0

Scholarly Papers (28)

1.

Command Responsibility of Civilian Superiors for Genocide

Leiden Journal of International Law, Vol. 14, pp. 591-616, 2001
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 Mar 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 303 (68,491)

Abstract:

Akayesu case, command responsibility, superior responsibility, Delalic et al. case, Celebici case, genocide, Kayishema and Ruzindana case, Musema case, Rwanda, ICTY, ICTR

2.

Witness Memory and the Manufacture of Evidence at the International Criminal Tribunals

FUTURE PERSPECTIVES ON INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Carsten Stahn & Larissa van den Herik, eds., pp. 600-610, T.M.C. Asser/Cambridge University Press, 2010,
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2010
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 261 (83,465)

Abstract:

Witness memory, evidence, fact-finding, psychology, international criminal law, international criminal justice, ICTY, ICTR

3.

Superior Orders

THE OXFORD COMPANION TO INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Antonio Cassese, ed., pp. 525-527, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 18 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2015
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 239 (95,963)

Abstract:

Defences, superior orders, ICTY, ICTR, ICC, mistake of law, command responsibility, war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity

4.

Review of Alan J. Kuperman, 'The Limits of Humanitarian Intervention: Genocide in Rwanda'

Journal of Genocide Research, Vol. 4, pp. 461-465, 2002
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 23 Mar 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 210 (92,505)

Abstract:

Alan Kuperman, Rwanda, genocide, humanitarian intervention

5.

The ICTR's 'Media' Judgment and the Reinvention of Direct and Public Incitement to Commit Genocide

Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 33-48, 2005
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 25 Feb 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 178 (114,468)

Abstract:

ICTR, genocide, incitement, Rwanda, media

6.

International Court and Private Citizen

New Criminal Law Review (Special Issue on the International Criminal Court), Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 569-589, 2009
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 19 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2010
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 153 (150,844)

Abstract:

ICTY, ICC, human rights

7.

Perpetrators and Co-Perpetrators of Genocide - Art. 3(a) of the Genocide Convention

THE UNITED NATIONS GENOCIDE CONVENTION: A COMMENTARY, pp. 139-161, Paola Gaeta, ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 05 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2014
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 146 (156,661)

Abstract:

genocide, commission of genocide, international criminal law, international criminal justice, ICTY, ICTR

8.

The Problem of False Testimony at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ANNOTATED LEADING CASES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS, Vol. 25: INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR RWANDA, 2006-2007, André Klip and Göran Sluiter, eds., pp. 509-522, Intersentia, 2010,
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2010
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 144 (144,584)

Abstract:

perjury, false testimony, witness testimony, lying witnesses, judicial fact-finding, Rwamakuba case, Akayesu case, GAA case, ICTR, ICTY, international criminal tribunals

9.

Torture

THE OXFORD COMPANION TO INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Antonio Cassese, ed., pp. 537-538, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 10 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2015
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 133 (167,820)

Abstract:

Torture, rape, ICTY, war crimes, crimes against humanity, cruel treatment

10.

Civilizing Civil War: Writing Morality as Law at the ICTY

THE LEGACY OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, Bert Swart, Göran Sluiter, Alexander Zahar, eds., pp. 469-504, Oxford University Press, 2011,
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 23 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2011
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 120 (182,321)

Abstract:

ICTY, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Customary International Law, Non-International Armed Conflict, Civil War, ICRC, International Committee of the Red Cross, Customary Law Study, Antonio Cassese

11.

Legal Aid, Self-Representation, and the Crisis at the Hague Tribunal

Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 19, pp. 241-263, 2008
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 30 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2010
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 114 (194,096)

Abstract:

Legal Aid, Self-Representation, Hague Tribunal

12.

Review of Scott Peterson, 'Me Against My Brother: At War in Somalia, Sudan, and Rwanda'

Journal of Genocide Research, Vol. 4, pp. 590-593, 2002
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 24 Mar 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 113 (170,743)

Abstract:

Scott Peterson, war journalism, Somalia, Rwanda, United Nations peacekeeping, Paul Kagame, genocide

13.

Commentary on the Judgment of the ICTY Appeals Chamber in the Case of Prosecutor v. Radislav Krstic

ANNOTATED LEADING CASES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS, Vol. 19: INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, 2004, André Klip and Göran Sluiter, eds., Intersentia, 2010,
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 26 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 02 Nov 2015
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 104 (199,078)

Abstract:

genocide, complicity in genocide, aiding and abetting genocide, Radislav Krstic, ICTY, ICTR, meaning of in whole or in part, meaning of group, joint criminal enterprise, Genocide Convention

14.

How Judges Think: Strengthening Defence Approaches to Joint Criminal Enterprise and Closing Arguments

Annual Conference of the Defence Bar of the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, December 12, 2009
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 15 Dec 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 102 (203,007)

Abstract:

Judicial reasoning, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, joint criminal enterprise, command responsibility, defence of reprisals, defence of superior orders, Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, defence strategy in criminal cases

15.

The United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)

GENOCIDE AT THE MILLENNIUM; GENOCIDE: A CRITICAL BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW, Samuel Totten, ed., Vol. 5, pp. 209-239, Transaction Publishers, 2005
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 15 May 2009
Alexander Zahar and Susan Rohol
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 102 (199,078)

Abstract:

ICTR, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

16.

Apartheid as an International Crime

THE OXFORD COMPANION TO INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Antonio Cassese, ed., pp. 245-246, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 11 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2015
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 102 (196,516)

Abstract:

Apartheid, international criminal law, crimes against humanity, ICC, International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid

17.

Review of Howard Ball, 'Prosecuting War Crimes and Genocide: The Twentieth-Century Experience' and Two Books on the UN International Criminal Tribunals

Journal of Genocide Research, Vol. 6, pp. 286-289, 2004
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 08 Apr 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 101 (200,380)

Abstract:

Genocide, war crimes, Yugoslavia, Rwanda, ICTY, ICTR, Nuremberg Tribunal, racism, ethnic cleansing

18.

Commentary on Trial Judgments of the East Timor Special Panels in the Cases of Jose Cardoso Ferreira and Agustinho Atolan

ANNOTATED LEADING CASES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS, Vol. 13: Timor Leste: THE SPECIAL PANELS FOR SERIOUS CRIMES, 2001-2003, André Klip and Göran Sluiter, eds., pp. 762-765, Intersentia, 2008,
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 12 Mar 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 95 (201,668)

Abstract:

East Timor, Special Panels for Serious Crimes, Cardoso Ferreira, Atolan, joint criminal enterprise, crimes against humanity

19.

Focus on Rwanda

Journal of Genocide Research, Vol. 3, pp. 293-300, 2001
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 21 Mar 2009
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 85 (226,354)

Abstract:

Rwanda, genocide, Rwandan Patriotic Front, ethnicism, racism, conspiracy

20.

Does Self-Interest Skew State Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Emissions? A Preliminary Analysis Based on the First Verified Emissions Estimates Under the Kyoto Protocol

Climate Law, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 313-324, 2010
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 30 May 2010 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2013
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 75 (254,226)

Abstract:

Kyoto Protocol, Expert Review Teams, Greenhouse Gas Inventories, State Compliance, UNFCCC Annex I Parties

21.

Rights Dualism: The International Criminal Tribunals’ Two-Track Approach to the Rights of the Accused

Paper presented at the conference ‘Pluralism v. Harmonization: National Adjudication of International Crimes’, VU University Amsterdam, 14-15 June 2012,
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Jun 2012
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 73 (260,089)

Abstract:

criminal law, rules of evidence, rights of the accused, international criminal tribunals, ICTY, ICTR, rights dualism

22.

Commentary on the Judgment of the ICTY Appeals Chamber in the Case of Prosecutor v. Milorad Krnojelac

ANNOTATED LEADING CASES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS, Vol. 14: INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, 2003, André Klip and Göran Sluiter, eds., pp. 841-846, Intersentia, 2008,
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 12 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2015
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 73 (241,277)

Abstract:

Krnojelac case, ICTY, joint criminal enterprise, Tadic

23.

Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Annex I Parties: Methods We Have and Methods We Want

Climate Law, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 409-427, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 08 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2011
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 70 (268,371)

Abstract:

UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, greenhouse gases, MRV, verification, Expert Review Teams, satellite measurement of atmospheric CO2

24.

Ordering

THE OXFORD COMPANION TO INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Antonio Cassese, ed., pp. 446-448, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 11 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2015
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 59 (290,813)

Abstract:

Ordering, ICTY, ICTR, individual criminal responsibility, Blaskic case, Musema case, Galic case

25.

Slavery

THE OXFORD COMPANION TO INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE, Antonio Cassese, ed., pp. 514-515, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 11 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 04 Nov 2015
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 52 (293,168)

Abstract:

Slavery, enslavement, forced labour, compulsory labour, Slavery Convention, war crimes, crimes against humanity, ICTY

26.

Commentary on the Trial Judgment in the Case of Prosecutor v. Ljube Boškoski and Johan Tarćulovski

ANNOTATED LEADING CASES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNALS, Vol. 35: INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL TRIBUNAL FOR THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA, 2007-2008, André Klip and Göran Sluiter, eds., Intersentia, 2011,
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Apr 2011
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 20 (417,898)

Abstract:

Macedonia, ethnic Albanians, civil war, International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, ICTY

27.

A Bottom-Up Compliance Mechanism for the Paris Agreement

Chinese Journal of Environmental Law, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 08 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2017
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 0 (191,594)

Abstract:

Paris Agreement Article 15, compliance mechanism, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol, Kyoto Protocol Enforcement Branch, Kyoto Protocol Facilitative Branch, ‘enforcement’ versus ‘facilitation’, ‘top-down’ versus ‘bottom-up’ approaches

28.

Why the Paris Agreement Does Not Need a Compliance Mechanism

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 11 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2016
Alexander Zahar
Research Institute of Environmental Law - Wuhan University
Downloads 0 (260,089)

Abstract:

Paris Agreement; Article 15; compliance mechanism; UNFCCC; Kyoto Protocol; Enforcement Branch; Facilitative Branch