Paul R. Williams

Public International Law & Policy Group

American University

Rebecca Grazier Professor of Law and International Relations

4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW

Washington, DC 20016

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

51

DOWNLOADS
Rank 6,719

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 6,719

in Total Papers Downloads

9,121

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 36,718

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 36,718

in Total Papers Citations

9

CROSSREF CITATIONS

12

Scholarly Papers (51)

1.

Preventing Mass Atrocity Crimes: The Responsibility to Protect and the Syria Crisis

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 45, Fall 2012, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2012-45
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 06 May 2013
Paul R. Williams, J. Trevor Ulbrick and Jonathan Worboys
Public International Law & Policy Group, Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 3,087 (5,442)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Loading...

responsibility to protect, Syria, mass atrocity crimes, humanitarian

2.

Earned Sovereignty: Bridging the Gap Between Sovereignty and Self-Determination

40 Stan. J Int'l L. 347
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 07 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Francesca Jannotti Pecci
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 830 (40,619)

Abstract:

Loading...

earned sovereignty, sovereignty, Kosovo

3.

State Succession to Debts and Assets: The Modern Law and Policy

Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 42, No. 2, 1994
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Jennifer Harris
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 324 (128,475)

Abstract:

Loading...

state succession, state assets, Yugoslavia, dissolution

4.

Military Intervention and Diplomatic Engagement in Libya: A Collage of Policy, Force and Law

Case Studies in Complex Operations, National Defense University (2012)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 08 May 2012 Last Revised: 10 May 2012
Anna Triponel and Paul R. Williams
Triponel Consulting and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 302 (138,269)

Abstract:

Loading...

legality of the use of force, government recognition, International Criminal Court, Libya, international law, Chapter VII

5.

President Obama's Approach to the Middle East and North Africa: Strategic Absence

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 48 (2016)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2016
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 271 (154,512)

Abstract:

Loading...

6.

The Peace vs. Justice Debate and the Syrian Crisis

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2018
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 19 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2018
Paul R. Williams, Lisa Dicker and C. Danae Paterson
Public International Law & Policy Group, Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 270 (155,104)

Abstract:

Loading...

peace negotiations, peace process, Syrian Crisis, war crimes, human rights law, humanitarian law, lawyering peace

7.

Peace Agreement Drafting Guide: Darfur

PEACE AGREEMENT DRAFTING GUIDE: DARFUR, Public International Law & Policy Group, 2007
Number of pages: 460 Posted: 27 Dec 2007 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2008
Matthew T. Simpson, Paul R. Williams and Christina J. Sheetz
Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C., Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 265 (158,012)

Abstract:

Loading...

Darfur, Peace Negotiations, Sudan, DDR, Disarmament, IDPs, Displaced Persons, Water Rights, Marginalization, Minority Rights, Women's Rights, Devolution, Property Restitution, Victim Compensation, Natural Resources, Elections, Executive Structures, Foreign Direct Investment , Human Rights Commission

8.

Earned Sovereignty: The Road to Resolving the Conflict Over Kosovo’s Final Status

Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2003
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 228 (182,917)

Abstract:

Loading...

Kosovo, earned sovereignty, Serbia, sovereignty

9.

The Legitimacy of Catalonia's Exercise of Its Right to Decide

Number of pages: 180 Posted: 30 Nov 2017
Public International Law & Policy Group, University of Geneva, Universidade do Minho and Sciences Po Law School
Downloads 212 (195,868)

Abstract:

Loading...

Catalonia, Spain, Sovereignty, Self-determination

10.

Illegal Annexation and State Continuity: The Case of the Incorporation of the Baltic States by the USSR

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, 99:3, July 2005
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Yoonie Kim
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 212 (195,868)

Abstract:

Loading...

Soviet Union, Annexation, Baltic States, USSR

11.

Earned Sovereignty Revisited: Creating a Strategic Framework for Managing Self-Determination Based Conflicts

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2015, American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2015-9
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 20 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2015
Paul R. Williams, Abigail Avoryie and Carlie Armstrong
Public International Law & Policy Group, Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 193 (213,492)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

self-determination, sovereignty, independence, transitional justice, referendum, earned sovereignty

12.

Rethinking the Political Future: An Alternative to the Ethno-Sectarian Division of Iraq

American University International Law Review, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2008
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Matt Simpson
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 171 (236,947)

Abstract:

Loading...

multi-ethnic federalism, Iraq, ethno-sectarian division

13.

Drafting in Doha: An Assessment of the Darfur Peace Process and Ceasefire Agreements

MONOPOLY OF FORCE, THE NEXUS OF DDR AND SSR, p. 41, Melanne A. Civic and Michael Miklaucic, eds., National Defense University Press, 2011 , American University, WCL Research Paper No. 2012-22
Number of pages: 338 Posted: 02 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2013
Paul R. Williams and Matt Simpson
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 164 (245,332)

Abstract:

Loading...

Doha, Liberation and Justice Movement, Darfur

14.

Earned Sovereignty: The Political Dimension

Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2003
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and James R Hooper
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 156 (255,815)

Abstract:

Loading...

sovereignty-based conflicts, sovereignty, earned sovereignty

15.

Rethinking the Political Future: An Alternative to the Ethno-Sectarian Division of Iraq

American University International Law Review, Vol. 24, 2008
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 24 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2009
Paul R. Williams and Matthew T. Simpson
Public International Law & Policy Group and Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C.
Downloads 154 (258,509)

Abstract:

Loading...

Iraq, constitution, Biden, federalism, partition, division, ethnic, sectarian, ethno-sectarian, Brookings, Baghdad, Kosovo, PILPG, Security Dillema, Biden-Gelb, Sunni, Shia, Kurd, Hussein, Asymmetric, governorates, Minority, Revenue Sharing, Resource Distribution, Framework, Legislation, governance

16.

Use of Force in Humanitarian Crises: Addressing the Limitations of U.N. Security Council Authorization

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 09 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2019
Paul R. Williams and Sophie Pearlman
Public International Law & Policy Group and NYU Law
Downloads 141 (277,368)

Abstract:

Loading...

R2P, Syria, UNSC, Security Council Resolution, use of force, humanitarian intervention, Syria crisis, airstrikes, chemical weapon

17.

Drafting in Doha: An Assessment of the Darfur Peace Process and Ceasefire Agreements

MONOPOLY OF FORCE: THE NEXUS OF DDR AND SSR, p. 41, Melanne A. Civic and Michael Miklaucic, eds., National Defense University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 09 Jul 2011
Paul R. Williams and Matthew T. Simpson
Public International Law & Policy Group and Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky and Popeo, P.C.
Downloads 138 (282,019)

Abstract:

Loading...

Darfur, Doha, peace, DDR, SSR, JEM, LJM, rebel, ceasefire, agreement, UN, AU, Qatar, Gration, State Department

18.

Lawfare: Law As a Weapon of War (Book Review)

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 110 (2016)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 03 Apr 2017
Paul R. Williams and Laura Livingston
Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 130 (294,973)

Abstract:

Loading...

19.

The Functions of Justice and Anti-Justice in the Peace-Building Process

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 35, No. 161, 2003
Posted: 05 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2012
Paul R. Williams and Michael Scharff
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 126 (302,013)

Abstract:

Loading...

Justice, Anti-Justice, Peace-Building

20.

Resolving Sovereignty-Based Conflicts: The Emerging Approach of Earned Sovereignty

Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2003
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams, James R Hooper and Michael Scharff
Public International Law & Policy Group, affiliation not provided to SSRN and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 120 (313,027)

Abstract:

Loading...

sovereignty-based conflicts

21.

Doing Justice During Wartime: Why Military Tribunals Make Sense

Policy Review: 131
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Abraham D. Sofaer
Public International Law & Policy Group and Stanford University - The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace
Downloads 108 (336,908)

Abstract:

Loading...

al Qaeda, justice, military tribunals

22.

The Politics and Policy of Deep Sea-Bed Mining

The American Journal of Comparative Law, 40:1, Winter 1992
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 103 (347,634)

Abstract:

Loading...

Deep Seabed Mining, sea mining, sea law

23.

Earned Sovereignty: An Emerging Conflict Resolution Approach

ILSA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW, 10:437
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2012
Paul R. Williams and Karen Heymann
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 96 (363,855)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

sovereignty, Kosovo, conflict resolution

24.

Establishing a Stable Democratic Constitutional Structure in Iraq: Some Basic Considerations

New England Law Review, Vol. 39, No. 53, 2004
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 92 (373,771)

Abstract:

Loading...

Kurds, Arab, Iraqi Kurdistan

25.

NATO Intervention on Trial: The Legal Case that Was Never Made

Human Rights Review, January-March 2000
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Michael Scharff
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 85 (392,229)

Abstract:

Loading...

NATO, NATO intervention, NATO Serbia, NATO Yugoslavia

26.

A Legal Perspective on Yemen's Attempted Transition from a Unitary to a Federal System of Government

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Apr 2017
Paul R. Williams, Tiffany Sommadossi and Ayat Mujais
Public International Law & Policy Group, Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 79 (409,236)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Loading...

Yemen, federalism, power sharing, peace, consititutions

27.

Achieving a Final Status Settlement for Kosovo

Center for Strategic & International Studies, April 2003
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams, R. Hitchner and Janusz Bugajski
Public International Law & Policy Group, affiliation not provided to SSRN and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 75 (421,415)

Abstract:

Loading...

Kosovo, negotiations, final status, Albania

28.

The Northern Ireland Peace Agreement: Evolving the Principle of Self-Determination

Leiden Law School Research Paper No. 155
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Sabrineh Ardalan
Public International Law & Policy Group and Harvard Law School
Downloads 70 (437,533)

Abstract:

Loading...

democracy, human rights, Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Peace Agreement, self-determination

29.

Creating International Space for Taiwan: The Law and Politics of Recognition

New England Law Review, Vol. 32, No. 801, 1998
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 63 (461,841)

Abstract:

Loading...

Taiwan, Recognition, Democratic Republic of China

30.

Bankruptcy in Russia: The Evolution of a Comprehensive Russian Bankruptcy Code

Review of Central and East European Law, Vol. 21, No. 5, 1995
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Paul Wade
Public International Law & Policy Group and University of Kansas - Center for Russian, East European & Eurasian Studies
Downloads 60 (473,043)

Abstract:

Loading...

bankruptcy, Russia, Russian bankruptcy code, Russian economics

31.

The Clash of the Titans: Justice and Realpolitik in Libya

American University International Law Review, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2013
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 04 Sep 2013
Anna Triponel and Paul R. Williams
Triponel Consulting and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 58 (480,753)

Abstract:

Loading...

International Criminal Court, ICC, Justice, Policy, Libya, Peace, Realpolitik

32.

Coercive Appeasement: The Flawed International Response to the Serbian Rogue Regime

New England Law Review, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2003
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 04 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Karina Waller
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 53 (500,630)

Abstract:

Loading...

Kosovo, appeasement, Serbia Regime

33.

Current Legal Status of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY), and of Serbia and Montenegro

International Crisis Group Balkans Report No. 101, September 19, 2000
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 53 (500,630)

Abstract:

Loading...

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro, Dissolution of Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia

34.

Blood Antiquities: Addressing a Culture of Impunity in the Antiquities Market

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 49, No. 1, 2017
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 20 Nov 2017
Paul R. Williams and Christin Coster
Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 50 (513,262)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Loading...

art, international law, cultural heritage

35.

Water Marketing and Instream Flows: The Next Step in Protecting California's Instream Values

Stanford Environmental Law Journal, Vol. 132, No. 9, 1990
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Steven McHugh
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 48 (522,179)

Abstract:

Loading...

water marketing, instream flows, California's instream, water management

36.

Report of the Committee of Experts on Nation Rebuilding in Afghanistan

New England Law Review, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2003
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Michael Scharff
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 45 (535,810)

Abstract:

Loading...

Afghanistan, Taliban, US Military

37.

International Environmental Dispute Resolution: The Dispute between Slovakia and Hungary Concerning Construction of the Gabcíkovo and Nagymaros Dams

Columbia Journal of Environmental Law Vol. 19, No. 1, 1994
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2017
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 45 (535,810)

Abstract:

Loading...

environmental dispute, the dispute between Slovakia and Hungary, Gabcíkovo, Nagymaros Dams

38.

Can International Legal Principles Promote the Resolution of Central and East European Transboundary Environmental Disputes?

Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (GIELR), Vol. 421, 1995
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 44 (540,601)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Loading...

transboundary environmental disputes, environmental disputes

39.

The Norm of Justice and the Negotiation of the Rambouillet/Paris Peace Accords

Leiden Law School Research Paper No. 13
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 43 (545,397)

Abstract:

Loading...

Kosovo, peace agreement, conflict resolution, Serbia

40.

Accountability and Judicial Response: Building Mechanisms for Post-Conflict Justice

The Stanley Foundation - Thirty-Eighth Strategy for Peace, US Foreign Policy Conference, 1997
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 42 (550,324)

Abstract:

Loading...

Post-conflict justice, judicial rapid-reaction, united nations

41.

Lawfare: A War Worth Fighting

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 43, No. 145, 2010
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 42 (550,324)

Abstract:

Loading...

lawfare, international law

42.

Trying the Butcher of Omarska

Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 10, 1999
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 40 (560,269)

Abstract:

Loading...

Bosnia, genocide, Michael Scharf

43.

Preemption in the 21st Century: What are the Legal Parameters?

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW, 2004
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams, Scott Lyons and Tali Neuwirth
Public International Law & Policy Group, affiliation not provided to SSRN and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 38 (570,453)

Abstract:

Loading...

preemption, legal parameters

44.

The Role of Justice in the Former Yugoslavia: Antidote or Placebo for Coercive Appeasement?

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 35, No. 219, 2003
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 04 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Patricia Taft
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 34 (592,132)

Abstract:

Loading...

justice, Yugoslavia, Hague Tribunal

45.

Constitutionalizing Globalization: The Postmodern Revival of Confederal Arrangements

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, 93:2, 1999
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 03 Apr 2012
Paul R. Williams and Ramzi Nemo
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 32 (603,545)

Abstract:

Loading...

Constitution, Globalization, Confederal Arrangements, Environmental Activism

46.

Simulating Kosovo: Lessons for Final Status Negotiations

United States Institute of Peace Special Report, No. 95, November 2002
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 02 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2012
Paul R. Williams and James A Hooper
Public International Law & Policy Group and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 27 (634,632)

Abstract:

Loading...

Kosovo, simulation, Kosovo status

47.

Lawyering Peace: Infusing Accountability into the Peace Negotiations Process

Dr. Paul R. Williams, Lawyering Peace: Infusing Accountability into the Peace Negotiations Process, 52 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 491 (2020)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2020
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 26 (641,538)

Abstract:

Loading...

justice, peacebuilding, human rights, peace negotiations, peace process, war crimes, human rights law, transitional justice, accountability, lawyering peace

48.

State Succession and the International Financial Institutions: Political Criteria or Sound Management?

The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 776-808, 1994
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 03 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 07 Nov 2017
Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 26 (641,538)

Abstract:

Loading...

financial institutions, state succession

49.

The Origin Story of the Public International Law & Policy Group: A Case Study in Strategic Optimism

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 Nov 2021
Paul R. Williams and Isabela Karibjanian
Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Poilcy Group
Downloads 25 (648,335)

Abstract:

Loading...

international law, PILPG, public international law, NGO, non-profit, justice, accountability, peace

50.

Documentation for Accountability

Jessica C. Levy and Paul R. Williams, Documentation for Accountability, 52 Case W. Res. J. Int'l L. 451 (2020)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 01 May 2020 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2020
Jessica Levy and Paul R. Williams
Public International Law & Policy Group (PILPG) and Public International Law & Policy Group
Downloads 25 (648,335)

Abstract:

Loading...

International Humanitarian Law, Atrocity Crimes, Human Rights, Human Rights Documentation, Justice, War Crimes, Genocide

51.

#Lawyeringpeace: The Role of Lawyers in Peacebuilding

Posted: 20 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2017
Paul R. Williams and Christin Coster
Public International Law & Policy Group and Public International Law & Policy Group

Abstract:

Loading...

peacebuilding, international law, peace negotiations, lawyers