Ashley Deeks

University of Virginia School of Law

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

24

DOWNLOADS
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8,324

CITATIONS
Rank 29,704

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 29,704

in Total Papers Citations

19

Scholarly Papers (24)

1.

'Unwilling or Unable': Toward an Normative Framework for Extra-Territorial Self-Defense

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 52, No. 3, p. 483, 2012
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 12 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2012
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,426 (5,157)
Citation 4

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unwilling, unable, self-defense, non-state actor, necessity, use of force

2.

An International Legal Framework for Surveillance

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 55, p. 291, 2015, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper Series 2014-53
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 05 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,613 (10,249)

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electronic surveillance, international law, foreign surveillance, Edward Snowden, espionage, spying, right to privacy

3.

The Geography of Cyber Conflict: Through a Glass Darkly

International Law Studies, Vol. 89, p. 1, 2013, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-10, The Geography of Armed Conflict, Newport, RI: Naval War College (Michael Schmitt ed., 2013)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 15 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 570 (46,629)

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jus ad bellum, jus in bello, cyber

4.

Taming the Doctrine of Preemption

Book chapter, in The Oxford Handbook on the Use of Force (Marc Weller ed., 2015), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-40
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 433 (65,754)

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5.

Consent to the Use of Force and International Law Supremacy

Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 54, No. 1, 2013, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-14
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 06 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 13 May 2013
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 343 (86,470)

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use of force, international law

6.

Predicting Enemies

Ashley Deeks, Predicting Enemies, 104 VA. L. REV. __ (2018, Forthcoming). , Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-21
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 29 Mar 2018
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 330 (90,308)

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machine learning, artificial intelligence, predictive algorithm, criminal justice, international law, military, targeting

7.

Intelligence Communities and International Law: A Comparative Approach

Comparative International Law (A. Roberts et al. eds, 2017 Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 1
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 313 (95,703)

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electronic surveillance, international law, foreign surveillance, espionage, spying, covert action, human rights

8.

Domestic Humanitarian Law: Developing the Law of War in Domestic Courts

Applying International Humanitarian Law in Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Bodies: International and Domestic Aspects (D. Jinks et al. eds., 2014), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-39
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 09 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 296 (101,686)

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International law, International humanitarian law, Domestic humanitarian law, Extra-territorial armed conflict, Treaties

9.

Confronting and Adapting: Intelligence Agencies and International Law

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 102, p. 599, 2016, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-31
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 25 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 287 (105,165)
Citation 2

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intelligence, international law, spying, covert action, surveillance, foreign relations, human rights, drones, United States

10.

The Observer Effect: National Security Litigation, Executive Policy Changes, and Judicial Deference

Fordham L. Rev., Vol. 82, p. 828, 2013, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-41
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 11 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 264 (114,840)

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National security, Judicial deference, Executive branch, Terrorism, September 11

11.

The Obama Administration, International Law, and Executive Minimalism

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 110, p. 646, 2016, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-65
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 214 (141,674)

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12.

The NATO Intervention in Libya (2011)

International Law and the Use of Force: A Case-Based Approach, Olivier Corten and Tom Ruys, eds, Oxford University Press, Forthcoming , Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-23
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 10 May 2017 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 201 (150,214)

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13.

Statutory International Law

Forthcoming, Va. J. Int’l L., Vol. 57, 2017, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-24
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 17 May 2017 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 179 (167,065)

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14.

Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, and the Use of Force by States

10 Journal of National Security Law & Policy (2019, Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-63
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 16 Nov 2018
Ashley Deeks, Noam Lubell and Daragh Murray
University of Virginia School of Law, University of Essex - School of Law and University of Essex School of Law & Human Rights Centre
Downloads 162 (182,177)

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machine learning, artificial intelligence, united nations charter, self-defense, use of force, cyber, international law, military, proportionality

15.

Checks and Balances from Abroad

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 83, p. 65, 2016, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 38
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 31 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 157 (187,144)

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checks and balances, surveillance, foreign affairs, presidential power

16.

Multi-Part Tests in the Jus Ad Bellum

Houston Law Review, Vol. 53, p. 1035, 2016, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-30
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 151 (193,377)

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Jus ad bellum, Use of force, Multi-part tests, Defense of nationals, Cyber, Anticipatory self-defense, Humanitarian intervention, Unwilling or unable

17.

A (Qualified) Defense of Secret Agreements

Ariz. St. L.J., Vol. 49, p. 713, 2017, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-41
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 04 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 118 (234,771)

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international agreement; treaty; secrecy; U.N. Charter; executive power; compliance

18.

Intelligence Communities, Peer Constraints, and the Law

Harv. Nat’l Security J., Vol. 7, p. 1, 2016, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 16
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 08 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 93 (276,484)

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19.

Facebook Unbound?

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 105, 2019, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-08
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 26 Feb 2019
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 54 (373,318)

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Facebook, national security, technology, executive branch, checks and balances

20.

Book Review of ‘National Security and Double Government’

Am. J. Int’l L., Vol 109, p.900, 2016
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 12 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 44 (407,168)

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21.

The Substance of Secret Agreements and the Role of Government Lawyers

Ashley Deeks, The Substance of Secret Agreements and the Role of Government Lawyers, 111 AJIL Unbound 474 (2018)., Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-11
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 21 Feb 2018
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 26 (485,240)

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publicity, secrecy, legal compliance, legal violations, international law

22.

Iraq's Constitution: A Drafting History

Cornell International Law Journal, Vol. 40, p. 1, 2007
Number of pages: 89 Posted: 12 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks and Matthew Burton
University of Virginia School of Law and Government of the United States of America - Department of State
Downloads 20 (519,177)

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23.

Administrative Detention in Armed Conflict

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 40, p. 403, 2009
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 12 Nov 2017
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 18 (530,860)
Citation 1

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24.

The Judicial Demand for Explainable Artificial Intelligence

119 Colum. L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2019), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2019-51
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 21 Aug 2019
Ashley Deeks
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 12 (572,836)

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artificial intelligence, machine learning, predictive algorithms, common law, criminal justice, administrative law