Implementation as the Best Way to Tackle Corruption: A Study of the UNCAC and the AUC 2003
Surrey Law Working Paper No. 07/2011
24 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2011 Last revised: 26 Mar 2011
Date Written: February 1, 2011
Adopted in 2003, the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption (AUC), and the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) are the most recent examples of international initiatives aiming at tackling corruption.
The adoption of these conventions is an important step in the fight against corruption and this working paper considers to what extent they represent a strong basis for tackling corruption, as well as why strong implementation measures remain essential. Section 1, examines the scope of the two conventions, highlights the lack of a legal definition of corruption as well as strong similarities with regards to the conventions’ objectives, and considers the limits of the means of actions provided by the conventions. Section 2 examines how practical measures such as codes of conduct, asset declarations, social and economic reforms, reliance on the private sector or cooperation, are suitable to tackle corruption. The paper concludes with the argument that strict implementation of existing measures remains the best mean to fight corruption in developing countries.
Keywords: Corruption, 2003, UNCAC, AUC, United Nations Convention Against Corruption, African Union Convention On Corruption
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