Hilda Geiringer: A Pioneer of Applied Mathematics and a Woman Ahead of Her Time Was Saved from Fascism By Turkey

25 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2007  

Arnold Reisman

Reisman and Associates

Date Written: June 16, 2007

Abstract

This paper discusses a dimly lit and largely unknown bit of the history of applied mathematics and of engineering science. Hilda Geiringer a pioneer in both survived extermination because starting in 1933, Turkey reformed its higher education using invitees fleeing the Nazis and for whom America was out of reach because of restrictive immigration laws and wide spread anti-Semitic hiring and gender bias at its universities. This visionary act on the part of Turkey's government had the collateral benefit of placing in escrow a member of a team that set new paradigms in several disciplines and helped to revolutionize America's mathematics, engineering education, and engineering practice.

Keywords: Mathematics, Women mathematicians, Turkey, History, History of science and technology, Development, Educational Policy, Government Policy, Higher education, Nazi persecution, Nazism, Holocaust, Migration, Diaspora, Exile

Suggested Citation

Reisman, Arnold, Hilda Geiringer: A Pioneer of Applied Mathematics and a Woman Ahead of Her Time Was Saved from Fascism By Turkey (June 16, 2007). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=994590 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.994590

Arnold Reisman (Contact Author)

Reisman and Associates ( email )

Shaker Heights, OH 44122
United States

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