USC Finance & Business Econ. Working Paper No. 01-6
53 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2001
Date Written: April 2000
This paper develops a theory of organization based on the benefits and costs of internal capital markets. A central assumption is that the transaction cost of raising external funds is greater than the cost of internal funds. The benefit of internal resource allocation is that it gives the firm a real option to avoid external capital markets (and the associated deadweight transaction costs) in more states of the world than single-business firms. The cost is the internal resource flexibility exacerbates an over investment agency problem. The optimal focus is determined by trading off the benefit of the option against the cost of over investment. In this context, we show how the relative efficiency of integration and separation depends ultimately on assignment of control rights over cash flow. Testable implications are derived for the level of divisional investment, the sensitivity of divisional investment to cash flow, and the diversification discount.
JEL Classification: G30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Matsusaka, John G. and Nanda, Vikram K., Internal Capital Markets And Corporate Refocusing (April 2000). USC Finance & Business Econ. Working Paper No. 01-6. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=008212 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.8212