Wages and Employment of French Workers with African Origin

25 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2007

See all articles by Romain Aeberhardt

Romain Aeberhardt

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST)

Denis Fougère

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE); National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Julien Pouget

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE); National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Roland Rathelot

University of Warwick - Department of Economics

Date Written: June 2007

Abstract

Our study proposes an econometric decomposition of the wage gap and of the difference in employment probabilities between French workers whose both parents had French citizenship at birth and French workers whose at least one parent had the citizenship of an African country at birth. For that purpose, we use data coming from the Formation Qualification Professionnelle (FQP) survey conducted by INSEE (Paris) in 2003. Our study is the first to estimate both employment and wage differentials between "native" French workers and children of African migrants. We find that one half of the employment gap and one third of the wage gap is not explained by differences in observable covariates between the two groups. This result is obtained by using a new method yielding more precise results when the sample size of the potentially discriminated group is small.

Keywords: discrimination, wage differentials, second-generation migrants

JEL Classification: C24, J31, J71

Suggested Citation

Aeberhardt, Romain and Fougere, Denis and Pouget, Julien and Rathelot, Roland, Wages and Employment of French Workers with African Origin (June 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2898, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1000372

Romain Aeberhardt (Contact Author)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.crest.fr/pageperso/romain.aeberhardt/romain.aeberhardt.htm

Denis Fougere

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE) ( email )

15, Boulevard Adolphie PINARD
92245 Malakoff Cedex
France
+33 1 4117 7713 (Phone)
+33 1 4117 7634 (Fax)

National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)

3, rue Michel-Ange
Paris cedex 16, 75794
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Julien Pouget

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) ( email )

18, Boulevard Adolphe-Pinard
75675 Paris Cedex 14
France

National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)

3, rue Michel-Ange
Paris cedex 16, 75794
France

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Roland Rathelot

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

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