How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels

46 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2007  

M. Ayhan Kose

Development Prospects Group at the World Bank

Eswar S. Prasad

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management; Cornell University - Department of Economics; Brookings Institution; NBER; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Marco E. Terrones

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 2007

Abstract

In theory, one of the main benefits of financial globalization is that it should allow for more efficient international risk sharing. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive empirical evaluation of the patterns of risk sharing among different groups of countries and examine how international financial integration has affected the evolution of risk sharing patterns. Using a variety of empirical techniques, we conclude that there is at best a modest degree of international risk sharing, and certainly nowhere near the levels predicted by theory. In addition, only industrial countries have attained better risk sharing outcomes during the recent period of globalization. Developing countries have, by and large, been shut out of this benefit. The most interesting result is that even emerging market economies, which have witnessed large increases in cross-border capital flows, have seen little change in their ability to share risk. We find that the composition of flows may help explain why emerging markets have not been able to realize this presumed benefit of financial globalization. In particular, our results suggest that portfolio debt, which has dominated the external liability stocks of most emerging markets until recently, is not conducive to risk sharing.

Keywords: international financial integration, risk sharing, cross-country correlations of consumption and output, composition of capital flows

JEL Classification: F2, F4

Suggested Citation

Kose, M. Ayhan and Prasad, Eswar S. and Terrones, Marco E., How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels (July 2007). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2903. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1000883

M. Ayhan Kose

Development Prospects Group at the World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Eswar S. Prasad (Contact Author)

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management ( email )

440 Warren Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

HOME PAGE: http://prasad.aem.cornell.edu

Cornell University - Department of Economics ( email )

414 Uris Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-7601
United States

Brookings Institution ( email )

1775 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

NBER ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Marco E. Terrones

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States
202-623-4329 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://imf.org/external/np/CV/AuthorCV.aspx?AuthID=171

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