The Costs of Motherhood: An Analysis using Matching Estimators

Journal of Applied Econometrics, Vol. 21, No. 7, pp. 919-934, 2006

Posted: 25 Jul 2007

See all articles by Marianne Simonsen

Marianne Simonsen

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business

Lars Skipper

Aarhus University - Department of Economics

Abstract

We estimate the effect of motherhood on wages using matching. We distinguish between net and direct effects. The net effect includes the total wage costs, whereas the direct represents the causal effect. Since covariates are likely affected by motherhood, the latter effect is not immediately uncovered. We therefore implement two strategies: First, we confine the analysis to consider sector-specific treatment effects. Second, we impose additive separability on the outcome equation. We find negative net effects that vary little with sector. The direct effect is small and negative in the public sector and insignificant in the private sector.

Keywords: Fertility, family gap, wages, matching

JEL Classification: C13, C14, C35, J13, J31, J45, J71

Suggested Citation

Simonsen, Marianne and Skipper, Lars, The Costs of Motherhood: An Analysis using Matching Estimators. Journal of Applied Econometrics, Vol. 21, No. 7, pp. 919-934, 2006, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1001864

Marianne Simonsen (Contact Author)

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Building 326
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1599 (Phone)

Lars Skipper

Aarhus University - Department of Economics ( email )

Universitetsparken
Building 350
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1589 (Phone)
+45 8613 6334 (Fax)

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